Anchor Secrets Unsealed School of Theology: Revela

Three Angels Broadcasting Network

Program transcript



Series Code: ARSS

Program Code: ARSS190003S

00:16 Well, I trust that you had a good lunch.
00:20 Hopefully not too much.
00:23 I wouldn't want to...
00:25 I wouldn't want to rebuke anyone who goes to sleep
00:28 during this session.
00:30 But anyway, we are going to go to page 17 in our syllabus,
00:36 and we're going to study the notes on Revelation 4.
00:40 And then we will, in our second session we will go into
00:45 the notes on Revelation 5, which I don't think
00:47 we'll be able to finish in the second session this afternoon,
00:51 We'll have to pick up on the same chapter tomorrow.
00:55 But let's have a word of prayer before we begin.
00:58 Father in heaven, thank You for the good rest
01:00 that we've been able to have, the good meal.
01:03 Now as we gather together once again to open Your Word,
01:07 we ask for the presence of Your Holy Spirit.
01:09 We claim that promise in the precious name of Jesus.
01:13 Amen.
01:17 Revelation 3:21...
01:19 I'm going to follow the syllabus quite closely.
01:21 I've written everything out in a way which I hope everyone
01:26 will be able to understand.
01:27 Revelation 3:21 makes a clear distinction between two thrones.
01:34 The first throne is the Father's throne.
01:38 It's His alone.
01:40 And that is mentioned in Revelation 4:1-2.
01:44 When Jesus ascended to heaven, Revelation tells us that He sat
01:49 with His Father on His Father's throne.
01:52 So that's the first throne. The Father's throne.
01:55 When Jesus ascended to heaven,
01:57 He sat with His Father on His throne.
02:00 The second throne belongs to Jesus alone.
02:04 And this is the throne that Jesus will have
02:07 in the coming kingdom.
02:09 At the second coming He will receive His own throne.
02:13 So there are two thrones: the Father's throne;
02:17 Jesus sits with the Father on His throne
02:19 until all of His enemies are made His footstool,
02:22 and then after the millennium Jesus will sit on His own throne
02:28 above the holy city.
02:30 That white throne that Ellen White mentions
02:32 in the book, The Great Controversy.
02:34 Now the Bible sometimes depicts Jesus standing
02:38 and it depicts Him sitting
02:40 in the work that He's presently doing.
02:43 What we need to understand is that these positions
02:47 are meant to define function more than location.
02:52 In other words, Jesus sits at the right hand of the Father
02:56 because He is King of the kingdom of grace.
03:00 However, He stands before the Father because He is the
03:04 High Priest that intercedes for His people.
03:08 So He sits as King and He stands as High Priest.
03:13 The emphasis is upon function.
03:16 The emphasis in Hebrews is upon Jesus as the High Priest,
03:21 as the Intercessor.
03:22 The emphasis in Revelation, particularly in the second half
03:25 of Revelation, falls upon Jesus as the King
03:30 of the kingdom of Grace, and then of the kingdom of glory.
03:34 Genesis 14:18 mentions a being called Melchizedek.
03:39 And Melchizedek is described with both functions.
03:43 He is the king of Salem and he is also the high priest of God.
03:49 So Melchizedek has both functions.
03:52 And of course, Jesus is the High Priest according
03:56 to the order of Melchizedek.
03:59 Now we need to understand why the priesthood of Jesus
04:02 is not according to the priesthood of Aaron
04:03 but according to the priesthood of Melchizedek.
04:06 The reason is very simple.
04:08 Jesus was from the tribe of Judah.
04:11 And kings came from the tribe of Judah.
04:14 But those from the tribe of Judah could not serve as priests
04:18 because the priests came from the tribe of Levi.
04:21 And so Jesus is King after the order of David,
04:26 and He is Priest, not according to the order of Aaron,
04:29 but according to the priesthood of Melchizedek,
04:32 which gives Him the right to be Priest
04:34 because He's not a member of the tribe of Levi.
04:39 If you read Zechariah 6:12-13, once again you'll find the idea
04:45 that Jesus is both King and Priest in those verses.
04:50 And in 1 Corinthians 15:24-28 the apostle Paul tells us that
04:58 Jesus sits at the Father's right hand until His enemies
05:03 are made His footstool.
05:05 So in other words, Jesus is going to sit with the Father
05:07 on His throne until Jesus gains the kingdom at the
05:13 very end of time and He becomes ruler over the kingdom.
05:18 Empirically.
05:19 Not only in terms of sentence, but also in terms of actuality.
05:24 Now let's read Revelation 3:21.
05:27 This is a very important verse.
05:29 It's actually the concluding verse to the churches
05:32 and it's the introductory verse to the seals.
05:40 It's a present active participle.
05:46 Future active indicative.
05:52 See, Jesus is going to have His throne, right?
05:54 With those who overcome.
05:56 And then Jesus says, "as I overcame..."
05:59 When did He overcome, and where did He overcome?
06:03 When He was on earth, right?
06:07 When did He sit down?
06:09 When He went to heaven.
06:13 And in between those two points of time
06:15 you have the seven seals.
06:18 In other words, the seven seals are between the time
06:21 when Jesus overcomes, sits with His Father on His throne,
06:25 and then we, during the period of the seals, overcome
06:28 and then we sit with Jesus on His throne.
06:31 So Revelation 3:21 gives you the beginning point,
06:34 it's when Jesus overcame and sits on His Father's throne,
06:37 and the ending point when we overcome during the course of
06:41 the seals and sit with Jesus on His throne.
06:46 Now Jesus resurrected and He spent 40 days upon this earth
06:52 before He ascended to heaven.
06:54 And the book of Acts 1:3 tells us the reason why.
06:58 Two reasons.
06:59 Number one, to give irrefutable proof that He had resurrected.
07:04 He appeared to many as proof that He had resurrected.
07:07 And the second reason is because He taught the disciples
07:12 things concerning the kingdom of God.
07:14 In other words, there were many prophecies
07:16 that the disciples did not understand.
07:18 They needed to understand, for example, the verses that
07:20 deal with the feast of Pentecost.
07:22 During those 40 days Jesus explained the prophecies
07:26 they had misunderstood and the prophecies that were about to be
07:29 fulfilled on the day of Pentecost.
07:32 And then Jesus gathered with His disciples at the end of the
07:35 40 days upon the top of the Mount of Olives
07:39 and He is about to return, the war Hero,
07:43 to heaven from where He left precisely 33 years before.
07:47 I said 30 this morning. I was speaking in round numbers.
07:50 33 years, Jesus now is going to return to heaven.
07:54 Now do you suppose that the heavenly beings were really
07:58 excited about the idea of the war Hero coming back?
08:02 Absolutely.
08:03 33 Years before, He had said, "Hey, I am going to go
08:07 to that earth, I'm going to take human nature,
08:10 I'm going to develop a perfect character living as a man.
08:13 I'm going to weave a perfect robe of righteousness.
08:16 Then I'm going to take all of their sins upon Myself
08:19 and I am going to pay the price of their redemption.
08:22 But I assure you that at the end of that period
08:26 I will be coming home.
08:28 So you better start preparing the party."
08:31 So as Jesus was 40 days upon this earth,
08:35 heaven is preparing to receive Jesus, the war Hero.
08:40 So the Bible tells us in Acts 1:9-11 that a cloud
08:45 caught Jesus up.
08:46 And of course, that cloud represents the angelic hosts.
08:50 They caught Jesus up, and Jesus ascended to the throne
08:56 of His Father.
08:58 Now Revelation 4 describes the heavenly throne room
09:02 being prepared before Jesus arrived.
09:07 In other words, Revelation 4 and 5 describe the same location.
09:11 But Revelation 4 is before Jesus arrives with the angelic hosts
09:15 and Revelation 5 describes the time
09:18 when Jesus arrives in heaven.
09:21 So let's take a look verse by verse at Revelation 4
09:26 so that we can kind of look at the historical
09:30 context of the seals.
09:31 Because Revelation 4 and 5 are the introduction
09:35 to the seven seals.
09:36 That's why we're studying the introductory vision.
09:39 You can't really make any sense out of the seals
09:41 unless you understand where they start and what Jesus is doing
09:45 before the seven seals begin to be broken.
09:50 Now let's go to verse 1.
10:09 So some people say that the, "must take place after this,"
10:13 then this can't refer to the ascension of Christ to heaven
10:16 because it's talking about things that will happen after
10:20 the series of the seven churches.
10:22 Because in chapter 1, 2, and 3 you had the seven churches.
10:26 So in Revelation 4:1 it says, "I'm going to tell you
10:28 the things that happen after this."
10:30 So does this scene take place after the
10:34 seven churches are fulfilled?
10:36 It can't be.
10:37 Because after the seven churches are fulfilled,
10:40 history has come to an end.
10:42 So what does it mean when it says, "I will show you
10:44 what will happen after this."
10:46 It simply means that God is going to show John
10:49 what is going to happen after John
10:53 is taken in vision to heaven.
10:56 So in other words, what the verse is saying,
10:58 "I saw a door standing open in heaven."
11:00 Because the voice says, "Come up here."
11:02 And of course, he's not coming personally.
11:04 He's coming in vision.
11:05 "And the first voice which I heard was like a trumpet
11:08 speaking with me saying, 'Come up here, and I will show you the
11:10 things which must take place after this.'"
11:13 In other words, what takes place after John
11:17 is taken to heaven in vision.
11:19 Are you with me or not?
11:20 So that's the key point that we need to understand,
11:23 because some are saying this deals with Revelation 4 and 5,
11:27 it's talking about the investigative judgment
11:29 that begins in 1844.
11:31 And we're going to give several reasons why this is speaking
11:34 about the inauguration of Christ, it's not speaking about
11:37 the beginning of the investigative judgment in 1844.
11:41 Now let's read the note on page 19.
11:45 John sees a door that stands open in heaven.
11:50 The text provides no evidence whatsoever that the person
11:53 who is sitting on the throne moved there
11:57 from any other place.
11:59 That's a very important point.
12:01 There's no indication that the person who is sitting
12:03 on the throne was in some other place and then he moved
12:06 to that particular throne.
12:08 The person is simply there.
12:11 The door obviously leads into a what?
12:15 Into a building.
12:16 You know, you don't have a door without a building.
12:19 In fact, that would be kind of ridiculous
12:20 to have just a door, right?
12:21 The door leads to some location.
12:24 And it's clear that we're talking about
12:26 the heavenly sanctuary.
12:28 Right?
12:29 Now how many doors does the heavenly sanctuary have?
12:33 The heavenly sanctuary has two doors.
12:36 It has a door that leads to the Holy Place,
12:38 and it has a door that leads to where?
12:41 It leads to the Most Holy Place.
12:44 So the question is, which of these two doors
12:48 is John referring to when he writes in Revelation
12:52 that there is a door that is open in heaven?
12:55 There's no doubt whatsoever that you're dealing with
12:58 the door that leads to the Holy Place of the heavenly Sanctuary.
13:03 And we're going to see that very clearly as we go along.
13:06 So John is taken in vision,
13:09 after he sees the vision of the seven churches, to heaven.
13:13 And there he sees this open door that leads into the Holy Place.
13:17 And then he sees a throne that is set there.
13:20 There's no movement of the throne.
13:22 The throne is simply there.
13:24 And he sees one who is sitting on the throne.
13:29 The one who is on the throne is never identified.
13:33 It doesn't say, "Well, the one who is sitting on the
13:35 throne is God the Father."
13:36 But it becomes very obvious as you look at the entire chapter
13:40 that the one who is sitting on the throne
13:42 is God the Father.
13:45 Now let's go to verse 3.
13:47 The appearance of the person on the throne.
13:50 It says in verse three...
14:02 So you have this being who looks like a
14:06 jasper and a sardius stone.
14:08 Now what does jasper look like?
14:11 A jasper stone is a reddish stone with black veins.
14:14 And a sardius stone is a reddish stone with white veins.
14:21 So in other words, the predominant color
14:24 is the color red.
14:25 Because you're seeing the glory of God here.
14:29 And Ellen White has an interesting description
14:32 about this because John actually did not see God the Father.
14:36 He saw the glory that surrounded the Father.
14:40 That's the reason why it emphasizes the color red,
14:44 which is the color of fire.
14:46 Notice this commentary from Ellen White,
14:48 Early Writings, page 54; at the bottom of page 19.
14:51 "I saw a throne, and on it sat the Father and the Son.
14:56 I gazed..." Who sat on the throne?
14:59 The Father and the Son.
15:01 "I gazed on Jesus' countenance and admired His lovely person.
15:05 The Father's person I could not behold,
15:08 for a cloud of glorious light covered Him."
15:10 That would be the colors that are mentioned in Revelation 4:3.
15:16 "I asked Jesus if His Father had a form like Himself?
15:21 He said He had, but I could not behold it, for said He,
15:25 'If you should once behold the glory of His person,
15:28 you would cease to exist.'"
15:30 So somebody then wrote to Ellen White and said,
15:33 "Ellen White, don't you know the Bible says that
15:35 no one has ever seen God?
15:37 How can you say that you saw the Father sitting on the throne?"
15:40 So Ellen White had to add an explanatory note
15:44 in, Early writings, page 92, on the next page.
15:47 "I stated that a cloud of glorious light covered the
15:50 Father and that His person could not be seen.
15:53 I also stated that I saw the Father rise from the throne.
15:57 The Father was enshrouded with a body of light and glory
16:00 so that I could not see His person;
16:03 yet I knew that it was the Father and that from His person
16:07 emanated this light and glory."
16:09 See, those are the colors that John saw.
16:12 He's just describing it in a different way
16:13 than Ellen White is.
16:15 "When I saw this body of light and glory rise from the throne,
16:19 I knew it was because the Father moved.
16:22 Therefore said I, 'I saw the Father rise.'
16:25 The glory or excellency of His form I never saw;
16:29 no one could behold it and live;
16:31 and yet the body of light and glory that enshrouded
16:35 His person could be seen."
16:38 So Ellen White saw what John saw.
16:41 Only, she calls it light and glory,
16:43 whereas John compares it with the color of stones.
16:46 Predominately the color red,
16:48 which is similar to the color of fire.
16:52 So you have this door open.
16:54 We still haven't identified where it goes to.
16:57 You have a throne that wasn't moved there.
16:59 It's set there.
17:00 On the throne you have a Being sitting.
17:03 And now we're going to notice that surrounding the throne
17:07 there are the 24 elders.
17:09 That's verse 4.
17:11 "Around the throne were twenty-four thrones,
17:15 and on the thrones I saw twenty-four elders sitting,
17:20 clothed in white robes,
17:22 and they had crowns of gold on their heads."
17:24 Now we're not going to interpret yet
17:26 what the 24 elders represent.
17:28 But I just want you to get the picture.
17:30 There's the one sitting on the throne,
17:32 you know, there's this glory that's emanating from Him,
17:38 and surrounding the throne are these 24 elders.
17:42 And then verse 5 tells us something very interesting
17:46 about where this is taking place.
17:48 It says in verse 5, "And from the throne..."
18:02 That is, in front of the throne.
18:07 So now I want you to catch the picture.
18:10 There's 24 elders surrounding the throne,
18:12 and now we are told that there are seven lamps of fire
18:15 that are before or in front of the throne.
18:20 Now let's read the note.
18:22 Seven lamps of fire were burning before the throne.
18:25 The word for, "lamps," in the Septuagint...
18:29 That's the Greek translation of the Old Testament.
18:31, "lampades."
18:33 It's the very word that is used in the Old Testament,
18:36 Greek Old Testament, to describe the seven branch candlestick
18:41 in the Holy Place.
18:42 So very clearly this scene is taking place where?
18:46 It's taking place in the Holy Place of the heavenly sanctuary.
18:51 Clearly this is the case.
18:54 Now let's go to the following page.
18:57 This is very interesting.
18:59 In chapter 4 it says that the seven Spirits
19:03 are there before the throne.
19:05 But we're going to notice in chapter 5
19:09 that the seven Spirits are sent to the earth.
19:13 Let's read this note here.
19:15 In chapter 4, the seven Spirits were standing
19:18 before the heavenly throne.
19:19 God had not yet sent them out into all the earth.
19:23 However, in chapter 5, and we're going to study this more fully,
19:27 after Jesus arrived and the Father installed Him as the
19:31 High Priest, God sent the Holy Spirit into all the earth.
19:36 Clearly, the sending of the Spirits represents the events
19:39 that occurred when?
19:40 On the day of Pentecost.
19:43 The number seven indicates that the Holy Spirit
19:46 spoke to the seven churches.
19:48 You notice that for every church it says,
19:49 "He who has an ear, let him hear what the
19:51 Spirit says to the churches."
19:52 There are seven churches, seven Spirits.
19:55 Now Ellen White clearly identified the location of
19:58 where Revelation 4 is taking place.
20:01 It's taking place in the Holy Place.
20:03 Let's read this statement from, The Faith I Live By, page 202.
20:09 She's referring directly to Revelation 4 and Revelation 5.
20:13 There's no doubt this is not talking
20:15 about the Most Holy Place.
20:16 This is not talking about the investigative judgment in 1844.
20:19 This is talking about things that are
20:21 happening in the Holy Place.
20:23 It says there, "The holy places of the sanctuary in heaven
20:28 are represented by the two apartments
20:30 in the sanctuary on earth.
20:33 As in vision the apostle John was granted a view of the
20:36 temple of God in heaven, he beheld there 'seven lamps of
20:40 fire burning before the throne.'"
20:42 Revelation 4:5
20:44 "He saw an angel 'having a golden censer;
20:47 and there was given unto him much incense,
20:49 that he should offer it with the prayers of all the saints
20:51 upon the golden alter which was before the throne.'"
20:55 In chapter 5 you find the golden censer.
20:58 When Jesus actually arrives.
21:01 Then she explicitly states, "Here the prophet was
21:05 permitted to behold the first apartment of the
21:08 sanctuary in heaven; and he saw there the 'seven lamps of fire'
21:13 and the 'golden altar,' represented by the golden
21:17 candlestick and the altar of incense in
21:21 the sanctuary on earth."
21:25 So is it very clear that this scene in Revelation 4 and 5 is
21:28 taking place in the Holy Place of the heavenly sanctuary?
21:31 Do doubt whatsoever about it.
21:33 This is not occurring in the Most Holy Place.
21:37 It is occurring in the Holy Place.
21:40 Now there are additional evidences that this is happening
21:43 in the Holy Place.
21:45 Let's notice several of these reasons.
21:48 The first reason that I gave is, the lamps of fire are mentioned.
21:51 And that refers to the seven branch candlestick.
21:54 The second reason that we noticed is that the Holy Spirit
21:57 is there in chapter 4 and the Holy Spirit is sent
22:00 into all the earth after this,
22:03 which takes place on the day of Pentecost.
22:06 The third reason is that we are told that the seven branch
22:10 candlestick is before the throne or is in front of the throne.
22:15 Now let me ask you this.
22:17 What was it that was directly in front of the table of showbread?
22:24 If you look at the sanctuary, the geography,
22:27 in the north part of the Holy Place you have
22:31 the table of showbread.
22:33 In the south you have the seven branch candlestick.
22:38 And we are told that the seven lamps of fire
22:43 were in front of or before the throne.
22:45 So this is clearly evidence that we're dealing with an event
22:50 that's taking place in the Holy Place.
22:52 By the way, where was God's throne located
22:55 in the sanctuary?
22:57 Where is God's throne located? What point of the compass?
23:01 It's north. It's in the north.
23:05 Psalm 48:1-2 tells us it's in the north.
23:09 When Lucifer wanted to take God's throne,
23:11 he wanted to take God off of His throne,
23:14 where was God's throne, according to Isaiah 14?
23:17 In the sides of the north.
23:19 Where was the table of showbread in the sanctuary?
23:22 It was in the north.
23:23 The north side.
23:25 And the candlestick was in the south side directly
23:28 in front of the throne.
23:30 Another evidence, at the bottom of page 21,
23:33 is that there was upon the table of showbread,
23:36 which I believe represents the throne of God in the Holy Place,
23:40 you had two stacks of bread.
23:43 Interesting.
23:44 Why two stacks of bread?
23:48 Who gives the bread?
23:50 Well, Jesus said in John 6 that, "My Father gives you
23:56 the bread from heaven."
23:59 And Jesus is the bread.
24:01 Are both the Father and the Son involved
24:03 in giving bread to the people?
24:07 Absolutely.
24:08 So you have two stacks of bread representing the
24:12 bread Giver and the bread Himself.
24:15 And of course, the table of showbread had these
24:18 two stacks of bread.
24:20 Then the next evidence which we find on page 22
24:24 is the expression, showbread.
24:29 It comes from the Hebrew, lahem panim.
24:33 The word, "lahem," means, "bread."
24:36 Incidentally, that's the reason why you have, "Bethlehem."
24:40 It means, house of bread.
24:41 "Beth," is house, "lehem," represents, "bread."
24:45 So Jesus was born in the house of bread.
24:48 Interestingly enough.
24:49 And He grew up in Nazareth.
24:51 The word, "Nazareth," means, "sprout, to sprout,"
24:54 because He grew up there.
24:55 And He actually died on Golgotha, which means,
24:59 the place of the skull.
25:00 So the names of the places indicate the function that
25:03 took place at that particular location.
25:06 So you have the table of showbread.
25:09 Incidentally, the word, "panim," means, "face."
25:14 So as you put these two words together, lahem panim,
25:18 you'll notice that really it's the bread of the presence,
25:21 or it's the bread of the person.
25:24 So this is again an indication that upon the table
25:27 of showbread, representing the throne of God,
25:29 there is the presence of God.
25:32 It's the bread of His presence, in other words.
25:35 Another interesting detail that indicates that this is
25:38 taking place in the Holy Place of the sanctuary
25:42 is that the table of the showbread was the only
25:45 article of furniture that had two crowns.
25:48 And you can read this in Exodus 25:23-25
25:52 and chapter 37:11-12.
25:54 In the King James Version primarily.
25:57 Also it's interesting that the height of the table of the
26:00 showbread was identical to the height of the
26:02 ark of the covenant.
26:04 And the table of showbread is described immediately after
26:09 the description of the ark of the covenant.
26:11 Which means that there's a close relationship between the
26:13 table of the showbread and the ark of the covenant.
26:16 Because in the Holy Place, God's throne is represented
26:19 by the table of showbread.
26:20 Whereas, God's throne in the Most Holy Place is what?
26:24 It's the ark of the covenant.
26:25 So why would you have two crowns around the
26:30 table of the showbread?
26:31 Well, because you have two beings
26:33 that are sitting on the throne and ruling on the throne.
26:37 Reason number seven, in the middle of page 22,
26:42 Revelation 5 is a continuation of the events that transpired
26:45 in chapter 4.
26:47 Revelation 5:8 refers to the alter of incense.
26:51 That is the place where Jesus arrived
26:53 when He ascended to heaven.
26:54 So not only are the seven lamps of fire there,
26:58 which were in the Holy Place, but you also have the
27:01 altar of incense that is present there.
27:03 So very clearly we're dealing with an event
27:05 that's taking place in the Holy Place of the heavenly sanctuary.
27:10 At the bottom of the page, Revelation 6:6 describes
27:15 a scarcity of bread during the period of the third horse.
27:21 In other words, flour is extremely expensive.
27:26 A denarius, you could buy very little grain
27:33 with a lot of money.
27:35 A denarius was a daily wage of a common laborer.
27:39 And therefore, during this period the laborer made only
27:42 enough for one quart of wheat.
27:45 And you say, "Well what does that say to us?"
27:48 Well, according to the Roman historian, Cicero,
27:52 the price that John mentioned for wheat
27:55 would have been 8 to 16 times higher than normal.
27:58 It is clear that there was a famine for bread in the land
28:02 during the period of the third horse.
28:05 In the times of John, barley fed the very poor and the livestock.
28:10 It is no coincidence that the next horse,
28:12 which represents the papal period,
28:15 the yellow one, is the horse of death.
28:18 Because after famine comes death.
28:20 So in other words, the table of showbread
28:23 represents the throne of God.
28:24 And during the period of the third horse
28:26 there is a scarcity of bread.
28:29 Finally, the capstone reason that this is taking place
28:34 in the Holy Place is this statement from Ellen White.
28:39 Let's read, Early Writings, page 54-55.
28:44 "I saw a throne, and on it sat the Father and the Son."
28:48 Where did Jesus sit when He went to heaven?
28:51 He sat on His Father's throne, right?
28:54 So Ellen White says she sees this throne,
28:57 and on the throne is seated the Father and the Son.
28:59 "I gazed on Jesus' countenance and admired His lovely person.
29:04 The Father's person I could not behold,
29:07 for a cloud of glorious light covered Him.
29:09 I asked Jesus if His Father had a form like Himself.
29:13 He said He had, but I could not behold it.
29:15 For said He, 'If you should once behold the glory of His person,
29:20 you would cease to exist.'"
29:22 Now this chapter is the, End of the 2300 Days,
29:26 is the title of the chapter.
29:28 Now notice the next paragraph.
29:30 "I saw the Father rise from the throne,
29:35 and in a flaming chariot go into the Holy of Holies
29:39 within the veil and sit down."
29:44 Are you catching the picture?
29:46 So until 1844, where were the Father and the Son?
29:52 The Holy Place.
29:53 I mean, it clearly says the Father rises from the throne,
29:58 in a flaming chariot He goes into the Holy of Holies
30:00 and sits down.
30:02 Which means that before that He was in the Holy Place.
30:06 She continues, "Then a cloudy chariot with wheels like
30:10 flaming fire, surrounded by angels, came to where Jesus was.
30:15 He stepped into the chariot and was borne to the Holiest
30:19 where the Father sat."
30:20 So where were the Father and the Son
30:22 from the ascension until 1844?
30:25 They were in the Holy Place of the Sanctuary.
30:27 All of these reasons indicate very clearly
30:31 that the scene, the introductory scene of Revelation 4 and 5,
30:35 is occurring in the Holy Place of the sanctuary.
30:39 And I gave you seven reasons.
30:41 The seven lamps of fire are there,
30:44 which represents the Holy Spirit.
30:47 We have also the second reason, which is, the Holy Spirit
30:51 is there and He's sent to the earth, in chapter 5.
30:54 That would be Pentecost.
30:56 You also have, before the throne you have the
30:59 seven branch candlestick.
31:01 The throne would represent the table of showbread
31:03 because the table of showbread was directly in front
31:06 of the seven branch candlestick.
31:09 You have the two stacks of bread.
31:12 You have the expression, lahem panim.
31:16 You have the two crowns on the table.
31:19 You have the altar of incense present there.
31:21 You have a scarcity of bread during this period.
31:24 And of course, you have the table of showbread
31:26 which supplies the bread.
31:28 And then the comment by Ellen White where Ellen White
31:32 very clearly states that the Father and the Son
31:36 were in the Holy Place before 1844.
31:40 Now let's continue interpreting the symbols.
31:44 It says that lightning was proceeding before the throne.
31:49 Now what does the lightening represent?
31:51 You know, we're dealing with symbols here.
31:53 We're dealing with symbols.
31:55 God the Father and the Son don't sit on top of a table
31:57 with piles of showbread.
31:59 It's symbols that represent something
32:03 beyond the bare symbols.
32:05 What does the lightning represent?
32:07 Well, let's read these two statements
32:09 from the spirit of prophecy.
32:10 And you can also read the text in Ezekiel 1:13
32:14 where explicitly it tells us that the lightning represents
32:17 the speed with which the angels move.
32:20 It says, "As God's messengers, they go forth
32:23 like 'the appearance of a flash of lightning,'
32:26 so dazzling their glory, and so swift in their flight."
32:31 The Great Controversy, page 512.
32:34 In another statement, Testimonies for the Church,
32:36 volume 5, page 754, "The bright light going among
32:40 the living creatures with the swiftness of lightning
32:44 represents the speed with which this work will finally
32:48 go forward to completion."
32:51 And so you have these streaks of lightning
32:55 which represents the angels that are in a hurry
32:58 to perform the commands that God gives from the throne.
33:03 Then you have thundering and voices
33:05 of the four living creatures that surround the throne of God.
33:09 At this point in history they're preparing the reception room
33:13 for the arrival of the war Hero and they're praising the Father
33:18 who is sitting on the throne.
33:21 And now we have another group of beings that come into view.
33:25 They're called the four living creatures.
33:28 The better translation is the four living beings.
33:31 That's a better translation.
33:33 And we find in verse 6 the four living creatures.
33:37 Each having six wings and were full of eyes.
33:41 Which represents the fact that they're wise, full of wisdom.
33:46 Full of eyes around and within and they do not rest
33:49 day or night, saying, "Holy, holy, holy, Lord God Almighty,
33:55 who was and who is, and who is to come."
33:59 Now what do the four living creatures represent?
34:03 You know, you don't have these four-headed monsters in heaven.
34:07 You're dealing with symbols.
34:09 We need to understand that we're dealing with symbolic language.
34:12 Who are the living creatures?
34:14 Well, there's no doubt that they are seraphim.
34:17 A very exalted cast of angels.
34:21 You say, "How do we know that?"
34:23 Well, there's only one other verse in the Bible,
34:26 actually there's only one verse in the Bible
34:28 that identifies the Seraphim.
34:31 And that's Isaiah 6:1-3.
34:35 So let's read those verses.
35:08 So you notice that the seraphim are the ones
35:11 that have six wings.
35:13 And they are the ones that sing, "Holy, holy, holy."
35:16 You have those two elements in common between Revelation 4
35:21 and Ezekiel 6.
35:24 Now let's go to verses 9-11 as we continue taking a look at
35:29 Revelation 4, the preparation of the heavenly throne room.
35:33 Verse 9, "Whenever the living creatures give glory and honor
35:37 and thanks to Him who sits on the throne,
35:40 who lives forever and ever, the twenty-four elders fall down
35:44 before Him who sits on the throne and worship Him
35:47 who lives forever and ever, and cast their crowns
35:50 before the throne, saying, 'You are worthy, O Lord,
35:54 to receive glory and honor and power;
35:58 for You created all things and by Your will they exist
36:03 and were created.
36:05 So to whom are the living creatures
36:09 and the twenty-four elders giving honor and glory?
36:13 To the one who is seated on the throne.
36:16 To God the Father.
36:18 And only to Him.
36:19 And why are they rendering Him honor and glory?
36:22 Why is He worth of these songs of exaltation?
36:27 It's because the Father created all things.
36:31 And so now you say, "But wait a minute.
36:32 There's kind of a discrepancy here because
36:35 the Bible says that Jesus was the Creator."
36:38 So let's notice at the top of page 25.
36:42 A question comes up at this point.
36:45 Does not the New Testament teach that Jesus created all things?
36:48 We're going to see in a moment that the New Testament says it.
36:51 Why then does Revelation 4 describe
36:54 the Father as the Creator?
36:56 The text provides the answer to the question.
36:59 The Father was the Architect of creation.
37:02 He devised the plan.
37:05 On the other hand, Jesus was the Master Builder
37:08 because He carried out the Father's plan.
37:11 Now did you notice that in verse 11 it says,
37:14 "You created all things, and by Your will they exist
37:17 and were created."
37:18 So in other words, the Father didn't actually do the work.
37:21 It was by His will that things were created.
37:24 Now let's notice a statement from Ellen White
37:27 which is very similar.
37:28 This is, Patriarchs and Prophets, page 36.
37:31 "The Son of God has wrought..."
37:34 What?
37:35 "...the Father's will..."
37:37 Very similar to Revelation 4:11.
37:40 "...the Father's will in the creation of
37:42 all the hosts of heaven; and to Him,
37:45 as well as to God, their homage and allegiance were due.
37:49 Christ was still to exercise divine power
37:52 in the creation of the earth and its inhabitants.
37:55 But in all this He would not seek power or exaltation
37:58 for Himself contrary to God's plan, but would exalt
38:02 the Father's glory and execute His purposes
38:06 of beneficence and love."
38:09 So if I asked you who was the Creator,
38:12 what would your answer be?
38:18 How many say that the Creator was the Father?
38:20 Raise your hand.
38:23 Oh, only four of you. Okay.
38:24 How many of you say that Jesus was the Creator?
38:27 And the rest of you are not sure.
38:30 The answer is both.
38:32 The Father devised the plan and the Son followed the
38:35 will of the Father in implementing the plan.
38:38 Let's notice the text in the New Testament that proves this
38:41 besides the one that we found in Revelation 4:11.
38:45 In 1 Corinthians 8:6 it says...
39:05 So the Father does His work through the Son.
39:08 The Son is the emissary of the Father, if you please.
39:12 Notice Colossians 1:15-16.
39:15 "He," Jesus, "is the image of the invisible God..."
39:38 So how were things created? Through Jesus.
39:42 Notice Hebrews 1:1-2.
39:45 "God..." That's referring to the Father.
40:06 So in Revelation 4 all of these heavenly beings;
40:12 the 24 elders, and the four living creatures,
40:14 the seraphim and cherubim,
40:16 the 24 elders we have not identified yet,
40:19 they are rendering honor and praise and glory
40:22 to God the Father who is sitting on the throne
40:24 because He is the architect of Creation.
40:28 Present there also is the Holy Spirit,
40:31 represented by the seven lamps of fire.
40:36 Now let's go to the summary of chapter 4.
40:39 This is page 26.
40:42 Several beings are present in chapter four.
40:46 Among those who are present are the four living beings,
40:49 which we've identified as seraphim,
40:52 the 24 elders that we have not yet identified...
40:55 I'll tell you that they're representatives of the
40:56 worlds that never sinned.
40:58 They are not those who resurrected with Jesus.
41:01 That's been the traditional view.
41:02 But we have to be careful about following tradition.
41:06 We have to follow what Scripture teaches,
41:08 and what Ellen White has revealed
41:11 through the power of God to us.
41:15 So there are the four living beings,
41:17 which are the cherubim and seraphim,
41:19 the 24 elders, God the Father sitting on the throne,
41:23 and the Holy Spirit represented by the seven Spirits
41:26 or the seven lamps of fire.
41:29 Now who is missing there?
41:30 See, when we read a passage of Scripture,
41:32 we need to look, not only what is there, but what we thought
41:36 should be there and isn't.
41:38 Who is missing in the scene of Revelation 4?
41:41 Jesus is not in chapter 4, and the angelic host are not there.
41:46 The cherubim and seraphim that surround God's throne, yes,
41:49 but the angelic hosts are not there.
41:52 So the question is, where were the angelic hosts
41:56 and where was Jesus when this scene of
41:58 Revelation 4 is taking place?
42:00 Well the fact is, the heavenly throne room was being prepared
42:04 in heaven and the angelic hosts left heaven to come to earth
42:08 to pick Jesus up.
42:10 And Jesus and the angelic hosts were on their way to heaven
42:15 to celebrate the return of the war Hero.
42:19 Now the best explanation of this whole scene of
42:24 Revelation 4 and 5 is what I'm going to read now from,
42:26 Desire of Ages.
42:28 Spectacular passage.
42:30 I don't know how, for example, the Sabbath school lessons
42:32 could have missed this long passage that we have here.
42:36 It made a reference, read Desire of Ages,
42:39 but it was not in the lesson.
42:42 It shows absolutely clearly when this is taking place.
42:46 It's not the investigative judgment in 1844.
42:49 It's the inauguration of Jesus upon His arrival to heaven
42:54 when the Holy Spirit is poured out upon the church.
42:57 Let's read this rather long passage.
42:58 It's really an exciting passage.
43:01 Desire of Ages, this is the last three pages of the book.
43:06 "All heaven was waiting to welcome the Savior
43:11 to the celestial court."
43:14 Are you catching the picture?
43:16 Jesus had left, now He's coming back.
43:18 Do you think everybody in heaven was quite excited?
43:21 "Oh goody, goody.
43:22 He's coming back!
43:24 He's keeping His promise.
43:26 Let's prepare the party for Him."
43:30 "As He ascended, He led the way, and the multitude of captives
43:35 set free at His resurrection followed."
43:37 Here, we begin to get an inkling that those who resurrected
43:41 with Jesus cannot be the 24 elders.
43:43 Because in chapter 4 the 24 elders were already there
43:47 before Jesus arrived.
43:50 That's just one of the evidences.
43:52 She continues, "As He ascended, He led the way,
43:56 and the multitude of captives set free at
43:59 His resurrection followed.
44:00 The heavenly host, with shouts and acclamations of praise
44:04 and celestial song, attended the joyous train."
44:07 So where was the heavenly hosts?
44:11 They were with Jesus.
44:13 Coming back with Him to the heavenly throne room
44:17 in the Holy Place.
44:18 "As they drew near to the city of God, the escorting angels..."
44:23 Because there's some angels in front of the procession
44:25 that are the escorting angels.
44:27 "...give the challenge, 'Lift up your heads,
44:30 O ye gates; and be lifted up, ye everlasting doors;
44:33 and the King of glory shall come in.'
44:37 Joyfully the waiting sentinels respond..."
44:40 The sentinels at the gates that are guarding the gates.
44:43 "'Who is this King of glory?'
44:45 This they say, not because they know not who He is,
44:49 but because they would hear the answer of exalted praise.
44:53 'The Lord strong and mighty, the Lord mighty in battle.'"
44:56 Which battle?
44:57 Is He coming back from the battlefield?
44:59 Does He have the wounds to prove it?
45:01 Yeah, but He's alive.
45:04 "'The Lord strong and mighty, the Lord mighty in battle.
45:07 Lift up your heads, O ye gates; even lift them up,
45:10 ye everlasting doors; and the King of glory shall come in.'
45:13 Again, the challenge is heard, 'Who is this King of glory?'"
45:16 This is psalm 24, by the way.
45:18 "For the angels never weary of hearing His name exalted.
45:22 The escorting angels make the reply,
45:24 'The Lord is hosts; He is the King of glory.'
45:28 Then the portals of the city of God are opened wide,
45:31 and the angelic throng sweep through the gates
45:35 amid a burst of rapturous music."
45:40 And now you tell me if this isn't Revelation 4.
45:43 "There is the throne,
45:47 and around it the rainbow of promise."
45:49 Did we find that around the throne in Revelation 4
45:51 there was a rainbow?
45:53 Yes.
45:54 "There are cherubim and seraphim."
45:58 What would those be in Revelation 4?
46:01 The four living creatures.
46:04 She continues, "Assembled are the commanders of the
46:07 angel hosts, the sons of God,
46:10 the representatives of the unfallen worlds."
46:12 And somebody once challenged me, he said,
46:14 "Well, these are three different groups.
46:16 The commanders of the angel hosts are one group,
46:18 the sons of God are another group,
46:20 and the representatives of the unfallen worlds
46:21 is a third group."
46:23 No, no, no. Ellen White used this way of speaking
46:26 very frequently in her writings.
46:28 For example, she says, "In Christ is life unborrowed..."
46:32 How does it say?
46:35 "...original, unborrowed, and underived."
46:38 Are those three synonymous words?
46:41 Absolutely.
46:42 And so she uses this literary mechanism
46:47 many times in her writings.
46:49 In other words, the commanders of the angel hosts,
46:52 the sons of God, the representatives of the unfallen
46:55 worlds are the 24 elders.
46:59 Then she continues, "The heavenly council before which
47:02 Lucifer had accused God and His Son, the representatives
47:06 of those sinless realms over which Satan had thought
47:09 to establish His dominion; all are there to..." What?
47:14 " welcome the Redeemer.
47:16 They are eager to celebrate His triumph
47:19 and to glorify their King."
47:21 See, and the whole place has been prepared
47:23 for the celebration of the arrival of the war Hero.
47:28 Now listen carefully.
47:30 "However, He waves them back.
47:34 Not yet.
47:35 He cannot now receive the coronet of glory
47:38 and the royal robe.
47:39 He enters into the presence of His Father."
47:42 This is Revelation, we're going to see that it's Revelation 5:7.
47:44 It says He comes to the Father.
47:48 "He points to His wounded head,
47:51 the pierced side, the marred feet..."
47:53 Is He presenting Himself as the Lamb
47:55 as though it had been slain?
47:57 Do you notice what Ellen White is doing?
47:58 She's interpreting the symbols.
48:01 Ellen White does not refer to four living creatures,
48:04 she does not refer to 24 elders,
48:06 she does not refer to the Lamb as though it had been slain,
48:08 she doesn't refer to the one sitting on the throne.
48:11 Ellen White actually interprets the symbols.
48:15 She says there are cherubim and seraphim.
48:18 The four living creatures.
48:19 There are the representatives of the worlds
48:21 that never sinned.
48:23 There is the Father sitting on the throne.
48:25 And Jesus is the Lamb that comes before the throne.
48:29 So Ellen White is interpreting the symbols
48:32 of Revelation 4 and 5.
48:35 So once again, "However, He waves them back.
48:37 Not yet.
48:38 He cannot now receive the coronet of glory
48:40 and the royal robe.
48:42 He enters into the presence of His Father.
48:44 He points to His wounded head, the pierced side,
48:48 the marred feet; He lifts His hands,
48:50 bearing the print of the nails."
48:52 See, He's presenting Himself as the Lamb, right?
48:55 He points to the tokens of His triumph;
48:58 He presents to God the wave sheaf, those raised with Him
49:03 as representatives of that great multitude
49:06 who shall come forth from the grave at His second coming.
49:09 He approaches the Father..."
49:11 You notice I've put explanatory notes in brackets.
49:14 That's not part of Scripture.
49:15 When you put things in brackets, it means that it's the person
49:18 who is offering an explanation.
49:21 So, "He approaches the Father with whom there is joy
49:24 over one sinner that repents;
49:26 who rejoices over one with singing.
49:29 Before the foundations of the earth were laid,
49:31 the Father and the Son had united in a covenant
49:33 to redeem man should Satan overcome him.
49:37 They had clasped their hands in a solemn pledge
49:40 that Christ should become the surety..."
49:42 What does the word, "surety," mean?
49:45 The guarantee.
49:46 The one who would take the place of Adam who failed.
49:51 "...Christ would become the surety for the human race.
49:54 This pledge Christ has fulfilled.
49:58 When upon the cross He cried out, 'It is finished...'"
50:03 Who was He talking to?
50:05 "...He addressed the Father.
50:08 The compact..." Which is another word for covenant.
50:12 "The compact had been fully carried out.
50:17 Now He declares, 'Father, it is finished.
50:21 I have done Thy will, O My God.
50:23 I have completed the work of redemption.'"
50:28 Was the work of redemption completed at the cross?
50:32 That's what she says that Jesus said.
50:36 "I have completed the work of redemption."
50:39 But does it means that He has no more functions
50:41 to perform in the sanctuary?
50:43 Of course not.
50:44 In what sense did Jesus complete redemption?
50:47 By His life and His death.
50:50 In order to make provision for everyone who claims it.
50:53 But you've got to claim it.
50:55 If you don't claim it, it won't do you any good.
50:59 Somebody can give you a gift, but if you reject the gift
51:02 it's not going to do you any good.
51:05 She continues, Jesus is speaking to His Father,
51:09 "If Thy justice is satisfied, 'I will that they also,
51:14 whom Thou hast given Me, be with Me where I am.'"
51:16 What is the passion of Jesus as He comes before His Father?
51:20 He wants His own to be with Him.
51:23 "That where I am, there you may be also."
51:26 That's His passion.
51:27 He's going to say to His Father, "Father, is what I did
51:29 on earth sufficient to bring My people home?"
51:34 Notice the following paragraph.
51:36 "The voice of God is heard proclaiming
51:38 that justice is satisfied.
51:40 Satan is vanquished."
51:43 In other words, he's been overcome.
51:45 "Christ's toiling, struggling ones on earth
51:48 are 'accepted in the Beloved.'
51:51 Before the heavenly angels and the representatives
51:53 of the unfallen worlds, they are declared justified.
51:58 Where He is, there His church shall be."
52:04 And we're going to talk about the scroll later on.
52:06 "'Mercy and truth are met together;
52:08 righteousness and peace have kissed each other.'
52:13 The Father's arms encircle His Son..."
52:16 I would liked to have been there to see that embrace.
52:19 Because just a short while before that, Jesus had prayed,
52:23 "Father, if You can take away this cup that You gave Me,
52:26 the cup of Your wrath, do so.
52:27 But not My will be done, but Yours."
52:30 Jesus is saying, "I felt like I was totally alienated from You,
52:33 I would never see Your face again."
52:35 And now He's in the presence of His Father.
52:37 And there's this beautiful embrace.
52:40 So once again, Ellen White states,
52:46 "The Father's arms encircle His Son, and the word is given,
52:50 'Let all the angels of God worship Him.'"
52:55 By the way, Ellen White describes that when Jesus
52:57 went before the throne to embrace His Father,
53:01 heaven was in absolute silence.
53:04 There were no songs. They were in suspense.
53:07 But now the scene is going to change.
53:10 Now the Father is going to command all the heavenly angels
53:13 to celebrate.
53:15 It says in the following paragraph...
53:17 In case you were wondering if Ellen White is here discussing
53:20 Revelation 4 and 5, now we're going to see very clearly
53:23 that this is exactly what she's talking about.
53:25 "With Joy unutterable, rulers, principalities, and powers..."
53:32 Notice, three categories of beings, right?
53:34 "...rulers, principalities, and powers
53:37 acknowledge the supremacy of the Prince of life.
53:41 The angel host prostrate themselves before Him,
53:44 while the glad shout fills all the courts of heaven,
53:49 'Worthy is the Lamb that was slain to receive power,
53:53 and riches, and wisdom, and strength, and honor,
53:55 and glory, and blessing.' Revelation 5:12."
54:00 Is Ellen White expounding upon Revelation 4 and 5?
54:04 She most certainly is.
54:05 The following paragraph, "Songs of triumph mingle with
54:10 the music from angel harps, until heaven seems to overflow
54:15 with joy and praise.
54:16 Love has conquered. The lost is found.
54:21 Heaven rings with voices in lofty strains proclaiming,
54:26 'Blessing, and honor, and glory, and power
54:31 be unto Him that sitteth upon the throne,
54:33 and unto the Lamb forever and ever.'
54:38 Revelation 5:13."
54:42 Is this Ellen White's commentary on the introductory vision
54:46 to Revelation 6, to the seven seals?
54:50 You would have to be blind and deaf to say that it isn't.
54:55 This is the occasion... Now let me make something clear.
54:59 This song in Revelation 5:12-13 is going to be sung again
55:03 at the very end of human history.
55:06 Because it says there in Revelation 5:13,
55:13 let's see, Revelation 5:12...
55:18 Well, maybe not.
55:19 Let me just go here in the Bible to Revelation 5,
55:22 and let's notice a very interesting detail.
55:27 Revelation 5 and let's read verse 11.
55:33 "Then I looked and heard the voice of many angels
55:35 around the throne, the living creatures, and the elders;
55:38 and the number of them was ten thousand times ten thousand,
55:40 and thousands of thousands, saying with a loud voice,
55:43 'Worthy is the Lamb who was slain, to receive power and
55:45 riches and wisdom and strength and honor
55:47 and glory and blessing.'"
55:49 And now verse 13 is the key verse.
56:01 And then you have the song of verse 13.
56:03 Let me ask you, when Jesus ascended to heaven,
56:06 did every person in heaven, on earth, under the earth,
56:09 and in the sea sing this song?
56:12 No. which means that there is a broader, future fulfillment
56:17 where this song is going to be sung.
56:19 That's why at the end of the great controversy Ellen White
56:21 quotes these verses again, only it's the redeemed that are
56:25 singing these verses.
56:26 Not only the redeemed, but also the wicked who stand
56:30 outside the holy city.
56:31 And so really Revelation 5:12-13 concludes the introductory scene
56:37 but it also takes you well beyond to the very end of time.
56:43 Now the best illustration of this final celebration
56:46 that will take place when Jesus arrives in heaven
56:49 at His second coming with all of the redeemed
56:52 is the story of the lost sheep.
56:54 You know, the shepherd goes and he seeks the lost sheep.
56:57 By the way, the lost sheep represents this world,
57:00 in a broader sense.
57:02 The shepherd is Jesus.
57:04 The lost sheep is this world.
57:06 And so, the shepherd goes out, he rescues the one lost sheep.
57:10 Then what does he do?
57:13 Well, this is the part that we usually don't focus on.
57:16 He takes his sheep upon his shoulder and he take the
57:18 sheep home, and he calls his neighbors and his friends,
57:22 and he says, "Come, let's have a party.
57:25 Let's celebrate.
57:27 Because the sheep that I have lost has been found."
57:31 And that's exactly what happened when Jesus went to heaven,
57:34 and what will take place especially when
57:36 Jesus comes again.
57:38 He will take the redeemed from this world home.
57:41 And then there will be a final celebration
57:43 like the celebration when Jesus ascended to heaven.
57:46 Only this time, it will be with all of the redeemed
57:50 from all ages.
57:51 So this is the introductory scene to Revelation 4,
57:56 and we also studied an inkling of Revelation 5.
58:00 Next session we will deal with Revelation 5 in more detail.


Revised 2021-11-30