Participants: Kevin Hart, Tom Shepherd
Series Code: MBOTB
Program Code: MBOTB00013B
00:03 Welcome back to Books of the Book.
00:06 Holy men spoke as they were moved by the Holy Ghost.
00:08 Professor why don't you comment on the passage
00:10 we just read.
00:11 Tom: Alright well we were reading 2 Peter 1:16-21
00:15 and the first thing we noticed was that Peter tells
00:19 us we did not follow cleverly devised tales when
00:23 we made known to you the power and coming of
00:26 our Lord Jesus Christ.
00:27 You see a cleverly devised tale they would have...
00:29 Kevin: corrected the inconsistencies.
00:32 Tom: corrected the inconsistencies and actually in
00:33 later manuscripts you see this happening where they
00:37 would bring them into accord with one another.
00:40 So the scribes saw the differences and maybe
00:44 didn't want the, that difference to be a
00:48 stumbling block for somebody.
00:50 When actually it is very encouraging, it is very
00:55 encouraging that there are these differences because
00:57 it points to people who are not trying to make stories
01:00 up and that encourages our faith.
01:03 Kevin: which is a characteristic of the whole
01:05 entire Bible, not just the book of Mark.
01:07 The Bible doesn't cover up the things that may seem
01:10 rough and dark, you know things that don't always
01:14 conform to what we would consider a polite society
01:17 or so forth.
01:18 Very real in its depictions and records.
01:22 Tom: now so Peter goes on to talk about the experience
01:25 of the Transfiguration and he says this experience
01:29 confirm to us the prophetic word.
01:32 You read in verse 19, the prophetic word made more sure,
01:35 it was already sure.
01:36 The Scriptures were already sure, but they were made
01:39 more sure by this experience with Jesus on the mountain
01:42 and he says, you do well to pay attention to it as a
01:47 lamp shining in a dark place.
01:49 Now friends our world is a dark place and we need the
01:52 light of God's Word coming into our hearts, coming into
01:56 our lives to point the way as to where we should go.
02:00 He goes on to talk about prophecy and not being
02:04 something that is of one's own personal interpretation,
02:06 but that prophecy came because people were moved
02:09 by the Holy Spirit.
02:10 So it is really interesting that the Scriptures
02:13 are a combination of the human and the Divine.
02:16 We might have this idea of inspiration that, well
02:19 God said that it had to be perfectly stated,
02:21 you know there could be any grammar that was wrong,
02:23 there couldn't be any differences,
02:25 it had to be just so.
02:26 Well I'm sorry but that is not how the Bible is.
02:28 The Bible is a combination of Divine inspiration and
02:32 human language, human people expressing things that
02:35 touch their hearts in the way the Holy Spirit led them.
02:38 There are these little differences,
02:39 but they are not big things.
02:41 You know little changes, did she come before it was dawn or
02:45 after it was dawn, that is not a salvation issue,
02:48 but it actually shows you a little bit about how these
02:52 can be relied on the big points that they make.
02:55 So let's go back to Mark 16.
02:57 Kevin: speaking of them coming to the tomb,
02:59 what brought the women to the tomb on Sunday?
03:01 Tom: what brought the women to the tomb on Sunday?
03:04 You see the usual thing when somebody died in the
03:08 traditional society like this, it would be necessary
03:10 to bury a person pretty quickly.
03:12 The Jews didn't practice embalming, the Egyptians did,
03:17 but the Jews didn't do that so decay would set in
03:21 pretty quickly, so you had to bury somebody very
03:23 shortly within maybe 24 hours.
03:25 Well Jesus was buried very quickly, so quickly it was
03:31 Friday afternoon and it was towards the end of the day.
03:34 It was getting closer to sunset and that was the
03:36 beginning of the Sabbath.
03:37 So he was quickly buried, and they didn't have time
03:39 to do the work of bringing spices or perfumes that
03:45 they would typically do, they couldn't do that because
03:47 the Sabbath intervened.
03:49 Now it's not really commented on here in Mark so much,
03:54 but there were two things that brought them to
03:57 the tomb on Sunday morning.
03:58 One was the Sabbath and the other was love.
04:02 Now you say what you mean the Sabbath brought
04:05 them to the tomb, didn't they come on Sunday?
04:09 Are you saying that is the new Sabbath?
04:10 No Mark gives no indication that this is a new Sabbath,
04:14 the day that Jesus rose.
04:16 What we mean is they kept the Sabbath and that is why
04:19 they didn't go to the tomb, they didn't finish their
04:23 work Friday and they didn't buy, if you notice in verse
04:26 one the Sabbath was over is when they brought the spices,
04:29 because you wouldn't buy something on the Sabbath day.
04:31 That would be breaking the Sabbath.
04:33 So to keep the Sabbath, they waited until after sunset
04:36 Saturday night they go buy these perfumes and spices and
04:40 then Sunday the first light they come to the tomb.
04:44 So is out of love that they wanted to bring these
04:47 perfumes, but it was a Sabbath also that brought
04:50 them there.
04:51 So they come to the tomb and it seems as though they
04:54 hadn't thought everything through because it says in
04:57 verse 3 they kept on saying to one another who will roll
05:00 away the stone for us from the entrance of the tomb?
05:03 Kevin: something else they would not have done
05:05 on the Sabbath.
05:06 Tom: well yeah, and this is an obstacle now.
05:08 The tomb that they are talking about is a tomb with
05:11 a large stone that would be rolled in front of it.
05:15 Jesus was buried in a rich man's tomb and you might
05:18 say doesn't one of the Gospels tell us that Joseph
05:22 rolled the stone, so if Joseph rolled the stone why
05:26 couldn't they roll it out-of-the-way?
05:27 Well the stone would be a large stone, and the way
05:31 that they set this up is it would roll down into a trough,
05:36 or a crevice kind of thing when it rolled down.
05:40 It was easy going down a decline and get into that
05:43 low spot, but to get it out of the low spot.
05:45 Kevin: you would be more than one person
05:47 Tom: a lot of work so they were saying who is going
05:51 to roll away the stone for us, and surprise verse 4,
05:56 looking up they saw that the stone had been rolled away
06:00 for it was extremely large.
06:03 Kevin: now before we go any further does this
06:07 mention of a young man at the tomb.
06:09 Tom: yes I comes the very next statement.
06:12 Entry in the tomb it says they saw a young man.
06:14 Kevin: who is this guy?
06:16 Tom: sitting at the right wearing a white robe and
06:18 they were amazed, we are never told who he is.
06:20 Too bad - too bad, actually a lot of curious people.
06:24 Tom: we can figure out who he was by reading this
06:28 story a little more closely.
06:29 If we come to verse 6 notice what he says, well first
06:32 of all we see inside the tomb, rather a strange place
06:36 for a young man to be.
06:37 First we have the strange thing of the stone been
06:39 rolled away, they come into this tomb and there is
06:42 this young man sitting there.
06:43 It is not Jesus, it is a young man and he is sitting
06:47 on the right side, the side of favor and he is wearing
06:52 a white robe, that's good you know, maybe significant.
06:56 And then he talks to them, they are amazed,
06:59 that is another point, an indicator.
07:01 And he says to them, "do not be amazed, you are looking
07:04 for Jesus the Nazarene who has been crucified, He has risen,
07:06 He is not here, behold here is the place that they laid him. "
07:09 Now how did he know all this stuff?
07:13 How did he know they were coming seeking Jesus?
07:16 How did he know that He wasn't there?
07:18 Then he goes on in verse 7 go tell His disciples and
07:21 Peter He going ahead of you into Galilee and there you
07:23 will see Him just as He told you.
07:25 I mean this fellow seems to know an awful lot of things.
07:28 Kevin: obviously he is not a Jew, not a Gentile, he's
07:33 probably not even completely human.
07:34 Come: probably not human, but the way we know this is
07:38 there is something we call a theophany and we have a
07:40 graphic that shows the definition of a theophany.
07:49 Or the appearance of God.
07:50 So whenever God appears in the Bible, or an angel
07:55 appears there is certain characteristic things that
07:59 tend to take place.
08:00 There are 5 characteristics that are very typical
08:03 of a theophany and we have another graphic that shows
08:05 the characteristics of a typical theophany.
08:29 Now in our story here we have these 5 characteristics
08:33 all take place in a little bit different way,
08:36 a little bit veiled, but not to the point where
08:39 we can't see them.
08:40 First of all the appearance of the heavenly being
08:43 is such that we see this young man with a white robe,
08:47 we say how can he be just young man.
08:50 Sure but we notice that the women are amazed, that is the
08:55 human fear, then there is this issue of divine comfort.
08:59 And what does the young man say?
09:01 Kevin: don't be amazed, don't be afraid.
09:03 Tom: don't be afraid, don't be amazed okay.
09:04 That's what they usually say, your remember at the birth
09:07 of Jesus in Luke chapter 2, the Angels appear and they are
09:09 very afraid and the Angels says,
09:10 Kevin: be not afraid
09:11 Tom: fear not because I bring you good news,
09:14 that was the revelation.
09:15 Now the revelation is that he says, Jesus has been
09:18 raised from the dead, He is not here, He is going ahead
09:21 if you into Galilee and that's where you'll see Him.
09:23 So that is the revelation that takes place.
09:26 And then we have some kind of human response.
09:28 Now the response that takes place in Mark is fear again.
09:34 The women run away frightened, scared and they don't say
09:39 anything to anybody because they are afraid.
09:41 So we have all the typical kind of characteristics
09:45 of a theophany.
09:46 To me one of the most beautiful lines in this whole
09:51 story is the line that the young man has in verse 6,
09:55 he says, "you are looking for Jesus the Nazarene who
09:58 has been crucified, he has risen he is not here. "
10:02 I remember years ago having the privilege
10:05 of going to Israel.
10:06 And there's two different traditional places
10:09 where Jesus was supposed to have been buried.
10:11 The actual, the scholars feel the real tomb of Jesus
10:15 is the tomb of the Holy Sepulcher.
10:18 But there is a garden tomb that looks very much
10:20 like a tomb that Jesus would be in.
10:23 There is a stone on the side and you can walk inside
10:26 and see the tomb, and there is a space that is not real
10:29 large where somebody would be laid and you go in there
10:31 and of course it's empty.
10:33 I remember going to do this tomb and looking at it
10:36 and remember turning around to go out the door.
10:39 You have to stoop down to go out the door, and I
10:42 remember stooping but before I stoop down to go
10:45 out the door there was a little sign above the door.
10:47 It said, He is not here.
10:50 He is not here, what a wonderful, wonderful message.
10:55 Jesus was not there and is not there, He has risen
10:59 from the dead.
11:00 Now the young man says to the disciples, to these ladies
11:06 that they are to go until disciples and Peter.
11:08 Kevin: why does he signify Peter, go to your disciples
11:12 and Peter, why does he do that?
11:14 Tom: because Peter had denied Jesus 3 times.
11:18 He might expect that he didn't belong anymore.
11:21 Kevin: so a little bit of comfort.
11:24 Tom: a little but of comfort, a little bit of grace
11:26 from Jesus to save Peter I want to see you.
11:28 That story of his meeting is told over in John 21
11:31 of that wonderful meeting.
11:32 Now we come to this funny ending, that they run a way
11:36 they don't tell anybody because they are afraid.
11:37 Kevin: so if this is the real ending,
11:39 why would it in this way?
11:40 Tom: why in there, well it ends there because it's
11:44 like an unfinished Symphony.
11:46 If you heard the Symphony going down done done done done
11:49 done, done done and then he did nothing, dah dah you
11:53 could hear somebody at the back room stand up and say
11:56 dah dah! You know you have to have an ending.
11:59 Now that is exactly what Mark meant.
12:01 He meant for you and I to go out and tell.
12:05 Somebody didn't tell, somebody has to tell and it's got
12:08 to be a you, you have got to go and tell the story of
12:11 Jesus and let them know that He has risen from the dead.
12:15 This ending is a call to discipleship,
12:19 to go and testify.
12:21 Kevin: and this would probably be a good time to
12:23 wrap this whole thing up because the time has
12:25 alluded us again.
12:26 Tom: yeah were at the end of the book.
12:28 Kevin: what a place to end, go and tell.
12:30 Tom: go and tell.
12:31 Kevin: Professor I can't thank you enough for spending the
12:33 time with us and sharing what you found in your research.
12:35 Tom: my privilege thank you for letting me be here.
12:37 Kevin: Lord bless you and your Ministry.
12:39 Tom: thank you and God bless.
12:40 Kevin: and we thank all of you for watching Books
12:43 Of the Book, this is the only book of the Bible so you
12:45 make sure that you keep watching because there will be
12:47 many more books to be covered.
12:48 Go and tell, share the love of the Lord.