Series Code: TPP
Program Code: TPP000010A
00:11 Let us pray.
00:13 Our Father and our God,
00:15 we come before Your awesome throne,
00:18 recognizing our insufficiency, our lack of wisdom,
00:22 that's the reason why we come boldly
00:24 to the throne of grace to ask for wisdom
00:26 as we study this topic.
00:29 Very important topic,
00:31 the role of Israel in Bible prophecy.
00:34 We ask Father that You will give us clear minds
00:37 that we might be able to understand
00:39 what we are going to study.
00:41 Not only us,
00:42 but those who will watch these programs worldwide
00:45 on television broadcast and on social media.
00:49 We thank You, Father,
00:50 for the promise of Your presence
00:51 and we claim that promise
00:53 in the precious name of Jesus, amen.
00:57 In our next three studies together,
01:01 we are going to deal with Israel in Bible Prophecy.
01:06 And the reason why we're taking three sessions
01:10 to talk about Israel in prophecy
01:13 is because futurists believe that God has a special plan
01:19 for literal Israel in the end time.
01:23 In fact, they believe that at the end of the 69th week
01:27 of the 70 weeks of prophecy,
01:30 God suspended His plan for the Jews
01:32 because they rejected Jesus.
01:34 So for the last 2,000 years,
01:37 God's plan for the Jews has been on hold.
01:41 And the plan for the Jews will begin again
01:45 when the church is rapture to heaven,
01:48 and then everything that takes place after that
01:51 is with reference to literal Israel.
01:54 So we need to study carefully who is Israel in the end time?
02:01 Is it literal Israel,
02:03 those who still reject the Messiah
02:05 or is Israel spiritual Israel?
02:09 Well, let's study a review of Israel's history.
02:16 Turn with me to Exodus 19:1-6.
02:20 Exodus 19:1-6.
02:24 Here God descends to Mount Sinai
02:27 and He speaks to Moses about a covenant
02:31 that He wants to make with His people.
02:33 It begins by saying in verse 1,
02:36 "In the third month after the children of Israel
02:38 had gone out from the land of Egypt,
02:40 on the same day, they came to the wilderness of Sinai.
02:44 For they had departed from Raphidim,
02:46 had come to the wilderness of Sinai,
02:48 and camped in the wilderness.
02:50 So Israel camped therefore before the mountain.
02:54 And Moses went up to God
02:56 and the Lord called to him from the mountain,
02:59 saying, Thus you shall say to the house of Israel,
03:03 and tell the children of Israel."
03:06 The house of Jacob
03:07 and tell the children of Israel.
03:09 "You have seen what I did to the Egyptians,
03:12 and how I bore you on eagles' wings
03:15 and brought you to Myself."
03:17 So God says, you saw My glorious
03:21 and powerful acts of redemption of delivering you from Egypt.
03:25 So now God continues saying, in verse 5,
03:30 "Now therefore, if,"
03:34 very important word, two letters.
03:37 Why they are important?
03:38 "If you will indeed obey My voice and keep My covenant,
03:42 then you shall be a special treasure to Me
03:46 above all people; for all the earth is Mine.
03:49 And you shall be to me a kingdom of priests
03:53 and a holy nations.
03:54 These are the words
03:56 that you shall speak to the children of Israel."
04:00 So God says,
04:01 "I wanna make a covenant with Israel, Moses."
04:04 I want you to tell Israel
04:05 that I desire to make a covenant,
04:08 because I redeem them, I delivered them,
04:11 I want them to be my people.
04:13 So you go and ask them,
04:15 if they want to form a covenant with Me?
04:19 In Chapter 19:7-8, "We are told,
04:22 so Moses came and called for the elders of the people,
04:26 and laid before them all these words
04:29 which the Lord commanded him."
04:30 So now Moses takes the words to the elders of the people,
04:33 the representatives of the people.
04:36 Then all the people answered together and said,
04:38 "All that the Lord has spoken, we will do."
04:43 That's the covenant.
04:45 God says, "I wanna make a covenant.
04:47 If you will hear My voice, if you obey My covenant,
04:50 you'll be My special people.
04:51 Do you accept?"
04:53 Israel says, "We do."
04:55 This is actually God's marriage with Israel at Mount Sinai.
05:00 And then it says at the end of verse 8,
05:03 "So Moses brought back the words
05:05 of the people to the Lord."
05:07 So Moses says to the Lord,
05:10 "Israel said, yes."
05:12 And so now there is a covenant between God and Israel,
05:16 but it's based on whether Israel will obey God's voice
05:19 and keep His covenant.
05:21 It's a conditional covenant, very clearly.
05:25 Now, the Bible tells us
05:27 that God revealed to Israel a pattern of the sanctuary.
05:33 And the purpose for the sanctuary
05:35 was so that God could dwell among them.
05:37 He said, "And you shall build Me a sanctuary
05:39 and I shall dwell among you."
05:41 Now that we formed a covenant, I wanna dwell with you.
05:45 And so the sanctuary was built.
05:50 And when the sanctuary had been finished,
05:53 when the tent had been finished,
05:55 the Bible tells us that the presence of God
05:58 entered the sanctuary.
05:59 It's known as the Shekhinah.
06:02 In Exodus 40:34, we find these words.
06:06 "Then the cloud covered the tabernacle of meeting,
06:09 and the glory of the Lord filled the tabernacle."
06:14 So now God has formed a covenant with His people.
06:17 God has said, "I want you to be My people,
06:19 My special people.
06:21 If you obey My voice
06:22 and keep My covenant, you will be so.
06:23 Do you accept?
06:25 Israel says, "Yes, we accept."
06:26 So then the sanctuary is built,
06:28 the Shekhinah comes into the sanctuary,
06:30 and God now dwells among His people
06:34 as their God and they are His people.
06:37 Later on, God had Israel
06:40 through Solomon build a more permanent structure.
06:45 You see the sanctuary and the wilderness was a tent.
06:48 But later on when they settled in the Promised Land,
06:51 God told Solomon to build a solid structure,
06:55 a solid temple.
06:57 This temple was finished in the year 960 BC,
07:02 in other words Before Christ.
07:04 And once again, once the sanctuary was finished,
07:08 we're told in 1 Kings 8:10-11,
07:12 that the Shekhinah entered the temple
07:16 that was built by Solomon.
07:18 This is found in 1 Kings 8:10-11.
07:23 "And it came to pass,
07:25 when the priests came out of the holy place,
07:28 that the cloud filled the house of the Lord,
07:31 so that the priests could not continue ministering
07:33 because of the cloud;
07:35 for the glory of the Lord filled the house of the Lord."
07:40 So once again,
07:41 when the permanent structure is built,
07:43 God comes to dwell among His people
07:46 as the Shekhinah.
07:48 Sadly, after Mount Sinai,
07:52 the history of Israel was a history of one rebellion
07:56 after another.
07:58 They failed to live up to their end of the covenant
08:02 for close to 800 years,
08:04 between Sinai and the Babylonia captivity.
08:08 In fact, 2 Chronicles 36:14-16.
08:13 2 Chronicles 36:14-16,
08:17 describes this period of rebellion in Israel.
08:21 This is,
08:24 so speaking about God sending messengers to Israel
08:27 to try and get them to come back to Him.
08:30 It says, they're beginning in verse 14,
08:33 "Moreover all the leaders of the priests
08:36 and the people transgressed more and more,
08:39 according to all the abominations
08:41 of the nations."
08:43 Remember, that's the key word.
08:44 Israel is committing the abominations
08:46 of the nations.
08:47 When we deal with the 70 weeks,
08:49 we'll come back to that.
08:50 "And defile the house of the Lord
08:52 which He had consecrated in Jerusalem.
08:55 And the Lord God of their fathers sent warnings
08:57 to them by His messengers,
08:59 rising up early and sending them,
09:02 because He had compassion on His people
09:04 and on His dwelling place.
09:06 But they mocked the messengers of God,
09:08 despised His words, and scoffed at His prophets,
09:13 until the wrath of the Lord arose against His people,
09:16 till there was no remedy."
09:20 That's the history of Israel for a period of 800 years
09:23 after they made a covenant with the Lord at Mount Sinai.
09:28 Ezekiel 16:15, also describes very vividly
09:33 this apostasy of Israel.
09:35 It says, there in Ezekiel 16:15,
09:38 God is speaking to His people,
09:41 that instead of they keeping themselves only for Him
09:45 in the marriage relationship, they had many different lovers.
09:50 It says there,
09:51 "But you trusted in your own beauty,
09:54 played the harlot because of your fame,
09:57 and poured out your harlotry on everyone passing by
10:02 who would have it."
10:04 And so, towards the close of the 800 years of Apostasy,
10:10 God comes from heaven to Jerusalem
10:14 to perform a work of judgment.
10:18 In Ezekiel 1:4,
10:21 we find the description of the coming of God's
10:23 chariot to the sanctuary
10:25 to separate the righteous from the unrighteous in Israel.
10:30 It says there in Ezekiel 1:4,
10:33 "Then I looked, and behold,
10:35 a whirlwind was coming out of the north,
10:38 a great cloud with raging fire engulfing itself;
10:42 and brightness was all around it
10:44 and radiating out of its midst like the color of amber,
10:49 out of the midst of the fire."
10:51 So now God is coming in fire.
10:54 And what He is going to do
10:55 is He's going to do a work of separation
10:58 between those who are faithful in Jerusalem,
11:00 the faithful remnant and those who are not.
11:03 The faithful will be spared
11:05 when Nebuchadnezzar comes to destroy the city,
11:09 whereas the unfaithful will be destroyed.
11:12 That judgment by the way of separation
11:14 of the righteous from the unrighteous
11:17 in Jerusalem is described in Ezekiel 9:1-6.
11:22 Ezekiel 9:1-6.
11:27 "Then He called out in my hearing
11:28 with a loud voice, saying,
11:30 'Let those who have charge over the city draw near,
11:34 each with a deadly weapon in his hand.'
11:37 And suddenly six men
11:39 came from the direction of the upper gate,
11:41 which faces north,
11:42 each with his battle-ax in his hand.
11:45 One man among them was clothed with linen
11:48 and had a writer's inkhorn at his side."
11:51 By the way this is Jesus.
11:53 "They went in and stood beside the bronze altar."
11:56 This is in the court of the sanctuary.
11:58 "Now the glory of the God of Israel had gone up
12:01 from the cherub, where it had been,
12:03 to the threshold of the temple.
12:05 And He called to the man clothed with linen,
12:08 who had the writer's inkhorn at his side;
12:11 and the Lord said to him,
12:12 'Go through the midst of the city,
12:15 through the midst of Jerusalem,
12:17 and put a mark on the foreheads of the men
12:21 who sigh and cry over all the abominations..."
12:26 Remember that word abominations once again.
12:28 "All the abominations that are done in within it."
12:33 So is God gonna put a mark upon those
12:36 who sigh and cry because of the abominations
12:39 that are being committed among God's professed people?
12:44 Now what happens when the ceiling is ended?
12:47 When the faithful are all marked in Jerusalem,
12:49 mark for salvation, what happens with the rest?
12:53 Verse 5,
12:54 "To the others He said in my hearing,
12:57 'Go after him through the city and kill;
13:01 do not let your eye spare, nor have any pity.'
13:05 " Utterly... Now remember this terminology.
13:08 "Utterly slay old and young men,
13:12 maidens and little children and women;
13:16 but do not come near anyone on whom is the mark;
13:20 and begin at My sanctuary.
13:23 So they began with the elders who were before the temple."
13:27 So what we find is 800 years of Apostasy of Israel,
13:32 totally disobeying the covenant and disobeying God's voice.
13:36 So God says,
13:37 I am going to destroy Jerusalem,
13:40 I'm going to remove the theocracy
13:43 for a period of 70 years.
13:45 But before He can destroy Jerusalem,
13:48 and take away their political and their religious system
13:51 for 70 years,
13:52 it's necessary to mark those who are faithful,
13:56 who sign and cry because of the abominations
13:58 that are being committed in the city.
14:01 Now before the city was destroyed,
14:03 after the separation had been made,
14:06 the glorious Shekhinah
14:08 that had come into the sanctuary
14:10 when God made a covenant with Israel
14:12 and Israel said, yes, I do,
14:14 now departs the sanctuary.
14:18 It says in Ezekiel 10:19,
14:21 when the work of separation,
14:23 when the judgment of separation is finished,
14:25 it says, "And the cherubim lifted their wings
14:29 and mounted up from the earth in my sight.
14:32 When they went out, the wheels were beside them;
14:35 and they stood at the door
14:37 of the east gate of the Lord's house."
14:39 In other words, the Shekhinah now
14:41 has left the most holy place.
14:44 It has also left the holy place,
14:46 and it is at the East Gate of the sanctuary.
14:49 That's the entrance to the court of the sanctuary,
14:52 because the Shekhinah is now leaving the sanctuary.
14:55 So it says once again,
14:57 "And they stood at the door
14:58 of the east gate of the Lord's house,
15:00 and the glory of the God of Israel was above them."
15:03 And then in Chapter 11 verses 22-23.
15:07 Remember all these details.
15:08 We're gonna come back to them a little bit later on.
15:10 In Ezekiel 11:22-23.
15:14 The Shekhinah left the temple
15:17 and rested upon the Eastern Mountain, the Mount of Olives.
15:22 And before it leaves the Mount of Olives,
15:25 it lingers there for a little while.
15:28 Notice Ezekiel 11:22-23.
15:32 "So the cherubim...
15:33 These are the ones that are bearing God's chariot
15:37 that came for the judgment to the sanctuary.
15:39 "So the cherubim lifted up their wings,
15:42 with the wheels beside them,
15:44 and the glory of the God of Israel was high above them.
15:47 And the glory of the Lord went up
15:50 from the midst of the city and stood on the mountain,
15:54 which is on the east side of the city."
15:57 What is the mountain there is,
15:58 on the east side of the city of Jerusalem?
16:01 The Mount of Olives.
16:04 And so the glorious Shekhinah now abandons the temple
16:08 and it rests upon the Mount of Olives
16:11 and lingers there for a moment.
16:14 But then the Shekhinah leaves the Mount of Olives.
16:19 And the city has been forsaken.
16:23 It no longer has any protection.
16:27 And now Nebuchadnezzar comes and he destroys the city.
16:31 He destroys the religious system,
16:33 their political system,
16:34 and he destroys the city,
16:36 he destroys the walls and he destroys the sanctuary.
16:40 This is described in 2 Chronicles 36:17-21.
16:45 2 Chronicles 36:17-21.
16:50 You see, their abominations
16:52 have led to the desolation of the city.
16:55 Remember that.
16:56 Have you ever read in the Bible,
16:58 the abomination of desolation?
17:00 You have that here.
17:02 Because of the abominations of Israel,
17:06 God is gonna cause them to be desolated.
17:09 He's gonna withdraw their governance,
17:12 He is going to withdraw the religious system
17:14 and He's going to use Nebuchadnezzar
17:17 to destroy the city,
17:18 the walls and the sanctuary
17:20 and they're gonna be taken captive for 70 years.
17:22 It says in 2 Chronicles 36:17.
17:26 "Therefore He brought against them the king of the Chaldeans,
17:30 who killed their young men..."
17:32 Remember these words that were used,
17:34 that we read just a little while ago.
17:36 "Therefore He brought against them the king of the Chaldeans,
17:38 who killed their young men
17:40 with the sword in the house of their sanctuary,
17:42 and had no compassion on... whom?"
17:44 "On young man or virgin,
17:47 on the aged or the weak;
17:51 He gave them all into his hand.
17:53 And all the articles from the house of God,
17:55 great and small,
17:57 the treasures of the house of the Lord,
17:58 and the treasures of the king and of his leaders,
18:01 all these he took to Babylon.
18:03 Then they burned the house of God,
18:05 broke down the wall of Jerusalem,
18:07 burned all its palaces with fire,
18:09 and destroyed all its precious possessions.
18:12 And those who escaped from the sword
18:14 he carried away to Babylon,
18:16 where they became servants to him
18:19 and his sons..."
18:22 Now, was this a permanent arrangement
18:25 or was God going to restore the covenant with Israel?
18:30 Let's finish reading here.
18:32 Once again, it says, beginning of verse 20.
18:35 "And those who escaped from the sword
18:37 he carried away to Babylon,
18:39 where they became servants to him and his sons
18:42 until the rule of the kingdom of Persia."
18:48 Was there a limit to their desolation?
18:53 "To fulfill the word of the Lord
18:55 by the mouth of Jeremiah,
18:57 until the land had enjoyed her Sabbaths.
18:59 As long as she lay desolate
19:02 she kept Sabbath, to fulfill..." what?
19:05 "To fulfill 70 years."
19:10 This is the first stage of Israel's history.
19:16 The first stage is the stage
19:18 where God makes the covenant with Israel.
19:21 They say to the Lord, we do,
19:24 800 years of Apostasy.
19:27 The Shekhinah that came into the sanctuary,
19:30 when the covenant was ratified, now departs from the sanctuary,
19:36 lingers on the Mount of Olives, then goes off to heaven.
19:40 The city now will be made desolate
19:43 because the presence of God is no longer in the sanctuary,
19:48 the presence of God is no longer in the temple.
19:51 But God has said, after the 70 years,
19:54 I will give Israel another chance,
19:59 which will be the second stage of Israel's history.
20:03 Notice 2 Chronicles 36:22-23,
20:07 where you find the second stage of Israel's history.
20:11 It says there in 2 Chronicles 36:22-23.
20:15 "Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia,
20:20 that the word of the Lord by the mouth of Jeremiah
20:22 might be fulfilled,
20:24 the Lord stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia,
20:28 so that he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom,
20:32 and also put it in writing, saying,
20:35 Thus says Cyrus king of Persia:
20:37 All the kingdoms of the earth
20:39 the Lord God of heaven has given me."
20:42 In addition, "He has commanded me
20:44 to build Him a house at Jerusalem
20:47 which is in Judah.
20:49 Who will among you...
20:50 who is among you of all His people?
20:54 May the Lord his God be with him,
20:56 and let him go up!"
21:00 Now the sanctuary is gonna be revealed.
21:03 And God is going once again to come to dwell
21:07 with his people
21:08 after the 70 years of captivity.
21:12 So they build a temple.
21:16 And when the temple is built,
21:19 the people see the temple and they cry,
21:22 especially the old guys who had seen the temple
21:25 that Nebuchadnezzar destroyed,
21:27 the temple that was built by Solomon.
21:29 Haggai 2:2-3,
21:32 tells us what the reaction of the people was.
21:35 It says there, "'Speak now
21:37 to Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel,
21:40 governor of Judah,
21:41 and to Joshua the son of Jehozadak,
21:44 the high priest,
21:45 and to the remnant of the people, saying:
21:48 'Who is left among you who saw this temple
21:52 in its former glory?'
21:55 "Who is still alive that saw this temple
21:58 as it was built by Solomon.
22:01 And then it says, "And how do you see it now?
22:05 In comparison with it,
22:07 is this not in your eyes as nothing?"
22:12 In other words, this temple is nothing
22:14 compared to the temple that Solomon built.
22:17 And it says that the elders cried
22:19 when they saw this temple,
22:20 the individuals who were old enough
22:22 to have seen the first temple.
22:25 And yet God made a prediction,
22:28 a prediction that the Jews are still today
22:30 trying to understand.
22:32 Haggai 2:6-9.
22:37 Haggai 2:6-9,
22:40 after saying that the people saw the temple and they cried,
22:43 those who had seen the first temple,
22:45 oh, now we find in Haggai 2:6,
22:50 a promise that God makes.
22:54 For thus says the Lord of hosts:
22:56 'Once more, it is a little while,
23:00 I will shake heaven and earth,
23:02 the sea and dry land; and I will shake all nations,
23:07 and they shall come to...'
23:12 " whom?
23:13 "The Desire of All Nations,"
23:17 or the Desire of Ages if you please.
23:20 And then he says,
23:21 "And I will fill this temple with glory,
23:25 says the Lord of hosts.
23:27 The silver is Mine, and the gold is Mine,
23:29 says the Lord of hosts.
23:31 The glory of this latter temple
23:32 shall be greater than the former,
23:35 says the Lord of hosts.
23:36 And in this place I will give peace,
23:38 says the Lord of hosts."
23:42 The fact is the temple that was built
23:44 after the captivity never reached the level of glory
23:48 of the temple that was built by Solomon.
23:51 And that second temple was destroyed by the Romans.
23:55 So what does this promise mean?
23:57 That this temple that was built after the captivity
24:00 would be more glorious than Solomon's temple.
24:04 Probably not, should call it Solomon's temple.
24:06 It's the temple built by Solomon
24:08 because it's the Lord's temple.
24:11 Now we come to the third stage of Israel's history.
24:16 You see, the second stage of Israel's history
24:19 is the stage that takes place after the captivity.
24:24 By the way, did God sent many messengers to Israel
24:28 to help them in the rebuilding of the city,
24:30 the walls of the sanctuary and so on?
24:32 Let me just mention some of those messengers.
24:35 During the 70 weeks,
24:36 the second period is 70 weeks, okay?
24:39 God says, 70 weeks are determined
24:41 upon My people and their city.
24:44 So now God is saying,
24:46 the first 800 years were a failure,
24:49 but now they brought...
24:51 I brought them back from the captivity,
24:52 they're gonna rebuild the temple,
24:53 the city and the walls,
24:55 and I'm gonna give them another chance.
24:56 I'm going to give them 70 weeks.
24:59 And during that period God sends them
25:01 all kinds of messengers.
25:03 He sends them Haggai, Zechariah,
25:06 Joshua, Zorababel, Ezra,
25:10 Nehemiah, Malachi,
25:12 and finally, John the Baptist.
25:18 How did the people respond during this period?
25:21 Were they faithful?
25:24 No, they were not faithful.
25:27 The Bible tells us
25:28 that they behaved in a similar way
25:31 that they had behaved before, they were cured of idolatry.
25:35 But that separated themselves from the nations,
25:38 they became legalistic.
25:40 They expected a glorious Messiah
25:43 that would destroy the Romans
25:45 and put the Jews at the apex of civilization.
25:49 That's what they expected.
25:51 During the second period, they totally missed the point.
25:55 So now we go to the third stage.
25:59 During the third stage is when the Messiah comes,
26:03 when Jesus comes to this earth.
26:06 Now we're going to understand
26:08 how this second temple
26:11 was more glorious than the first temple.
26:13 Not in its physical structure,
26:17 not in the gold and silver
26:19 and precious wood and precious stones
26:21 that it contain.
26:22 But the fact that the temple after the captivity
26:26 did not have the Shekhinah glory
26:31 that is right after it was built.
26:34 But the Shekhinah glory came into that temple
26:37 when Jesus came to this earth.
26:39 That's what made it more glorious.
26:41 Notice John 1:14,
26:45 "And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us,
26:51 and we beheld His glory, the glory as of the only
26:55 begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth."
26:59 We beheld what?
27:00 His glory.
27:02 Jesus is the Shekhinah.
27:06 Now we can understand the reason why,
27:08 in Luke 12:27-28.
27:12 You know, the Jews, they bragged about the temple
27:17 that was built by Solomon,
27:19 how wonderful and beautiful it was.
27:21 But Jesus said this,
27:23 "Consider the lilies, how they grow:
27:26 they neither toil nor spin; and yet I say to you,
27:30 even Solomon in all his glory
27:33 was not arrayed like one of these."
27:35 In fact, in the parallel passage
27:38 that we find in Matthew 12:42,
27:40 something is added in the Gospel of Matthew.
27:43 Jesus says...
27:44 After He says that,
27:45 "Even Solomon and all his glory
27:47 was not arrayed like one of these."
27:49 Jesus then says,
27:50 "And one greater than Solomon is here."
27:54 Jesus is the greater glory that filled that temple.
27:58 Did Jesus teach in that temple?
28:01 Did Jesus teach in the temple courts
28:03 that was built after the captivity?
28:05 Absolutely, He taught there.
28:08 Now, during His ministry,
28:10 Jesus taught in those temple courts,
28:12 He was the Shekhinah
28:13 that came into the courts and taught.
28:16 And what did the religious leaders do?
28:19 They did what they did at every other stage.
28:21 They were rebellious to the Lord.
28:24 They fought Jesus tooth and nail.
28:27 And this was the last opportunity.
28:30 This was the third stage of Israel's history.
28:33 First stage, 800 years of rebellion.
28:36 God says, I'm gonna give you a second chance.
28:39 And so He says, 70 weeks are determined
28:42 for the city and for the people.
28:44 And during that time,
28:46 they totally misunderstand Bible prophecy,
28:49 they become legalistic,
28:50 they separate from the nations,
28:52 so God says at last of all, I'm gonna send My Son.
28:56 I'm gonna send the Shekhinah into the temple to teach.
29:00 And they opposed Jesus just like they did
29:03 in the previous two stages.
29:06 Now it's interesting
29:07 at the end of Christ's ministry,
29:11 Jesus descended the slope of the Mount of Olives
29:14 to enter the temple for the last time.
29:18 The Shekhinah will now enter the temple for the last time,
29:21 just like in the story of Ezekiel
29:24 that we studied.
29:26 Luke 19:37-38, tells us this.
29:31 as He was now drawing
29:33 near the descent of the Mount of Olives,
29:36 the whole multitude of the disciples began
29:38 to rejoice and praise God with a loud voice
29:42 for all the mighty works they had seen,
29:44 saying: Blessed is the King
29:48 who comes in the name of the Lord!
29:51 Peace in heaven and glory in the highest!"
29:54 Do you remember that
29:56 when the second house was built,
29:57 it says I will bring peace to this place?
30:00 So now Jesus is descending
30:02 the slope of the Mount of Olives
30:03 to enter the temple for the last time.
30:07 And the people are saying, "Blessed is the king
30:09 who comes in the name of the Lord!
30:11 Peace in heaven and glory in the highest!"
30:15 And then Jesus enters the temple,
30:18 and begins to teach.
30:22 Now, the interesting thing
30:23 is that immediately after Jesus enter the temple,
30:26 notice the reaction of the religious leaders,
30:28 versus 47 and 48.
30:31 "And He was teaching daily in the temple.
30:34 But the chief priests, the scribes,
30:37 and the leaders of the people sought to destroy Him,
30:41 and were unable to do anything;
30:43 for all the people were very attentive
30:45 to hear Him."
30:48 So how is the leadership of Israel dealing with Jesus,
30:51 with this last opportunity?
30:53 And last of all, God sends his Son.
30:56 Are they accepting the message?
30:58 They're rejecting the message.
31:01 And so now Jesus,
31:03 after He descends the slope of the Mount of Olives,
31:08 He enters the temple.
31:10 Let's read about it in Matthew 21:12-13.
31:13 Remember, He's the Shekhinah now
31:14 that's entering the temple.
31:16 Matthew 21:12-13.
31:20 "Then Jesus went into the temple of God."
31:22 I want you to notice what the temple is called
31:24 when Jesus goes in, at the end of His ministry.
31:28 "He goes into the temple of God
31:31 and drove out all those who bought
31:33 and sold in the temple,
31:35 and overturned the tables of the money changers
31:38 and the seats of those who sold doves.
31:41 And He said to them, It is written..."
31:42 Now notice how He refers to the temple.
31:44 "'My house shall be called a house of prayer,
31:48 but you have made it a den of thieves.'
31:53 " So Jesus goes into the temple.
31:56 It's called the temple of God
31:58 and Jesus refers to the temple at that moment
32:01 when He goes into it as "My house."
32:06 And then in Chapter 21: 22-23,
32:09 Jesus is in the temple teaching.
32:13 And the religious leaders,
32:14 the different religious sects come
32:16 and they're questioning Jesus and they're opposing Jesus
32:19 tooth and nail, in every point.
32:22 And Jesus tells several parables to them.
32:26 One of those parables is the parable of the fig tree.
32:31 Very interesting.
32:33 You know, Jesus sees this fig tree in the distance.
32:37 And He says, "Now let's go
32:38 and see if we can get something to eat."
32:41 This is act of parable.
32:44 And so He goes and He finds nothing
32:46 on the fig tree except for leaves.
32:49 And He curses the fig tree.
32:51 And He says, never
32:53 may you produce fruit ever again.
32:56 And the Jews knew
32:57 that the fig tree represented Israel.
33:00 The next day it says that they pass by,
33:03 and they saw that the fig tree had dried up by its roots.
33:09 And it represents Israel.
33:12 That was an act of parable.
33:16 Jesus also told the parable of the vineyard workers.
33:20 Let's go to Matthew 21:33-43.
33:25 And we'll interpret this parable as we go along.
33:29 You'll find the three stages here of Israel's history
33:32 that we studied so far.
33:35 Matthew 21:33, "Hear another parable:
33:39 There was a certain landowner..."
33:41 that's called the Father, "who planted a vineyard..."
33:45 that's a city of Jerusalem,
33:47 "and set a hedge around it,"
33:50 that's the law,
33:52 "dug a winepress in it and built a tower."
33:55 That's the temple.
33:57 "And he leased it to the vinedressers..."
33:59 that's Israel, "and went into a far country."
34:03 "Now when vintage-time drew near,
34:06 He sent his servants..."
34:09 this is their first chance, "He sent His servants..."
34:13 What for?
34:15 "To the vinedressers,
34:16 that they might receive its fruit.
34:19 And the vinedressers took his servants,
34:20 beat one, killed one, and stoned another."
34:24 So what do they do with the first call?
34:27 They rejected.
34:29 Verse 36.
34:31 "Again He sent other servants," this is the second chance.
34:35 Who were the other servants?
34:37 Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi, John the Baptist, etcetera.
34:41 God is giving them another chance.
34:43 And it says, "He sents more than the first
34:45 and they did likewise to them."
34:48 That's the second opportunity.
34:52 And last of all,
34:55 they being, stage number three.
34:57 "And last of all
34:59 He sent His Son to them, saying,"
35:02 who is the Son?
35:06 "He sent His son to them saying,
35:07 "They will respect my Son."
35:10 "But when the vinedressers saw the Son,
35:12 they said among themselves, 'This is the heir.
35:14 Come, let us kill him and seize his inheritance.'
35:18 So they took him and cast him out of the vineyard..."
35:21 Did Jesus die outside Jerusalem?
35:23 Yes, "they cast him outside the vineyard and killed Him."
35:30 How did they respond to the third call?
35:32 The last one, the last of all?
35:35 They rejected the Son.
35:37 Now let's continue.
35:40 They still haven't...
35:41 they still haven't understood who Jesus is referring to.
35:45 In verse 40, "Therefore...
35:48 Jesus asked the question,
35:49 "When the owner of the vineyard comes,
35:51 what will he do to those vinedressers?
35:55 They said to Him,
35:56 'He will destroy those wicked men miserably,
35:59 and lease his vineyard to other vinedressers
36:03 who will render to him the fruits in their seasons."
36:07 Are you getting the picture?
36:10 Verse 42,
36:12 "Jesus said to them,
36:13 have you never read in the Scriptures.
36:15 The stone which the stone
36:17 which the builders rejected
36:19 has become the chief cornerstone.
36:20 This was the Lord's doing,
36:22 and it is marvelous in our eyes?"
36:24 And then he says, "Therefore I say to you,
36:28 the kingdom of God will be taken from you
36:32 and given to a nation bearing the fruits of it."
36:36 Who is that nation that the kingdom was given to?
36:40 It was given to the Gentiles.
36:45 Now, Jesus also told another parable,
36:48 which we're not gonna have time to take a look at.
36:51 It's a parable that's found in Matthew 22: 1-14.
36:54 And remember, these are parables
36:56 that Jesus is telling in the temple.
36:57 He's making this last call to Israel, in the temple.
37:01 He's the Shekhinah.
37:03 He's saying, live up to the covenant folks.
37:05 I am the one who was promised to come and redeem Israel.
37:10 He's doing His best in the sanctuary
37:12 as the Shekhinah to get Israel to follow Him.
37:18 Matthew Chapter 22 has the same three stages.
37:23 Only it goes beyond the three stages.
37:26 Matthew 22 is the parable of the great banquet.
37:29 And I'll just synthesize so you'll understand.
37:33 Messengers are sent to Israel, to invite them to the wedding.
37:40 By the way, the wedding is the covenant, right?
37:43 So which speak about the wedding covenant?
37:46 Incidentally, in Jeremiah 31:32.
37:51 It says, that at Sinai, God married Israel.
37:55 It was a marriage covenant.
37:57 God said, "I wanna marry you and Israel said, we do."
38:02 That's what it was.
38:04 And so in Matthew 22,
38:06 there's this call for the invitees
38:10 to come to the wedding.
38:13 And you can read there,
38:15 they killed the messengers that invites them.
38:18 So more messengers are sent
38:21 after the bulls are killed,
38:25 which represents the death of Christ.
38:27 And they do likewise to them.
38:30 And so then in this parable, Jesus says,
38:35 "So now what's gonna happen?
38:37 Go to the highways and the byways
38:40 and invite them to come in."
38:42 You see the first two invitations
38:43 are given to the Jews.
38:45 They rejected both.
38:47 So the third invitation
38:49 after the death of Christ is go to the highways
38:51 and the byways and invite them to come in.
38:53 That's the whole period of the Christian dispensation.
38:56 That's the whole period where we've been preaching
38:59 during the last 2,000 years.
39:03 And then of course,
39:04 the place is filled with guests.
39:06 And then you have the examination of the guests
39:08 which I won't go into.
39:10 But in this parable, you have the three stages.
39:12 The interesting thing is that after the first messengers
39:16 are sent to call Israel to the wedding,
39:19 and they kill those messengers,
39:21 then after the death of the animals,
39:23 the sacrificial animals, that's the death of Christ,
39:25 more messengers are sent,
39:27 because after that Peter and John and others
39:29 are sent to the Jews,
39:31 because the 70 weeks haven't come to an end.
39:33 They do the same to them, including stoning Stephen.
39:38 And so it says in the parable
39:41 that the king was enraged with the people
39:45 and he sent his armies,
39:47 and they destroyed those people,
39:49 and they burnt their city.
39:51 That's the destruction of Jerusalem folks
39:53 in the year 70.
39:55 And then, of course,
39:56 the message goes to the highways
39:58 and the byways.
39:59 Jesus is telling this parable to them there.
40:01 He's saying, this is what's gonna happen to you
40:04 if you reject your marriage covenant.
40:07 And then when you get to Chapter 23,
40:11 Jesus pronounces His woes upon the scribes and Pharisees.
40:14 Let's read verse 29 and following,
40:17 "Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites!
40:21 Because you build the tombs of the prophets
40:23 and adorn the monuments of the righteous,
40:25 and say, if we had lived in the days of our fathers,
40:29 we would not have been partakers with them
40:30 in the blood of the prophets."
40:32 We wouldn't have killed the messengers,
40:33 is what they're saying.
40:37 "Therefore you are witnesses against yourselves
40:41 that you are sons of those who murdered the prophets."
40:43 You're doing the same as what the messengers did.
40:49 What those who killed the messengers did?
40:52 And then He says this.
40:55 "You, yourselves that you are sons of those
40:57 who murdered the prophets.
40:59 Fill up, then, the measure of your fathers' guilt."
41:02 In other words the cup is filled, full.
41:06 And then He says, "Serpents, brood of vipers!
41:11 How can you escape the condemnation of hell?"
41:16 But listen carefully.
41:18 Even after Jesus died,
41:21 mercy was still gonna linger for Israel
41:24 for three and a half more years,
41:25 because the theocracy did not close
41:28 until the stoning of Stephen.
41:30 So Jesus is gonna say,
41:32 I'm gonna send you more messengers
41:33 after you kill Me, for three and a half years.
41:37 We're gonna study the 70 weeks.
41:39 A couple of sermons on the 70 weeks.
41:42 Matthew 23:34-36.
41:45 Jesus says, "Therefore, indeed, I send you..."
41:49 it's in future tense.
41:50 "I'll send you prophets, wise men, and scribes:
41:54 some of them you will kill and crucify."
41:56 See, this is future.
41:58 "Some of them you will kill and crucify.
42:00 And some of them
42:01 you will scourge in your synagogues
42:04 and persecute from city to city."
42:06 Let me ask you,
42:08 who was that they persecuted from city to city?
42:11 Saul of Tarsus.
42:13 Who was scourged in the synagogues?
42:17 Peter and John.
42:18 You can read in Acts Chapter 4 and 5.
42:21 Who was crucified?
42:23 Peter, among others.
42:26 Jesus say, this is what you're gonna do.
42:29 And then He says in verse 35, "That on you..."
42:34 After He sends more messengers,
42:36 after His death, He says,
42:37 "That on you may come all the righteous blood
42:41 shed on the earth,
42:42 from the blood of righteous Abel to the blood of Zechariah,
42:44 son of Berechiah, whom you murdered
42:46 between the temple and the altar.
42:48 Assuredly, I say to you,
42:50 all these things will come upon
42:53 this generation."
42:57 Are you with me or not?
43:00 So you find here actually a fourth stage
43:02 in the history of Israel.
43:04 And that is three and a half additional years
43:06 after the death of Christ,
43:09 where He's sending them more messengers,
43:11 Peter, John, etcetera,
43:14 to try to get them to receive the Messiah.
43:17 And our Peter and John
43:18 and the messengers treated in the same way
43:21 that Jesus was treated
43:22 and the other messengers were treated?
43:24 Yes. So you have four stages.
43:26 The first 800 years,
43:29 Israel rejects the messengers.
43:32 After the captivity, 70 weeks, they do the same thing.
43:37 Jesus comes, the Son comes,
43:40 they reject Him.
43:43 And it's at last, it's the last resort.
43:46 And then for three and a half more years,
43:49 additional messengers are sent
43:53 and they do the same with them.
43:57 And when Stephen is stoned in the year 34,
44:01 the Jewish theocracy comes to an end.
44:04 Jesus predicted it.
44:06 Now notice Matthew 23:37-38.
44:09 Matthew 23:37-38.
44:13 Jesus has done all this in the temple.
44:16 He's the last resort.
44:18 At last He sent His Son.
44:20 He's tried to woo them into accepting Him.
44:24 When He entered the temple,
44:26 it's called the temple of God
44:28 and He said, "This is My house."
44:31 But now the tone is gonna change
44:33 in Matthew 23:37-38.
44:39 "O Jerusalem, Jerusalem,
44:42 the one who kills the prophets
44:43 and stones those who are sent to her!
44:47 How often..." Now He speaks about Himself.
44:49 "How often I wanted to gather your children together,
44:52 as a hen gathers her chicks under her wings,
44:55 but you were not willing!
44:58 Your house is left to you desolate."
45:02 Is there a change?
45:05 It's no longer My house but your house.
45:11 And then, do you know what happens?
45:13 Just like in the Old Testament.
45:14 Now Jesus leaves the temple
45:17 and He goes and sits on the Mount of Olives
45:20 and speaks about the destruction of Jerusalem.
45:25 Matthew 24:1,
45:28 "Then Jesus went out and departed from the temple,"
45:34 now He's gonna talk about
45:35 because you did not know the hour of your visitation.
45:40 He now says,
45:42 it actually says,
45:43 "His disciples came up to show Him
45:45 the buildings of the temple.
45:47 And now Jesus says the following,
45:51 "Do you not see all these things?
45:53 Assuredly, I say to you,
45:55 not one stone shall be left here
45:58 upon another,
45:59 that shall not be thrown down.
46:01 Now as He sat on the Mount of Olives,
46:03 the disciples came to Him, saying,
46:07 tell us,
46:08 when will these things be?
46:10 And what will be the sign of Your coming,
46:12 and of the end of the age?"
46:15 Now Jesus is going to describe the destruction of Jerusalem,
46:19 which pre figures the destruction of the world.
46:23 You see, Matthew 24 has a two fold application.
46:27 It describes the destruction of literal Jerusalem
46:29 in the year 70,
46:31 but it also foreshadows on a small scale,
46:34 a larger destruction, the destruction of the world.
46:37 You say, how do we know that?
46:38 Because the disciples asked Jesus two questions,
46:41 is when will these things be
46:43 that there won't be one stone left upon another?
46:45 And what will be the sign of the end of the world?
46:47 They asked two questions. So Jesus blends His response.
46:51 He blends the two.
46:53 In other words the destruction of Jerusalem
46:54 because symbolic a small scale model of the destruction
46:59 that is gonna take place on a global scale.
47:04 Now notice Matthew 24:15.
47:06 Remember the first application is literal Jerusalem.
47:10 You remember the word abomination
47:12 in the Old Testament?
47:15 Remember the word desolation?
47:18 Now notice Matthew 24:15.
47:22 when you see the abomination of desolation,
47:26 spoken of by Daniel the prophet,
47:29 standing in the holy place,
47:32 whoever reads, let him understand..."
47:34 What is gonna stand in the holy place, the what?
47:36 The abomination of desolation.
47:38 What is the abomination of desolation
47:40 that was gonna stand in the holy place?
47:43 We have to go to the parallel account in the Gospel root.
47:46 Do you remember who destroyed Jerusalem
47:49 because the Shekhinah left
47:51 and they rejected the Shekhinah?
47:53 Who destroyed Jerusalem?
47:57 But after Jesus the part of the temple and said,
47:59 you're house has left on to desolate,
48:01 He spoke about the destruction of the temple.
48:03 And who actually came to destroy it?
48:06 The Romans.
48:08 So what is the abomination of desolation in Matthew?
48:11 Luke 21:20 explains it.
48:14 But when you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies,
48:20 they know that its desolation is near.
48:25 So what is the abomination of desolation
48:27 as it applies to literal Jerusalem?
48:30 It is, when the Roman armies come
48:33 and surround the city
48:34 and they are going to destroy the city.
48:39 Notice Luke 19:41-44,
48:43 where Jesus describes
48:45 what is gonna happen to the city.
48:47 Luke 19:41-44.
48:52 "Now as He drew near,
48:54 He saw the city and wept over it,
48:57 saying, if you had known,
49:00 even you, especially in this your day,
49:04 the things that make for your peace!
49:06 But now they are hidden from your eyes.
49:09 For the days will come upon you
49:12 when your enemies will build an embankment around you,
49:16 surround you and close you in on every side,
49:20 and level you, and your children within you,
49:24 to the ground;
49:25 and they will not leave in you one stone upon another,"
49:33 The last part of the verse,
49:35 "because you did not know
49:39 the time of your visitation."
49:44 Are you with me?
49:47 So let's review the four stages of Israel's history.
49:52 What is the first stage?
49:54 God comes to Israel, and He says,
49:56 I wanna make a covenant with you.
49:58 If you obey My voice and Keep My covenant,
50:01 you will be My God...
50:03 and I will be your God and you will be My people.
50:07 Do you wanna marry me, God says?
50:09 Israel said, yeah,
50:10 all that the Lord says, we will do.
50:12 But during the next 800 years,
50:15 Israel becomes a harlot and she has other lovers.
50:21 So God says, okay, I'm gonna put an end to this.
50:24 So the first stage of Israel's history ends
50:27 with the Babylonia captivity.
50:31 But God loved His people.
50:33 So after the Babylonian captivity,
50:35 God says, I'm gonna give them 70 weeks more,
50:38 490 years,
50:40 and I'm gonna send messengers to them,
50:42 and He sent them Haggai and Zechariah,
50:44 Zorababel, Malachi, John the Baptist,
50:48 among others, during those...
50:50 that period of 70 weeks.
50:54 The Bible says, that they did the same with the messengers
50:56 that were sent to them at that second stage.
51:01 So now God says, I will send them My Son,
51:03 stage number three.
51:05 I'll send Jesus in person.
51:07 And Jesus now as the Shekhinah
51:09 that comes into the temple
51:11 that was built after the captivity.
51:13 He is the Shekhinah glory.
51:15 That's why the Second Temple
51:16 is more glorious than the first.
51:19 Because Jesus, the Shekhinah taught in there.
51:24 And what did they do with Him?
51:27 What they did with Him
51:29 is that they threw Him out of the vineyard
51:32 and they killed Him.
51:35 And it's pretty final because it says,
51:37 and last of all,
51:40 the Father sent His son
51:42 and they said, let us kill Him
51:45 and take His inheritance.
51:47 But how great is the mercy of God?
51:51 Then He says, you know,
51:52 even though Jesus said your house
51:56 is left on to your desolate,
51:59 even though I spoke about the destruction of Jerusalem,
52:01 I'm gonna give them a fourth stage,
52:03 I'm gonna give them three and a half more years.
52:07 And the apostles are gonna go
52:08 and they're gonna preach to them.
52:10 I'm gonna send all kinds of messengers to them,
52:13 to try and get them to accept the Messiah.
52:18 What they did with them?
52:21 They beat Peter and John in the synagogue.
52:24 The leadership opposed the messengers.
52:28 They stoned Stephen.
52:33 That was the last opportunity that the Jewish theocracy had.
52:38 Now, let me explain
52:39 that the door of mercy did not close
52:42 for individual Jews.
52:44 God loves the Jews,
52:47 like He loves every ethnic group
52:50 and nationality in the world.
52:53 What came to an end was the Jewish theocracy.
52:57 In other words, God rejected them
53:00 as the instrument to reach the world for the Messiah.
53:06 He gave them four chances.
53:09 Let me tell you this, if they would not accept Jesus,
53:13 it's rather doubtful
53:14 they would accept the message of anyone else.
53:17 And so now God says,
53:19 and we're gonna find this when we study the 70 weeks,
53:22 this is actually the structure,
53:23 the historical structure of the 70 weeks,
53:26 where we said, this is foundation.
53:29 And so,
53:32 when the first group
53:34 that God chose did not fulfill its mission,
53:38 God says,
53:39 I will take the kingdom from them.
53:42 And I will give it to the ethne.
53:47 That's a word for Gentiles.
53:50 And I will give the kingdom to the Gentiles
53:52 and now they will go to the highways
53:54 to the byways, they will go into all the world
53:59 and call people to come to the Messiah.
54:02 That is the role of the Christian church.
54:05 Is that Christian church today fulfills the role of Israel?
54:11 The purpose of the church is to call the world
54:14 to receive the Messiah,
54:15 where the Jewish theocracy failed.
54:19 You see, if God had simply dependent upon Israel
54:24 during these 2,000 years,
54:25 nobody would have been evangelized.
54:28 Now some people say,
54:30 well, then you believe in replacement theology,
54:31 you believe that the church replaces Israel.
54:35 The church continues faithful Israel.
54:38 The church is true Israel.
54:42 We're gonna find in our next couple of studies.
54:45 It is not another people
54:47 that God chooses in place of Israel.
54:48 No, it is a continuation of the mission
54:52 and the message of Israel.
54:55 It is spiritual Israel
54:56 because people might not have the literal blood of Abraham
54:59 running through their veins,
55:01 but they're fulfilling the mission
55:03 for which God called literal Israel.
55:06 Are you with me or not?
55:08 And so God has called the Christian church
55:11 to fulfill the mission.
55:12 And by the way, I'll end with this.
55:14 And we have, I have a lecture
55:15 that's coming up in the next couple of presentations
55:19 that I'm gonna make that make this very clear,
55:22 and that is that God does not have
55:24 too mutually exclusive peoples,
55:26 one plan for literally Israel,
55:28 and another for the plan for the church,
55:30 like dispensationalists, like futurist teach.
55:32 They say, well, you know, God has a plan for the church,
55:35 that's the last 2,000 years,
55:36 the rapture will mark the end of His plan for the church,
55:40 and then He will kick start the plan for Israel,
55:41 His other people.
55:43 That's not biblical.
55:45 Because when you read Revelation Chapter 12,
55:47 and I'm gonna come back to this later on.
55:49 When you read Revelation Chapter 12,
55:52 there's one woman that represents
55:54 both Old Testament and New Testament Israel.
55:59 The woman is with child.
56:02 So she must exist before the child.
56:06 In other words,
56:08 that represents the Jewish nation,
56:10 that was gonna bring the Messiah into the world.
56:13 But after the child is born,
56:17 the same woman flees to the wilderness
56:20 for 1,260 years, the same woman.
56:24 So in other words, the woman in the New Testament
56:26 continues the woman of the Old Testament.
56:30 Not two peoples with two different plans,
56:34 rupturing one
56:36 and leaving the other one behind,
56:39 as if they haven't suffered enough
56:42 already, the Jews.
56:46 Did you understand what we study this evening?
56:50 Foundation for what we're gonna study
56:54 in the next two lectures.
56:56 The next two lectures we are going to study,
56:59 first of all,
57:00 extensively about the cursing of the fig tree.
57:05 And then we are gonna study about the Apostle Paul's
57:08 perspective of who Israel is.
57:11 And incidentally, folks,
57:13 if the final battle is battling against Israel
57:18 and battling is a spiritual system,
57:21 it must mean that Israel is also a spiritual system.
57:26 Because you can't say like Dave Hunt,
57:28 that Babylon is a worldwide spiritual system,
57:32 but Israel is the literal Israel
57:34 in the Middle East
57:36 because Babylon was the enemy of Israel.
57:38 The final battle will be
57:40 the righteous against the unrighteous,
57:43 spiritual Israel against spiritual Babylon.
57:47 And like has happened
57:48 all throughout the course of history,
57:50 spiritual Israel will be victorious.
57:56 Like Jacob was victorious
57:58 when he struggled with the angel,
57:59 you have struggled with God and with man
58:02 and you have overcome.