Participants: Kevin Hart, Tom Shepherd
Series Code: MBOTB
Program Code: MBOTB00012B
00:04 Welcome back to Books of the Book.
00:06 We in the middle of, by far the most important trial
00:10 ever in human history.
00:11 We are studying the trial of Jesus just
00:13 before the crucifixion.
00:14 We have been kind of following Peter as he follows
00:17 his Lord into the area were Jesus is being tried
00:21 and he tries to hide himself by warming himself near
00:24 a fire, but as a result of that he actually ends
00:26 up exposing himself.
00:27 Then something interesting happens, Peter says this
00:31 curse and that is what we are going to talk about
00:32 right now, Professor.
00:34 Now let's take a look at this last section.
00:36 Peter is in the courtyard of the high priest and one
00:41 of servant girls of the high priest comes by and she
00:44 sees him and looks at him and says, you also were with
00:48 Jesus the Nazarene.
00:50 Now he denies this, he says, I neither know nor understand
00:54 what your talking about.
00:55 He tries to brush off, he's a male, she is a slave girl.
00:59 He tries to make it look like that she doesn't know
01:02 what she's talking about.
01:03 But it shakes him, so he goes out on the porch.
01:08 He goes out to the forecourt of the house, he steps
01:11 further away from Jesus, symbolically not following
01:16 Jesus anymore.
01:18 Moving further and further from the Man who is going
01:21 to go to the cross.
01:22 But this pesty girl follows him and she sees him out
01:27 there again and she says, this is one of them.
01:29 Again he denies it.
01:32 After a little while the bystanders come and they say,
01:35 surely you are one of them for you are a Galilean too.
01:38 But you might wonder, how do they know that he was a Galilean
01:44 Well if you think about it, here is a group of people
01:49 who are all gathered together for the trial of Jesus.
01:52 The question is who would be in that courtyard,
01:56 who would be in that courtroom?
01:59 Would there be people from other places than Jerusalem?
02:03 Probably not, they were local people who would be
02:08 involved in a police group, being the high priest,
02:12 being the elders.
02:13 So Peter being a Galilean, he's probably the only Galilean there
02:18 Kevin: OK kind of standing out like a sore thumb.
02:21 Well his speech gives him away because probably of
02:25 his accent, it's like different parts of different
02:28 countries people have a different tone quality and
02:32 you can tell by their accent where they are from,
02:35 you can get some feel for it.
02:36 So his accent probably gives him away, "surely you
02:39 are one of them could issue are a Galilean too. "
02:41 Then he said he began to curse and swear, I do not
02:46 know this Man you are talking about.
02:48 Now this is the most serious denial that he makes.
02:53 He said before that he doesn't know what they're
02:56 talking about, he denies that he was with them,
02:58 but here he says I don't know this Man.
03:00 It seems as though the people aren't going to give
03:03 up and so he wants to emphasize that what he is
03:07 telling them is the truth.
03:08 In Greek there are two words used for what he says.
03:12 One of them is anathematizo, which means to call
03:17 down a curse on yourself.
03:19 If you've ever read in Galatians Paul talks
03:21 about anathema, that is like a curse.
03:24 So to anathematize is to call a curse down,
03:28 and he is calling the curse down on himself.
03:30 Then the other word, to swear it is to take a
03:35 judicial oath to swear.
03:37 I swear to God I don't know this, or something like that.
03:40 So what Peter is doing is two things, he is taking like
03:43 judicial oath and saying, I don't know the man.
03:46 So it almost has the feel of a trial and the other
03:49 thing he is saying is, may God strike me dead if
03:52 I'm not telling the truth.
03:53 Kevin: so he is using both.
03:55 Tom: yeah! Kevin: utilizing both words, both terms
03:56 and vehement in his denial.
03:59 Kevin: as strong... Tom: as you can get.
04:01 and then the rooster crows the second time, and suddenly
04:06 he remembers, it's as though all the pressures all the things
04:12 that pushed him on and now he suddenly remembers the
04:15 words of Jesus that he would do exactly these things.
04:20 Before the rooster crows twice, he would denied Jesus 3 times,
04:24 and he breaks down and cries.
04:26 Kevin: now we talked about sandwich stories and how
04:29 usually those parallels are going on.
04:30 Is or some kind of link on what is going on with Jesus
04:33 and the actions of Peter as well?
04:35 Tom: they are very much.
04:36 This is probably the most pointed of the sandwich
04:38 stories game presented by a dramatized irony.
04:40 You have first of all a graphic that shows a comparison
04:44 between Jesus and Peter.
05:21 Peter fulfills the prophecy of Jesus.
05:22 The prophecy comes true, and what is ironic is that the
05:27 enemies of Jesus, say, very last thing they say is prophesy.
05:34 Now they had covered His face and they were trying to
05:39 mock Him, they were mocking Him and saying, obviously
05:43 He can't even tell who hit Him.
05:45 Kevin: right but their saying prophesy who hit You.
05:47 Tom: but if you notice what's happening is that one of
05:50 Jesus' prophecies is coming true.
05:52 Kevin: but as they're speaking Tom: one of the prophecies of
05:55 Jesus is coming true, and so by denying Peter,
05:59 by Peter denying Jesus three times, he proved that
06:03 Jesus was the Messiah.
06:05 Kevin: wow that's powerful.
06:06 Tom: now if we look we have a graphic that illustrates
06:09 this, the dramatized irony.
06:21 So the denial becomes a proof of Jesus Messiahship.
06:28 So this trial really puts in front of us the words that
06:34 Jesus said before, if a man wishes to save his life he
06:38 must lose it, if you loses his life, he will save it.
06:41 So Jesus has carried through, He is going to give His
06:44 life as a ransom for many.
06:46 Peter has saved his life, but in the process has lost
06:50 the most precious thing.
06:51 Kevin: right, right!
06:52 Now we want to quickly move to the scene of the
06:54 crucifixion of Jesus in Mark 15:33-39.
07:04 Kevin: I can go ahead and read that.
07:06 And when the six hour was come, there was darkness over the
07:11 whole land and until the ninth hour.
07:12 And at the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice,
07:16 saying, Eloi, Eloi, la ma sabach'tha-ni? Which is being
07:22 interpreted, my God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?
07:25 And some of them that stood by, when they heard it,
07:28 said, behold he calleth Elias.
07:31 And one ran and filled a sponge full of vinegar and
07:35 put it on a reed and gave him to drink saying, let
07:38 alone; let us see whether Elias will come to take
07:42 him down and Jesus cried with a loud voice,
07:46 and gave up the ghost.
07:47 And the veil of the temple was rent in twain from
07:50 the top to bottom.
07:51 And when the centurion which stood over against him,
07:54 saw that he so cried out, and gave up the ghost,
07:57 he said, Truly this Man was the Son of God. "
08:00 Now I have to ask you a question because we know what
08:04 Mark is writing here, but when you are reading the other
08:07 Gospels you find that some have different details,
08:10 some of those story quite a little differently,
08:12 is there a reason for that?
08:13 Tom: yes, each is very fascinating to study the
08:17 scene of the cross in the four different Gospels,
08:19 Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John.
08:21 And each of them presents the story of Jesus dying
08:25 in a slightly different way.
08:27 Actually you can kind of group them into two groups,
08:31 there is Matthew and Mark on the one hand, and Luke
08:34 and John on the other hand.
08:36 Matthew and Mark the scene of the cross is very dark,
08:39 we have this cry of dereliction Eloi, Eloi, la ma
08:43 sabach'tha-ni, my God, my God why have you forsaken me.
08:46 He is quoting Psalms 22, but it is this cry, this
08:49 heartfelt cry of agony.
08:51 There is darkness over the land and there just seems
08:55 to be no light at all, it seems so sad, so terrible.
08:58 In Luke and in John it seems much brighter.
09:02 In Luke there's a story of the thief on the cross
09:04 and how he finds salvation.
09:05 And in John the cross is Jesus' throne, it is the
09:10 light of salvation comes there.
09:12 So Matthew and Mark in some ways show us
09:15 the cost of salvation.
09:16 And in Luke and John we find the gift a salvation
09:21 and the joy of salvation right!
09:23 Now it is interesting that the gospel of Mark ties
09:27 together the crucifixion of Jesus with the baptism
09:30 of Jesus, back in chapter one.
09:32 It's a little hard to see sometimes in English,
09:35 it is a little easier in Greek in some ways,
09:37 but we have a nice graphic that illustrates how there
09:41 is parallelism between the scene of the cross in Mark
09:45 and the scene of the baptism.
09:46 At the baptism we have four characteristics.
10:00 This compares with the cross.
10:19 Now someone might say I don't quite see the parallel
10:21 Dr. Shepherd, how does that work?
10:24 Well if you remember John the Baptist is the Elisha
10:27 character, alright?
10:28 Secondly the word to split is only used twice
10:32 in the gospel of Mark.
10:33 It's use there in chapter one where the heavens are
10:36 split and it's used here in chapter 15,
10:38 where the curtain is split.
10:40 The Holy Spirit comes down, and actually the word for
10:44 dying here were Jesus expires contains a fragment of
10:48 the word for Spirit in Greek here.
10:51 He expires, He gives up the ghost you might say,
10:53 and then there's those words, beloved Son and Son of God.
10:57 So there's this interesting parallelism, not how does
11:00 that all play out in the story of the gospel of Mark.
11:05 Well you remember back in chapter one, we said that
11:07 the gospel of Mark has this reference to fulfillment
11:11 of prophecy in Daniel chapter 9.
11:13 Where Jesus said the time is fulfilled, the kingdom
11:17 of God is at hand, repent and believes the good news.
11:20 That was the gospel of God, so the gospel contains
11:22 Bible prophecy.
11:24 The prophecy that was fulfilled that the baptism of
11:27 Jesus was His anointing with the Holy Spirit.
11:29 Messiah means 'anointed one'.
11:32 Now over here at the end, the way Mark produces
11:36 these book ends.
11:37 We have the completion of Jesus ministery, we have the
11:41 completion of those ideas of Daniel 9, where it says in
11:45 Daniel 9 that He would finish transgression, He would make an
11:49 end of sin, He would make atonement for iniquity,
11:51 He would bring in everlasting righteousness and that's
11:54 exactly what happens at the cross.
11:56 Kevin: it all ties together.
11:57 Tom: it ties together really nicely.
11:58 Jesus you see went through hell so that you and
12:01 I could but be in heaven.
12:03 The appeal the gospel of Mark is that you and I will
12:08 recognize the wonderful gift that He has given us
12:12 at the cross.
12:13 He said in chapter 10 the Son of Man would give
12:16 His life as a ransom for many.
12:20 My friends who are watching I want to appeal to you,
12:22 don't say no to this Man, listen to Him,
12:26 give Him your heart, He will save your life.
12:29 Kevin: the cost of our souls, you can never know
12:32 until you really contemplate this.
12:33 Professor I want to thank you once again for shedding
12:35 some light on what was going on here.
12:37 You know we have just one more study to go and
12:40 fortunately the gospel of Mark does not end with
12:44 this negative, He just died and that was it.
12:48 We will see about the resurrection and I hope that
12:51 we'll see you next time on that.
12:52 Kevin: excellent.
12:53 Greatest theme ever to be contemplated,
12:55 breaking heart and mending and heart at the same time,
12:58 the love of Christ for you and me.
12:59 God bless you and we will see you next time on
13:01 Books of the Book.