Participants: Kevin Hart, Tom Shepherd
Series Code: MBOTB
Program Code: MBOTB00003B
00:04 Welcome back to Books of the Book!
00:06 We are studying the book of Mark and Jesus has just made
00:08 a claim to be able to forgive sins.
00:10 Professor why don't you continue on our discussion
00:13 and let's see what Jesus had in mind
00:15 when he was doing this.
00:16 Well it is interesting, Jesus had just given the
00:19 blessing of forgiveness to this paralytic and
00:22 immediately it calls up an objection in the minds
00:25 of the scribes who were sitting there.
00:27 They raised the question, now they are thinking
00:30 they are not talking.
00:31 So they are sitting there and it says they are reasoning
00:35 in their hearts, this is verse 7 of chapter 2,
00:37 "why does this man speak that way, he is blasphemy,
00:41 who could forgive sins but God alone?"
00:44 First we notice that they call it blasphemy,
00:48 which is to do something against God,
00:52 to take some of His power onto yourself,
00:55 to really affront to God.
01:00 They link this with the idea of forgiveness, they say,
01:04 "who can forgive sins but God alone?"
01:06 What do you think of that question, is it right?
01:08 It is absolutely right, I mean only God can forgive sins.
01:11 Only God can forgive sins so their objection was good?
01:14 I think they were zealous for the right reasons,
01:17 they were zealous for protecting God and His authority.
01:21 Here's Jesus and they're not quite sure about this man
01:24 yet He makes this claim of forgiving a person sins
01:27 which would really put Jesus on the same level as God.
01:31 Yes it would give Him the authority of God and they
01:35 didn't like that, but the Gospel of Mark supports it.
01:38 We might say they were asking the right questions,
01:41 they were just applying it to the
01:42 wrong person - right!
01:43 Because Jesus has the authority to forgive sins,
01:47 now Jesus in answer to this, well first of all He
01:51 reads their hearts, He says why are you reasoning
01:55 about these things in your hearts?
01:56 If somebody said that to you or me we would, what!
01:59 Do you know what I'm thinking inside?
02:01 That was the first marker you might say of His divine
02:04 authority that He was able to read their hearts.
02:08 But then He argues like a Rabbi, the rabbis would
02:12 argue sometimes from lesser to greater.
02:14 If some thing were true on the lower level,
02:16 it would be truer on the higher-level so.
02:18 So he says, "which is easier to say to the paralytic,
02:23 your sins are forgiven, or to say get up and pick up
02:28 your palate and walk?"
02:30 So let me ask you the question, this is the question
02:33 that Jesus raised.
02:34 Which is easier Kevin?
02:35 Well I think from a rabbinical standpoint it would
02:38 be easier to heal the person because to forgive sins
02:40 that is a pretty big deal because only God can
02:43 forgive sins in their mind.
02:45 From my perspective I guess it would be easier just
02:47 to say your sins are forgiven, and now that doesn't
02:50 mean that you have the ability to do that, but anybody
02:52 can say your sins are forgiven.
02:54 Anybody can say - not everybody can heal someone.
02:56 Anybody can say it - right!
02:58 But to really make it happen, the problem is with
03:01 forgiveness of sins, which we have to admit is a
03:04 bigger issue then the question of physical healing,
03:08 but to be able to just say, well you can't see
03:12 if the sins have been forgiven.
03:14 I mean God's records in heaven show but we don't see those.
03:19 So then Jesus argues like this.
03:21 He says, "but that you may know that the Son of Man
03:24 has authority on earth to forgive sins," He says to
03:27 the paralytic get up, take your mat and go home.
03:29 Which is exactly what the man does.
03:31 Exactly, he doesn't question it, he doesn't argue,
03:33 and he doesn't give Jesus a confused look
03:36 when he says this.
03:37 He just accepts it - he accepts it,
03:38 he gets up and he goes home.
03:40 And everybody is completely - astonished!
03:43 So the physical healing is evidence that Jesus has
03:48 the authority to forgive sins.
03:50 That is really a great encouragement to you and me.
03:53 That absolutely is - everybody today that the Lord
03:56 Jesus can forgive our sins.
03:57 We can pray and have assurance of forgiveness.
04:00 He healed somebody physically, He has the power
04:03 to heal us spiritually.
04:04 Okay so we have the story about the paralytic who
04:07 caused a lot of conflict with the religious leaders,
04:09 is there another story in which we find Jesus in
04:11 confrontation with the people around Him?
04:14 Now of course there are five of the stories in Mark
04:16 chapter 2 in into chapter 3.
04:18 We do not have time to look at every single one of them.
04:21 In some ways this program that we are going through is
04:24 just the hors d'oeuvres of the meal.
04:26 If you want whole thing then you have to study the
04:30 Bible yourself and take a look and commentaries and
04:33 it is a lifetime of study that is available in the
04:36 Word of God, but we're going to look at one
04:37 more of these controversy stories.
04:41 That's in Mark chapter 2:23-28.
04:43 We will want to read that story.
04:45 Mark 2:23-28 Kevin maybe you can read that for us.
04:49 "And it came to pass that He went through the
04:53 cornfields on the Sabbath day; and His disciples began,
04:56 as they went, to pluck the ears of corn. And the
04:59 Pharisees said unto him, behold, why do they on the
05:03 Sabbath day that which is not lawful? And He said to
05:06 them, have you never read what David did, when he had
05:09 need, and was ahungred, he, and day that were with him?
05:12 How many went into the house of God in the days of
05:15 Abitahar the high priest, and did eat the show
05:18 bread, which is not lawful to eat but for the priests,
05:21 and gave also to them which were with him? And he said
05:25 to them, the Sabbath was not made for man, and not man for
05:29 the Sabbath; therefore the Son of Man is
05:32 Lord also of the Sabbath. "
05:34 Alright, well this is a very interesting passage
05:36 dealing with the question of the Sabbath.
05:38 They raised a question and they say why are your
05:44 disciples doing what is not lawful on the Sabbath?
05:50 That is kind of an interesting question, well what
05:55 exactly were they doing?
05:56 Plucking corn - plucking corn - seems to me like
06:01 no big deal it's corn right?
06:04 They are just plucking the grain maybe it's some
06:07 kind of grain they plucking, maybe it's wheat or something
06:10 and they are walking along and start to pluck some the corn or
06:13 grain and they rub it in their hands - so what is the
06:17 big deal about plucking corn because obviously
06:18 there was an issue there.
06:19 Well first of all we should notice that they were not
06:22 stealing, it was not a question of stealing - right!
06:24 Because if you went into somebody's orchard picking
06:26 apples or something somebody might say you are
06:29 stealing apples were you doing?
06:30 In the Old Testament in the book of Deuteronomy,
06:32 maybe we should just take a look at
06:34 that in Deuteronomy 23:24-25. Deuteronomy 23:24-25
06:42 Okay, would you like me to go ahead and read that?
06:49 Read those verses - sure!
06:50 "When thou comest into thy neighbor's vineyard,
06:53 then thou mayest eat grapes thy fill at thine own
06:57 pleasure; but thou shalt not put any in thy vessel.
07:00 When thou comest into the standing corn of thy
07:04 neighbor, then thou mayest pluck the ears with
07:07 thine hand; but thou shalt not move a sickle unto
07:10 thy neighbor's standing corn.
07:11 So in other words basically, if you are hungry
07:13 it is okay to take an ear of corn here,
07:15 and Apple here but don't bring a bag along,
07:17 a duffel bag, fill it up and drag it out
07:19 of the field and then go sell it down the road.
07:23 This was not, they were not breaking the law of God
07:27 when they were doing this.
07:28 But what they were doing was they were plucking the
07:30 grain and probably rubbing it in their hands and
07:32 blowing off the shaft and eating it.
07:37 Now according to some of the rules that the Jews
07:40 came up with to guard the Sabbath, to protect it,
07:43 to build a hedge around it,
07:45 if you were plucking that was harvesting.
07:49 If you were rubbing it that was like threshing.
07:52 If you were blowing away the shaft that was winnowing,
07:57 so you are doing three things that they said,
07:59 and maybe a Jesus time or later they said this
08:02 is breaking the Sabbath.
08:04 It was breaking the law to do that work on the Sabbath.
08:06 So that is the way that they were saying that Jesus was
08:09 breaking God's law or His disciples were.
08:13 Now how does Jesus answer them?
08:15 We have to look quickly at the way that He responds,
08:17 and He gives basically two arguments.
08:19 First He draws a parallel between Him and His
08:27 disciples in the story of David.
08:28 Now this is the story found in the book of
08:32 1 Samuel 21 where David is escaping from Saul
08:36 and he goes and asked the priest for the consecrated,
08:39 he asked him for food, and the priest gives him the
08:43 consecrated bread to eat.
08:44 Which only priests were supposed to eat.
08:46 The way Jesus argues here is that well I'm like David,
08:51 I'm God's servant and I'm on a mission for God
08:56 just like David was.
08:57 Since it was okay for David to do this it's
08:59 okay for Me to do it as well, and my disciples.
09:02 Some people may not like the way He argued,
09:05 He brought this that they didn't do anything
09:08 wrong there in what they were doing.
09:10 Now the second way that He argues is to refer back
09:15 to the question of the Sabbath itself.
09:17 I don't think we have time to read all the verses
09:20 but I want to read at least one.
09:21 If we go back to Genesis 2:1-3 we can read about
09:28 the original beginning of God's holy Sabbath day.
09:35 Would you read those verses? - sure!
09:36 "Thus the heavens and the earth were finished,
09:38 and all the host of them. And on the seventh day God
09:41 ended his work which he had made; and he rested on
09:44 the seventh day from all his work which he had made.
09:46 And God bless the seventh day, and sanctified it:
09:49 because that in it he had rested from all his work
09:52 which God created and made. "
09:54 Alright so here we have the very beginning
09:56 of the Sabbath and it is the culmination
09:58 of God's creation week.
10:00 Now the question is what purpose did God have
10:03 for the Sabbath day?
10:05 Well was a day of rest - it was a day of rest.
10:10 Jesus said the Sabbath was made for man and
10:14 not man for the Sabbath.
10:17 The Sabbath was made to benefit humanity,
10:21 for the sake of humanity.
10:23 We have many verses in the Bible in the New Testament
10:26 that uses the same kind of construction, because of,
10:30 for the sake of, or for the benefit of and so Jesus
10:33 says the Sabbath was made for man.
10:36 It has an attraction for mankind, it has the
10:39 attraction to benefit and to help them.
10:42 It is not the other way around - it was intended
10:45 to be a blessing for man - a blessing for people.
10:49 People aren't made to be in service to the Sabbath.
10:53 Now this raised another question.
10:56 Which is the idea, well hmmm, does that mean,
11:00 that man is over the Sabbath?
11:03 Can a person can use the Sabbath for whatever reason they want?
11:07 That is not really the case, the Sabbath was made
11:12 for our benefit, but when ourselves over it,
11:15 we tend to use it for our own purposes and
11:18 lose the blessing that it has.
11:20 Jesus comes to a conclusion in verse 28, He says,
11:23 "so the Son of Man is Lord even of the Sabbath. "
11:26 Now the hard part of this is that word "so".
11:30 Because you kind of wonder, you say wait a minute
11:34 how does first 28 flow out of as a result of,
11:38 therefore from verse 27?
11:42 It kind of seems to stand on its own - yeah!
11:45 It doesn't seem to quite fit there.
11:47 Commentators look at this and they sort of
11:50 scratch their heads on this and finally somebody
11:52 came up with a fairly good explanation.
11:54 And it goes something like this, the Sabbath
11:58 was made for mankind, for people right?
12:02 Now Jesus, the title for Himself was the Son of Man.
12:06 You can read in the New Testament, in the Gospels that's
12:09 almost the only place we get this phrase the Son of Man
12:12 and it is only found on Jesus' lips.
12:14 And then He only uses this to refer to Himself.
12:17 The Son of Man, He says, I'm the Son of Man.
12:20 If he is the Son of Man then He's the man isn't He?
12:22 One would think I mean - yes - you can draw that conclusion.
12:25 Yes He's a man but He is a special kind of man.
12:27 He is not just any kind of man He is the "Son of Man".
12:31 That term comes from Daniel, the book of
12:33 Daniel chapter 7 and there's just like a very
12:35 important heavenly kind of being topic.
12:37 So He is the Son of Man who has authority, being a
12:40 man but now the Son of Man, He is Lord of the Sabbath.
12:44 Wow! - He doesn't break the Sabbath, but He shows us
12:47 how to keep the Sabbath day holy.
12:48 That's a beautiful thing!
12:49 It is amazing how fast time slips away from us when we
12:52 really are delving into it and what is going on here.
12:53 And Professor I just want to thank you once again
12:55 for coming and joining us.
12:56 Thank you it is good to be here.
12:58 It is a pleasure having you.
12:59 The Son of Man is Lord of the Sabbath.
13:02 Remember that if you really want to know how to
13:05 keep the Sabbath, study the life of Jesus.
13:07 Study what He does, how He spends His day and that
13:10 will give you an idea what the Sabbath is all about.
13:13 Join us next time on Books of the Book and
13:15 please don't forget to keep your pens and pencils
13:17 close by so you can take notes.
13:19 God bless you!