Participants: Pr. Stephen Bohr
Series Code: SMTF
Program Code: SMTF000002
00:34 Shall we bow our heads for prayer?
00:38 Our Father in heaven,
00:40 what a joy it is to come into Your presence
00:43 and to know that because You have given us
00:45 Your word and because of the Holy Spirit,
00:49 we can understand Your will for these last days.
00:52 And, Father, we ask that as we open Your word
00:56 that Your Holy Spirit will be with us and teach us.
01:00 Help us to understand the times that we're living in.
01:04 Help us to understand that Jesus will soon come
01:07 and that we need to prepare for that great event.
01:11 We thank you, Father,
01:12 for hearing and answering our prayer,
01:14 for we ask it in Jesus' name. Amen.
01:19 I'd like us to go back
01:20 in our minds to the year 1445 B.C.
01:27 This is believed to be
01:29 the date of the exodus of Israel from Egypt.
01:34 Now approximately three months after they left Egypt,
01:37 they arrived at Mount Sinai.
01:40 Now God had delivered them, freely,
01:43 without any merit on their part.
01:46 And when they arrived at Mount Sinai,
01:48 God wanted to make a covenant with them.
01:51 In other words, God wanted to be their God
01:53 and He wanted Israel to be His people.
01:57 And so at the foot of Mount Sinai,
02:00 we find God speaking to Moses and telling him that He wanted
02:04 to make a covenant with Israel.
02:07 We find this offer of a covenant in Exodus 19:4-6.
02:14 Exodus 19:4-6.
02:20 It says there, "You have seen what I did to the Egyptians,
02:25 and how I bore you on eagles' wings
02:28 and brought you to Myself.
02:31 Now therefore, if you will indeed
02:34 obey My voice and keep My covenant,
02:38 then you shall be a special treasure to me above all people,
02:43 for all the earth is Mine.
02:46 and you shall be to me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.
02:51 These are the words which you shall speak
02:54 to the children of Israel."
02:57 So God tells Moses, "I want you to go
02:59 and make an offer to Israel from My part.
03:02 That is that I want to enter a covenant with them.
03:05 But in order for this covenant to be valid,
03:08 they need to hear My voice, obey My voice
03:12 and they need to keep My covenant."
03:15 Well, if you read verse 8, you'll notice that
03:19 Israel sent Moses back to God and asked him to tell God,
03:25 "Everything that the Lord has said, we will do."
03:31 And so there you have the covenant.
03:33 God offers the covenant and Israel responds,
03:36 "Yes, everything that the Lord has said, we will do."
03:41 And so God makes His decision that He's going to come
03:45 and He's going to dwell there in the presence of Israel.
03:50 And so He tells Israel to build Him a sanctuary
03:53 that this covenant God might now dwell with them.
03:57 Notice Exodus 25:8 where God is speaking
04:02 about the building of this sanctuary.
04:06 God says to Moses, "And let them make Me a sanctuary
04:13 that I may dwell among them."
04:16 So God says, "They made a covenant with Me,
04:19 I'm their God, they are my people,
04:21 so now I'm going to come
04:23 and I'm going to dwell among them,
04:25 they need to build me a sanctuary."
04:28 Now when the sanctuary was finished,
04:30 God came and made Himself present in the sanctuary.
04:34 Notice Exodus 40:34, 35.
04:39 Exodus 40:34, 35.
04:43 This is the moment when the Shekinah
04:46 entered the sanctuary in the wilderness.
04:50 It says there in verse 34,
04:52 "Then the cloud covered the tabernacle of meeting
04:56 and the glory of the Lord filled the tabernacle.
05:01 And Moses was not able
05:03 to enter the tabernacle of meeting,
05:05 because the cloud rested above it,
05:08 and the glory of the Lord filled the tabernacle."
05:12 So God says, "Build Me a sanctuary"
05:14 and then His glory enters the sanctuary
05:17 and now the covenant God is dwelling in the midst of Israel.
05:22 Later on, God asked Israel
05:24 to build a more permanent structure
05:26 which came to be known as Solomon's temple.
05:29 A misnomer for sure, because it was not Solomon's temple,
05:34 it was the Lord's temple.
05:36 And it's interesting to notice that as soon as the temple
05:39 that God asked Solomon to build was finished, once again,
05:43 the Shekinah glory of God entered the temple.
05:47 Notice 1 Kings 8:10, 11.
05:52 1 Kings 8:10, 11.
05:56 It says there, "And it came to pass,
06:00 when the priests came out of the holy place,
06:03 that the cloud filled the house of the Lord,
06:07 so that the priests could not
06:09 continue ministering because of the cloud,
06:12 for the glory of the Lord filled the house of the Lord."
06:17 And so both in the tabernacle in the wilderness
06:20 and in Solomon's temple,
06:21 the glory of God entered the temple.
06:26 But then, we notice that the history of Israel,
06:30 from the time that the tabernacle was established
06:33 till the time of the Babylonian captivity,
06:36 was the history of one rebellion after another.
06:40 They did not live up to their end of the bargain.
06:43 They did not obey God's voice.
06:45 They did not keep God's covenant.
06:48 It is one unfaithfulness after another
06:51 in the history of Israel.
06:52 Let's read about that in 2 Chronicles 36:14-16.
06:58 2 Chronicles 36:14-16.
07:03 By the way, this rebellion took place
07:06 during a period of approximately 800 years from the time
07:10 that they were established as a theocracy at Mount Sinai
07:14 and finally when they went into captivity.
07:17 It says there in 2 Chronicles 36,
07:19 "Moreover, all the leaders of the priests
07:23 and the people transgressed more and more,
07:28 according to all" now I want you to notice
07:31 this very important word, "according to all
07:33 the abominations of the nations,
07:36 and defiled the house of the Lord
07:39 which He had consecrated in Jerusalem.
07:42 And the Lord God of their fathers
07:44 sent warnings to them by His messengers,
07:47 rising up early and sending them,
07:49 because He had compassion
07:51 on His people and on His dwelling place.
07:54 But they mocked the messengers of God,
07:56 despised His words, and scoffed at His prophets,
08:01 until the wrath of the Lord arose against His people,
08:05 till there was no remedy."
08:08 I want you to notice that key word, "abominations,"
08:11 which we're going to read in a few moments,
08:13 some other texts that use that critically important word
08:17 which later on is used in the Gospel of Matthew.
08:21 In fact, things got so bad in Israel that we're told
08:26 that God called His own people a harlot.
08:30 Notice Ezekiel 16 and we're going to read 3 verses
08:34 not in succession but 3 verses in Chapter 16.
08:37 Verse 15, verse 22 and verse 30.
08:41 I want you to notice here that
08:42 God is addressing His professed people.
08:45 He's not speaking to the Philistines,
08:46 He's not speaking to the Babylonians,
08:49 He's not speaking to the worldly, so to speak,
08:52 He's speaking to His own people
08:54 and He is calling them a harlot, because of their abominations.
08:59 Notice Ezekiel 16:15.
09:04 God is speaking about Israel and says,
09:05 "But you trusted in your own beauty,
09:08 played the harlot because of your fame,
09:11 and poured out your harlotry on everyone passing by
09:15 who would have it.
09:16 And in all your," now here comes the key word again,
09:19 "and in all your abominations and acts of harlotry
09:25 you did not remember the days of your youth,"
09:27 that is when she formed the covenant.
09:30 "When you were naked and bare, struggling in your blood."
09:33 In other words, when the nation was about to be born,
09:35 when they left Mount Sinai.
09:37 Verse 30. "'How degenerate is your heart!'
09:41 says the Lord God, 'seeing you do all these things,
09:45 the deeds of a brazen harlot.'"
09:50 This is amazing language, God calling His own people a harlot
09:54 because of the abominations that they were committing.
09:57 Notice a little bit earlier in the chapter,
09:59 in Ezekiel Chapter 16:2, once again our key word.
10:05 God is speaking to the prophet Ezekiel
10:07 and He says, "'Son of man, cause Jerusalem to know," her what?
10:13 "To know her abominations."
10:16 Time and again, in Ezekiel and in Jeremiah,
10:20 we find this key word abominations
10:23 which Israel was committing
10:25 against the Lord as a brazen harlot.
10:29 And so God decided that He was going to come
10:31 in judgment upon Israel.
10:33 He was going to take them into captivity.
10:36 And so it was that according to Ezekiel 1:4,
10:40 God came from the north in His chariot
10:43 to the sanctuary to judge Israel.
10:45 In fact, let's read about that in Ezekiel 1:4.
10:50 Here Ezekiel sees God coming to the Jerusalem temple
10:54 because He is going to judge His apostate people
10:57 who are committing these abominations.
11:00 It says there, "Then I looked, and behold,
11:03 a whirlwind was coming out of the north,
11:07 and a great cloud with a raging fire engulfing itself.
11:12 And brightness was all around it,
11:14 radiating out of the midst like the color of amber,
11:18 out of the midst of the fire."
11:20 If you continue reading, you'll see that this chariot
11:22 is coming from the north, the place of God's throne
11:25 and it's coming to earth, to the Jerusalem temple
11:28 to perform a work of judgment among God's people
11:32 for the abominations that they are committing.
11:36 Now let's read about that great abomination
11:41 that was being committed
11:42 in the city of God's professed people.
11:45 Ezekiel 8:16, 17. Ezekiel 8:16, 17.
11:52 And by the way, I want to underline that
11:54 this is happening among those who profess to be God's people.
11:58 This is not happening among the secular people,
12:01 the worldly people, this is happening
12:03 among those who claim to serve the true God, remember that.
12:07 When we come back to Matthew 24,
12:09 we'll study it more extensively.
12:11 It says there in Ezekiel 8:16, "So He brought me
12:16 into the inner court of the Lord's house,
12:18 and there, at the door of the temple of the Lord,
12:24 between the porch and the altar, were about twenty-five men
12:29 with their backs toward the temple of the Lord
12:33 and their faces toward the east,
12:35 and they were worshiping the sun toward the east."
12:40 Notice that God's own people,
12:41 instead of worshiping the creator,
12:43 were worshiping the sun according to this.
12:46 Notice verse 17, "Then He said to me,
12:49 'Have you seen this, O son of man?
12:52 Is it a trivial thing for the house of Judah
12:55 to commit the,'" here it is again,
12:58 "'the abominations which they commit here?
13:01 For they have filled the land with violence,
13:04 then they have returned to provoke Me to anger.
13:07 Indeed they put the branch to their nose.
13:10 Therefore I also will act in fury.
13:13 My eye will not spare nor will I have pity,
13:18 and though they cry in My ears with a loud voice,
13:21 I will not hear them.'"
13:25 What was the great abomination that was being committed
13:27 in the city of Jerusalem?
13:29 The worship of the sun.
13:31 I want you to remember this
13:32 because we're going to come back to it later.
13:34 They were not only worshiping the sun,
13:37 they were also trampling upon God's holy Sabbath.
13:40 And that led them to the captivity
13:43 that God is talking about here.
13:45 Now I want to make a couple of references only,
13:47 I'm not going to read the verses,
13:49 but in Jeremiah 5:31,
13:51 we're told that the rulers ruled by their own will,
13:55 the priests did as they wished and God's people wanted it so.
14:01 In other words, the priests led them down the wrong road
14:04 but that's what the people wanted.
14:07 And so God said, "Because of these abominations
14:09 that are being committed in My own house,
14:12 I am going to come from the four angles of the earth
14:17 to destroy this city and this temple."
14:20 And you can read in Ezekiel 7:1, 2,
14:24 where we're told that the end,
14:26 the end is coming upon the four corners of the earth.
14:32 But before God could destroy the Holy City,
14:35 He needed to perform a work of separation.
14:39 Because, you see, not everybody in the city
14:41 was committing the abominations that God was speaking about.
14:45 There was a small remnant
14:47 that was faithful to God within the city
14:50 and it was necessary to mark those individuals
14:53 so that when the destruction would come,
14:55 they would not be destroyed with the impenitent.
14:59 So I want you to notice that
15:00 when Jerusalem is about to be destroyed,
15:02 there's a small remnant that is going to receive a mark
15:06 so that they are not destroyed in the general ruin of the city.
15:09 We find this in Ezekiel 9:1-6.
15:14 It's a rather extensive passage
15:16 but it has some very important details.
15:18 It says there, "Then He called out
15:21 in my hearing with a loud voice, saying,
15:24 'Let those who have charge over the city draw near,
15:28 each with a deadly weapon in his hand.'
15:31 And suddenly six men came from the direction of the upper gate,
15:35 which faces north, each with his battle-ax in his hand.
15:39 One man among them was clothed with linen,"
15:42 by the way, this is Jesus Christ,
15:44 "and had a writer's inkhorn at his side.
15:48 They went in and stood beside the bronze altar.
15:51 Now the glory of the God of Israel had gone up
15:53 from the cherub, where it had been,
15:56 to the threshold of the temple.
15:58 And He called to the man clothed with linen,
16:01 who had the writer's inkhorn at his side,
16:04 and the Lord said to him, 'Go through the midst of the city,
16:08 through the midst of Jerusalem," this is among God's own people,
16:13 the wicked are not contemplated here.
16:15 The secular, the worldly are not coming into view.
16:19 So He says, "Go through the midst of the city,
16:22 through the midst of Jerusalem,
16:24 and put a mark on the foreheads",
16:26 remember this, "put a mark on the foreheads of the men
16:30 who sigh and cry over all the" what?
16:34 "The abominations that are done within it."
16:38 What was the problem with God's people?
16:40 They were committing what? Abominations.
16:43 And God says, these abominations
16:45 are going to lead to the destruction of the city.
16:49 And then notice what was going to happen
16:51 after the righteous were separated from the unrighteous.
16:55 Verse 5, "To the others He said in my hearing,
16:59 'Go after him through the city and kill", this sounds terrible,
17:06 "and kill, do not let your eye spare, nor have any pity.
17:12 Utterly slay old and young men,
17:15 maidens and little children and women,
17:18 but do not come near anyone on whom is the mark,
17:23 and begin at My sanctuary."
17:26 Notice, with the religious leaders.
17:28 "So they began with the elders who were before the temple.
17:32 Then He said to them, 'Defile the temple,
17:35 fill the courts with the slain. Go out!'
17:38 And they went out and killed in the city."
17:43 So the abominations led God to come in judgment
17:48 and to perform a work of separation
17:50 between those who were worshiping the sun
17:53 and those who were sighing and crying
17:56 because of the abominations
17:58 that were being committed in the city.
18:00 When this work of separation was finished,
18:03 we find that the Shekinah that had come into the temple
18:06 in the days of Solomon, now leaves the temple.
18:11 Notice Ezekiel 10:19. Ezekiel 10:19.
18:17 The moment of the departing of the Shekinah from the temple.
18:21 It says, by the way, this is the same glory
18:24 that came in Chapter 1 to judge.
18:26 In Chapter 9, the judgment takes place,
18:29 now in Chapter 10, the Shekinah is going to depart
18:32 because the work of separation is finished,
18:34 probation has closed
18:36 for the city of Jerusalem and for the temple.
18:38 So it says, "Then the glory of the Lord departed
18:41 from the threshold of the temple and stood over the cherubim.
18:45 And the cherubim lifted their wings
18:47 and mounted up from the earth in my sight.
18:50 When they went out, the wheels were beside them,
18:53 and they stood at the door of the east gate
18:57 of the Lord's house", by the way,
18:59 this is the very entrance of the sanctuary, to the east,
19:02 "and the glory of the God of Israel was above them."
19:07 So you notice the Shekinah is forsaking the temple,
19:10 it goes to the entrance of the temple, and then,
19:13 in Chapter 11:22, 23 we find that the Shekinah,
19:18 after it leaves the temple, it goes and rests
19:21 upon the Mount of Olives on the eastern slope of Jerusalem.
19:27 Notice, Ezekiel 11:22, 23.
19:32 And the Shekinah lingers there for a while
19:35 as if not wanting to leave.
19:37 Notice Ezekiel 11:22, 23.
19:42 "Then the cherubim lifted up their wings,
19:45 with the wheels beside them,
19:47 and the glory of the God of Israel was high above them
19:52 and the glory of the Lord went up from the midst of the city",
19:57 and now notice, "and stood on the mountain,
20:01 stood on the mountain."
20:02 Notice it didn't just fly off all of a sudden.
20:04 For a moment it stood on the mountain
20:07 "which is on the east side of the city."
20:10 In the book, The Prophets and Kings
20:12 were told that the Shekinah stood on the Mount of Olives
20:16 because it didn't want to leave.
20:18 It was saying, "I don't want to leave you, my people.
20:20 I want to stay here but your abominations
20:23 have made it impossible."
20:25 The separation had been made
20:27 between the righteous and the unrighteous.
20:29 And now the Shekinah was going to forsake the temple
20:32 and was going to leave God's people desolate.
20:37 And then, in consequence to this,
20:40 you have Nebuchadnezzar coming and besieging the city,
20:46 demolishing the walls, destroying the city,
20:51 and destroying the temple of the Lord in the year 586.
20:56 Now it's interesting to notice that when Nebuchadnezzar comes,
21:01 it's emphasized that he is coming
21:04 with his armies like eagles.
21:06 I want you to remember that because in Matthew Chapter 24,
21:09 we have a reference to eagles once again.
21:13 Notice Jeremiah 4:13.
21:17 Jeremiah 4:13. Remember the eagles.
21:20 It says there, "Behold", speaking about Nebuchadnezzar,
21:25 "behold, he shall come up like clouds
21:28 and his chariots like a whirlwind.
21:31 His horses are swifter than" what? "Than eagles.
21:36 Woe to us, for we are plundered!"
21:40 Notice Lamentations 4:19.
21:44 "Our pursuers were swifter than the eagles of the heavens.
21:48 They pursued us on the mountains
21:51 and lay in wait for us in the wilderness."
21:54 Once again, Nebuchadnezzar spoken of as coming with eagles.
21:58 Habakkuk 1:8 which is describing this event says,
22:03 speaking about Nebuchadnezzar and his armies,
22:05 "Their horses also are swifter than leopards,
22:09 and more fierce than evening wolves.
22:12 Their chargers charge ahead, their cavalry comes from afar,
22:17 they fly as the eagle that hastens to eat."
22:22 And, of course, we all know that in Daniel 7:4,
22:26 Babylon is represented as a lion with eagle's wings.
22:31 Notice Daniel 7:4.
22:34 It says, "The first was like a lion, and had eagle's wings."
22:40 And so Nebuchadnezzar comes like an eagle
22:44 with his armies to destroy the city.
22:46 And by the way, do you know that Jeremiah composed
22:50 the Book of Lamentations for the Jews to sing
22:54 as they were being taken captive to Babylon?
22:57 In fact, the Book of Lamentations,
22:58 you know what lamentation is, it means to cry out.
23:02 This book describes what the besieging
23:05 of the city was like.
23:06 It even says that mothers ate their children.
23:09 In fact, the Book of Lamentations
23:11 is written in what is known as "kinah" meter.
23:15 It's a poetic style that is used for funeral dirges.
23:19 In other words, it is a funeral type of poetic language
23:24 that has been used in the Book of Lamentations
23:27 because God's people had been destroyed,
23:29 they had been left desolate.
23:33 I want you to notice that when the city was besieged,
23:36 that there were three punishments
23:38 that came upon the city.
23:39 Notice Jeremiah 32:24, 25. Jeremiah 32:24, 25.
23:47 The three punishments are famine, sword and pestilence.
23:51 By the way, these are the very ones
23:52 that are mentioned also in Matthew Chapter 24.
23:55 It says there, "Look, the siege mounds!
23:59 They have come to the city to take it,
24:02 and the city has been given into the hand of the Chaldeans
24:06 who fight against it,
24:07 because of the sword and famine and pestilence."
24:14 Are those things mentioned in Matthew Chapter 24?
24:18 "What You have spoken has happened, there you see it!
24:22 And You have said to me, O Lord God,
24:24 'Buy the field for money and take witnesses!'
24:27 Yet the city has been given into the hands of the Chaldeans."
24:34 And so God's people were taken captive to Babylon.
24:40 The city was destroyed.
24:42 The temple was destroyed, and God's people
24:46 were slain in the courts of the temple itself
24:49 and in the courts of the city as God had said.
24:53 I'd like to read from 2 Chronicles 36:17-21,
24:59 the description of the destruction
25:01 of the city and the temple.
25:03 2 Chronicles 36:17-21.
25:08 Do you remember that in Ezekiel we read
25:10 that God said don't spare woman, child, don't spare man?
25:14 Now notice how this was enforced by the Lord
25:17 when the city actually fell.
25:20 It says there, "Therefore He brought against them
25:23 the king of the Chaldeans, who killed their young men
25:27 with the sword in the house of their sanctuary,
25:30 and had no compassion on young man or virgin,
25:35 on the aged or the weak" very similar terminology
25:39 to what we read in Ezekiel.
25:41 "He gave them all into his hand.
25:44 And all the articles from the house of the Lord,
25:46 great and small, the treasures of the house of the Lord,
25:49 and the treasures of the king, and of his leaders,
25:52 all these he took to Babylon.
25:54 Then they burned the house of God,
25:56 broke down the wall of Jerusalem,
25:58 and burned all its palaces with fire,
26:00 and destroyed all its precious possessions.
26:03 And those who escaped from the sword,
26:05 he carried away to Babylon where they became servants to him
26:09 and his sons until the rule of the kingdom of Persia,
26:12 to fulfill the word of the Lord by the mouth of Jeremiah,
26:16 until the land had enjoyed her Sabbaths,
26:18 as long as she lay desolate
26:20 she kept Sabbath, to fulfill" how long?
26:23 "To fulfill seventy years."
26:26 By the way, incidentally,
26:28 if you read the Book of Jeremiah,
26:30 you're going to discover something very interesting.
26:33 Jeremiah time and again emphasizes
26:35 that when the city was being besieged by Nebuchadnezzar,
26:39 false prophets arose saying,
26:42 "This city will never fall. This is God's city.
26:45 Don't be concerned with the words that Jeremiah
26:48 and the other prophets are talking about.
26:50 God is with us."
26:52 In other words, time and again in Jeremiah,
26:54 Jeremiah speaks about the false prophets
26:57 trying to counteract the word of God's true prophets.
27:03 And then, of course, the city was destroyed.
27:07 It's interesting to notice then,
27:08 that the abominations of Jerusalem led to its what?
27:13 Led to its desolation.
27:15 In other words, the abominations led to the desolation.
27:19 In fact, notice Jeremiah Chapter 25
27:22 and we'll read three verses here.
27:24 Jeremiah 25, verses 9, 11 and 18.
27:28 Jeremiah 25:9, 11, 18.
27:32 It says there, and I'm going to begin actually, in verse 8,
27:36 "Therefore thus says the Lord of hosts,
27:39 'Because you have not heard My words,
27:42 behold, I will send and take all the families of the north,'
27:46 says the Lord,
27:47 'and Nebuchadnezzar, the king of Babylon,
27:50 My servant and will bring them
27:53 against this land, against its inhabitants,
27:56 and against these nations all around,
27:59 and will utterly destroy them, and make them an astonishment,
28:03 a hissing and perpetual'", what?
28:06 There's the word, "'desolations.'"
28:08 Verse 11, "And this whole land shall be a" what?
28:13 "Desolation and an astonishment, and these nations shall serve
28:18 the king of Babylon seventy years."
28:21 Verse 18, "Jerusalem and the cities of Judah,
28:24 its kings and its princes, to make them a",
28:27 there's the key word again, what?
28:29 "Desolation, an astonishment,
28:31 a hissing and a curse, as it is this day."
28:35 Are you understanding what the abomination of desolation is?
28:38 The abominations in Jerusalem,
28:41 the greatest of which was worshiping the sun
28:44 is what eventually led to the desolation of the city.
28:48 In other words, national apostasy led to national what?
28:54 National ruin.
28:55 And what was the great sin, the great abomination?
28:59 It was the fact that they were worshiping the sun.
29:02 By the way, do you know that God said
29:04 that the reason why they went into captivity
29:05 is because they were not keeping the Sabbath?
29:08 They were worshipping the sun instead of keeping the Sabbath.
29:11 Notice Jeremiah 17:24, 25 and we'll read also verse 27.
29:17 Jeremiah 17:24, 25 and we'll read also verse 27.
29:23 It says there in verse 24
29:26 "'And it shall be, if you heed me carefully,
29:30 says the Lord, to bring no burden
29:32 through the gates of this city on the Sabbath day,
29:36 but hallow the Sabbath day, to do no work in it.
29:40 Verse 25, "Then shall enter the gates of this city
29:45 kings and princes sitting on the throne of David,
29:50 riding in chariots and on horses,
29:52 they and their princes, accompanied by the men of Judah,
29:56 and the inhabitants of Jerusalem,
29:58 and this city shall remain," what? "Forever."
30:02 In other words, keep my Sabbath.
30:04 And the city will remain forever.
30:06 What happens if they don't keep the Sabbath?
30:08 Notice verse 27.
30:10 "But if you will not heed Me to hallow the Sabbath day,
30:15 such as not carrying a burden,
30:18 when entering the gates of Jerusalem on the Sabbath day,
30:22 then I will kindle a fire in its gates,
30:25 and it shall devour the palaces of Jerusalem,
30:28 and it shall not be quenched."
30:32 Let me ask you, do you think that
30:34 those who were sighing and crying
30:35 over the abominations were keeping the Sabbath?
30:38 Of course.
30:39 How about those people who were not sighing and crying?
30:42 What were they worshipping?
30:44 They were worshipping what? The sun.
30:46 I want you to remember the Sabbath issue,
30:49 because in Matthew Chapter 24,
30:51 Jesus says something very interesting.
30:53 He says "Pray that your flight might not be in winter or,"
30:59 what? "Or on the Sabbath."
31:01 In other words, those who were going to flee
31:03 were going to be what?
31:04 Sabbath keepers just like those who sighed and cried
31:09 over the abominations in the city.
31:11 Now you're saying what does this have to do with Matthew 24?
31:15 We have to have this background
31:17 or else we'll not be able to understand
31:19 the second destruction of Jerusalem in the year 70.
31:23 Now Israel went captive to Babylon for 70 years.
31:27 But God promised that after 70 years,
31:30 he was going to take them to their land again
31:33 and they were going to rebuild the city.
31:35 They were going to rebuild the walls
31:37 and they were going to rebuild the sanctuary.
31:39 And God was going to give them another chance.
31:44 Notice what we find in Daniel Chapter 9:1, 2.
31:47 Here Daniel is studying the prophecy of the 70 years.
31:50 He wants to know whether God is gonna fulfill His promise
31:53 of releasing Israel to go back to their land
31:56 after the 70-year captivity.
31:58 It says there in Daniel 9:1, 2, "In the first year of Darius
32:03 the son of Ahasuerus, of the lineage of the Medes,
32:07 who was made king over the realm of the Chaldeans,
32:10 in the first year of his reign, I Daniel understood
32:14 by the books the number of the years specified
32:17 by the word of the Lord through Jeremiah the prophet,
32:20 that He would accomplish 70 years in the desolations,
32:24 in the desolations of Jerusalem."
32:27 So long was the desolation of Jerusalem gonna last?
32:30 It was not gonna be permanent.
32:32 It was going to last for a period of 70 years.
32:35 Then they would return to the city.
32:37 They would rebuild it.
32:38 And they would reestablish the sanctuary service.
32:43 By the way, this is mentioned by Daniel
32:47 a little later on in the same chapter, Chapter 9.
32:50 Go with me to Chapter 9:25-27. Daniel 9:25-27.
32:57 This is the famous prophecy of the 70 weeks
33:00 and you know we don't have a lot of time
33:02 to go into all of the details of the prophecy of the 70 weeks.
33:05 But basically, it speaks about the going forth of the Lord
33:08 to restore and build Jerusalem after it was destroyed
33:11 by Nebuchadnezzar and the Babylonians
33:13 and then it speaks about 70 weeks
33:15 being allotted for the Hebrew nation.
33:18 In other words, God is giving them another opportunity.
33:21 He is giving them another chance to repent
33:23 and to obey the covenant and to listen to His voice.
33:27 Notice Daniel 9:25, "Know therefore and understand
33:33 that from the going forth of the command to restore
33:35 and build Jerusalem," so it must have been in ruins
33:38 if they needed to restore and build it?
33:40 Of course. Nebuchadnezzar had destroyed it.
33:42 "Until Messiah, the Prince,
33:44 there shall be seven weeks, and sixty-two weeks."
33:47 That's by the way 69 weeks, which is a period of how long?
33:51 483 years that leads to the last week
33:55 of the prophecy of the 70 weeks.
33:58 It says, "The street shall be built again,
33:59 and the wall, even in troublous times."
34:02 So was there some rebuilding that had to take place
34:05 once the word was given to restore and build Jerusalem?
34:07 Verse 26, After the 62 weeks, Messiah shall be cut off."
34:13 What was gonna happen to the Messiah?
34:15 He was gonna be cutoff.
34:16 By the way, the Messiah means
34:18 the anointed one shall be cutoff.
34:20 "But not for himself." And now notice.
34:22 Was Jerusalem going
34:24 to be destroyed again in this prophecy?
34:27 Absolutely, because it says, "And after the 62 weeks,
34:30 Messiah shall be cut off, but not for Himself,
34:33 and the people of the prince who is to come
34:36 shall destroy the city and the sanctuary."
34:40 So after this period of 70 weeks,
34:42 was there going to be a second destruction
34:45 of Jerusalem by a prince who was to come?
34:48 Absolutely. And then notice the key terminology.
34:52 It says, "The end of it," that is the end of the city,
34:55 "shall be with a flood, till the end of the"
34:59 what? "Of the war."
35:02 What's the key word there? "Desolations are determined.
35:06 Then he shall confirm a covenant with many for one week.
35:09 But in the middle of the week,
35:11 He shall bring an end to sacrifice and offering."
35:14 And now notice, "And on the wing of,"
35:17 What's the word there?
35:18 "Of abomination shall be one who makes,
35:23 " there it is again," desolate, even until the consummation,
35:26 which is determined is poured out upon the,"
35:31 what? "Upon the desolate."
35:33 Question then, was Jerusalem going to have
35:36 a second destruction because of abominations?
35:39 Was there gonna be another desolation
35:41 by the prince who was to come?
35:45 The prophecy of the 70 weeks
35:46 contemplates two destructions of Jerusalem
35:48 because Jerusalem has to be rebuilt and restored.
35:52 That means that it was destroyed
35:54 and also at the end of the prophecy
35:56 it says that when the Messiah would come,
35:58 after He should come, the city once again
36:01 would be desolate because of its what?
36:03 Because of its abominations.
36:05 Now after the captivity,
36:08 the city and the temple were rebuilt.
36:11 Notice what we find in 2 Chronicles 36:22, 23.
36:17 2 Chronicles 36:22, 23.
36:21 Here is the order to restore
36:24 the sanctuary service in Jerusalem.
36:26 It says, "Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia,
36:30 that the word of the Lord
36:31 by the mouth of Jeremiah might be fulfilled,
36:34 the Lord stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia,
36:38 so that he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom,
36:42 and also put it in writing, saying,
36:44 Thus says Cyrus king of Persia,
36:47 All the kingdoms of the earth
36:49 the Lord God of heaven has given me.
36:51 And He has commanded me to build Him a house at Jerusalem."
36:54 So must the house have been destroyed
36:55 if God commanded him to build a house?
36:57 Of course.
36:58 "And He has commanded me to build Him a house
37:00 at Jerusalem which is in Judah.
37:03 Who is among you of all His people?
37:06 May the Lord his God be with him, and let him" what?
37:10 "And let him go up.
37:11 And so the work of construction began.
37:13 And to make a long story short,
37:15 the temple was finished in the year 515 BC.
37:20 They went back in the year 536,
37:23 but the temple was finished in the year 515 BC.
37:27 And by the way, some of the people
37:28 that saw this second temple actually cried when they saw it.
37:33 Because there was nothing like Solomon's Temple.
37:35 It was far inferior.
37:37 In fact, there was no evidence
37:38 that the Shekinah even came into this temple.
37:41 Notice how this is described in the Book of Haggai 2:6-9.
37:47 Haggai 2:6-9.
37:50 The temple here has been finished
37:54 and God is promising something
37:57 which the Jews are still trying to understand today.
38:00 It says there in Haggai 2:6,
38:03 "For thus says the Lord of hosts.
38:06 Once more, it is a little while,
38:09 I will shake heaven and earth, the sea and dry land,
38:13 and I will shake all nations, and they shall come."
38:18 Notice and they shall come to the what?
38:21 "To the desire of all nations."
38:22 It also could be translated the desire of ages.
38:26 "And I will fill" notice "I will fill this temple with"
38:30 what? "With glory."
38:32 This is that second temple built after the captivity.
38:35 He says, "'I will fill this temple with glory'
38:38 says the Lord of hosts.
38:39 'The silver is Mine, and the gold is Mine,'
38:41 says the Lord of hosts.
38:43 'The glory of this latter temple shall be greater
38:46 than the former,' says the Lord of hosts.
38:48 'And in this place I will give peace,'
38:51 says the Lord of hosts."
38:54 The Jews are still trying to understand
38:56 when that was fulfilled because the second temple
39:00 was destroyed and it never reached
39:01 the glory of the first temple.
39:04 Solomon's Temple, so called,
39:05 was far surpassed this temple in glory.
39:08 And yet, God was saying that this temple
39:11 which was built after the captivity
39:13 would far surpass that first temple in glory
39:16 and that God would come into the temple with power and glory.
39:21 How are we to understand this?
39:23 Was this prophecy ever fulfilled? Absolutely.
39:28 Notice John 1:14. John 1:14.
39:34 Here the Shekinah enters the temple.
39:38 It says there, and you've read this verse many times before.
39:43 "And the Word became flesh."
39:48 Is this what the prophecy of the 70 weeks was pointing to?
39:51 The coming of the Messiah? Absolutely.
39:54 "The Word became flesh and dwelt among us,
39:57 and we beheld His," what?
40:00 "We beheld His glory,
40:02 the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,
40:06 full of grace and truth."
40:11 Is the presence of Jesus spoken off as glory? Yes.
40:15 Did Jesus walk in the courts of this second temple? Yes.
40:23 This is how this second temple was more glorious
40:26 than the first temple, which was destroyed.
40:29 And yet how did Israel respond to the Shekinah
40:33 that was in their midst?
40:34 He came to His own and His own received Him not.
40:40 They refused to hear His voice.
40:43 They refused to obey His covenant and therefore,
40:47 at the very end of His ministry,
40:49 the Shekinah comes into the temple for the last time.
40:54 Let's read about it in Luke 19:37, 38.
41:00 Luke 19:37, 38.
41:06 By the way, did the Shekinah enter the temple
41:09 in the days of Ezekiel right before Jerusalem was destroyed?
41:14 Yes, it departed the temple then, didn't it?
41:17 And where did it linger? On the Mount of Olives.
41:20 You see, this is gonna happen all over again
41:23 with Israel in its second opportunity.
41:26 Notice Luke 19:37, 38.
41:28 It says then, "As He was now drawing near,
41:31 the descent of the Mount of Olives,
41:34 the whole multitude of the disciples began to rejoice
41:37 and praise God with a loud voice for all the mighty works
41:41 they had seen, saying
41:43 'Blessed is the King who comes in the name of the Lord.
41:47 Peace in heaven and glory in the highest.'"
41:50 So He's coming down the Mount of Olives
41:54 and then He comes into the temple.
41:58 Notice Matthew 21:12, 13
42:01 which chronologically is at this very time.
42:04 You see, Luke is describing it in one way.
42:07 Here we find in Matthew 21 the description of Matthew.
42:12 Matthew 21:12, 13.
42:15 It says, "Then Jesus went into the,"
42:20 what? That's important.
42:22 "Into the temple of God."
42:24 So when Jesus went into the temple,
42:26 was it still the temple of God? It was.
42:28 It says, "Then Jesus went into the temple of God
42:32 and drove out all those who bought and sold in the temple,
42:36 and overturned the tables of the moneychangers,
42:40 and the seats of those who sold doves.
42:43 And He said to them, "It is written," notice this.
42:46 "'My house,'" did He still claim
42:49 that this was His house? Absolutely.
42:51 "'My house shall be called the house of prayer,'
42:54 but you have made it a den of thieves."
42:56 So did the Shekinah come to the temple?
42:58 He most certainly did.
42:59 Did He cleanse the temple? He absolutely did?
43:03 And then, in the temple courts,
43:05 Jesus teaches several parables.
43:09 One of those parables is the parable of the fig tree,
43:11 which we're gonna study later on in this series.
43:14 You remember the story of the fig tree
43:16 Jesus goes looking for food on it?
43:19 And what was the problem with the fig tree?
43:21 It had no fruit.
43:23 What did the fig tree represent?
43:26 It represented the nation of Israel.
43:28 Everybody can tell you that
43:30 Israel is symbolized by a fig tree.
43:33 And yet, Jesus came looking for food
43:36 on that fig tree and He found none.
43:39 So what did Jesus do?
43:41 Notice Matthew 21:18, 19.
43:46 It says, "Now in the morning
43:47 as He returned to the city, He was hungry.
43:50 And seeing a fig tree by the road,
43:52 He came to it and found nothing on it but leaves,
43:55 and said to it, 'Let' notice this,
43:58 "'Let no fruit grow on you ever again.'
44:03 And immediately the fig tree," what? "Withered away."
44:07 Was He predicting what was gonna happen to the Hebrew nation?
44:10 He most certainly was.
44:12 And He was teaching this in the courts of the temple.
44:14 He was coming to judge in the temple
44:17 just like in the Old Testament.
44:19 He came down from the east,
44:20 down the slope of the Mount of Olives into the temple.
44:23 And now, He's gonna perform
44:24 a work of separation in the temple.
44:28 And then, of course, in the temple,
44:29 Jesus also tells that famous parable.
44:32 Matthew 21:33-43.
44:35 It's the parable of the vineyard workers.
44:38 It says there, "Here another parable.
44:40 There was a certain landowner, who planted a vineyard,
44:43 and set a hedge around it,
44:45 dug a winepress in it and built a tower.
44:47 And he leased it to vinedressers,
44:49 and went into a far country.
44:52 Now when vintage-time drew near,
44:54 he sent his servants to the vinedressers,
44:57 that they might receive its," what? "Its fruit.
45:01 And the vinedressers took his servants,
45:02 beat one, killed one, and stoned another."
45:05 Is this what they did with the servants
45:06 between the times of Moses and the Babylonian captivity?
45:10 What they did with their prophets and their messengers?
45:12 Absolutely. Verse 36,
45:14 "Again, he sent other servants."
45:16 See after the captivity, he sends more servants.
45:18 "More than the first, and they did likewise to them."
45:22 Now notice verse 37.
45:23 "Then last of all," notice it has a finality to it.
45:26 "Last of all, he sent his," what?
45:29 "His son to them, saying, 'They will respect my son.'
45:34 But when the vinedressers saw the son,
45:36 they said among themselves, 'This is the heir.
45:39 Come, let us kill him, and seize his inheritance.'
45:42 So they took him and cast him
45:44 out of the vineyard and killed him.
45:46 Therefore, when the owner of the vineyard comes,
45:48 what will he do to those vinedressers?
45:51 They said to Him, 'He will destroy
45:53 those wicked men miserably.'
45:56 What was Jesus talking about?
45:58 He was talking about the nation
45:59 that had this second chance, the Hebrew nation.
46:03 "They said to him,
46:04 'He will destroy those wicked men miserably.'
46:07 And lease his vineyard to other vinedressers
46:09 who will render to him the fruits in their seasons.
46:12 Jesus said to them, 'Have you never read in the scriptures,
46:15 'The stone which the builders rejected
46:17 has become the chief cornerstone.
46:19 This was the Lord's doing, and it is marvelous in our eyes'?"
46:23 Now notice this.
46:25 "Therefore I say I to you, the kingdom of God will be,"
46:29 what? "Will be taken from you,
46:32 and given to a nation bearing the fruits thereof."
46:36 Was there going to be
46:38 another rejection of the Hebrew theocracy?
46:41 Yes. Why?
46:42 Because they rejected whom?
46:44 Because they rejected Jesus, the Messiah, the one
46:48 who originally made the covenant with Him at Mount Sinai
46:52 who came down the eastern slope of the Mount of Olives
46:54 like in the days of Ezekiel, entered the temple
46:57 to give parables of judgment, was rejected in there.
47:03 And then I want you to notice
47:04 what He says when He leaves the temple.
47:06 Matthew 23:37, 38.
47:10 You see, he leaves the temple.
47:11 Just like the Shekinah in the days of Ezekiel.
47:14 It says in Matthew 23:37, Jesus is speaking.
47:19 "O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, the one who kills the prophets
47:23 and stones those who are sent to her.
47:26 How often I wanted to gather your children together,
47:30 as a hen gathers her chicks under her wings,
47:34 but you were not willing.
47:36 See." Now notice this.
47:38 "Your house is left to you," excuse me? "Desolate."
47:45 Is that a key word?
47:46 Was that found in relationship
47:48 to the first destruction of Jerusalem? Yes.
47:52 Was Jerusalem left desolate
47:53 because they rejected the Lord? Absolutely.
47:56 So Jesus--is the Shekinah departing the temple now?
47:59 Absolutely. Verse 39.
48:01 "For I say to you, you shall see Me no more till you say,
48:07 'Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord.'"
48:10 And then interestingly enough, after Jesus leaves the temple,
48:13 He says, "Your house is left desolate."
48:16 Just like in the days of Ezekiel,
48:18 Jesus now goes and He sits on the Mount of Olives.
48:23 And He is going to linger there
48:25 and do you know what He's gonna talk about?
48:28 He's gonna talk about the destruction of Jerusalem.
48:33 Is this parallel to what we noticed in the Old Testament?
48:36 It is tremendously parallel
48:38 to what happened in the Old Testament.
48:40 And so in Matthew 24:1, 2 we find these words.
48:47 "Then Jesus went out and departed from the temple,
48:51 and His disciples came up to show Him
48:53 the buildings of the temple.
48:54 And Jesus said to them,
48:56 'Do you not see all these things?
48:58 Assuredly, I say to you,
49:00 not one stone shall be left here upon another,
49:04 that shall not be thrown down.'"
49:09 Was Jerusalem gonna be left desolate again?
49:12 Was the Shekinah going to forsake them again? Absolutely.
49:16 Was it because of abominations? Go with me to Matthew 24:15.
49:24 Matthew 24:15.
49:26 Here we reach the most important point of our study.
49:30 It says there and we read this in our first lecture,
49:34 "Therefore when you see the 'abomination of desolation.'"
49:40 Is that similar terminology to what we read in Ezekiel?
49:44 It's identical terminology to what we read in Ezekiel.
49:49 Did the abominations lead to desolation?
49:51 They most certainly did.
49:52 "Therefore when you see the 'abomination of desolation,'
49:55 spoken of by" who?
49:58 Did we read that in Daniel Chapter 9?
50:01 Yes, we did.
50:02 "Spoken of by Daniel the prophet,
50:05 standing in the," what?
50:07 "In the holy place whoever reads, let him understand."
50:12 What was Jesus talking about when He said,
50:14 "When you see the abomination of desolation?
50:17 He's saying that there was a particular abomination
50:19 that ultimately marked the desolation of Jerusalem.
50:23 And what was that? Notice Luke 21:20.
50:29 Luke 21:20. This is a parallel passage.
50:33 This is the reason why it's so important
50:35 to study the gospels together.
50:37 We have to study Matthew 24, Mark 13,
50:41 and Luke 21 together because they complement one another.
50:45 They explain one another. Now notice Luke 21:20.
50:51 "But when you see Jerusalem," what?
50:56 "Surrounded by armies."
51:01 Is that the abomination? Yes, it is.
51:04 We're gonna talk about what was abominable about that?
51:07 I'll just give you little inkling
51:09 of some of the things that we're gonna study.
51:10 The Romans when they came
51:12 outside the city of Jerusalem, they had these standards.
51:17 They had an eagle and a sunburst on the standards.
51:22 And when these were put
51:23 outside the city of Jerusalem in the ground
51:26 just a few furlongs from the city wall,
51:30 the Romans as was their custom knelt
51:33 and they worshipped the standards
51:36 that had the eagle and the sun. Interesting.
51:41 Were there two different groups inside the holy city?
51:44 Were those who were there in the city,
51:46 those who were faithful to God, the Christians?
51:50 And were those who were apostate? Absolutely.
51:53 Did God, so to speak,
51:55 place a mark upon His faithful ones
51:59 so that they would not be destroyed
52:00 when the city was destroyed just like in the Old Testament?
52:04 So it says, "When you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies,"
52:07 that is the abomination in other words.
52:10 "Then know that its," what? "That its desolation is near."
52:17 Let me ask you, is the abomination
52:19 and is the desolation the same thing? No.
52:23 Are they related? Most certainly.
52:25 The abomination is the announcement
52:29 that what is coming?
52:30 That desolation is coming.
52:32 Because it says here, "When you see Jerusalem
52:35 surrounded by armies know that its desolation is near."
52:38 So when you see the abomination,
52:40 the desolation has not taken place yet.
52:43 Because it says you know that it's near
52:45 when you see the abomination.
52:47 Later on, we're gonna study
52:49 how this is fulfilled in the end time.
52:51 It has to do with the Sabbath.
52:53 And it has to do with the sun.
52:55 And it has to do with abominations
52:57 being committed within the Christian world.
52:59 And it has to do with Jesus abandoning
53:03 the service and the sanctuary
53:05 and Christendom being left desolate.
53:08 You see, all of this is typological of end time events.
53:13 That's why we had, you know,
53:15 this first study so that we could study the principles
53:19 that this prophecy is actually being fulfilled twice.
53:23 It's fulfilled with the destruction of Jerusalem,
53:25 but it's also fulfilled at the end of the world.
53:28 I want to conclude by reading Luke 19:41-44.
53:34 Luke 19:41-44.
53:37 Here Jesus is speaking and I want you to notice
53:41 how tragic the prophecy that He is uttering at this point.
53:48 "Now as He drew near, He saw the city
53:53 and," what? "And wept over it."
53:58 Jesus loved that city.
54:01 And He loved the people in that city.
54:05 "Now as He drew near, He saw the city
54:07 and wept over it, saying,
54:10 'If you had known, even you, especially in this your day,
54:16 the things that make for your peace.'"
54:19 If you only knew what it is that brings peace,
54:21 Jesus is saying.
54:23 "If you just accepted me, I'm the prince of peace,"
54:25 is what Jesus is uttering.
54:28 "He says, 'But now they are hidden from your eyes.
54:33 For days will come upon you, when your enemies,'"
54:38 who were the enemies? The Romans.
54:41 "'When your enemies will build an embankment around you,
54:46 surround you, and close you in on every side.'"
54:51 Is that the same thing as Jerusalem being surrounded
54:54 by armies? Absolutely.
54:56 By the way, we still have to study
54:57 and this will be in our next lecture
54:59 the interesting fact that the city was besieged twice.
55:04 It was besieged once by Cestius
55:06 and then without any explanation,
55:08 he suddenly retreated.
55:10 And the false prophets in Jerusalem said,
55:12 "See we told you that God was gonna protect this city."
55:16 And they went after the Romans.
55:18 And the Romans suffered many losses.
55:20 But then the Romans came back and they besieged the city.
55:23 And they left no more.
55:25 All of that is symbolic of end time events.
55:29 So Jesus continues saying verse 43,
55:31 "For days will come upon you,
55:33 when your enemies will build an embankment around you,
55:35 surround you, and close you in on every side and level you."
55:41 Second destruction of Jerusalem? Yes.
55:44 "And your children within you to the ground.
55:47 And they will not leave in you one stone upon another."
55:54 "Because you did not know the time of your visitation."
56:01 You did not know that the Shekinah was in your midst.
56:05 You rejected the Shekinah.
56:07 And therefore the Shekinah will abandon your temple
56:10 and your city to return no more.
56:15 And so it was in the year 70 that Titus came,
56:19 by the way, a Pagan king like Nebuchadnezzar.
56:23 In the city, there was warfare and social unrest.
56:29 And there was pestilence and there was famine,
56:33 everything that's mentioned in Matthew 24.
56:35 And so he comes, he besieges the city,
56:38 and he destroys the city of Jerusalem.
56:41 He demolishes the temple.
56:43 He melts the gold that existed in the temple.
56:47 And by the way, Josephus tells us
56:50 that when Jerusalem was destroyed for the second time,
56:55 once again, the Book of Lamentations
56:59 was a song that was sung as people were being crucified
57:04 and as people were being let away captive
57:07 to the four corners of the earth.
57:12 Were you able to follow all the study this evening?
57:15 You see, the first destruction of Jerusalem reveals
57:17 what was going to happen with the second destruction.
57:20 And the second destruction reveals
57:22 what will soon take place
57:24 in this world as unexpected by most.