Participants: Pr. Stephen Bohr
Series Code: SOD
Program Code: SOD000008
00:01 If a man dies, shall he live again?
00:07 What does it mean to be absent from the body
00:09 and present with the Lord?
00:13 Did Jesus go with a thief to paradise on Good Friday?
00:18 Did the souls of dead people
00:21 really cry out from below the altar?
00:25 Pastor Bohr answers these questions
00:27 and more in the amazing series.
00:35 Shall we bow our heads for prayer?
00:38 Father in heaven, what a joy it is to be in Your presence.
00:42 We are so thankful that You have given us Your word
00:46 which is a sure guide in a world
00:49 that seems to be spinning out of control.
00:53 Father, we ask that as we study today
00:55 about two very important words in the Old and New Testament
01:00 that Your Holy Spirit will be with us
01:02 open our minds and our hearts to receive the seed of truth.
01:06 I thank you, Lord,
01:07 for the privilege of speaking your truth.
01:11 I ask Lord that you will give me divine wisdom
01:14 for I ask it in the precious name
01:16 of Jesus our Lord and Savior. Amen.
01:22 Today, we are going to study two very important words
01:27 one in the Old Testament and another in the New Testament.
01:32 However before we get into the study of these two words
01:36 before I tell you what they are I would like to say
01:39 that the New Testament authors had a very frustrating time
01:47 trying to transmit correct ideas about the state of the dead
01:52 and I will explain the reason why.
01:55 The word spirit the word soul and the word Hades,
02:01 which is one of the words that we are going to study tonight,
02:04 were very prevalent and common
02:06 in the world in which the New Testament authors wrote.
02:10 The only problem is those words
02:13 had a different connotation in Greek philosophy.
02:17 You see the word Psyche, the word Pneuma, the word Hades
02:23 were very commonly used by the Greeks
02:25 to express an immortal soul
02:27 and to express a place of eternal burning.
02:31 Now the New Testament authors had to use the same terminology
02:35 because they were writing in Greek.
02:38 However, the words that they used
02:42 were the same as the words in the Greek world
02:45 but the connotation was not the connotation
02:47 of the Greek language, the connotation was
02:51 that of the equivalent Hebrew words in the Old Testament.
02:56 In other words we are not to understand the word Psyche,
03:00 the word Pneuma, and the word Hades.
03:03 In the light of the way it was understood
03:06 by the people in Christ day as a result of Greek philosophy
03:11 these words are to be understood
03:13 according to the Hebrew equivalent in the Old Testament.
03:17 And of course the equivalent of the word Pneuma
03:20 is Ruach and Neshama.
03:23 The equivalent of the word Psyche is Nephesh
03:26 and we are going to notice that the equivalent of the word Hades
03:30 in the Old Testament is Sheol.
03:32 So basically we need to understand
03:35 that the background to these New Testament words
03:38 is not to be found in the way
03:40 they were used in Greek Philosophy,
03:42 it is to be found in the way in which the equivalent words
03:46 were used in the Hebrew language.
03:49 Now, with this in mind I would like to say that
03:52 we are going to study two key words in the Bible.
03:57 One is in the Old Testament
03:59 and the other is in the New Testament.
04:02 Let's take a look first of all
04:03 at the Hebrew word Sheol, that's S-H-E-O-L.
04:11 The Hebrew word Sheol appears approximately 61 times
04:16 or 60 plus times in the Old Testament.
04:20 In the King James Version it is translated
04:23 with the word, grave 30 times.
04:27 It is translated with the word, hell 31 times,
04:33 and a handful of times in the King James Version
04:37 of the Old Testament it is translated, pit.
04:41 The key verses that we want to notice are the 61 times
04:46 where in the King James the word Sheol,
04:48 is translated as grave or as hell.
04:53 Now in the overwhelming majority of the cases
04:57 where the King James translates the word Sheol as hell,
05:01 the King James could have just as well
05:04 translated grave instead of hell.
05:07 We are going to notice that uniformly
05:09 through out the Old Testament this word Sheol
05:12 should really be translated grave or sepulcher.
05:18 But for some strange reason the King James translators
05:21 decided that they were translate 30 references as grave
05:27 and 31 references as hell,
05:30 when really all of the references
05:32 should be translated as grave or sepulcher.
05:36 Now what I would like to do is go through several texts
05:39 that we find in the Old Testament
05:41 where the word Sheol is used and we are going to--
05:46 we are going to read first of all text
05:49 where the King James translates
05:51 the word Sheol with the word grave.
05:55 Let's got to 1 Samuel 2:6, 1 Samuel 2:6.
06:02 Remember that this is--
06:05 where the King James translates the word Sheol as grave.
06:10 It says there
06:13 and notice the synonymous parallelism.
06:15 "The Lord kills and makes alive,
06:21 He brings down to the grave and brings up."
06:25 Do you see the synonymous parallelism there?
06:27 The second line repeating
06:29 the same thought of the first line.
06:31 Once again, "The Lord kills and makes alive,
06:34 He brings down to the grave"
06:36 that's the word Sheol "and brings up."
06:39 There the King James translators
06:41 have translated correctly the word Sheol as grave.
06:45 And by the way all of the texts that I am reading
06:47 are from the New King James unless I mention otherwise.
06:52 Now let's go to Psalm 49:14,15, Psalm 49:14,15,
06:59 another verse where the King James
07:01 translates grave, the word Sheol.
07:04 It says there in Psalm 49:14
07:07 "Like sheep they are laid in the grave,"
07:11 that's the word Sheol.
07:13 "Like sheep they are laid in the grave,
07:16 death shall feed on them."
07:18 So what happens in the grave, you are what?
07:21 You are dead, that's right, "Death shall feed on them,
07:25 the upright shall have dominion over them in the morning,
07:28 and their beauty shall be consumed in the grave,
07:32 far from their dwelling.
07:34 But God will redeem my soul"
07:38 it's the word Nephesh we studies this word already.
07:41 "God will redeem my soul," that is my life
07:43 "from the power of the--" what?
07:45 "From the power of the grave," there is the word Sheol again,
07:48 "from the power of the grave, for He shall receive me."
07:53 So you will noticed here that
07:55 God is going to redeem his life from where?
07:58 From the grave not from hell, not from a place of a burning
08:02 but from the grave where we are told here
08:05 that death feeds upon them.
08:08 So the King James has translated correctly here
08:11 the word Sheol it means grave.
08:14 Notice Psalm 89:48.
08:17 We are gonna read several text
08:18 because I don't want you to think
08:20 that I am just taking a sampling of text
08:22 that are convenient to my point of view.
08:25 We could actually read all of them
08:27 and you would see that in all of them the word Sheol
08:31 could actually be translated grave or sepulcher.
08:34 Psalm 89:48
08:38 "What man can live and not see death?
08:44 Can he deliver his life"
08:47 by the way that's the word nephesh again.
08:49 It could be translated Soul.
08:51 "Can he deliver his life from the power of the grave?"
08:56 Do you notice the synonymous parallelism again?
08:59 The word grave is coupled with which word?
09:02 It is coupled with the word, death.
09:05 "What man can live and not see death?
09:09 Can he deliver his life from the power of the grave?"
09:14 So once again grave is linked with the word death.
09:20 Notice Ecclesiastes 9:10, Ecclesiastes 9:10.
09:27 This is a very well know verse.
09:29 It's used very frequently by Seventh-day Adventist
09:31 when we are talking about the state of the dead
09:33 it says there, "Whatever your hand finds to do,
09:37 do it with your might, for there is no work or device
09:43 or knowledge or wisdom in the grave where you are going."
09:49 In Sheol where you are going.
09:52 Once again the King James translates correctly grave
09:54 but notice that in the grave
09:56 there is no work no device no knowledge and no wisdom.
10:01 Turn with me now to Isaiah 38:10,
10:05 Isaiah 38:10 and I want you to notice
10:09 how once again the word Sheol is referring to the place
10:15 that people go to when their life is shorten by death.
10:20 It says there "I said, 'In the prime of my life
10:25 I shall go to the gates of Sheol'"
10:28 I want you to remember the word gates
10:29 that's important its linked with the word Sheol.
10:32 And by the way the word Sheol here
10:34 is translated the grave in the King James Version.
10:38 "I said, 'In the prime of my life
10:40 I shall go to the gates of Sheol."
10:42 Now what does that mean to go to the gates of Sheol?
10:45 Notice the explanation.
10:46 "I am deprived of the remainder of my years."
10:51 What does that mean to go to Sheol?
10:53 It means that you are deprived of the remainder of your years.
10:56 In other words you life is shortened
11:00 by the experience of death.
11:02 Notice Isaiah 38:18.
11:05 We are right there so we should be able to read this quickly.
11:08 It says in Isaiah 38:18.
11:10 "For Sheol" this is the New King James
11:13 that actually transliterate the word
11:16 "For Sheol cannot thank You, death cannot praise You,
11:22 those who go down to the pit cannot hope for Your truth."
11:27 Three ideas linked here.
11:29 The word Sheol, the word death and the word pit.
11:34 And you will notice that those who are going to Sheol
11:36 or the grave cannot thank God, they cannot praise God,
11:42 and those who go down to the pit cannot hope for Gods truth.
11:48 Notice Psalms 6:5, Psalms 6:5.
11:54 Once again you have the same idea
11:56 of death being linked with Sheol
12:00 or being linked with the grave.
12:02 It says there in Psalms 6:5,
12:04 "For in death there is no remembrance of You."
12:09 And then notice the synonymous parallelism
12:12 in the second part of the verse.
12:14 Says "For in death there is no remembrance of You.
12:17 In the grave who will give You thanks?"
12:22 And of course the question is what?
12:24 The question is answered how?
12:26 No one will give you thanks in the grave.
12:30 So once again death and grave or Sheol are coupled together.
12:36 Now go with me to Job 14:10-15.
12:39 We are still noticing verses
12:41 where the King James Version translates the word grave.
12:46 And by the way the New King James
12:48 sometimes simply transliterates the word
12:50 and puts Sheol as it appears in the Hebrew.
12:53 Notice Job 14:10-15.
12:56 Here Job is describing his experience.
12:59 "But man dies and is laid away,
13:04 Indeed he breathes his last"
13:07 what happens when a person dies?
13:09 They what? They breathe their last.
13:12 "And where is he?" Is what Job asks.
13:15 "As water disappears from the sea,
13:18 And a river becomes parched and dried up,
13:23 So man lies down" where do you lie down by the way?
13:28 In the grave of course when you die.
13:31 "So man lies down and does not rise."
13:34 Until when? "Till the heavens are no more,
13:39 they will not awake nor be roused from their sleep."
13:45 Is that the hope of resurrection
13:46 according to Job? Absolutely.
13:49 Then he says this "Oh, that You would hide me in the grave,"
13:54 that's the word Sheol.
13:55 So did Job in his suffering want to go to Sheol?
13:59 Obviously he didn't want to go to hell.
14:03 He was not saying Oh, that You would hide me in the hell,
14:05 the word Sheol cannot mean hell there
14:08 because Job wouldn't want to go there.
14:10 And so it says, "Oh, that You would hide me in the grave,"
14:13 that isn't Sheol "that You would conceal me
14:16 until Your wrath is past,
14:19 that you would appoint me a set time and remember me.
14:23 If a man dies, shall he live again?
14:27 All the days of my hard service I will wait,
14:31 till my change comes.
14:32 You shall call, and I will answer You;
14:36 You shall desire the work of Your hands."
14:40 Glorious passage on the resurrection
14:43 and Job actually in a suffering he is saying,
14:45 oh, Lord, if you would just hide me in Sheol.
14:49 Is he actually begging God to send him to hell?
14:52 Of course not, he is saying
14:53 I wish that you would place me where?
14:55 Resting, sleeping, he speaks about sleep, death as sleep.
14:59 I wish you would put me to sleep in the grave.
15:01 And then when You come and You call
15:03 I would answer Your voice.
15:06 Let's read one more Job 7:9
15:09 where the King James Version translates with the word grave.
15:14 Job 7:9 it says here
15:19 "As the cloud disappears and vanishes away,
15:25 so he who goes down to the grave"
15:29 that is to Sheol "does not come up."
15:33 So when you go to Sheol what happens to you?
15:36 You are like a cloud that disappears and what?
15:39 And Vanishes away, because in the grave
15:42 what happens to our body? We disintegrate.
15:47 Now let's notice a few examples
15:50 where the King James Version translates with the word hell.
15:54 By the way, I'm a great admirer of the King James Version
15:59 but I must say as I have said before
16:02 in previous lectures that when it come to the state of the dead
16:07 the New International Version is a better translation.
16:10 It's closer to the intention that God had
16:14 when he is speaking about the state of man in death.
16:17 Now that doesn't mean that
16:18 everything in the NIV is good and perfect,
16:21 because they leave out several passages,
16:24 they have mistranslations.
16:25 What I am saying is that every translation
16:28 has its pros and its cons.
16:30 But when it comes to the state of the dead
16:32 the King James actually is very confusing
16:36 when it speaks about the word Sheol
16:38 and we will also notice that it's very confusing
16:40 when it comes to the word Hades in the New Testament.
16:43 Now let's notice similar text where the King James
16:46 translates the word Sheol with hell
16:48 and you tell me if the King James translators
16:51 could have used the word grave, just as well.
16:53 Notice Psalm 116:3, Psalm 116:3
17:01 for some unexplained reason the King James translators
17:04 thought that they need to translate
17:05 the word Sheol 31 times with the word hell.
17:08 When it could have very well been translated grave.
17:11 It says in Psalm 116:3,
17:14 "The pains of death surrounded me,
17:19 and the pangs of Sheol laid hold of me,
17:22 I found trouble and sorrow."
17:25 Let me ask you could the word Sheol
17:27 have been very well translated grave there?
17:30 Of course, it's coupled once again with what word?
17:34 Death, just like the other verses.
17:36 So the King James could have said
17:38 "The pains of death surrounded me,
17:40 and the pangs of Sheol"
17:42 which it actually says hell in the King James.
17:45 I'm reading from the New King James
17:47 "has laid hold of me and I found trouble and sorrow."
17:50 Very well the word Sheol could have been
17:52 translated grave there by the King James Version.
17:56 Proverb 7:27, Proverb 7:27.
18:01 I want you to notice the synonymous parallelism
18:05 that we have here in this verse.
18:08 It says there in Proverb 7:27, "Her house"
18:12 speaking about the evil woman,
18:14 the evil and the wicked woman, says,
18:16 "Her house is the way to hell,"
18:21 even the New King James translates hell here.
18:24 "Her house is the way to hell,"
18:26 better translation would be what? The grave.
18:30 "Descending to the chambers of" what? "Death."
18:34 So once again Sheol is coupled with death.
18:39 It could have very well been translated that
18:41 "Her house is the way to the grave,
18:46 descending to the chambers of death."
18:48 There is no need to link this with hell, or to link it fire.
18:53 Notice Proverbs 5:5, Proverbs 5:5.
18:59 And I want you to underline,
19:01 the synonymous parallelism again.
19:04 It says there speaking about the strange woman
19:06 who tries to entice men into sin.
19:09 It says, "Her feet go down to death,
19:15 her steps lay hold of hell."
19:20 Once again death and Sheol are linked together,
19:24 would it be proper to translate this
19:26 "Her feet go down to death, her step lay hold of the grave."
19:34 Yes, once again the two ideas are I linked together.
19:38 By the way do you notice that feet go down to death
19:41 is the same as her steps lay hold of hell.
19:44 It is a synonymous parallelism.
19:47 Notice Proverbs 15:24, Proverbs 15:24
19:53 and here we have antithetical parallelism.
19:56 Another words, what is said in the first line
19:58 the opposite is said in the second line.
20:02 It says there in Proverbs 15:24,
20:04 "The way of life winds upward for the wise,
20:11 that he may turn away" from where "from hell below".
20:18 Could that have been translated form the grave below?
20:22 Of course, the contrast is between above and below.
20:26 The contrast is not between heaven and hell.
20:30 And so it says, "The way of life winds upward for the wise,
20:36 that he may turn away from the grave below."
20:41 Notice Isaiah 28:15, Isaiah 28:15.
20:48 Again notice the synonymous parallelism in this verse.
20:52 It says in Isaiah 28:15, "Because you have said,
20:59 we have made a covenant with death,
21:04 and with Sheol we are in agreement."
21:11 The New King James transliterates Sheol
21:14 but the King James Version translates hell.
21:16 In another words the King James says
21:17 we have made a covenant with death,
21:20 and with hell we are in agreement.
21:22 But the fact is that the phrase,
21:25 we have made a covenant with death,
21:28 is exactly parallel to with Sheol we are in agreement.
21:33 A covenant is a what? Is an agreement.
21:37 And once again the idea of Sheol is connected
21:40 not with life in hell it's connected with what?
21:44 With death in that verse once again.
21:47 let's read two more verses
21:52 and then we move on to the New Testament.
21:54 Amos 9:2,
21:58 speaking about the wicked in Israel
22:02 that says, though they dig into hell.
22:06 By the way where do we dig into?
22:09 We dig to open up a hole for the grave, right?
22:13 So it says, "Though they dig into"
22:15 and the New King, the King James Version
22:17 and the New King James version says hell there.
22:20 Could it be translated the grave? Of course it could.
22:24 "Though they dig into grave,
22:26 from there My hand shall take them,
22:29 though they climb up to heaven,
22:31 from there I will bring them down."
22:34 Very acceptable to translate the word Sheol here
22:39 not hell like the King James Version
22:42 and the New King James Version do
22:44 but rather translate grave.
22:47 One further verse Jonah 2:2, Jonah 2:2.
22:54 Here Jonah is in the belly of the fish.
22:56 And by the way he is not dead, he is crying out to the Lord
22:59 and notice what he says in Jonah2:2, and he said,
23:06 "I cried out to the Lord because of my affliction,
23:10 and He answered me.
23:12 Out of the belly of Sheol"
23:15 that's translated hell in the King James Version.
23:19 "Out of the belly of Sheol I cried,
23:22 and You heard my voice."
23:24 Was Jonah in hell at that point?
23:27 No, he was in the belly of a great fish.
23:30 It was dark down there. It was like he was where?
23:34 He was in a living grave if you please.
23:38 So he was not in hell.
23:39 A proper translation would be "Out of the belly of the grave
23:44 I cried, and You heard my voice."
23:47 And by the way we know that its the grave
23:48 because Jesus referred to this later on about speaking
23:52 when he spoke about being in the heart of the earth
23:54 for three days and for three nights.
23:57 Now, let's notice what the New Testament
23:59 has to say about the word Sheol.
24:03 And you say well pastor, but the word Sheol is in Hebrew,
24:06 the New Testament wouldn't use that same Hebrew word?
24:09 Obviously not, but the New Testament has
24:12 an exactly equivalent Greek word to the word Sheol.
24:17 And you say, which word is equivalent
24:20 to the word Sheol from the Old Testament?
24:23 Well, before I tell you let me give you some statistics.
24:27 The word Hades which is the word
24:30 that we are going to refer to
24:32 is used 11 times in the New Testament.
24:36 Only once in those 11 times
24:40 in the Parable of the Rich Man and Lazarus
24:42 which we have already discussed in this series
24:44 where Jesus is not trying to teach truth.
24:47 He is using the ideas of the people to express an idea
24:53 He is using their view of Hades and of hell.
24:57 He doesn't believe it He is using
24:59 their frame of reference to teach the truth.
25:02 Only in that one reference
25:04 do you find the word Hades linked
25:08 or connected with a place of burning.
25:12 Actually in all of the other 10 references
25:15 the word Hades could be translated with grave.
25:20 Now let me tell you something
25:21 about the New King James Version.
25:24 The New King James Version
25:26 transliterates the word Hades all the 11 times.
25:30 In other words it doesn't translate the word
25:32 it simply puts Hades when that word appears.
25:36 The King James Version on the other hand
25:39 10 times translates the words Hades, hell
25:44 and only one time does the King James Version
25:47 translate the word Hades with grave.
25:51 Let's talk for a moment about the New International Version
25:55 of the 11 times, that the word Hades
25:58 appears in the New Testament
25:59 twice the New International Version
26:03 translates deaths three times.
26:07 The New International Version translates
26:09 the word Hades with the word grave
26:13 and five times the New International Version
26:15 translates the word Hades-
26:17 actually it doesn't even translate it,
26:19 it transliterates the word.
26:21 And only once in the New International Version
26:24 is the word Hades translated hell
26:28 and that's in the story of the Rich Man and Lazarus.
26:31 So its interesting that the NIV translates the word Hades
26:36 10 times differently than hell
26:39 and only one time hell was the King James Version
26:42 translates the word 10 times hell
26:45 and one time differently than the word hell
26:48 it translates it with the word grave.
26:51 Now you say, how do we know, Pastor Bohr,
26:53 that the word Sheol in the Old Testament
26:56 is equivalent to the word Hades in the New Testament?
27:00 It's very simple.
27:01 You see there are two texts in the New Testament
27:04 that allude to or quote verses from the Old Testament.
27:10 So when you go to the New Testament
27:12 and you read those verse
27:13 that are quoted from the Old Testament
27:15 you can know what word in Greek
27:18 is equivalent to the Hebrew Sheol.
27:21 Now, let's go to our first text that uses the word Sheol
27:24 and then we will go to the New Testament text
27:26 where this same verse is used but in the Greek language.
27:30 It says in Hosea 13:14
27:34 if you go with me Hosea 13:14 the following,
27:41 "I will ransom them from the power of the grave,"
27:46 that's the word Sheol incidentally
27:49 "I will redeem them from death."
27:52 See the synonymous parallelism again,
27:54 He is going to redeem them from the power--
27:56 ransom them from the power of the grave that Sheol.
27:59 I will redeem them from death and then notice this
28:02 "O Death, I will be your plagues!
28:05 O Grave," that is O Sheol "I will be your destruction.
28:10 Pity is hidden from My eyes."
28:13 So notice here that you have,
28:16 "O Death, I will be your plagues
28:18 O Grave, I will be your destruction".
28:21 Now let's go to 1 Corinthians 15:54, 55,
28:27 1 Corinthians 15:54, 55 where this verse in Hosea
28:32 is very clearly alluded to.
28:34 1 Corinthians 15:54 and 55,
28:38 "So when this corruptible has put on incorruption,
28:43 and this mortal has put on immortality,
28:46 then shall be brought to pass the saying that is written,
28:50 'Death is swallowed up in victory.'
28:53 O Death, where is your sting?
28:56 O Hades, where is your victory?"
29:00 Do you see the allusion to Hosea 13:14?
29:04 It's interesting when it says "O Death, where is your sting?"
29:08 Death is used in Hosea Chapter 13.
29:11 But instead of the word Sheol the second word that is used
29:15 in verse 55 of 1 Corinthians is
29:18 "O Hades, where is your victory?"
29:21 And by the way this is the only verse
29:23 that the King James Version translates with the word, grave.
29:28 1 Corinthians 15:55, because they knew
29:32 that it would be foolish to say, O hell, where is your victory?
29:36 As if somehow the righteous had been in hell
29:39 and Jesus had come to rescue them from hell.
29:42 So they knew that they had to translate
29:44 the word Hades here with grave
29:46 but the other 10 times that translate the word Hades
29:49 in the King James Version with the word hell.
29:51 So it become very complicated
29:53 for people who are reading the Bible
29:54 because they assume that Sheol and Hades are a place
29:58 where people are sent to burn.
30:01 Now notice the other text in the New Testament
30:04 that is actually quoting from a passage in the Old Testament.
30:09 Let's go to the Old Testament passage first
30:11 and then we will go to the New Testament passage.
30:14 Psalms 16:8-10, Psalms 16:8-10.
30:20 This is a Masonic prophecy about the resurrection of Jesus.
30:25 It says here "I have set the Lord always before me,
30:29 because He is at my right hand I shall not be moved.
30:33 Therefore my heart is glad, and my glory rejoices,
30:37 my flesh" notice, "my flesh also will rest in hope."
30:43 Jesus is speaking prophetically.
30:45 He says, my flesh will also rest in hope.
30:48 Verse 10 "For You will not leave my soul in soul,"
30:52 that's the word Nephesh that we studied,
30:55 "You will not leave my soul in sheol"
30:58 it says in the New King James.
31:00 By the way in the King James it says,
31:02 "You will not leave my soul in Hell,
31:05 Nor will You allow Your Holy One to see corruption."
31:11 Now I want you to notice the synonymous parallelism
31:13 that we have in this verse.
31:16 Notice that "thou will not leave my soul in hell,"
31:22 is parallel to "thou will not leave the holy one to see"
31:27 what? "Corruption."
31:29 So what is it that you see in hell?
31:32 Supposedly you see what? Corruption.
31:35 Now what is it that corrupts? It is the body.
31:41 Did you notice that Jesus said "My flesh will rest in hope"
31:46 because it will not see corruption.
31:48 Now the New International Version
31:50 translates this correctly, It says,
31:54 "You will not leave me in the grave
31:58 and you will not allow Your Holy One to see corruption."
32:03 So in other words the soul is Jesus,
32:05 the person of Jesus
32:06 and the word Hades is translated the grave.
32:11 Jesus is saying, you are not going to leave me in the grave
32:14 and I my flesh is not going to see what?
32:17 Is not going to see corruption.
32:20 Now let's notice how this passage
32:22 is quoted in the New Testament.
32:24 Go with me to Acts 2:25-27.
32:28 This is on the Day of Pentecost,
32:30 the Apostle Peter is preaching his Pentecostal sermon
32:33 and it says there in Acts 2:25
32:39 "For David says concerning Him,"
32:41 that is concerning Jesus, "'I foresaw the Lord
32:45 always before my face, for He is at my right hand,
32:50 that I may not be shaken, therefore my heart rejoiced,
32:54 and my tongue was glad,
32:55 moreover my flesh also will rest in hope.
33:00 For" why will his flesh rest in hope?
33:02 "For You will not leave my soul in Hades,"
33:07 this is the New King James, or as the NIV says,
33:12 "You will not leave me in Hades,
33:15 nor will You allow Your Holy One to see corruption."
33:18 Now did you notice that the word that is used in Psalm 16
33:23 where it says, "You will not leave my soul in Sheol"
33:27 the equivalent in the New Testament is,
33:30 "You will not leave my soul in Hades."
33:32 So the question is, is Sheol equivalent to the word Hades?
33:37 Of course, in two different languages.
33:41 Now let's notice other references
33:43 to the word Hades in the New Testament.
33:46 We have noticed two of them, we read from 1 Corinthians 15.
33:50 We also read from the passage in Psalm 16.
33:55 But now let's notice the other references
33:57 to Hades in the New Testament.
33:59 Go with me to Revelation 6:8
34:01 and you are going to notice that the word Hades
34:03 like in the Old Testament is coupled with death.
34:07 It says there in Revelation 6:8
34:10 speaking about the fourth horse of Revelation.
34:13 Says "So I looked, and behold, a pale horse.
34:18 And the name of him who sat on it was Death,
34:22 and Hades followed him."
34:26 You will notice that the New King James
34:27 simply transliterates the word Hades.
34:30 Could this very well be translated,
34:32 "Him who sat on it was Death, and grave followed with him."
34:38 Of course, what is that that follows after death?
34:40 What comes immediately after death?
34:42 You are what? You are buried in the grave.
34:45 And then of course it says, "And power was given to them
34:49 over a fourth of the earth, to kill with sword,
34:51 with hunger, and with death, and by the beasts of the earth."
34:54 And so once again the word Hades here
34:57 can very well be translated as grave.
35:01 Notice Matthew 16:18, Matthew 16:18.
35:08 This is the famous verse where Jesus is speaking to Peter
35:14 about the keys of the kingdom.
35:16 Notice Matthew 16:18,
35:19 "And I also say to you that you are Peter,
35:24 and on this rock I will build My church."
35:27 Jesus is not saying that Peter is the rock,
35:29 Jesus is saying, you are Peter
35:31 you are a little pebble but upon this rock,
35:34 that is upon myself I will build my church.
35:39 And then it says, "And the gates of Hades"
35:42 do you remember that text from the Old Testament
35:44 that I told you to remember? The gates of Sheol.
35:46 Now we find a text in the New Testament
35:48 that speaks about the gates of Hades.
35:50 "And the gates of Hades shall not prevail against it."
35:55 Let me ask you why is it that the gates of Hades
35:58 will not prevail against the church?
36:00 If you look at the context it's because Jesus says
36:02 I am going to Jerusalem, I am going to die
36:05 and I am going to resurrect the third day.
36:07 Therefore the church is gonna rebuilt upon a living person,
36:11 one who died and yet is alive.
36:14 So this can very well be translated
36:16 the gates of the grave or the gates of the sepulcher
36:22 will not be able to prevail against it
36:24 because I died and I resurrected.
36:28 Notice Luke 10:15
36:30 another reference to Hades in the New Testament.
36:33 Luke 10:15, Jesus is speaking here
36:39 about the Capernaum and He says,
36:41 "And you, Capernaum, who are exalted to heaven, will be"
36:47 what? "Thrust down to Hades".
36:52 The King James Version says,
36:54 "You will be thrust down to Hell".
36:58 But what is Jesus really saying?
37:00 He is saying though you exalted yourself to heaven,
37:02 you would be thrust down to the grave, the place of death.
37:08 The word there is Hades.
37:11 Let me ask you what are the two main
37:13 characteristics of the grave?
37:17 That it has two great characteristics
37:19 number one it is a place of absolute silence
37:24 and secondly it is a place of perfect darkness.
37:28 Let's read a couple of verses on that.
37:30 Go with me to Psalm 115:17,
37:34 Psalm 115:17 it says there,
37:41 "The dead do not praise the Lord,
37:47 nor any who go down into" what? "Into silence."
37:54 Notice Job 17:13, 14, Job 17:13, 14.
38:01 It says there, "If I wait for the grave" that Sheol,
38:06 "as my house, if I make my bed"
38:10 In what? "In darkness.
38:14 If I say to corruption, 'You are my father,'
38:18 and to the worm, 'You are my mother and my sister.'"
38:22 So what happens when you go down to Sheol or the grave?
38:26 You are in absolute what?
38:27 Absolute silence and absolute darkness
38:31 and the Bible says that the worms are there.
38:35 Now what do the worms eat? Do they eat your soul?
38:39 Of course, not. They eat the body.
38:42 They eat the person, right.
38:43 The material substance of the person.
38:47 Now I want you to image just for a few moments
38:50 the analogy that I want to share with you about the grave.
38:57 I want you to imagine, that Satan is the jailer,
39:01 the grave is the jail, the dead are the prisoners.
39:07 By the way this is a biblical analogy.
39:09 The dead are the prisoners.
39:11 The jailer is inside the grave and he has the keys inside.
39:18 And he says to Jesus,
39:20 I dare You to come here in here and grab the keys.
39:25 And what does Jesus do?
39:27 Jesus dies, He goes into the grave,
39:33 metaphorically grabs the keys from the jailer.
39:37 He says, give those keys.
39:39 And unlocks the door from inside and comes out.
39:44 Now you say, is that a biblical analogy?
39:46 It most certainly is. Notice Revelation 1:17,18.
39:51 Revelation 1:17, 18.
39:54 No mater how silent and dark the grave is,
39:57 Jesus the Bible tells us, has the keys
40:01 and the word Hades is used in these two verses
40:04 that we are going to read now.
40:06 Revelation 1:17, 18,
40:09 "And when I saw Him, I fell at dead at his feet.
40:13 But He laid His right hand on me, saying to me,
40:17 "Do not be afraid, I am the First and the Last.
40:21 I am He" who what?
40:24 "Who lives, and was dead, and behold,
40:29 I am alive forevermore. Amen."
40:33 And now notice "And I have the keys of Hades and of Death."
40:40 What is Jesus saying?
40:42 He is saying. I have the keys of where?
40:44 I have the keys of grave and of the death.
40:48 Listen folks, when Jesus Christ went into the grave
40:51 the devil dared Him.
40:52 He said, I dare You to die in coming to the grave.
40:55 Jesus says, okay, I'll accept your dare.
40:57 So Jesus dies, He goes into the grave,
41:00 He grabs the keys,
41:02 He opens the door from the inside
41:04 and He comes out and He says
41:06 I am the resurrection and the life
41:08 because I live, you will live also.
41:12 Jesus doesn't have the keys to hell,
41:14 as if He opens and closes hell
41:17 and keeps people burning and then lets them out
41:19 when they are burning.
41:20 As if the Bible talks some idea of purgatory?
41:24 Absolutely not.
41:25 When Revelation 1:17, 18 says that Jesus
41:28 Jesus has the keys of Hades,
41:30 it means that He has the keys to what?
41:33 He has the keys to the grave.
41:36 Notice Revelation 1:5, Revelation 1:5.
41:43 We have a very interesting expression here about Jesus.
41:46 Revelation 1:5 it says,
41:49 "And from Jesus Christ, the faithful witness,"
41:53 the what?
41:55 "The firstborn from the dead,
41:58 and the ruler over the kings of the earth."
42:01 Now it says, Jesus is the first born from the dead.
42:04 Was Jesus is the first person to resurrect from the dead?
42:08 No, we had three people in the Old Testament
42:10 that resurrected from the dead.
42:12 We have of course Mosses,
42:14 we have also the widow's son in the days of Elijah
42:18 and we have that strange episode
42:20 where an individual was thrown into a pit
42:22 and he touched the bones of Elijah and he resurrected.
42:26 In the New Testament before Jesus died
42:28 and resurrected there were also three resurrections.
42:31 The son of widow of Nain resurrected,
42:35 Jarius daughter and Lazarus were resurrected by Jesus.
42:40 So first born from the dead doesn't mean
42:42 that Jesus is the first to resurrect.
42:44 What this expression means is that
42:47 the death and resurrection of Jesus determines
42:51 the possibility of us resurrecting if we should die.
42:56 In other words, our hope is centered in Him
42:58 because Jesus went into the grave,
43:00 He grabs the keys and now He can open the grave
43:03 for His children who died in Christ.
43:07 The Bible tells us that the hope of God's people
43:09 is not found in some immortal soul that fly's off
43:13 to heaven at the moment of death.
43:15 The Bible tells us that the hope of the Christian is found
43:18 in the resurrection of the dead
43:20 not the immortality of the soul.
43:23 Go with me to 1 Corinthians 15:16-22,
43:28 1 Corinthians 15:16-22.
43:32 Notice that the resurrection is the key to eternal life.
43:37 If when we died our soul flew off to heaven
43:40 and our soul were immortal what importance
43:43 would there be that Jesus should die
43:45 and resurrect to give us life
43:47 if we already have immortal life
43:49 with in ourselves which we don't.
43:51 It says there in 1 Corinthians 15,
43:54 "For if the dead do not rise, then Christ is not risen.
43:58 And if Christ is not risen, your faith is futile,
44:01 you are still in your sins!
44:02 Then also those who have fallen asleep
44:05 in Christ have perished."
44:08 How could they have perished
44:10 if supposedly they went to heaven when they died?
44:12 Makes no sense.
44:14 Verse 19, "If in this life only we have hope in Christ,
44:18 we are of all men the most pitiable,
44:21 but now Christ is risen from the dead,
44:25 and has become the first fruits" there it is again,
44:28 "of those who have fallen asleep.
44:30 For since by man came death,
44:32 by Man also came the resurrection of the dead,
44:35 for as in Adam all die,
44:37 even so in Christ all shall be made alive."
44:42 In fact you have some what of a paradox in the idea
44:47 that Jesus overcame death by death.
44:51 By the way how do you neutralize
44:53 the venom of a serpent?
44:56 You neutralize it by using anti-venom.
44:58 And what is anti-venom made from?
45:01 It is made from venom.
45:02 In other word venom over comes and conquers venom.
45:07 Jesus by death over came death.
45:10 Notice Hebrews 2:14, 5,
45:14 Hebrews 2:14, 15.
45:20 It says there, "Inasmuch then
45:22 as the children have partaken of flesh and blood,
45:27 He Himself likewise shared in the same,"
45:31 and here comes the key portion.
45:32 "That through death He might destroy him
45:36 who had the power of death, that is, the devil,
45:40 and release those who through fear of death
45:43 were all their lifetime subject to bondage."
45:47 Notice this is no reason to feel death anymore
45:49 because this text says us--
45:51 tell us that Jesus threw death overcame
45:55 he who has the power of death.
45:58 By the way it reminds me of that story of the serpent
46:01 that was raised up in the wilderness.
46:03 You know in the Bible usually the serpent represents
46:06 the power of Satan and sin.
46:10 And yet a serpent is used to illustrate Jesus.
46:13 Jesus says, as the serpent was raised
46:15 in the wilderness so must the son of man be raised up.
46:19 So that as the people looked upon the serpent.
46:22 They lived as people look upon Me,
46:24 Jesus says they shall live.
46:26 Why would a serpent be used to illustrate Jesus
46:29 when the serpent represents
46:31 the power of Satan and the power of sin?
46:33 The simple reason is that
46:34 Jesus the Bible tells us be came sin.
46:38 Jesus came and died so that by becoming sin
46:44 and by dying for sin, He could overcome death
46:47 and He could give us everlasting life.
46:51 Now let's go to Revelation 20:13-15
46:56 where we find the last two references
46:59 to the word Hades in the New Testament.
47:02 Revelation 20:13-15.
47:07 It says here "The sea gave up the dead who were in it"
47:11 those who were in the sea were what?
47:14 Dead, very well.
47:16 "And Death and Hades delivered up the dead
47:21 who were in them."
47:23 Who were the once in Hades?
47:26 The dead, not those who are living and writhing
47:29 in pain in the flames, in misery, in hell.
47:33 It's not what it says.
47:35 It says that "The sea gave up the dead who were in it,
47:37 and Death and Hades delivered up the dead
47:40 who were in them."
47:41 By the way how could you translate the word Hades there?
47:45 The grave, very simply.
47:47 And it says, "And they were judged,
47:50 each one according to his works."
47:53 Verse 14, "Then Death and Hades"
47:57 that is death and the grave were what?
48:00 "Were cast into the lake of fire."
48:03 See it says, sea, Hades does have to deal with fire.
48:07 Yeah, but Hades that's not the place where the fire burns.
48:10 The Bible says that Hades is thrown into the fire that burns.
48:14 Are you with me?
48:16 So, if you say that Hades is hell then you are saying
48:19 that hell was thrown into hell.
48:22 The fact is that Hades is what?
48:24 Hades is the grave.
48:26 So what it says in verse 14,
48:27 "Then Death and Hades were cast into the lake of fire."
48:31 This is the what? "The second death."
48:34 That is final death from which there will be no resurrection.
48:37 "And anyone not found" written in the Book of Life
48:40 "was cast into the lake of fire."
48:42 By the way this is the reason why the Bible tells us
48:45 in 1 Corinthians 15:26 that the last enemy
48:50 that will be destroyed is what?
48:53 "The last enemy to be destroyed is death."
48:57 Because Jesus has overcome death.
49:00 Jesus has overcome the grave.
49:02 He went in and came out
49:05 with the keys according to Scripture.
49:07 And that's the reason why after death is destroyed
49:11 in the Lake of Fire, after the grave is destroyed
49:14 in the Lake of Fire then God is gonna make
49:17 a new heaven and new earth.
49:18 Let's read about it in Revelation 21:4,
49:21 Revelation 21:4 it says,
49:24 "And God will wipe away every tear from their eyes,
49:29 there shall be" no more what?
49:31 "No more death, nor sorrow, nor crying.
49:34 There shall be no more pain,"
49:36 for the former things have what?
49:38 "For the former things have passed away."
49:43 By the way Jesus illustrated the glorious destiny
49:47 awaiting God's people when He went up
49:49 to the Mount of Transfiguration with three of His disciples.
49:54 You probably know the story Jesus went up there
49:57 and He was transfigured in the sight of the disciples.
50:01 That is, He was glorified like
50:03 He is gonna look at His second coming.
50:07 And the Bible tells us that there on the mount appeared
50:10 two individuals speaking with Jesus.
50:14 The Bible identifies them as Mosses and Elijah.
50:19 Now if you examine scripture carefully
50:21 you are gonna notice by comparing Deuteronomy 34:5, 6
50:26 with the Book of Jude,
50:28 Verse 9 that when Mosses died
50:31 Michael the archangel came to call Mosses out of the tomb.
50:36 In other words, Mosses died resurrected
50:39 and was taken to heaven.
50:43 And of course we all know about Elijah.
50:45 Elijah was translated to heaven in a chariot of fire
50:49 with out experiencing what?
50:51 With experiencing death.
50:53 Now Jesus had something
50:55 very interesting to the disciples.
50:57 He immediately before he was transfigured He says,
51:00 there are some of you here who will not taste death
51:03 until you see the son of man coming in his kingdom.
51:09 And even Albert Schweitzer that great philanthropist
51:12 they worked so many years in Africa,
51:14 well, some are confused he said,
51:15 you know, Jesus believed that He was going to establish
51:17 the kingdom and He told his disciples
51:20 that they were going to see His kingdom
51:21 before they died.
51:22 But Jesus was simply wrong.
51:25 He was deluded fanatic, is what he says.
51:28 Because he believed that He was gonna bring the kingdom
51:30 but He actually never brought the kingdom
51:33 His hopes never materialized.
51:36 There is another way of looking at that.
51:38 You see immediately after Jesus said
51:41 that some of those who are here will not die
51:44 speaking to all of the disciples,
51:46 some of those, were the three
51:47 by the way that went up to the mount,
51:48 some of those who are here will not die
51:52 until you have seen the son of man coming in his kingdom.
51:55 Those three went up to the top of the mountain
51:58 which where Peter, James and John
52:00 and they saw Jesus transfigured
52:02 as He would look at His second coming.
52:05 And by the way on that Mount was represented
52:08 in miniature Christ total kingdom.
52:12 First of all you have Jesus in the centre
52:14 the one who went into the tomb,
52:17 grabbed the keys from the devil and came out and said
52:20 because I live you will live also.
52:22 But also there was Mosses representing those
52:27 who die in Christ and will be resurrected.
52:30 And you had also Elijah who was translated to heaven
52:34 from among the living.
52:36 The Apostle Paul described this
52:38 in 1 Thessalonians Chapter 4 where he said,
52:40 "That the Lord Himself will descend
52:42 from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel
52:45 and with the trumpet of God,
52:47 and the dead in Christ will rise first."
52:49 And then it speaks about the dead and the living
52:51 being caught up together
52:53 in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air
52:56 and thus we shall ever be with the Lord.
53:00 In other words on the Mount of Transfiguration
53:03 you have a mini kingdom.
53:06 You have a representation of what it's gonna be like
53:09 when Jesus comes in power and glory to rescue
53:13 His living saints and to rescue those
53:15 who have died in Jesus Christ.
53:18 So we have studied two very important words
53:21 that we find in the Old and New Testament.
53:24 We found the word Sheol in the Old Testament
53:27 and we analyzed the word Hades in the New Testament.
53:31 You tell me in the light of what we have studied
53:33 should the word Sheol be translated grave?
53:39 Should the word Hades be translated grave as well
53:43 with the exception of the story
53:44 of the Rich Man and Lazarus where Jesus is using
53:47 their believes according to what we studies
53:50 to transmit a great truth.
53:52 In the other 10 references should the word
53:55 Hades be translated, grave?
53:59 So what I am saying is that we are not to fear the grave.
54:06 We are not to fear a moment of silence.
54:09 We are not to fear a place of absolute pitch darkness
54:14 because Jesus has taken the sting out of deaths.
54:20 The Bible uses sleep as a symbol of death.
54:23 How many of you are afraid of going to sleep tonight?
54:27 Oh, it's terrifying.
54:29 I have to go to sleep tonight, of course not.
54:33 Well, death shouldn't scare you any more than sleep.
54:35 It's just that you sleep a little bit longer that's all.
54:39 But as there is awakening from sleep,
54:41 there will be an awakening from death.
54:44 The Apostle Paul says that death now is like
54:48 a wasp with out a stinger.
54:50 Let me ask you how much damage can a wasp do
54:54 with out a stinger?
54:55 He can do you absolutely no damage whatsoever.
54:58 The Bible says that death is like a shadow.
55:01 "Yea, though I walk through
55:03 the valley of the shadow of death,
55:05 I shall fear no evil."
55:08 The question is, how afraid are you of a shadow?
55:11 A shadow can do you a lot of damage, right.
55:14 If somebody moves his arm and the shadow crosses you,
55:17 uh that's going to hurt you bad.
55:19 Of course not.
55:21 You see death is a conquered form
55:24 because Jesus has concord the devil,
55:26 the grateful who is the prince of death
55:30 according to Scripture.
55:32 Now, I'd like to end by reading one verse Romans 8:11.
55:37 And here is the critical point,
55:40 the most important point of everything
55:42 that we have taken a look at in the last hour.
55:45 Romans 8:11, "But if the Spirit of him
55:52 who raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you,
55:58 he who raised Christ from the dead will also give life
56:03 to your mortal bodies through His spirit
56:07 who dwells in you."
56:09 In other words if we have the spirit of Jesus
56:12 in our lives that same spirit who resurrected
56:16 Jesus will resurrect us if we should die.
56:21 That is the glorious hope folks of Christians.
56:26 The hope of Christians is not that,
56:28 you know when you die you go to heaven
56:31 to be happy with the Lord.
56:33 You know, if that was the hope
56:35 then when you have a funeral people shouldn't be crying,
56:38 they should be shouting Hallelujah,
56:40 praise the Lord.
56:41 They should be having a party
56:43 because all my relatives is enjoying that banquet
56:46 with Jesus in heaven.
56:49 But you see people, no that that's not the case
56:52 and so they have this long sad face
56:55 and they are crying.
56:56 You know, if our relative went to heaven
56:58 we should be overjoyed and happy at it.
57:01 But the fact is that the hope of the Christian
57:03 is not found in the immortality of the soul.
57:06 The hope of the Christian is found
57:09 in the resurrection of the dead.
57:11 And if Jesus is our Savior and our Lord folks,
57:15 we can be absolutely certain that even
57:17 if we should die this night, that when Jesus comes
57:20 on the clouds of heaven He will call and we will answer.
57:24 I hope that this is our glorious hope today.