Participants: William Shea
Series Code: FC
Program Code: FC000376
00:30 My name is William Shea,
00:31 I am a retired seminary professor.
00:34 Welcome to Faith Chapel.
00:36 Our topic today is Christ
00:38 in the heart of the book of Daniel.
00:40 Let us pray. Loving Father,
00:42 we thank you for the messages
00:44 which you gave to your servants of old.
00:47 We thank you for that light
00:48 that it sheds on our pathway,
00:50 and we ask for Your Holy Spirit to lead us
00:53 and guide us now in your path,
00:55 in Jesus name, amen.
00:59 The book of Daniel divides in half.
01:01 There is a historical half that's Chapters 1 to 6
01:05 and a prophetic half that's Chapter 7 to 12.
01:09 If we think about the heart of the book
01:11 we look at the beginning of
01:12 the prophetic section Chapter 7, 8 and 9.
01:16 And that's what we're going to be studying today.
01:19 We're going to do them in reverse order.
01:21 We're gonna start with Chapter 9 and back up
01:23 to Chapter 8 and then end with Chapter 7.
01:26 And we'll do that for the reasons
01:27 which you will find out later when
01:29 we get further into our message.
01:32 Chapter 9 opens with Daniel the prophet
01:35 on his knees with the open word before him.
01:39 He has the scroll of Jeremiah and he is
01:42 looking at that's scroll and reading it,
01:44 and seeing what we would call Jeremiah Chapter 25,
01:48 which promise that the people of God would only
01:50 be in Babylonian captivity for seventy years,
01:53 and he has been there almost that long himself.
01:56 So he is praying for God to fulfill his word
01:59 to send his people back to their land,
02:01 to rebuild the city, to rebuild the country,
02:05 and to rebuild the temple.
02:06 God sends the angle Gabriel to him
02:09 and Gabriel brings him a message,
02:11 and the message basically is yes,
02:13 your city, your country,
02:15 and your temple will be rebuild.
02:17 But I am going to tell you more,
02:19 I am going to tell you what's going
02:21 to happen five centuries further down the line
02:24 because I am going to tell you what's going
02:27 to happen when the Messiah comes.
02:29 And so we have a messianic prophecy here
02:31 and I want to look at verse 24, Daniel 9:24.
02:36 Seventy weeks are determined upon your people,
02:40 and your holy city, to finish the transgression,
02:43 to make an end of sins, to make reconciliation
02:46 for iniquity, and to bring
02:48 in everlasting righteousness,
02:50 and seal up the vision and prophecy,
02:52 and to anoint the most Holy.
02:54 I want you to notice especially
02:55 the middle pair of these two statements
02:59 to atone for iniquity and to bring
03:02 in everlasting righteousness.
03:04 There was a problem in the Old Testament system
03:07 and the problem was that the people kept sinning
03:09 and so they would take an animal sacrifice
03:12 to the temple, and that would atone for that sin
03:15 but then they would sin again
03:17 they take another sacrifice and on and on,
03:20 this round of ceremonies went.
03:22 So they needed something greater,
03:24 they needed something more definitive.
03:27 And so they needed what we've called V atone,
03:30 with the capital T and a capital A.
03:34 That attornment came when Jesus of Nazareth
03:37 died on the Cross of Calvary
03:39 that was the great antitype of those
03:42 Old Testament sacrifices.
03:44 Those Old Testament sacrifices look forward
03:47 to the Cross of Jesus and the death of Jesus
03:49 as he made the great final atonement for iniquity.
03:53 And this happens within this 490 period
03:57 that we have of this prophecy,
04:00 and that brings in something else.
04:02 There is a result that flowed from the cross.
04:07 And it says to bring in everlasting righteousness
04:12 you see the righteousness that Jesus obtain on the
04:14 cross by His death and His atonement was not a
04:18 temporary righteousness,
04:19 like the Old Testament sacrifices.
04:22 It was permanently available and still is
04:24 available today 2000 years from the time
04:28 that Jesus died. It is still available
04:31 for you and me today.
04:33 This righteousness and its effects will go
04:37 on into eternity. So here is the first
04:40 two statements about the work of Jesus
04:42 in this prophecy. The next statement
04:45 comes in verse 25 which give us the date
04:48 for the coming of the Messiah,
04:50 and I won't work through the mathematics
04:52 of that for you. But are you perhaps
04:54 studied out the dates that we've used commonly
04:57 457 BC the time of Artaxerxes decree
05:01 in Chapter 7 of the book of Ezra reaches
05:03 to the beginning of the Jesus ministry in 27 AD.
05:09 And the word Messiah of course means
05:10 anointed one and Jesus was anointed
05:13 at the Jordan River by the John the Baptist
05:15 to begin his public ministry.
05:18 So the prophecy the third point about Jesus
05:21 in this prophecy is it gives the time
05:24 when the Messiah would come.
05:26 But then on a sadder note it tells us
05:29 what would happen to Him because he goes on
05:32 to say in verse 25 that the next event
05:37 in the prophecy is the Messiah would be
05:39 cut off, cut off in his idiom for to be killed
05:43 and you noticed the verb is in the passive,
05:46 somebody else was going to do this to him.
05:49 And so we have the fulfillment of this
05:51 as we look at the Gospels.
05:53 When we see the Roman troops
05:55 crucifying Jesus hanging Him on
05:58 the Cross of Golgotha or Calvary.
06:03 So we have the date, we have the event
06:07 the death of Jesus. He was not,
06:09 the Messiah was not to live out an ordinary
06:12 normal lifetime, His life would be cut shot by
06:15 the crucifixion. And so that was fulfilled
06:18 in the experience of Jesus of Nazareth.
06:21 Then when we come to verse 27
06:23 we have two more great acts.
06:26 He will confirm the covenant with many for one week.
06:29 That's the 70th week of this prophecy,
06:32 or the last seven years and is in the midst of
06:35 that week that Jesus was cut off.
06:39 Jesus was the messenger of the covenant,
06:41 He came to confirm the covenant.
06:43 He came to offer the covenant,
06:45 and the greatest benefits and blessings
06:48 that it could offer. And so if you look
06:52 at the Sermon on the Mount,
06:53 you can see how He says,
06:55 you have heard that it has been set of old.
06:57 But now I say on to you,
06:59 and He takes the commandments of
07:01 the old covenant and amplifies them
07:03 and puts the microscope on them
07:05 and shows that they are not just external actions
07:08 but there it go down deep into the heart.
07:11 And so Jesus is the messenger of the covenant,
07:14 who came to make that offer the covenant.
07:16 It's the last week, the last seven years of
07:20 the old covenant soon to be replace by
07:22 the new covenant beginning when Jesus
07:25 died on the cross. Then its says,
07:28 He will in the midst of the week he shall cause
07:31 the sacrifice and oblation or grain offering to cease.
07:35 There is a little bit of a problem here,
07:38 because when Jesus died the sacrifice
07:41 and offering in the temple
07:42 went on for another 40 years.
07:44 But now it was in the different category.
07:47 Now it was an empty round of ceremonies
07:51 because type of the Old Testament system
07:53 had met the antitype in the death of Jesus,
07:56 and the Old Testament sacrifices were no
07:58 longer necessary. And God showed that
08:00 if you remember by rending the veil in the temple.
08:04 Well we have six great facts here about
08:07 the Messiahship of Jesus of Nazareth.
08:10 It tells us that He would make the great atonement
08:12 for sin that would produce everlasting righteousness
08:16 that's available for us today.
08:18 It tells us when He would come,
08:20 it tells us that He would die.
08:24 And it tells us what would happen
08:26 to the sacrificial system and that He would make
08:29 the final offer of the Old Testament covenant.
08:32 If we summarize all this and put it into
08:35 one word picture, we can say this is the picture
08:38 in Daniel 9 of Christ as sacrifice.
08:43 Now lets backup and go to Chapter 8.
08:48 In Chapter 8 we have, we start of with two
08:51 animal symbols; first there is the Persia ram,
08:55 and this ram is identified in verse 20 as Medo-Persia.
09:00 And this is followed by the Greek goat
09:02 and that's identified as Greece in verse 21.
09:06 And so the Persian ram starts out doing
09:09 its conquest, and then the Greek goat does
09:12 its conquest, and then there is big clash
09:15 between the two and the Greek goat wins.
09:18 And the Greek goat has his first great horn,
09:21 and that first great horn of course,
09:23 we know so well is Alexander.
09:25 But Alexander did not live out a full life,
09:28 he too died at a very young age in his thirties.
09:32 And so his kingdom, his empire was split up
09:34 into four pieces, and those four pieces
09:37 were divided among the generals of Alexander,
09:40 one general took Greece,
09:41 one general took Asia Minor,
09:43 one general took Syria and Babylon,
09:45 and one general took Egypt.
09:48 And then there is the fifth horn as the symbol,
09:51 horn symbol is used that comes onto
09:53 the scene of action and basically
09:54 it picks off one by one, and picks off
09:57 all these pieces of the Greek empire.
10:00 And Rome has taken the Eastern Mediterranean
10:03 basin and even it mentions the glorious land.
10:08 The Roman general Pompey arrived in Judea in 60 BC.
10:16 And he conquered the city after brief resistance,
10:20 and he merged in to the temple.
10:22 He wanted to see what the God of Israel look like,
10:24 what the statue, what the image look like.
10:26 The priest protested please don't go
10:28 in there you will contaminate our temple,
10:30 but he march in anyway and found to his shock
10:33 and surprise an empty room.
10:35 You may remember the Ark of the Covenant
10:37 had been hidden at the time of Nebuchadnezzar's
10:39 conquest six centuries earlier,
10:42 and it was not found or replaced
10:44 or put in the second temple.
10:46 And so Rome has taken possession of Judea
10:50 and Jerusalem and all of the Near East.
10:55 Now this phase of Rome then begins
11:00 and attack in a different direction,
11:02 it begins an attack on heaven.
11:04 And there we have the prince of
11:07 the host in heaven, and the prince of
11:10 the host in heaven is another symbolic
11:12 representation of Jesus Christ.
11:15 He is the leader of the host of the people of God.
11:18 And he previously in his earthly ministry
11:24 now has gone on through the ascension
11:28 to take His heavenly ministry.
11:30 And it says in Chapter 8 here
11:33 that the sanctuary belongs to Him
11:35 and the daily or continual ministry belongs to Him.
11:38 So it's a picture of a priestly ministry in heaven
11:42 and that's what, we have today.
11:44 We have heavenly sanctuary working on our behalf,
11:47 there Jesus and His Father minister on our behalf,
11:52 they send the angles, they send the Holy Spirit
11:54 pleading intersession answering our prayers.
11:57 This is the daily ministry that goes on
11:59 for the redemption of
12:00 the human race in the world today.
12:03 But this earthly power attempt to subvert
12:06 or direct people's attention away from
12:09 the heavenly sanctuary to earthly powers,
12:11 earthly experience, and so there is
12:14 this conflict and, how do you resolve
12:16 this conflict? You resolve
12:17 this conflict by judgment,
12:19 and that's what comes at the end of the prophetic
12:21 time period that's mentioned here 2300
12:24 evening, mornings which is mentioned
12:26 in verse 14 Chapter 8. And at the end of
12:29 the long time period which using
12:32 the rule of the day for year in prophecy bring
12:35 us to 1844 and then begins a
12:38 heavenly judgment to demonstrate the truth
12:41 or the plan of God salvation,
12:43 and the falsehood of human inventions
12:47 in contrast to it. Now if we ask
12:50 what kind of picture do we have of Jesus here,
12:53 is a picture of Jesus as priest.
12:56 He is the one to whom the sanctuary belongs,
13:00 He is the one to whom the ministry is given,
13:03 and He is the one who carries out that
13:04 ministry in that heavenly sanctuary.
13:07 So the second picture we have here is
13:10 of Jesus as priest. Let's keep these
13:14 pictures in mind, Jesus' sacrifice in Daniel 9,
13:18 Jesus as priest in Daniel 8.
13:21 Now let's go back to Daniel 7.
13:26 Daniel 7 has this picture of these four symbols
13:29 of these four animals. And these four animals
13:31 give us progressively a lion, a bear,
13:35 a leopard and nondescript beast.
13:39 And as we look at the fulfillment in history
13:42 we start off with Daniel's own time,
13:45 so the lion is Babylon and in deed on
13:48 the walls of Babylon the great entryway
13:51 we have depictions of lions,
13:53 and we have depictions of lions on
13:55 the walls of the palace as the exequatur
13:58 has found them in enamel colored
14:00 and enamel bricks, and these lions are 6 feet
14:03 about 6 feet long from nose to tail.
14:06 So we have beautiful depictions of the lion
14:09 of Babylon in Babylonian art itself.
14:13 Now the Babylonians had little different conception.
14:15 They thought of their God writing on
14:19 the back of this lion so they it was not just
14:22 that they loved animals, it was to show the truth
14:25 and power and strength of the God of Babylon.
14:28 But the God of the Bible was greater than
14:30 the God of Babylon as Daniel revealed to them.
14:33 And so Daniel now reveals that the lion of Babylon
14:37 and after this will come another kingdom
14:40 he tells king Nebuchadnezzar inferior to you,
14:43 the Persians came and conquer Babylon
14:46 and that we find right in Chapter 5
14:48 of the book of Daniel.
14:51 And so we have the first transition
14:53 from these first two symbolic beast
14:55 from the lion of Babylon to the bear
14:57 of Medo-Persia right in the book of Daniel
15:00 itself in Chapter 5 and Chapter 6
15:03 the book starts out Daniel's experience starts
15:05 out under the new Babylonian king,
15:08 and then he is taking to the court room of
15:14 king Darius the Mede. Who was the sub
15:17 governor of Babylon under Cyrus of Persia.
15:21 Then comes the Greek leopard,
15:23 it's the same Greek king Alexander
15:25 that we read about in Chapter 8
15:27 and Alexander of course now is represented,
15:31 or his kingdom is represented by the leopard
15:33 that has four heads, four horns on
15:36 the great Greek goat in Chapter 8,
15:38 four heads on the leopard in Chapter 7,
15:41 its the same Greek kingdom.
15:43 And then following that comes this dreadful
15:46 and terrible beast that represents Rome,
15:49 its called the nondescript beast
15:50 because it doesn't connected
15:52 with the specific animal, it has parts of various
15:56 animals for instances it mentions his teeth of iron
15:59 and you may remember then in Daniel Chapter 2
16:02 the legs of iron represented Rome,
16:05 the might and power the crushing power of Rome
16:09 as it conquered the Mediterranean world
16:11 and world's farther I feel on that
16:14 all the way through Gall or France onto England.
16:18 And so Rome is now in the picture here
16:21 just as it was in Chapter 8.
16:26 But Rome does not last forever either
16:28 and so there is ten horns that come up
16:31 spring up on the head of this fourth beast
16:35 representing the divisions of Rome,
16:37 and this came about through the barbarian
16:40 conquest of Rome in the 5th and 6th century.
16:44 And so Rome felt to the Herali in 476
16:48 and the Ostrogoth dominated
16:50 the Italian peninsula for century or so.
16:53 And so Rome as an empire was gone,
16:56 and that's represented in this vision by the horns
17:01 and its represented in Daniel 2 the great image
17:04 by the iron mixed with clay.
17:07 And then we have the religious face of
17:10 this beast represented by the little horn
17:13 who speak words against the most high
17:15 and who persecutes and so on and so forth.
17:20 Now we have an answer from God
17:23 and the answer from God is that the,
17:26 the answer from God is set in the heavenly court.
17:30 And that brings us to our key text
17:34 which I think we can display on the screen
17:36 Daniel 7, verses 13 and 14.
17:40 I saw in the night visions, and, behold,
17:42 one like the Son of man came
17:44 with the clouds of heaven,
17:45 and came to the Ancient of days,
17:47 and they brought him near before him.
17:51 And there was given to him dominion,
17:53 and glory, and a kingdom, that all people,
17:55 nations, and languages, should serve him:
17:58 his dominion is an everlasting dominion,
18:01 which shall not pass away, and his kingdom
18:04 that which shall not be destroyed.
18:06 We have a scene here set in the heavenly court
18:09 back in verses 9 and 10 we have the ancient of
18:13 days coming and taking his seat
18:15 the angelic host gathers around him
18:18 the judgment are set, and the books are open.
18:22 That's the beginning scene of the
18:23 judgment in heaven which take place after
18:26 these four kingdoms have risen and fallen,
18:29 and after the experience of the little horn.
18:35 Then the end of this judgment scene
18:37 in portrait in which the Son of man,
18:39 and we know from the Gospels as Jesus Christ
18:42 comes to the ancient of days God the Father,
18:45 and there he received the kingdom.
18:47 Now if I give you the kingdom that makes
18:50 you the king. If God the Father gives Jesus Christ
18:53 the Son the kingdom that makes Jesus the king,
18:56 so the picture we have here is of Jesus as the king.
19:01 Now one way to study the Bible is to look
19:03 for keywords and a keyword in Daniel Chapter 7
19:07 is the word dominion, dominion.
19:10 And the question is who has dominion?
19:14 You see Babylon had dominion for while,
19:16 but then Babylon lost it and pass it along
19:19 to the Persians, and the Persian had
19:21 dominion for a while, but they lost
19:23 and passed it onto the Greeks,
19:24 and the Greek had dominion for while,
19:27 and then they passed it along to the Romans,
19:29 and they had dominion for while but it wasn't
19:30 permanent for them either.
19:32 And so there is this constants human state
19:35 of affairs where we're under different rulers
19:38 or different kingdoms and usually
19:41 or commonly the next one is worst than the first.
19:45 And the question is how long is this going
19:47 to go on, how long are we going to endure this?
19:49 And the answer is God has an answer for us,
19:52 set in the scene in the heavenly court
19:55 because there at the end of this judgment scene
19:58 he decrease that the Son of man will be
20:01 the great eternal permanent ruler,
20:04 and his dominion is not going to be like
20:06 the dominion of Babylon, or Greeks,
20:08 or Medo-Persia, His kingdom is going
20:11 to go on forever and ever, and ever.
20:14 And we have the opportunity to enter
20:16 into the kingdom because we're right
20:18 in this Chapter, we're in verse 27.
20:20 The saints of the Most High will receive
20:22 the kingdom. But before we get there,
20:25 let's, let's notice a little bit more about
20:29 Christ as king. When He comes
20:33 to the ancient of days and He receives the kingdom,
20:40 He then comes to take possession of His kingdom,
20:42 that is not shown to us in this prophecy.
20:45 Our spiritual four bears and the Millerite
20:48 movement believe this was the depiction
20:50 of the second coming of Christ
20:52 that is not correct. This is not a depiction of
20:55 the second coming of Christ.
20:56 The second coming of Christ takes place
20:59 subsequent to this. This is the scene of a
21:02 transition which take place in heaven,
21:04 and then when Jesus receives the kingdom,
21:08 He comes to earth in the clouds as described
21:11 in Revelation 1 and Mathew 24 and so forth.
21:15 And then He takes possession of the kingdom,
21:18 the physical possession of the kingdom.
21:20 He is given the titled kingdom in heaven
21:22 and then he is given possession of the kingdom
21:25 when he comes for His saints from all the ages
21:28 and at the resurrection.
21:31 Now we have before us these three pictures
21:36 word pictures of Jesus, and let's summarize
21:40 Daniel 9 is a picture of Christ to sacrifice.
21:44 Daniel 8 is a picture of Jesus as priest,
21:49 Daniel 7 is a picture of Jesus as king.
21:53 But if you have followed the sequence carefully
21:56 you may notice there is a little problem here
21:59 and the little problem is they seem to be in
22:03 reverse order from the way we think,
22:04 and that's true. Modern European philosophical
22:10 thinking reasoning reasons from cost to affect.
22:13 We collect the data, we make a theory,
22:16 we test the theory and then it becomes
22:19 the conclusion. Now the ancients
22:21 could do that too, we have then
22:22 in the book of Daniel where they follow
22:24 this chronological order. but they can also do
22:26 it in reverse order for example in Daniel 9
22:30 and we look at the summary verse is in verse 24
22:33 and then the detail verses follow, verses 25 to 27.
22:38 Let me give you a simple brief illustration
22:40 of this on the words of Jesus.
22:42 Jesus said where your treasure is,
22:46 there your heart be also, is that correct?
22:50 Yes, yes correct, but that's not the way
22:53 we would put it, because we would say
22:56 where your heart is, where your motive is
22:59 that's where you would put your treasure,
23:02 that's reasoning from cost to affect.
23:04 The Biblical statement of Jesus reasons
23:06 from affect where you have put your treasure
23:09 back to the cause where your heart is,
23:12 and that's what Daniel does here.
23:15 The first picture of Jesus is a Jesus as king
23:19 and in that picture we are supposed
23:22 to ask a question who is this,
23:25 where did He come from and how did He get
23:27 to be king? That takes us back to Chapter 8
23:31 because the subjects of the kingdom are
23:34 the ones for whom He is minister as priest.
23:38 Oh wait a minute, how did He get to be priest.
23:40 He got to be priest because He had a sacrifice.
23:44 Book of Hebrew says every priest has
23:47 to have a sacrifice to offer.
23:50 Jesus offered the sacrifice of Himself,
23:53 so we start out with the picture of Jesus
23:55 as king the result because He was the priest
23:59 who ministered for His subjects,
24:01 and that lead us back to the original cause
24:04 in the sacrifice that He gave of Himself.
24:07 So let summarize now, three pictures of Jesus,
24:11 Jesus as sacrifice, Jesus as priest,
24:15 and Jesus as king. Three works of
24:18 the plan of salvation with the atonement
24:22 of the sacrifice we get justification,
24:26 we are declared just because what Jesus
24:29 has done for us. His ministry for us
24:32 in heaven now give us all the benefits
24:34 that heaven can send to bring our life into
24:41 obedience to Christ, and that we call
24:45 sanctification, the picture of Jesus in heaven
24:49 now as He works for our sanctification
24:52 having saved us, He purifies us
24:54 and cleanses us, and that make us ready
24:58 for the kingdom to come.
24:59 And the picture in Chapter 7 is glorification,
25:03 three pictures of Jesus, three works of Jesus,
25:08 justification, sanctification, glorification.
25:13 Three time prophecies on different scales,
25:17 Daniel 9 five centuries 490 day years takes us
25:23 to the first century AD, Daniel 8 2300 days
25:27 that takes us to 1844 that's the intermediate
25:30 length prophecy to the beginning of the judgment,
25:33 but Daniel 7 takes us all the way into
25:36 the kingdom starts at Babylon finishes
25:38 in the kingdom, that's the longest prophecy.
25:41 Three pictures of Jesus, three works of Jesus,
25:45 three time prophecies on a short, medium
25:49 and long length scale, and three time tenses
25:53 are involved in this from our point of view today.
25:56 We look back to the cross,
25:58 we look up to heaven today,
26:00 and we look forward to the kingdom of God to come.
26:06 Now, this gives us a beautiful view
26:10 the plan of salvation as given to us
26:13 in the pictures of Jesus
26:15 in each of these three Chapters
26:17 in the heart of the book of Daniel.
26:19 But I want to tell you that this is not just
26:21 an academic exercise, not just something
26:24 you would teach in a seminary class,
26:26 this is personal, this is for you,
26:30 this is for Messiah, because as I look back
26:33 to the cross, I see Jesus as my sacrifice,
26:37 as my personal savior.
26:39 As I look up to him to heaven today,
26:42 I see him as the one who sends His angles
26:45 on the Holy Spirit to lead me on the road
26:48 to heaven to sanctify and purify my life
26:51 and your life. And then we look forward
26:55 to the great final day represented by
26:59 the second coming of Jesus that follows after
27:03 the great heavenly court scene
27:05 when He will he come to claim His own
27:07 and the saints of the most high in which
27:09 you have an opportunity of being a member.
27:12 May God bless you that you take the opportunity
27:17 to make Jesus your personal Lord and savior,
27:21 that you accept that sacrifice on the cross
27:24 as sacrifice for you and the forgiveness
27:28 that it brings, accept the Holy Spirit
27:31 in your heart and wait for the soon coming day
27:34 when His kingdom will come and Jesus will ride
27:37 forth on the clouds of heaven
27:39 to come for his own, and you can be in
27:43 that crowed amongst that great group of
27:48 the saints of the most high,
27:50 who will enter victoriously into the kingdom.
27:53 God bless you with your faith
27:55 in that plan of salvation.