Series Code: ASB
Program Code: ASB000108A
00:04 And comes from the DVD series, "Awesome Science"
00:10 NOAH JUSTICE: One of America's most incredible national parks
00:13 sits on the border of Montana in Canada.
00:16 It's called Glacier National Park.
00:20 Giant cliffs of sedimentary rock rises thousands of feet high.
00:25 How did the rocks form?
00:26 And what processes carved these giant valleys?
00:30 Secular scientists say these rocks
00:33 are over 1.6 billion years old and contain stromatolites built
00:37 by microbes supposed to have formed over a billion years,
00:40 ago according to evolution.
00:42 They also say many ice ages over millions
00:45 of years carved these valleys, yet there
00:48 are over 60 ideas about how the ice age formed and melted,
00:53 showing secular scientists really
00:55 don't have any one theory that works well with the evidence.
00:59 Some people doubt there was an ice age,
01:01 but the evidence is all around us.
01:04 The Bible indicates that these rocks were formed quickly
01:07 during the global flood, which produced
01:10 the right conditions for one ice age,
01:12 all happening within the last 4,350 years.
01:17 This time scale does not match with the billions of years
01:20 proposed by secular scientists.
01:22 Which view is correct?
01:24 And what does the evidence really show?
01:26 Find out all this and more next on "Awesome Science."
01:35 "Awesome Science" takes you on a field trip
01:38 to some of the most amazing geologic and historic sites
01:42 around the world where we use the Bible as our history
01:45 guidebook to interpret what we see,
01:47 that the Bible can be trusted, and empirical science
01:51 falls in line with the Biblical account of Creation, the Fall,
01:54 and in the Flood.
01:56 Science, it's awesome.
02:08 The history of this area goes back thousands of years.
02:12 The earliest inhabitants were American Indians, the Salish.
02:16 Flathead, Shoshone, and Cheyenne.
02:20 The anthropologist, historian, and writer,
02:22 George Bird Grinnell, called this area
02:25 the Crown of the Continent.
02:27 He made it his life's goal to preserve
02:29 this beauty for all mankind.
02:32 But progress came.
02:34 In 1891, the Great Northern Railway
02:37 crossed the Continental Divide along the southern boundary
02:39 of the park.
02:41 And Swiss style lodges and chalets were built in this area
02:44 to portray it as Americas Switzerland.
02:47 In concern that the land would not
02:49 be exploited for private enterprise,
02:51 President Taft, in 1910, established this area
02:55 as a national park.
02:58 The park compasses over 1.2 million acres with two mountain
03:02 ranges, over 700 pristine lakes, only 134 named.
03:09 The deepest is Lake McDonald at 464 feet.
03:15 The park has over 200 waterfalls,
03:17 some almost 500 feet tall.
03:20 Two million visitors come here annually.
03:23 You can travel by car or by bus through
03:26 this magnificent scenery.
03:29 In 1932, work was completed on the Going-to-the-Sun Road,
03:33 which connects the west and east sides.
03:36 The road was named after an American Indian legend
03:39 and is considered an engineering marvel.
03:42 It was built in the 1930s on sheer cliffs
03:46 during the short construction seasons
03:48 where workers had to build through 60 foot snowdrifts.
03:52 The highest point of the highway goes over Logan's Pass
03:55 at 6,646 feet.
03:59 The road was completed in less than 20 years and cost
04:02 more than $2 million.
04:04 Glacier is a part of a large preserved ecosystem
04:08 known as the Crown of the Continent ecosystem.
04:11 There is little to no pollution since there
04:13 are no major dense human population
04:15 centers and no factories.
04:18 It's a great place to observe alpine flora.
04:21 There are a total of 1,132 plant species
04:25 found in the valleys and peaks.
04:28 There are three major climate zones
04:30 in the park, the east side which is
04:32 drier and colder, the alpine regions, and the Pacific
04:36 side, which tends to be warmer.
04:38 Animal life is abundant.
04:41 You can observe grizzly bears, wolverines, mountain goats,
04:44 big horn sheep, moose, elk, mule deer, coyote,
04:48 and on a rare occasion, a mountain lion.
04:52 Glacier is known for its grizzly bear attacks.
04:54 But only a few happen each year.
04:57 It's always good to be cautious, so carry a can of bear spray
05:00 if you venture out onto the 700 miles of hiking trails.
05:05 Evidence for widespread glaciers is found throughout the park.
05:10 You can easily spot the u-shaped valleys, glacial cirques,
05:15 hanging valleys, moraines, and large outflow lakes.
05:20 Be sure to look for these features
05:21 as you explore the park.
05:24 The rocks and glaciers are supposed
05:26 to be the best preserved Proterozoic sedimentary
05:28 layers in the world, showcasing the Earth's most
05:32 fruitful source for the record of early life,
05:34 according to evolutionary thought.
05:37 But the Bible indicates the Earth
05:38 was created about 6,000 years ago,
05:41 using the genealogies found in Genesis and Matthew.
05:46 So how do we interpret the evidence
05:48 for supposed long ages in the light of the Biblical record?
05:51 Let's see what the evidence really shows.
05:57 Glacier National Park is in the northern Rockies.
06:01 The Rocky Mountains stretch from northern Arizona
06:04 all the way up into Canada.
06:07 Most of the Rocky Mountains consist of sedimentary layers,
06:11 meaning they were formed by water and under water.
06:14 There are also granite and volcanic rocks here as well.
06:18 Some secular scientists say the Rockies
06:21 we see today are the third generation of mountains
06:23 after seas and erosion carved down the previous Rockies,
06:27 leaving only a remnant of past mountain building.
06:31 The Rockies we see today are thought
06:33 to have formed over 1.6 billion to 800 million years ago
06:37 by secular geologists.
06:40 The top layer of strata in Glacier
06:42 is called the Lewis Overthrust and is
06:44 supposed to be from the Proterozoic period.
06:47 There is a big problem here, because according
06:50 to the geologic column, the top layer
06:52 is one and a half billion years older than the rocks
06:55 below, which are from the Cretaceous age.
06:58 Because these layers are out of place
07:00 according to the supposed geologic column,
07:03 scientists have come up with a solution.
07:06 They call it an overthrust.
07:08 Overthrusts are thought to result from a geological event
07:11 where one rock layer is pushed up
07:13 over another through tectonic activity over millions
07:16 of years.
07:17 Since we don't see this happening today
07:19 and can't perform scientific experiments
07:22 on such a massive geologic scale,
07:25 secular scientists try to collect clues
07:27 about what happened.
07:28 Yet these clues are viewed through their worldview
07:31 of long ages and gradualism.
07:34 Catastrophic processes such as a worldwide flood
07:37 are not an option in their thinking.
07:40 The Lewis Overthrust extends from Glacier National Park
07:44 to 350 miles north.
07:47 It is 15 to 30 miles wide.
07:49 And the rocks are believed to have
07:51 been thrust about 35 miles from their original location.
07:56 We find these overthrusts throughout the mountain ranges
07:59 of the world.
08:00 The largest one is found in northern Wyoming
08:03 and called the Heart Mountain Overthrust.
08:06 If these formations are truly overthrusts millions
08:10 of years old, what evidence should we see?
08:13 Being that there are sedimentary layers both above and below,
08:17 the sedimentary layer below would
08:19 have to first harden into rock then
08:21 be pulled or pushed many miles over another sedimentary layer
08:25 that formed into rock after it.
08:28 Secular geologists say this happened over millions of years
08:32 through slow and gradual processes,
08:35 yet this tremendous geologic activity
08:38 should show stress and friction on each layer being
08:41 pushed or pulled over one distances in periods of time.
08:45 At the contact point between the two layers,
08:47 the rocks should be ground up.
08:50 In addition, where the layer was initially pushed,
08:53 the rocks should be compressed because it's
08:55 taking all of the weight of the rock behind it.
08:57 But we don't find these compressed layers.
09:00 With the supposed millions of years time scale secular
09:04 scientists use, the coefficient of friction
09:07 would have torn the layers apart.
09:09 The coefficient of friction is an empirical measurement
09:13 which describes the ratio of the force of friction
09:15 between two bodies and the force pressing them together.
09:21 But the contact point between the two layers
09:23 is sharp and abrupt, not ground up.
09:27 This is a telltale sign that the overthrust between these layers
09:31 was formed by other geologic processes.
09:34 If there is such a lack in physical evidence
09:37 for the overthrust being formed over long ages,
09:40 why do secular scientists continue to believe in it?
09:44 Finally, if one layer was pushed, then all of the layers
09:48 should show evidence of being pushed in the same direction.
09:51 But this evidence is absent.
09:53 It looks like only one layer was pushed,
09:57 because the fossils in the top layer
09:59 appear to be more simple than the fossils
10:02 in the bottom layer.
10:03 If evolution were true, then we should
10:05 find the opposite and more basic lifeforms on the bottom.
10:09 Secular scientists promote the idea
10:11 of an overthrust to explain why the fossils are out of order.
10:15 The overthrust becomes their magic bullet
10:18 to solve this dilemma.
10:19 But as we pointed out, there is no evidence
10:22 for an overthrust happening over millions of years.
10:26 So how do we solve this problem?
10:28 The Bible provides the answer to this dilemma.
10:35 The key to understanding how the rocks in Glacier were formed,
10:39 and much of the Rockies, is found in the composition
10:42 of their formations.
10:44 They're mostly sedimentary rocks,
10:46 which are formed by water and under water.
10:49 The lower layers are granite and metamorphic rocks,
10:52 which could possibly be the rocks of creation.
10:56 The Bible says that about 4,350 years ago, man
11:00 had come to a point where every thought of his mind was evil.
11:04 And God was sorry that he made man.
11:07 So He chose to destroy everything on the Earth
11:10 by water as a judgment against man's rebellion and sin.
11:14 But there was one righteous man, Noah, along with his family,
11:18 who God chose to save by warning him of the coming disaster
11:22 and that he must build an ark to be saved.
11:25 When the Flood came, it was catastrophic.
11:28 As promised, all life on earth was destroyed.
11:32 After 150 days, the water covered the entire Earth.
11:36 The Earth was going through tremendous geologic turmoil
11:40 below the surface of the water.
11:42 Giant tidal currents carried sand, silt, and mud
11:46 across the globe, laying down many layers of sediment,
11:50 in some places tens of thousands of feet thick.
11:54 As water currents changed because
11:56 of the geologic activity below, life forms
12:00 were being buried in massive graves
12:02 right within the soft sedimentary layers.
12:05 As the Flood reached its full height,
12:08 the Earth below began to rise in places
12:10 as rock layers were pushed up, developing
12:13 large mountains which changed the worldwide flood currents.
12:18 As mountains rose, the flood waters
12:20 began to fall away from the uplifting rock layers,
12:23 first flowing in sheets, eroding thousands
12:26 of feet of layers of soft sediment
12:28 and depositing them into new ocean basins
12:30 and elsewhere on the continents.
12:33 Because of this rise of the mountains on the continents,
12:36 entire layers of sediment miles wide
12:38 could also have began sliding downhill
12:41 by the simple force of gravity.
12:45 Back in the 1950s, secular scientists
12:48 proposed the idea of gravity slides to explain
12:51 these out of place layers.
12:53 But then in the 1960s, those scientists
12:56 changed to believe that slow plate tectonics caused
12:59 these features.
13:01 Because they like to believe in slow, gradual processes,
13:05 they choose to ignore the data which supported gravity slides.
13:10 But creation scientists have brought back
13:12 the idea of catastrophic gravity slides, or super faults,
13:15 to explain how these massive layers of rock
13:18 were put into place.
13:21 First of all, as we established, solid rock cannot easily be
13:25 It breaks apart when moved.
13:27 In order for these layers to move and stay
13:30 together unbroken, they would have
13:32 to be relatively soft at the time they were moved.
13:36 There were only two times in history
13:39 where these layers could have been relatively soft--
13:42 during the creation week and during the flood.
13:45 Since these layers in Glacier are upper layers,
13:48 they are from the time of the Flood.
13:50 During the Flood, water could have
13:52 been trapped under some of the sediment layers.
13:55 This water would have been under tremendous pressure.
13:58 Studies have shown that if a sediment layer is tilted
14:01 at least two degrees and there is
14:04 water under high pressure underneath this layer,
14:06 the layer will begin to slide downhill due to gravity.
14:11 The process of compressed water making heavy objects slide
14:14 is similar to water boarding at the beach.
14:18 Water boarding is taking a thin board,
14:20 throwing it across a thin sheet of water,
14:22 then running and sliding on top of it.
14:25 If you tried water boarding on dry sand,
14:28 it would be disastrous.
14:31 But when a thin layer of water is
14:32 put between the board and the sand with the pressure of you
14:35 on top, you can glide for many feet.
14:39 When the mountains were rising at the end stages of the Flood,
14:43 layers of sediment would have glided across the landscape
14:46 in a similar way.
14:47 After the layers stopped sliding and settled down,
14:50 the rock layers further hardened.
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15:03 all from a Biblical worldview.
15:05 Awesome Science is our kids series hosted by Noah Justice
15:09 In every episode, Noah visits the national parks
15:12 and historical sites to help you understand
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15:45 What we've seen here at Glacier so far
15:48 is how the layers are amazing and what the Flood did here.
15:51 But what this national park is really known for
15:54 is how the Ice Age left its mark in these valleys.
15:58 Evidence for the Ice Age was discovered in the mid 1800s.
16:03 What scientists observed were large U-shaped valleys
16:07 and moraines.
16:08 When secular scientists first discovered evidence
16:11 for an ice age, it didn't fit their uniformitarian view,
16:15 because uniformitarianism says that the processes we see today
16:19 are the ones that happened in the past.
16:22 And we don't see ice ages forming today, do we?
16:26 These scientists observed evidence
16:27 for at least one ice age, but had no idea how quickly
16:31 it formed or melted.
16:33 Because they believe in long ages,
16:35 they guessed an ice age would last 100,000 years.
16:39 And just one ice age didn't seem reasonable.
16:42 They then discovered supposed evidence
16:45 in the moraines and ocean sediments
16:47 for many ice ages spanning over two million years.
16:51 They claim that we have seen at least four major ice ages.
16:56 And some scientists even suggest our distant past included ice
17:00 everywhere, calling it Snowball Earth.
17:04 Secular scientists say that the last ice age occurred around
17:07 10,000 years ago.
17:09 But what does the evidence really show?
17:11 They also say that we're due for another ice age soon,
17:14 but they really don't have a clue about how
17:16 it develops in the first place.
17:18 So what elements do you need for an ice age?
17:22 The primary elements you need are abundant moisture,
17:25 mild winters, and cool summers.
17:27 Let's take a look at each one of these.
17:30 Abundant moisture usually comes from our oceans,
17:33 especially warm oceans.
17:36 Most of our large storms and hurricanes
17:38 come from the equatorial regions,
17:40 where the water is extremely warm.
17:43 But to develop the vast amounts of moisture
17:46 to create an ice age would require much warmer oceans
17:51 Next, you need mild winters.
17:53 If winters are too cold, the air cannot hold moisture.
17:57 And therefore, it can't snow.
17:59 We see this in the Arctic, where temperatures
18:01 get into the subzero level and snow fall is absent.
18:05 When we say mild winters, we're not
18:07 saying winters above freezing, just winters about 20
18:11 or 30 degrees below freezing.
18:14 Finally, you need cool summers.
18:17 How do you get that?
18:19 The answer might surprise you.
18:21 Mechanisms such as volcanoes can put ash and aerosols
18:25 into the atmosphere and cause global cooling
18:28 for short periods of time.
18:31 This cooling usually lasts just a couple
18:33 of years from one major event.
18:36 For instance, Mount Pinatubo's massive eruption in 1991
18:41 caused the Earth's average temperature to drop by a degree
18:44 or two for many months.
18:46 If several large eruptions happened simultaneously
18:49 around the Earth, the effect would be much greater.
18:54 But to create consistently cool summers worldwide,
18:57 you would need large volcanic activity for several decades.
19:02 There is evidence to support this idea,
19:04 because we find signs of global volcanic activity
19:07 in the Earth's recent past.
19:10 This evidence includes many extinct super volcanoes,
19:13 huge ash beds, and gigantic lava flows
19:17 found throughout the world.
19:19 As Bible believing creationists, we
19:21 have a good answer for how the Ice Age formed.
19:25 During the global flood, the Earth
19:27 was going through catastrophic global changes.
19:30 At the beginning of the flood, the Bible
19:32 says the fountains of the great deep burst forth.
19:36 This included warm subterranean water
19:38 from within the Earth's crust, which
19:40 was ejected onto the surface.
19:43 In addition, the fountains of the great deep
19:46 included molten lava.
19:48 Although the Bible does not speak of them specifically,
19:51 some creation scientists have found evidence
19:53 that the Flood could have involved meteorites entering
19:56 the Earth's atmosphere.
19:57 These events would have added heat to the Earth's waters.
20:01 Finally, large-scale catastrophic tectonic activity
20:05 would have caused friction.
20:07 The water on top of the tectonic plates
20:09 would have heated up dramatically
20:11 as the plates were subducted rapidly.
20:13 All of these processes would have warmed the flood waters
20:16 to a very high temperature by the end of the flood.
20:20 Sea floor sediments indicate the waters
20:22 were much warmer in the past around the entire Earth.
20:26 Estimates for ocean temperatures worldwide
20:29 could have risen to at least 90 degrees Fahrenheit
20:32 or even higher.
20:34 These warm waters would have existed worldwide for hundreds
20:37 of years after the flood.
20:40 These conditions would have caused tremendous evaporation,
20:43 resulting in very large precipitation near the shores
20:46 and snowstorms in the higher latitudes.
20:49 With mild winters and cool summers after the Flood,
20:52 the snow would have accumulated quickly in the mountains
20:55 and not melted off.
20:57 This snow and ice would have eventually filled the valleys
21:00 and created large ice sheets over the northern and southern
21:05 Some estimates from creation scientists
21:07 are that huge ice sheets could have accumulated
21:10 in 200 to 300 years, starting within decades after the Flood.
21:14 But some say it takes tens of thousands of years
21:17 to build up ice sheets that thick.
21:19 Think again.
21:21 During World War II, a squadron of six P-38s and two B-17
21:26 bombers had to crash land on top of Greenland's ice sheets.
21:30 None of the crew was lost, and they were all
21:33 rescued and returned safely home after spending several days
21:36 on the desolate ice.
21:39 In the 1980s, a team of ambitious historians
21:42 decided to go back and find these planes
21:45 and bring them home.
21:46 They assumed the job would be fairly easy,
21:49 because they made the assumption that ice does not
21:51 accumulate quickly.
21:53 They were wrong.
21:54 This assumption was made because secular scientists tell us
21:57 it takes thousands or even millions of years
22:00 to develop an ice sheet.
22:02 After several failed attempts at finding
22:04 the planes near the surface, they eventually
22:07 located them much further down.
22:09 In fact, they were buried under 250 feet of ice.
22:13 This is just one example showing that it doesn't
22:16 take long ages to build up an ice pack, just
22:19 the right conditions.
22:21 With the meteorological conditions right
22:24 after the Flood, building the Ice Age
22:26 quickly was not a problem.
22:28 God loves us.
22:29 And He is in control of all living things.
22:33 We need to be aware that there are other spiritual forces
22:36 at work which are using the global warming
22:38 debate as a means to push their own agenda, which does not
22:42 include honoring God or His word.
22:45 We know the future of our world.
22:47 It will be destroyed by fire in God's final judgment
22:50 against man.
22:52 And there is nothing we can do to stop it.
22:55 But God has provided a way out of His judgement.
22:58 He loves man and desires to have a relationship with him.
23:02 But we are sinful creatures and cannot fellowship with God,
23:05 because He is holy and we are not.
23:09 Our sin and rebellion against God
23:11 deserves the penalty of death, yet God made a way for us
23:16 to escape the judgement by sending
23:17 His own Son, Jesus Christ.
23:20 Because Jesus is God's Son, He is perfect without sin.
23:25 He died in our place, taking the punishment for mankind's sin.
23:29 Only by repenting of our sin and believing
23:32 in this gift of salvation through what
23:34 Jesus did for us on the cross will
23:36 we be able to escape His judgement
23:38 and enter into fellowship with God forever.
23:41 We encourage you to repent of your sin
23:44 and come to salvation today, before God's final judgment
23:51 Glacier is a great place to see the evidence for a global flood
23:55 in the massive layers that have been exposed in the park.
23:59 We also see how the overthrusts show
24:01 incredible geologic activity during the Flood.
24:05 We've also seen how the Flood provided the right conditions
24:08 to start and maintain the Ice Age.
24:11 Because the one and only Flood provided the right conditions
24:15 for the Ice Age, the prediction of another ice age
24:18 is just blind speculation.
24:20 We can trust in God's word to help us interpret the past
24:24 and to use it as a guide to Earth's history.
24:28 When we use God's word, things begin to make sense
24:31 about what we find in nature.
24:35 Awesome Science is a video series produced by
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25:08 evolutionary worldview, which directly opposes the Word of God
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25:31 Please keep up with us as we continue to build new content
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25:39 Thank you for watching this episode of "Awesome Science."
25:41 And remember, science, it's awesome.