Participants: Kevin Hart, Tom Shepherd
Series Code: MBOTB
Program Code: MBOTB00001A
00:21 Welcome to books of the book.
00:23 Have you ever made a mistake in your life?
00:25 You know the kind of mistake that is just overwhelming,
00:28 the kind of mistake that speaks failure and is the
00:31 kind of mistake as you look down the road of your
00:33 future, you see yourself hanging that sign around
00:36 your neck that says failure.
00:38 Well today we are going to be looking at the life of
00:41 an individual who was rejected by one of the most
00:43 important teachers and leaders of his time.
00:46 Yet this person did something that was quite very
00:49 positive that we have to this day and memory of him,
00:53 which is quite well known.
00:55 I'm pleased to announce that we have with us
00:57 Professor of New Testament Interpretations
01:00 from Andrews University.
01:02 His name is Tom Shepard, welcome Tom appreciate
01:04 having you here.
01:05 Kevin is good to be with you.
01:06 What are we to be looking at today?
01:08 Where are going to be studying in the Gospel of Mark.
01:11 Excellent - this book was written perhaps in 60 A.D.
01:14 and thought by many scholars to be the
01:16 first of the Gospels written.
01:17 And I want to dive right in to this book - let's do that!
01:20 Let's open to Mark chapter 1 and we are
01:23 going to read verses 1-3.
01:24 Mark 1: 1-3, - okay, I'll go ahead and read that.
01:28 "The beginning of the Gospel of Jesus Christ,
01:32 the son of God, as it is written in the prophets,
01:35 behold I send my messenger before thy face which
01:38 shall prepare thy way before thee. The voice of one
01:40 crying in the wilderness prepare ye the way of the Lord.
01:43 Make his paths straight. "
01:45 Right at the very beginning we catch that this book
01:48 is about Jesus Christ.
01:50 We are also told that He is on a journey somewhere.
01:53 We are going to find, as we study the Gospel of Mark,
01:56 that Jesus is on a journey.
01:58 The question is, - where is He going?
02:00 Where is He going?
02:01 We will look at that as we continue our study,
02:05 now here's the first question I have for you Kevin.
02:07 It's kind of a pop quiz, I'm a teacher, I ask quiz's sometimes.
02:10 How many Gospels are there?
02:12 Well of course I guess the standard answer
02:14 would be 4 Gospels.
02:15 Four Gospels - Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John.
02:17 Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John.
02:19 Actually there is only one Gospel - one Gospel.
02:23 There is only one Gospel.
02:24 The original titles for these books,
02:26 some of the oldest manuscripts they just have, they don't
02:30 even have the word gospel.
02:31 They just have the word according to Mark,
02:34 or according to Matthew.
02:36 It seems like the very earliest was the Gospel
02:40 according to Matthew,
02:41 or the Gospel according to Mark.
02:43 If you look at the top of your page you will see
02:45 there, my Bible is the new American Standard Bible
02:47 that I am using.
02:48 It says the Gospel according to Mark.
02:50 There are not actually 4 Gospels, there is 1 Gospel
02:54 that is told by 4 different people.
02:57 If you turn in your Bibles in Galatians Chapter 1
03:01 verse 8, in Galatians verse one Paul says something
03:04 interesting about this idea of one Gospel.
03:07 Galatians 1:8 would you read that for us?
03:11 Absolutely, Galatians 1:8, "though we or an angel
03:14 from heaven would preach any other gospel unto you
03:17 than that which we have preached unto you
03:19 let him be accursed. "
03:21 Yeah Paul said the message is what is important
03:24 not me the messenger. - Right, Right!
03:25 Even if I or somebody else, even an angel from
03:29 heaven were to come down and to say I have a
03:32 different gospel, Paul says that's not the Gospel
03:34 there's one Gospel one message.
03:36 So we help one Gospel, but here it is told to us
03:40 by this person named Mark.
03:44 And I guess the question would be begged
03:47 to be asked, who is Mark?
03:48 Yet it is a very interesting question and the book
03:52 itself actually we are never told who the writer is.
03:56 It is only at the beginning of the top of the page
03:59 where it says according to Mark, Gospel according to Mark.
04:02 Never in the book does he appear and say, by the way
04:05 I am Mark and I wrote this book.
04:06 The tradition of the early Christian church is that
04:09 this was written by somebody named Mark.
04:12 Now in the New Testament we have references to this
04:15 person on numerous times.
04:17 The first is found over in the book of Acts
04:20 Chapter 12, Acts 12:12.
04:25 Acts 12 is an interesting story about Peter being
04:28 put in prison and when the Angel lets him out of
04:31 prison he goes someplace and Acts 12
04:34 verse 12 tells us about that.
04:35 Okay, "and when he had considered the thing he
04:39 came to the house of Mary, the mother of John who
04:43 surname was Mark. " - that's right
04:45 "were many were gathered together praying. "
04:47 Yes the whole church was praying,
04:49 they couldn't believe it when Peter arrived
04:51 at the house knocking on the door.
04:53 When Rhoda said that Peter was at the door
04:55 they said, "you are crazy".
04:56 But that is John Marks home and his mother
05:00 is evidently named Mary.
05:02 Now if we go down to the end of this chapter,
05:05 chapter 12 verse 25 we read more about this
05:07 interesting young fellow named Mark.
05:09 "In a Barnabas and Saul, when he had returned from
05:12 Jerusalem and when they had filled their ministry and took
05:16 with them John who surname was Mark. "
05:17 So that is shedding a little more light on
05:20 person of Mark here.
05:21 Who he was and what he did.
05:23 So he starts off in Jerusalem and now he goes with
05:27 Barnabas and Saul, they returned from Jerusalem and
05:31 they go back to Antioch.
05:33 Alright! We hear more about this young fellow Mark
05:36 in Chapter 13 verse 5.
05:38 It says, "when they reached Salamis as they began
05:40 to proclaim the Word of God in the synagogues of
05:44 the Jews and they also had John as their helper. "
05:47 So this is their first missionary journey and they take
05:50 John Mark along with them on the journey.
05:54 Now something happens in verse 13 of Acts chapter 13.
05:59 "Now when Paul and his company loosed from Paphos,"
06:04 I hope the pronunciation is correct,
06:06 "they came to Perga in Pamphylia and John
06:09 departing from them return to Jerusalem. "
06:12 That's a very brief little statement - right.
06:15 But John went with them on this missionary journey
06:19 and something happened.
06:21 He lost heart, he left and went back home.
06:25 You mentioned at the beginning of the program the
06:28 idea of failure, here is somebody who failed.
06:31 If we turned over to the book Acts Chapter 15
06:37 Acts 15: 36-41 there we read some more about the
06:42 ministry of Paul and Barnabas.
06:45 They had gone on their first missionary journey and
06:47 it was successful, now they decided they were
06:48 going to go again.
06:49 Here we read in Acts 15:36-41.
06:54 "And after some days Paul said to Barnabas let us
06:57 return and visit the brethren in every city which we
06:59 proclaimed the word of the Lord and see how they are.
07:02 Barnabas wanted to take John, called Mark along with them
07:06 also, but Paul kept insisting that they should not
07:09 take him long who had deserted them in Pamphylia and
07:13 had not gone with them to the work. And there occurred
07:16 such a sharp disagreement that they'd separated from
07:19 one another and Barnabas took Mark with him and sailed
07:23 away to Cyprus. But Paul chose Silas and left being
07:26 committed by the brethren to the grace of the Lord
07:29 and he was traveling through Syria and Cilicia and
07:32 strengthening the churches. "
07:33 Now this is where they kind of part ways - Yeah!
07:36 Yeah they part ways you see in the early Christian
07:38 church we think they always got along with each other,
07:41 they were Apostles and that is not what happened.
07:45 They disagreed so sharply, had such an argument that
07:49 they just split ways.
07:50 Now I have to ask this question because here the
07:54 book of Acts, this is kind of at least in the book
07:57 of Acts it happens to Mark, John Mark part ways and
08:01 poof he is gone of the scene.
08:02 What happened to Mark?
08:04 First was put up a graphic that shows a summary of
08:08 what the book of Acts tells us about Mark.
08:12 First of all we see that John Mark was the son
08:15 of a woman named Mary.
08:16 The church met in their home, this was at the time of
08:20 Peter's escape from prison in 44 A.D.
08:23 then he accompanied Paul and also Barnabus on their
08:29 first missionary journey which happened in 46 A.D.
08:33 He failed in the mission and it returned home and
08:38 then Paul rejected Mark, but Barnabas took him on a
08:42 mission about 49 A.D. and this is following the
08:45 history of this young man and how his life went.
08:48 It seems as though, yeah, he disappears from Acts at
08:51 that point but that is not the last we hear of him
08:53 in the New Testament.
08:54 If you turn over to the book of the Philemon 23.
08:58 For Philemon only has one chapter so just say
09:02 Philemon 23 and we follow this book, it comes
09:07 just before the book of Hebrews.
09:08 And here are Paul's words.
09:11 Now it seems as though Paul is now in prison,
09:16 and this book is written while he is in prison.
09:21 He writes these words in verse 23 and 24.
09:24 "Epaphras, my fellow prisoner in Christ Jesus greets you
09:29 as do Mark, Aristarchus, Dimas, Luke, my fellow workers.
09:32 The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ be with your spirit. "
09:36 Now Paul had rejected Mark.
09:39 And yet here he refers to him again.
09:43 It seems as though there had been some kind of
09:45 reconciliation - right as it would appear.
09:47 That took place between these two men.
09:50 Now there's another verse that we want to look at and
09:53 that's Colossians chapter 4 verse 10, Colossians 4:10.
09:56 Perhaps you could read that for us - absolutely.
09:57 "Aristarchus my fellow prisoner salute you, and Marcus,
10:02 sisters son to Barnabas (touching whom received
10:05 Commandments: if he come unto you receive him;)"
10:09 there he is again - there he is again.
10:11 He shows up and not only does he show up,
10:15 not only is he somebody that Paul accepts,
10:18 but Paul wants him to come along.
10:21 Now he is in a positive light
10:23 now he's in a positive light.
10:25 Something seems to have happened to this young fellow.
10:27 If we turn to 2 Timothy chapter 4 verses 9-11.
10:32 2 Timothy 4: 9-11 we read about Mark again.
10:36 It says, "make every effort to come to me soon," that is
10:39 Paul talking to Timothy.
10:40 Paul is now imprisoned in Rome, "for Damus having loved
10:43 this present world deserted me and gone Thessalonica, Crescens
10:48 to Galatia, tell Titus unto Dalmatia. Only Luke is with me.
10:53 Pick up Mark, and bring him with you for he is
10:57 useful to me for service. "
10:59 Very interesting and there is one more time in the
11:02 New Testament were Mark shows up and that is in the
11:05 book of 1 Peter chapter 5 verse 13, 1 Peter 5:13.
11:08 Maybe you can read that for us - sure.
11:09 "The church that is that Babylon elected together with
11:13 you saluteth you and so does Marcus my son. "
11:16 Wow now he's called his son.
11:18 Now this is Peter that is talking about him - right.
11:20 The tradition about the Gospel of Mark is that he is
11:23 writing about the experiences of Peter.
11:25 We get this indication in 1 Peter that he called Mark
11:29 his son, so Mark failed but he seemed to have come
11:33 back really quite well and done alright.
11:36 So if we summarize on the graphic here, we have a
11:39 graphic to summarize the information about what the
11:41 rest of the New Testament tells us.
11:43 Philemon and Colossians were written about 50's and 60's A.D.
11:48 2 Timothy was written in the 60's
11:51 Paul now views Mark as trusted fellow worker.
11:55 Paul requests Timothy to bring Mark with him.
11:58 And Peter considered Mark like a son.
12:01 I believe there is a wonderful spiritual lesson here
12:04 and that is failure is not the end of our life.
12:09 Thank goodness!
12:10 God does not give up on people who make failures.
12:12 I have said to people in my family before,
12:15 you know the only person who fails is the
12:18 person who refuses to try again.
12:20 And I am thankful that Mark tried again.
12:23 And I'm so thankful that the Bible records it because
12:25 that is one of the most beautiful things about the
12:27 Lord in His dealings with men.
12:28 We read about these champions of Bible truth and so
12:32 many of them failed, you had Samson, you had David,
12:35 and it is so nice that we have a little record here
12:38 of this reconciliation that happened.
12:40 Yes there are traditions outside of the Bible, a later period
12:43 Ireuaeus, Eusebius, that tell us more about Mark and
12:47 the traditions is that he was a missionary to Egypt,
12:50 and established a church in Alexandria, that he was a
12:53 follower of Peter, and that he wrote this gospel.
12:57 It is something that we treasure to this very day.
13:01 So it is just a really, really wonderful story.
13:05 You know I have to ask this because as a principle of
13:08 understanding the Bible, usually when you are reading
13:11 the Bible one of the good things to ask yourself is,
13:13 what is being said,
13:14 who is saying it,
13:16 and to whom is it being said,
13:18 and if you can dig and find out what the situation
13:20 was at the time it was being said.
13:22 That usually is kind of a good direction to understand
13:26 what is the purpose for the Scripture.
13:28 So I guess I have to ask why, not why was the
13:32 Gospel of Mark written, but who did Mark have in mind
13:34 when he was writing?
13:35 That is an excellent question.
13:37 We will take a little look at that in just a moment.
13:41 I would like to tell people more about how we can tell,
13:44 even though we don't have a list of who he wrote for,
13:47 we can find out.
13:49 I'm really looking forward to hearing that.
13:50 Well this is really exciting stuff and I'm looking
13:52 forward to understanding a little bit more about the
13:55 Gospel of Mark.
13:56 So do not go away we will be back shortly!