Series Code: ASB
Program Code: ASB000103A
00:04 And comes from the DVD series, "Awesome Science"
00:10 In the northeastern high desert of Arizona
00:13 sits a most peculiar sight, thousands of petrified
00:16 logs sitting on the desert floor, hanging out of cliffs,
00:19 and peeking out of the soil.
00:22 Where did they come from?
00:24 Why are they here?
00:25 How did they petrify?
00:27 How do they fit into the Biblical world
00:29 view of Earth's history?
00:32 Just farther west is a huge crater etched into the desert
00:35 limestone and sandstone.
00:37 With evidence for vulcanism around the area,
00:39 many early scientists thought that it was an ancient volcano.
00:43 But evidence later revealed that this crater
00:45 was caused by a large meteorite hitting
00:48 the earth at an estimated 40,000 miles per hour
00:51 just a few thousand years ago.
00:53 Scientists have used this crater to identify other meteorite
00:56 craters around the world.
00:59 But did something like this cause the demise
01:01 of the dinosaurs, like so many secular
01:03 scientists believe today?
01:06 All this and more next on Awesome Science.
01:09 [theme music]
01:14 "Awesome Science" takes you on a field trip to some
01:18 of the most amazing geologic and historical sites around
01:21 the world where we use the Bible as our history guidebook
01:25 to interpret what we see, that the Bible can be trusted.
01:29 And empirical science falls in line
01:31 with the biblical account of creation,
01:33 the fall, and the flood.
01:36 Science, it's awesome.
01:51 The Painted Desert in northern Arizona
01:54 is a remnant of a vast dry lake bed, one of many lakes
01:57 that stretched across several Western states after the flood.
02:02 This area is part of the Grand Staircase, a 10,000 foot deep
02:07 section of sedimentary strata starting
02:09 at the top of Bryce Canyon in Utah
02:12 and ending at the bottom of the Grand Canyon.
02:17 Much of this area was formed through water
02:19 by the laying down of layers by water
02:21 and then eroding by water.
02:24 Much of this area is in the Chinle Formation,
02:27 which is in the lower middle of the Grand Staircase.
02:30 It's an amazing area full of geologic sites.
02:34 It's been thought to have been formed over millions of years.
02:38 But there's another story that better
02:39 explains the features we see.
02:42 Using the Bible as our historical authority,
02:44 we see in Genesis 6 that God sent a flood
02:48 to destroy the whole Earth.
02:50 The fountains of the great deep burst forth
02:53 and it rained for 40 days and nights nonstop and culminated
02:57 in a year long flood.
03:00 The bursting forth included water and volcanic activity
03:04 as continents were broken apart.
03:07 Water covered the whole Earth for about a year.
03:11 As the continents moved under the water
03:12 and slowly came to a stop, mountain ranges
03:16 were quickly pushed up.
03:18 Water from the flood rushed off the continents,
03:21 eroding valleys.
03:22 But some water got trapped in large inland lakes
03:25 between the mountain ranges and plateaus.
03:29 Even after the flood waters receded,
03:31 volcanic activity continued.
03:34 Then eventually slowed down due in large part
03:37 to continental movements minimizing and the Earth
03:39 equalizing after this great catastrophe.
03:43 The landscape of the entire Southwest
03:45 shows evidence that there were two large lakes that existed
03:48 eastward of the Kaibab Plateau.
03:51 Many creationists believe these waters breached and became
03:54 the source of the catastrophic flow which drained quickly
03:57 through the Kaibab Plateau to carve the Grand
04:00 Canyon in a matter of days.
04:04 Much of the Chinle formation contains volcanic ash laid down
04:08 by water.
04:10 This volcanic ash came from volcanoes erupting,
04:13 for the most part, under water during the flood.
04:17 When it mixed with sand and mud, this huge layer
04:19 was deposited along with logs and dinosaurs.
04:24 Volcanoes continued to erupt around this area even
04:28 after the flood, as evidenced by volcanic flows of basalt
04:32 on top of these layers.
04:34 We're here at Petrified Forest National Park.
04:37 Behind me here are petrified logs haphazardly scattered
04:42 Scientists here say that they are millions and millions
04:44 of years old.
04:45 But it reality, they're all a part of Noah's flood.
04:48 Petrified Forest National Park is just 124 miles
04:52 east of Flagstaff, Arizona.
04:55 This Navajo and Apache land has an average height
04:59 of 5,400 feet of elevation.
05:02 Thousands of petrified logs lie on the ground, mostly broken
05:06 apart into rounds.
05:08 A few full size logs lie on the ground.
05:12 Others hanging halfway out of cliffs.
05:14 And some peak just above the surface.
05:18 Also in the park are hills of amazing colors.
05:22 They are made from ash layers that formed under water.
05:26 It all screams catastrophe.
05:31 In 1962, this area became a national park
05:35 because of its unique features.
05:38 50,000 acres were set aside for the public to come and examine
05:42 Earth's history.
05:43 Park signs say that this area was for 225 million years ago.
05:48 But is this accurate?
05:50 This date comes from a belief in evolution
05:53 and millions of years.
05:54 So how do we view this in light of the Biblical accounts
05:57 versus history?
05:59 According to the Biblical record and genealogies,
06:02 we can determine this area is only about 4,350 years old,
06:06 formed at the time of the flood.
06:09 Everyone agrees these logs were transported in and by water,
06:13 laid down here, and fossilized.
06:16 But the mechanism for how they got here
06:18 and how long the fossilization took
06:20 is where the difference lies.
06:23 You either believe in long ages, which
06:25 is held by those who believe in evolution, or just
06:28 a few thousand years, according to the Bible.
06:31 Let's see what the facts show us.
06:33 First of all, the root balls on these logs are very small
06:37 or just absent , which scientists see as evidence that
06:40 the original trees were ripped out of their original creation
06:43 in a cataclysmic event.
06:45 Think Genesis flood.
06:48 During the flood, massive amounts of water
06:51 rushed across the land, uprooting
06:54 much of the vegetation, including large trees.
06:59 The logs floated on top of the flood waters for a while,
07:02 but eventually sank to the bottom
07:04 and were buried quickly by the volcanic sediments.
07:09 The bark has been stripped off, so something
07:11 happened to cause the bark to be knocked off.
07:16 During catastrophes like Mount St. Helens,
07:18 we saw something similar.
07:20 After the 1980 eruption knocked down trees,
07:24 logs floated below Mount St. Helens on Spirit Lake.
07:28 They rubbed against each other, and eventually the bark
07:31 fell off before the logs began being deposited
07:34 on the bottom of the lake.
07:37 During the flood catastrophe, we expect nothing less.
07:41 Where the bark fell is most likely different
07:44 from where the logs rested.
07:46 Because the rock layers here in the Petrified Forest
07:48 National Park do not contain any coal, where bark is commonly
07:53 found and coal layers.
07:56 We can see growth rings in the logs.
07:59 They are large.
08:02 The original trees would have grown up
08:04 in a very healthy environment, which
08:06 is what we would expect before the global flood.
08:10 The environment back then was definitely
08:12 better than today, but still suffered
08:15 the effects of the curse.
08:19 Due to volcanic action, the water
08:21 was surely heavy with silica.
08:23 And when the logs were buried, the silica rich water
08:26 would have petrified them.
08:30 Why is this significant?
08:33 Well, when the logs were buried, the carbon
08:35 would have traded places with the silica
08:37 in a chemical process called permineralization.
08:40 And the logs were quickly fossilized.
08:44 Signs in the park will tell you it took a long time for these
08:47 logs to fossilize.
08:48 But with the right conditions, such as a global flood,
08:51 it could take less than a year.
08:53 One lab has been able to duplicate
08:55 this process in just days.
08:58 Now that's repeatable science.
09:03 Also, in Yellowstone National Park
09:05 scientists experimented with putting
09:07 logs in silica rich water.
09:10 And in less than a year, substantial fossilization
09:16 Since this area continued to be underwater
09:19 even after the flood receded, these logs
09:22 stayed buried for a while.
09:25 In a few years or less, the large inland lakes
09:28 wore away at the limestone in the Kaibab Plateau
09:31 and a massive erosional event occurred where the Grand Canyon
09:34 was carved in just days.
09:37 When the Grand Canyon formed, some
09:39 of these layers at Petrified Forest National Park
09:42 were exposed.
09:43 The exiting water eroded through these layers,
09:46 exposing the petrified trees and creating
09:49 the tepee geologic features.
09:52 Much of the desert floor is clay,
09:55 which mostly came from volcanic ash during the flood.
09:59 Some probably came from volcanic activity after the flood.
10:03 But in some places, like Jasper Forest,
10:06 the stumps are buried in sandstone with Pebbles.
10:10 We call this a conglomerate layer.
10:14 When a rock layer has pebbles, it's usually a sign
10:17 that fast moving water was involved to round the pebbles.
10:21 This gives us another indication that water action
10:24 was responsible for creating what we see here today.
10:28 It's interesting that we find entire logs here and not just
10:32 bits and pieces of them.
10:35 Researchers realize that entire forest was swept away
10:38 in one large event.
10:40 The global flood makes perfect sense.
10:44 Remember, don't sample or take any pieces of petrified wood.
10:48 The park rules say no, and we need
10:50 to keep things like this for future generations.
10:57 One way for us to verify our theories on catastrophic forest
11:00 destruction, floating log mats, and petrification,
11:04 is looking no farther than Mount St. Helens
11:06 in southern Washington state.
11:09 In 1980, Mount St. Helens had a huge eruption,
11:14 causing the north side of the mountain
11:15 to slide into the valley below, resulting in the largest
11:19 landslide in recorded history.
11:22 The landslide pushed into Spirit Lake
11:24 and caused an 800 foot high tidal wave
11:27 on the opposite hill.
11:29 The wave was so huge that it pulled down
11:31 the entire force of large, mature trees
11:34 back into the lake in less than a few minutes.
11:37 The logs covered the top of Spirit Lake
11:39 in one large log mat, and many are still there today.
11:46 The logs rubbed together and the bark sunk.
11:49 Over time, thousands of logs became water logged and sank
11:53 to the bottom of the lake.
11:55 Eventually, up to 20,000 logs have
11:58 sunk to the bottom of the lake, and the layer of bark
12:01 has formed into a layer of peat.
12:04 Sonar tests and scuba expeditions
12:06 have verified these facts.
12:10 If Mount St. Helens were to continue to erupt and fill
12:13 Spirit Lake, all of the logs would
12:16 be buried in peat, silt, and ash, which would naturally
12:20 have silica in it.
12:22 Eventually, the logs would fossilize.
12:25 If exposed at some point through erosion,
12:27 this area at Mount St. Helens would
12:29 look much like what we see at Petrified Forest National
12:32 Park, and even the newest levels of apparent petrified forests
12:36 at Specimen Ridge in Yellowstone National Park.
12:40 Even if secular scientists don't like the conclusion,
12:43 this is evidence for catastrophic processes
12:45 like the Genesis flood, that help
12:47 carved many of the geologic features
12:49 we see around the world today.
12:54 Driving along, you'll see steep, cone shaped hills
12:57 which are called the Tepees.
13:00 They're made up of volcanic ash at the top of the Chinle
13:06 Their shape is the result of water erosion.
13:11 In August it is monsoon season in Arizona,
13:14 where afternoon storms will drop as much as one
13:17 to seven inches of rain in 15 to 30 minutes.
13:22 The ash and clay erode quickly when this much rain falls
13:25 over a short period of time.
13:28 The brilliant layers in the Chinle formation
13:30 indicate that they were created by catastrophic means.
13:35 Let's look at the evidence.
13:37 Indicators are that these volcanic ash layers
13:40 were originally deposited under water.
13:42 It was not a local event, but huge in order
13:46 for the same colored layers to stretch out
13:48 for extreme distances.
13:50 Noah's flood, just 4,350 years ago,
13:54 is an ideal candidate for a catastrophe
13:56 of such a massive scale.
13:58 If it was a smaller event, than the layers
14:01 would be more sporadic.
14:03 The different bands of color are due to different episodes
14:06 of underwater volcanic eruptions.
14:10 Every volcanic eruption puts out different materials,
14:14 some coarse, some fine.
14:18 So one layer is never the same as the next.
14:22 When eruptions happen under water,
14:24 such variations are even more diverse.
14:28 Because the water will also carry other sediments,
14:30 which will mix in with the ash.
14:33 Slow and gradual processes would have laid down these deposits
14:36 with no uniformity.
14:38 But if they were laid down by water rapidly,
14:40 one after the other, the layers would
14:42 be uniform over long distances and large areas.
14:47 Rapid layer deposits and erosion are not a fairy tale.
14:51 When catastrophic processes are at work,
14:54 amazing things can happen.
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15:07 all from a Biblical worldview.
15:09 Awesome Science is our kids series hosted by Noah Justice
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15:48 Northern Arizona is home to the Grand Canyon, Lake Powell,
15:53 the Painted Desert, and many other geologic wonders.
15:58 In addition to catastrophic processes
16:00 due to the global flood, there is one formation
16:03 in the desert floor that has fascinated
16:05 scientists for decades.
16:12 It's a crater in the Kaibab Formation, the top layer seen
16:16 at the Grand Canyon.
16:17 The crater is 4,200 feet wide and 750 feet deep.
16:23 Due to all the volcanism in the area,
16:25 it was once thought to be a volcano.
16:28 But after scientific research, a whole new model emerged.
16:33 Here at Meteor Crater, Arizona, 150 foot in diameter meteorite
16:38 slammed into the earth, creating this gigantic crater
16:41 we see here.
16:42 Not long after the formation of the Grand Canyon,
16:45 an asteroid weighing approximately 60,000 tons
16:48 impacted the earth at around 40,000 MPH.
16:53 Because of what we know today about the Earth's atmosphere
16:56 and the heat experienced during entry,
16:58 the asteroid was most likely much larger out in space.
17:03 In the 1960s, Dr. Eugene Shoemaker
17:06 studied this crater, which led him on a worldwide search
17:10 to find other impact craters.
17:13 To his surprise, he found hundreds
17:15 around the entire earth.
17:18 Some say that a meteorite like this only 100 times bigger
17:21 crashed into the Yucatan Peninsula,
17:24 causing the extinction of the dinosaurs.
17:26 Think again.
17:27 They say the meteorite would have created a gigantic dust
17:30 storm that would have wiped out all the plants,
17:32 thus wiping out the dinosaurs' food source.
17:36 The dinosaurs around the Earth would
17:37 have starved to death by lack of food, then buried in dust.
17:41 But there's one major problem with this idea.
17:45 We don't find dinosaurs buried in dust layers,
17:47 we find them in sedimentary rock layers, clay, sand, and dirt.
17:52 Which means flood action, not a gigantic dust storm.
17:57 Another proposed idea is a meteor crashed into the ocean,
18:01 causing tidal waves and acid rain,
18:04 destroying life on the planet.
18:07 What makes meteor craters so cool
18:09 is that there are few large craters so
18:11 visible to the public.
18:15 There are hundreds or more of these craters around the earth,
18:19 but we can't see them because they are eroded
18:22 and obscured in a tropical rain forest or on the ocean floor.
18:29 Meteor Crater is on the high desert of Arizona with nothing
18:32 to hide it.
18:34 It's almost a mile wide and 750 feet deep.
18:38 That's as long as 2 and 1/2 football fields.
18:42 With a meteorite coming in at approximately 40,000 miles
18:46 per hour, it caused a huge explosion on impact.
18:50 Because of this great speed, most of the meteorite
18:52 vaporized, leaving the crater in just small fragments scattered
18:58 In the early 1960s, Eugene Shoemaker
19:01 began to visit this area to study the crater.
19:04 Studying impact craters was his passion.
19:08 He studied craters at atomic test sites in Nevada
19:11 and spent time at Lowell Observatory in Flagstaff
19:14 to study crater impacts on the moon.
19:16 He hypothesized that meteor impact craters
19:20 are much more numerous than anyone previously thought.
19:23 To him, Meteor Crater was not an anomaly.
19:27 Because of his research, we now understand so much more
19:31 about how the Earth has been impacted
19:32 through catastrophic meteor impacts.
19:39 Did a meteor impact cause the death of the dinosaurs?
19:42 Let's look at the facts.
19:44 There are many ideas on how the dinosaurs died.
19:47 Yet most of them seem to skirt around the global flood
19:50 concept, even though most of the evidence supports it.
19:54 We know the dinosaurs were buried
19:56 in sedimentary layers, which means
19:58 they were buried by water.
20:00 Any other theory that doesn't include water
20:02 just doesn't stand up.
20:04 If the dinosaurs died on land, then
20:07 their bodies would have decomposed
20:08 or been eaten by scavengers.
20:10 If they died in the sea, the same process
20:13 would have consumed their carcasses.
20:15 But all evidence shows that they were quickly
20:17 buried in sediments such as sand and mud.
20:21 When we used the Bible as a history guidebook
20:24 we see the mechanism of a global flood.
20:27 This would have been the cause and the means
20:29 for quick burial of the dinosaurs.
20:32 But the Bible also tells us that God brought two of every land
20:36 dwelling, air breathing animal on Noah's ark,
20:39 which included the various dinosaur kinds, estimated
20:42 to be around 50.
20:45 Any animal outside the ark would have perished in the flood.
20:49 As we already mentioned, some secular scientists
20:52 have proposed an immense dust storm
20:54 caused by a giant meteorite hitting the earth,
20:57 blocking out the sun and dwindling their food supply.
21:01 The dinosaurs simply starved to death.
21:04 But these impacts should have affected the whole world's
21:07 animal population, but they didn't it.
21:11 Furthermore, dinosaurs were dying out
21:13 after the flood, which tragically reduced
21:16 their numbers, of course.
21:18 Other ideas say a meteorite hit the ocean near the Yucatan
21:21 Peninsula, causing giant tidal waves and acid rain to fall,
21:26 killing off the dinosaurs.
21:28 Yet none of these ideas can adequately
21:31 explain what we see except for a global flood.
21:35 The Bible can be trusted as the true history book of the world.
21:39 The Bible's explanation makes perfect sense
21:42 of what we are observing.
21:44 We even expect meteorites to impact the world,
21:47 being that it is sin cursed and broken.
21:50 But as creationists, we don't look at the evidence first,
21:54 we start with the Bible, trusting
21:56 that it is God's true word.
21:58 Then we interpret the evidence through the Bible.
22:02 We form our worldview through the Bible
22:05 and use it to interpret all the evidence.
22:08 We let God be the ultimate authority on the subject
22:11 and go from there using the milestones He
22:13 has revealed in the Bible.
22:15 Secular scientists look at the same evidence
22:17 we do and interpret it differently
22:19 because of their worldview.
22:21 They don't trust in God or His word as the ultimate authority.
22:25 So by default, man becomes his own authority.
22:29 This is where the debate rages, between these two
22:32 religions, humanism and Biblical Christianity.
22:36 This is why there will always be a difference in what is
22:39 thought about Earth's history.
22:41 It's not just based on the evidence, but our worldview.
22:46 It shapes the way we look at the evidence
22:48 as though we're wearing a certain type of glasses.
22:50 So do we trust in man's opinion or God's word?
22:55 We trust in God's word.
22:57 God was there at the beginning.
22:59 He made the world.
23:00 He destroyed it by a flood, showing
23:03 He has the power to judge.
23:06 He promises to destroy it again, this time by fire.
23:10 But He promises salvation through His son, Jesus Christ.
23:17 Meteor Crater reminds us that the Earth
23:20 is known only to catastrophic destruction from the heavens.
23:24 A group of scientists are concerned about this
23:26 and continue to watch the heavens for meteorites
23:29 heading to Earth.
23:32 When we look at the rocks in this area,
23:34 evidence for a global flood is all around,
23:37 and God's judgment was indeed a reality,
23:40 showing that the Bible can be trusted
23:43 as a true book of Earth's history.
23:45 And there will be another coming judgment,
23:47 and this time by fire.
23:50 God means business with His judgement
23:53 and is calling people to repent.
23:55 As we look at meteor crater, it gives us
23:57 a glimpse of what God can do.
24:00 When we see the flood sediments all over the world,
24:03 we see what God can do when people do not repent.
24:07 Even so, God sent a means of salvation
24:10 from the flood with the ark.
24:12 All people had to do was enter through the door and be saved.
24:17 God is going to judge the earth for its rebellion once again.
24:20 Yet because of His great love He has provided salvation
24:24 for all those who believe in His son, Jesus Christ,
24:27 a door of salvation for those who enter through to be saved.
24:31 Have you repented of your sins and come to Jesus Christ?
24:35 We invite you to come to salvation today.
24:39 Awesome Science is a video series produced by
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