Anchor Secrets Unsealed School of Theology: Revelations Seven Seals

Notes On Revelation 5

Three Angels Broadcasting Network

Program transcript



Series Code: ARSS

Program Code: ARSS190004S

00:16 Well, hi again.
00:17 We're on the final stretch for today.
00:20 Have you been blessed?
00:22 Praise the Lord.
00:24 I'm glad you're all here.
00:26 We are going to really motor.
00:29 I would like to try and finish the notes on Revelation 5
00:34 in our last session today.
00:36 It begins on page 29.
00:39 So we'll have a word of prayer
00:40 and then we'll get right into our study.
00:42 I'm going to follow the lesson pretty closely
00:44 because I want everybody to understand all of the details
00:47 because they're very important for what we're going to study
00:50 concerning the 24 elders.
00:51 So let's pray.
00:53 Father in heaven, we come before Your throne again
00:56 with humility, realizing that our knowledge is very limited.
01:00 Therefore, we need Your wisdom.
01:02 I ask, Lord, that You will speak to us through Your Word,
01:06 that Your Holy Spirit will be present in our midst
01:09 to open our understanding.
01:11 And we thank You for being with us.
01:14 In the precious name of Jesus, amen.
01:19 The central theme, we're on page 29, the central theme
01:24 of Revelation chapter 5 is the arrival of Jesus
01:28 to the heavenly throne room for the celebration
01:32 of His victory on earth.
01:35 Now we need to ask the question, first of all,
01:38 is Revelation 5 describing a judgment scene?
01:42 Because some believe that Revelation 5 is dealing with
01:46 the beginning of the investigative judgment in 1844,
01:50 and that it is transpiring in the Most Holy Place.
01:53 So that's the first thing that we want to ask the question,
01:56 is Revelation 4 and 5 dealing with the beginning of the
02:00 investigative judgment in 1844?
02:02 Or is it dealing with the inauguration of Christ in
02:07 the Holy Place of the heavenly sanctuary upon His ascension?
02:11 So that's this section that we're going to notice now.
02:15 Some have noted that Revelation 4 and 5
02:19 bears a close resemblance to Daniel 7.
02:23 Which Daniel 7 is dealing with the beginning
02:26 of the investigative judgment in heaven.
02:28 However, there are also significant differences.
02:32 Daniel 7:9 tells us that thrones were put in place.
02:38 But Revelation 4:2 states that the thrones were already there.
02:44 That's one difference.
02:47 Daniel 7:10 explains that books, plural, were opened,
02:52 while Revelation 5:1 refers to a book, singular, that was sealed.
02:58 You can't have a bigger difference than books open
03:02 and a book that is sealed.
03:04 Daniel 7 describes Jesus as the Son of Man,
03:08 while Revelation 5:6 describes Him as a slain Lamb.
03:14 Revelation does not portray Jesus as a lion
03:17 until He has finished breaking the seals and opens the scroll.
03:23 Some have thought that Revelation 4 and 5
03:26 describe the beginning of the investigative judgment
03:29 in heaven in 1844.
03:32 The problem with this idea is that there is no judgment
03:35 language in chapters 4 and 5.
03:38 The language of the songs in Revelation 4 centers upon the
03:43 Father as Creator.
03:45 And in chapter 5 the emphasis falls upon Jesus as Redeemer.
03:51 Revelation 19:1-2 tells us that all heaven will sing
03:56 the judgment song after God has judged and punished
04:00 the great harlot who shed the blood of the saints.
04:04 So are you noticing the discrepancies or differences
04:07 between Revelation 4 and 5 and Daniel chapter 7?
04:13 Now the next paragraph gives us additional evidence that
04:17 we're not dealing with 1844 in Revelation 4 and 5.
04:21 Never in judgment scenes do we find jubilatory singing
04:27 such as we find in chapters 4 and 5.
04:31 That is, in judgment scenes.
04:33 During judgment scenes, there is generally silence in heaven.
04:38 For instance, in Daniel 7 which is speaking about the judgment,
04:42 there is no singing when the judgment sits
04:45 and the books are opened.
04:47 Furthermore, during the judgment scene in Revelation 20:11-15,
04:52 which deals with the judgment of the wicked after the millennium,
04:55 there is silence once again in heaven and on earth.
05:00 In addition, Revelation 5 mentions only one book
05:04 which Jesus does not open until all seven seals have been broken
05:09 and Jesus breaks the final seal at the second coming.
05:12 The opening of the books does not take place until
05:16 the post-millennial judgment.
05:20 Are you following me so far?
05:22 During the period, and here comes an additional evidence,
05:26 during the period of the fifth seal, the judgment
05:29 has not yet occurred.
05:31 So how can you say the introductory vision
05:32 is a vision of the judgment if at the moment of the fifth seal
05:36 the judgment hasn't even begun yet.
05:38 We know this because the souls under the altar,
05:41 and we're going to study this in detail,
05:43 are crying out to God that He will judge
05:47 and avenge their blood.
05:49 So has the judgment been transpiring
05:51 during the first four seals and in the fifth seal?
05:54 No, because the martyrs are crying out that God judge
05:58 and avenge them.
05:59 So obviously the judgment has not taken place.
06:02 Clearly, the judgment must transpire after the fifth seal,
06:07 not before.
06:08 In fact, we will see that the pre-advent judgment process
06:13 did not begin until after the signs in the
06:16 sun, moon, and stars in Revelation 6:12-13.
06:21 Furthermore, the judgment execution will not take place
06:25 until we get to chapter 19:1-2.
06:28 Are you understanding these points?
06:31 In other words, Revelation 4 and 5
06:35 is not talking about the beginning of the
06:38 investigative judgment in heaven.
06:40 Because at the fifth seal the judgment has not
06:43 taken place yet, because the martyrs are crying out
06:45 that God do them justice.
06:48 Now the next paragraph.
06:49 Revelation 5 portrays Jesus as a slain lamb
06:54 who has resurrected from the dead.
06:57 He comes fresh from the battlefield to the
06:59 presence of the Father.
07:01 The tense of the verb, "have been slain,"
07:05 describes an action that began in the past
07:07 but whose results remain in the present.
07:11 Ellen White explains, "Christ is our Mediator and officiating
07:18 High Priest in the presence of the Father."
07:23 "Christ is our mediator and officiating High Priest
07:27 in the presence of the Father.
07:29 He was shown to John as a lamb that had been slain,
07:34 as in the very act of pouring out His blood
07:38 in the sinner's behalf."
07:41 So let me ask you, has Jesus just shortly before died
07:45 when He goes to present Himself for this scene
07:48 in Revelation chapter 5?
07:50 Yeah, the wounds are still what?
07:53 The wounds are still fresh on His body.
07:55 So it can't refer to the beginning of the
07:57 investigative judgment.
07:58 It must refer to coming from the battlefield
08:02 where He still has the wounds fresh on His body.
08:06 In contrast, Revelation 6:16-17, 14:14-20, and Daniel 7:13-14
08:16 describe Jesus as the Lion, not as the Lamb
08:21 who had been slain, fresh wounds on His body.
08:25 But these judgment scenes present Jesus as the Lion
08:28 or the Son of Man who comes to claim His kingdom.
08:33 Thus Daniel 7 and Revelation 4 and 5
08:36 describe different historical contexts
08:39 where the same beings are present.
08:40 And the reason why some people say that Revelation 4 and 5
08:44 is dealing with the investigative judgment
08:46 is because you have many similarities.
08:49 You know, in both you have a throne,
08:52 you have thrones, in both you have the angels that are
08:57 present, in both there's reference to records, and so on.
09:01 And so they say, "See, it's talking about
09:03 the investigative judgment."
09:05 So why are the same beings present in Daniel 7
09:09 as the beings that were present in Revelation 4 and 5?
09:12 The reason is very simple.
09:15 In 1844 all of those who were in the Holy Place
09:19 moved to the Most Holy Place.
09:21 That's why you have the same beings.
09:23 You have the throne, you have the thrones,
09:24 the Father sitting on the throne, the books open.
09:26 Because the entire entourage that is in the Holy Place
09:30 when Jesus went there now moves to the Most Holy Place.
09:33 That's the reason why you have similarities
09:35 in the personnel that is there.
09:38 But it doesn't mean that it's referring
09:39 to the same historical occasion.
09:43 So far so good?
09:44 Now let's go to page 31 and do a verse by verse study
09:49 of chapter 5.
09:51 Verses 1 and 2, "And I saw in the right hand of Him
09:56 who sat on the throne a scroll..."
09:59 Some version translate it, book.
10:02 But they wrote in scrolls back then.
10:04 "...written inside and on the back,
10:07 sealed with seven seals.
10:10 Then I saw a strong angel..."
10:12 This is an important detail.
10:14 We'll see a little bit later on.
10:16 "Then I saw a strong angel proclaiming with a loud voice,
10:20 'Who is worthy to open the scroll and to loose its seals?'"
10:25 At this point Jesus has not arrived in heaven yet.
10:29 The word, "worthy," means, qualify.
10:31 Who is qualified to break the seals and open the book?
10:37 Who has the necessary qualifications that authorizes
10:40 Him to break the seals and to open the book?
10:44 And you'll notice here several verses
10:46 where the same word, "worthy," is used.
10:49 Matthew 10:10, the worker is worthy of his salary.
10:54 Luke 12:48, did not commit things worthy of stripes.
11:01 Luke 15:19, the prodigal son acted in an unworthy manner.
11:06 Revelation 16:6, the wicked who drink the blood have
11:10 earned the right to do so because of their actions.
11:14 Acts 26:31, Paul committed nothing worthy of death.
11:18 So the question that's being asked here
11:21 is, who has the necessary qualifications,
11:24 who has performed the necessary actions,
11:27 to make it possible to break the seals
11:30 and to open the book to reveal the contents of the book?
11:34 And now a crisis of universal proportions ensues.
11:39 Let's go to verse 3.
11:41 "And no one in heaven..."
11:54 The worthy person could open the book and read its contents
11:58 only when the seven seals had been broken.
12:01 In other words, the seals have to be broken first,
12:03 and then the scroll can be opened to reveals the contents
12:07 of the scroll.
12:08 A crisis of universal proportions ensues because
12:13 there's no one in heaven or on earth or under the earth
12:19 who is qualified to break the seals
12:21 and open the book or the scroll and read its contents.
12:27 Now, this is an important point.
12:29 John was not so much concerned with the breaking of the seals
12:34 as he was with the contents of the scroll.
12:39 You know, we're going to find that basically what the
12:42 scroll contains is the entire history of the world
12:44 from beginning to end.
12:46 Had John already seen the history of the Christian church?
12:49 In the seven churches he had already seen the
12:51 history of the Christian church.
12:52 His curiosity is not, "I want to know more of the
12:54 history of the Christian church."
12:56 There's something about this book that if it isn't opened,
12:59 it will be calamitous.
13:02 John's tears were not tears of curiosity,
13:05 they were tears of desperation and supreme agony.
13:09 The book contained information of life and death importance,
13:14 yet there was no one who was worthy to break the seals
13:17 and to open the book.
13:19 Not Moses who died and was taken to heaven,
13:23 not Elijah who was translated to heaven from among the living,
13:28 not Enoch who was also translated,
13:31 not the representatives of the worlds,
13:34 not the cherubim, not the seraphim, not the angels,
13:38 not even God the Father Himself was qualified to break
13:42 the seals and to open the scroll.
13:45 And so John says, "If this scroll isn't opened,
13:50 it is a calamity of universal proportions."
13:54 So what does John do now?
13:56 Verse 4.
14:07 At this point has Jesus arrived yet?
14:10 Has Jesus arrived yet?
14:11 No. Because He is worthy.
14:14 So no one was found in heaven-worthy.
14:17 This is another evidence that this is talking about
14:20 the ascension of Christ and His installation as High Priest.
14:24 Are you with me?
14:26 Now the Greek word, "wept," is very intense.
14:28 There are several Greek words for crying, for weeping.
14:33 This is a very intense word.
14:35 Luke 8:52 uses it to describe weeping over the
14:40 death of Jairus' daughter.
14:43 Luke 22:62 uses the word to describe Peter's weeping
14:47 after he went out and he wept bitterly
14:50 because he had denied Jesus a third time.
14:53 It's used in Luke 19:41 which describes the weeping of Jesus
14:57 over Jerusalem as He descended the Mount of Olives
15:00 towards the city.
15:01 And it's a very intense word that is used in
15:03 Revelation 18:9, 11, 15, and 19 to describe the weeping
15:09 and wailing of the capitalists in the world
15:14 when Babylon falls apart and the world economy implodes.
15:18 So in other words, John isn't simply just shedding
15:22 a little tear here and there.
15:23 John is weeping in a loud voice saying, if no one is found
15:29 to break the seals and open the scroll,
15:32 that is a calamity of universal proportions.
15:36 But now comes the good news, verse 5.
15:50 Unfortunately, many times translations are a problem
15:55 because they don't translate the same word
15:57 the same way all the time.
15:58 That word, "prevail," is the word, "overcome."
16:03 It's the identical word, "He who overcomes..."
16:05 Jesus overcame and sat with His Father on His throne.
16:09 So it says that the Lion of the tribe of Judah,
16:13 the Root of David has overcome.
16:16 Where did He overcome?
16:19 On earth He overcame.
16:21 By the way, it's the same word that is used in John 16:33
16:24 where it speaks about Jesus having overcome the world.
16:28 Now it says, He overcame.
16:31 And then it says, "to open." That's future tense.
16:34 So what gives Jesus the right to break the seals
16:38 and open the scroll?
16:40 The fact that He overcame.
16:42 The fact that on earth He lived a perfect life,
16:46 and He died for sin.
16:48 Could the Father say that?
16:51 No. He wasn't qualified.
16:53 God is all-powerful, the Father is all-powerful,
16:56 but He wasn't qualified.
16:57 Because in order to be qualified to break the seals
17:00 and open the scroll, you had to be a human being
17:04 who never sinned and who paid the price for redemption.
17:09 So it says...
17:24 Let's read the note.
17:26 In ancient Israel, kings came from the tribe of Judah.
17:30 And Jesus is the Root and Offspring of David
17:33 and the Lion of the tribe of Judah.
17:37 Now this is very important.
17:39 Jesus, who is now the saving Lamb, will become a Lion
17:43 when He finally opens the scroll.
17:47 In other words, the Lamb will become a Lion.
17:51 Let me ask you, is a lamb a menace to human beings?
17:56 A dangerous animal? No.
17:59 But the lion is.
18:01 So at some point the Lamb is going to become a what?
18:04 A Lion.
18:06 Incidentally, have you ever read Revelation 6
18:09 where it says, "The great day of His wrath has come;
18:12 and who will be able to stand?"
18:14 And right before that it says the individuals on earth
18:17 who are lost are hiding in the caves and crying for the
18:20 rocks to fall on them.
18:21 They say, "Hide us from the wrath of the Lamb."
18:24 How many of you have seen a wrathful lamb?
18:27 Well, the Lamb has become a what?
18:29 Has become a Lion to those who trampled upon God's law.
18:34 So let's continue here.
18:35 In this context Revelation 6:16-17
18:39 is significant because these words which I just referred to
18:43 paradoxically describe the Lamb as a wrathful Lamb.
18:48 That is to say, the Lamb has taken over the characteristics
18:50 of the Lion.
18:52 The slain Lamb comes on the clouds of heaven,
18:54 and the Son of Man comes to execute judgment.
19:00 So Jesus will open the scroll when He takes over the kingdom.
19:03 Let's notice this statement from Ellen White
19:05 about the Lamb and the Lion.
19:08 "The Savior is presented before John under the symbols
19:12 of the Lion of the tribe of Judah and of the Lamb
19:16 as if it had been slain.
19:18 These symbols represent the union of omnipotent power
19:23 and self-sacrificing love.
19:27 The Lion of Judah, so terrible to..." Whom?
19:31 " the rejectors of His grace will be the Lamb
19:35 of God to the obedient and faithful.
19:39 The pillar of fire that speaks terror and wrath to the
19:42 transgressor of God's law is a token of light and mercy
19:46 and deliverance to those who have kept His commandments."
19:50 You know you go to the edge of the Red Sea,
19:53 the pillar of fire was a terror to the Egyptians.
19:56 But it was a source of comfort for the children of Israel.
20:00 She continues, "The arm strong to smite the rebellious
20:04 will be strong to deliver the loyal.
20:07 Everyone who is faithful will be saved."
20:12 Beautiful statement, isn't it?
20:14 We find this other statement, "As the Lion of Judah,
20:17 Christ will defend His chosen ones
20:19 and bring them off victorious because they accepted Him
20:24 'as the Lamb of God which taketh away the sin of the world.'"
20:28 If You don't accept Jesus as a Lamb, you will have to
20:32 face Him as a Lion.
20:34 That's what Ellen White is saying here.
20:37 Incidentally, in different terms Jesus said,
20:41 he who allows the fire of the Holy Spirit to consume sin
20:44 will be saved, but if you don't allow the Holy Spirit
20:47 to consume sin, then God's fire will consume you.
20:51 Jesus said he who falls on the rock will be broken,
20:54 but if you don't fall on the rock, the rock will crush you.
20:57 He said it in Matthew chapter 21.
21:00 So basically, what this is saying is that we must accept
21:04 Jesus as the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world,
21:07 and then we'll have no fear because the Lion
21:09 will be a protecting Lion.
21:11 The Lion will not be a destructive Lion.
21:15 As previously noted, middle of page 33,
21:18 the book of Hebrews emphasizes the priestly role of Jesus
21:22 while the book of Revelation underlines His role as King.
21:27 We must understand, and we've already looked at this,
21:30 Revelation 5:5 in the context of Revelation 3:21.
21:35 In fact, Revelation 5:5 expands upon the last part of verse 21.
21:41 After Jesus overcame, John saw Him break the seals
21:44 one by one and finally open the scroll.
21:47 He was qualified to do this because He, what?
21:51 Because He overcame.
21:53 Now let's go to verse 6.
22:10 Was He there before?
22:12 No, because there was no one in heaven,
22:14 or on earth, or under the earth
22:16 that could break the seals and open the scroll.
22:18 Obviously He wasn't there before.
22:20 But now he sees this Lamb standing there,
22:24 a Lamb as though it had been slain.
22:26 The wounds are fresh on His body,
22:28 He's come from the battlefield.
22:29 He's victorious.
22:32 Having seven horns.
22:34 We'll interpret that in a few moments.
22:36 Seven eyes represent that He's all, what?
22:39 He is all wise.
22:41 Eyes in Scripture represent wisdom.
22:44 Let me ask you, what animal represents wisdom?
22:47 The owl.
22:49 Why is the owl used as a sign of wisdom?
22:51 You know, my son's border collie is smarter than an owl.
22:56 And serpents are wise.
22:59 But an owl?
23:00 Why is an owl a symbol of wisdom.
23:03 Because of the great big eyes it has.
23:05 Because eyes represent wisdom.
23:07 Seven means totality.
23:08 Jesus has total wisdom.
23:11 And the seven horns represent total power, omnipotent power.
23:17 We're going to see that when we read the note.
23:19 So it says he has seven horns, seven eyes, which are the
23:23 seven spirits of God.
23:25 Now, what happens?
23:27 The seven lamps of fire that were there before the throne,
23:30 now they are sent where?
23:33 To the earth.
23:34 When is it that the Holy Spirit was sent to the earth?
23:39 It was after Jesus ascended to heaven
23:41 on the day of Pentecost. Right?
23:44 So this is talking about what happened
23:46 on the day of Pentecost.
23:48 Page 34, the top of the page.
23:50 When John saw the Lamb, the wounds on His body
23:54 were still fresh.
23:56 He had just come from the battlefield and
23:58 had the wounds to prove it.
24:00 He was standing in the midst of the throne because
24:02 kings and priests stood at their anointing.
24:07 So Jesus, at this point, is going to be anointed
24:09 to be the High Priest.
24:12 And priests and kings were standing
24:15 when they were anointed.
24:17 The seven horns are actually the glorious rays
24:20 of the sun that shine forth from the Lamb's crown
24:24 representing His almighty power as King of the kingdom of grace.
24:30 You know, let's go to the book of Habakkuk chapter 3.
24:33 This is an interesting detail. Habakkuk chapter 3.
24:38 And Habakkuk is one of those books that's not easy to find.
24:43 Is Habakkuk in the Bible?
24:45 Have you ever heard a sermon on Habakkuk?
24:49 It's magnificent book.
24:51 Tremendous description of the second coming in chapter 3.
24:55 Notice chapter 3.
24:56 This is describing the second coming of Christ.
25:00 I'm reading from the New King James.
25:13 Do you know how the King James Version translates this?
25:16 The King James Version says, "His brightness was like the
25:21 light and He had horns flashing from His side."
25:27 You say, "Now what is the relationship between horns
25:30 and rays?"
25:32 Well the fact is, have you ever noticed what the crown
25:34 of a king looks like?
25:36 It has little horns.
25:39 And so the King James says horns, but really it means rays.
25:43 Because the rays, you know, they look like the
25:46 tips of a crown.
25:49 And so, there is hidden, what?
25:51 It says in verse 4, "There His power was hidden."
25:55 Why does the light, why do the rays of light,
25:59 or the horns come from the side of the hands
26:01 of the person who is coming in Habakkuk chapter 3?
26:05 Because Ellen White explains in, Great Controversy,
26:07 and you have the reference there, that when Jesus comes,
26:10 glorious rays are coming out from the wounds in His hands
26:14 and the wounds in His side.
26:16 So the seven eyes represent fullness of wisdom
26:20 and the seven horns represent fullness of power,
26:22 according to Habakkuk 3:4.
26:27 Now let me read you this statement from
26:29 the spirit of prophecy, Acts of the Apostles, page 38
26:34 about the anointing of Jesus when He went to heaven.
26:37 "Christ's ascension to heaven was the signal
26:40 that His followers were to receive the promised blessing.
26:43 For this, they were to wait before they
26:46 entered upon their work.
26:48 When Christ passed within the heavenly gates,
26:51 He was enthroned..."
26:53 Ah, interesting. Enthroned.
26:56 In Revelation 4 and 5, He's standing
26:58 there before the Father.
27:00 But then what happens?
27:01 He sits on the throne, we read in Revelation 3:21.
27:04 So it says, "...He was enthroned amidst the adoration of angels.
27:08 As soon as this ceremony was completed..."
27:12 What happened?
27:14 "...the Holy Spirit descended..."
27:16 That's the seven spirits that are sent to the earth.
27:19 "...the Holy Spirit descended upon the disciples
27:22 in rich currents, and Christ was indeed glorified,
27:26 even with the glory that He had with the Father
27:28 from all eternity.
27:30 The Pentecostal outpouring was heaven's communication
27:34 that the Redeemer's inauguration was accomplished."
27:39 In other words, He was anointed to be King in
27:42 the kingdom of grace, High Priest, and then
27:48 He sits on the throne.
27:49 And this is His inauguration, according to this.
27:52 According to His promise, He," that is the Father,
27:56 had sent the Holy Spirit from heaven to His followers
28:00 as a token that He had, as..." What?
28:05 "...Priest and King, received..." What?
28:08 "...all authority in heaven and on earth,
28:11 and was the Anointed One over His people."
28:16 Isn't that a significant statement?
28:19 So what did Jesus become when He went to heaven?
28:23 Priest, and what?
28:25 Priest and King.
28:27 Was He anointed to be both?
28:30 Were priests anointed?
28:32 Yes. Were kings anointed?
28:34 Yes. What were they anointed with?
28:37 With oil.
28:38 And by the way, when you look at the ceremony
28:41 in the Old Testament of the anointing of Aaron
28:43 as the high priest, you find in Leviticus chapter 8...
28:47 It's amazing. I didn't put it in the notes.
28:49 But, you know, you need to connect also Psalm 133.
28:54 What happened was that the oil that was poured on the head
28:59 of Aaron was so abundant that it was actually poured on his head,
29:05 it dripped down his beard, down his garments,
29:08 all the way down to Mount Zion.
29:11 What does that mean?
29:13 That Jesus received the promise from His Father
29:15 the fullness of the Spirit.
29:17 And it was so abundant that it dripped down upon the disciples
29:20 who were gathered in the upper room.
29:23 So the seven spirits that are sent to the earth
29:28 represent the fact that the Holy Spirit was poured out
29:31 without measure upon the disciples
29:33 on the day of Pentecost.
29:36 Now let's go to the bottom of page 34.
29:38 Verse 7. Now there's going to be movement.
29:42 See, now this Lamb as though it had been slain,
29:45 now He's going to approach the Father.
29:48 Did we read a statement from Ellen White where Jesus
29:50 approaches the Father and then they embrace?
29:53 Absolutely. She's not inventing this.
29:56 It's found there in principle in verse 7.
29:59 It says, "Then He came..."
30:01 Which means that He must not have been there before.
30:03 Hello.
30:04 "He came and took the scroll out of the right hand of
30:07 Him who sat on the throne."
30:11 The text tells us... This is the top of page 35.
30:13 The text tells us that Jesus came to the Father,
30:16 so He must not have been there before.
30:19 Up to this point, listen carefully,
30:22 there have been no songs in chapter 5.
30:26 Everything is in silence.
30:30 Is that what Ellen White said?
30:33 That all heaven was in silence. The Father said, "Sshhh."
30:37 And then Jesus comes and He approaches the Father.
30:40 Remember the statement from, Desire of Ages?
30:42 There's no singing.
30:44 And then they embrace.
30:46 And after they embrace, the Father says,
30:51 "Praise Him, all of you heavenly beings."
30:53 And there's an explosion of praise,
30:55 which we're going to notice comes in verse 9 and following.
30:58 So the text tells us that Jesus came to the Father,
31:01 so He must not have been there before.
31:04 Up to this point, there had been no songs in chapter 5.
31:07 All the beings that were present for the reception
31:10 of the War hero waited in suspense to see if someone
31:15 was worthy or qualified to break the seals and open the scroll.
31:21 Now we go to verse 8.
31:25 "...the four living creatures..."
31:27 That is the cherubim and seraphim.
31:29 "...the twenty-four elders..."
31:31 That is the representatives of the sinless worlds
31:34 of the universe.
31:44 You know, this might surprise you, but the 24 elders,
31:49 which we're going to see are the highest of angels
31:51 that represent the worlds, and the four living creatures,
31:55 which are the seraphim and cherubim,
31:57 They have an intercessory role.
32:01 They are the ones that present our prayers to Jesus
32:03 and Jesus to the Father.
32:05 You say, "What!"
32:07 Do you remember the dream that Jacob had?
32:11 What did Jacob see in his dream?
32:14 He saw a ladder.
32:15 Where was the ladder planted?
32:18 Solidly on earth.
32:20 And where did the top of the ladder reach?
32:23 Heaven.
32:24 And who was ascending and descending on the ladder
32:27 between earth and heaven?
32:28 The angels. What does the ladder represent?
32:32 Jesus.
32:33 John 1:51 say, "You will see heaven open and angels
32:36 ascending and descending upon the Son of Man."
32:40 So the angels bear our prayers to heaven
32:43 and they bring answers back to us.
32:47 You remember Daniel praying for wisdom to understand
32:50 the prophecy of the 2300 years, or the 2300 days?
32:55 Who did God send to give him an answer?
32:58 Gabriel.
32:59 Actually Gabriel says, "While you were just starting
33:02 to pray, I was on my way."
33:05 So the angels are much more important than what we realize.
33:09 They have an intercessory role.
33:12 Notice this statement from Ellen White,
33:14 Counsels to Teachers, page 110.
33:16 "Angels offer the smoke of the fragrant incense
33:20 for the praying saints."
33:23 Now Jesus is the absolute intercessor,
33:24 but the prayers are born to Christ
33:27 through the ministry of the angels.
33:29 And now that the Father and the Son have embraced,
33:32 now Ellen White says that the Father commands
33:35 the angelic host to praise.
33:36 Now it doesn't say that specifically in Revelation,
33:39 but the sequence is identical.
33:41 Now the heavenly beings are going to praise Jesus,
33:45 but the song is not going to be a song of creation
33:48 like in chapter 4 where the Father is by Himself.
33:51 The song is going to be a song of redemption,
33:54 because the Redeemer has arrived at the scene.
33:57 Let's notice verses 9-14.
34:11 Notice the tense; past tense.
34:26 And we're going to see there's a problem in translation here.
34:28 Actually, the proper translation is, "You have made them
34:33 kings and priests to our God.
34:34 And it says, the translation in the King James says, "And we..."
34:37 Really, the better translation is, "And they shall..."
34:41 Future.
34:42 "...reign on the earth."
34:49 In other words, they stand in the outer circle of the throne,
34:52 the creatures and the elders.
35:07 Now the hymn is in honor of the Redeemer,
35:09 because the Redeemer has arrived.
35:14 Notice, His death at this point is past.
35:45 Isn't it beautiful how Ellen White amplifies what we find
35:49 in Revelation chapter 5
35:51 in the last three pages of, Desire of Ages?
35:53 It makes it comes alive.
35:56 Now the mighty angel's two-fold question
36:00 will now receive an answer.
36:02 Who is worthy to break the seals and open the scroll, and why?
36:08 The Lamb can do it because He overcame and shed His blood
36:14 to redeem, that gives Him the ability to redeem,
36:20 or buy back the inheritance that Adam lost.
36:26 The word, "redeem," in Revelation 5:9 means,
36:30 to buy something back by paying a price.
36:35 In other words, it's kind of like a pawn shop.
36:38 You take something to the pawnshop.
36:40 And you have to pay a price to buy it back.
36:43 Well, man sold himself into slavery and sin.
36:46 Jesus has to pay the price to buy us back.
36:52 That's the idea of the word, "hagorazo," in Greek.
36:54 The word, "go'el," in Hebrew.
36:57 It translates the Greek work, "hagorazo."
37:01 Another related word is, "lutroo;" 1 Peter 1:19.
37:06 It has a similar meaning to go'el.
37:08 It means, to buy back by paying a price.
37:11 Did we already notice in Leviticus chapter 25
37:14 that a price had to be paid to buy back the lost inheritance?
37:19 And to buy the freedom of somebody that had
37:21 sold themselves into slavery.
37:23 Yeah, somebody had to pay a price, right?
37:25 A redemption price.
37:26 Those laws of redemption pointed forward to the fact that
37:30 Jesus had to become our next of kin, as we studied,
37:33 so that He could buy back our freedom,
37:36 and He could buy back the lost possession.
37:40 Now the question is, what did the book contain
37:47 that led John to weep bitterly,
37:50 that it would be a terrible calamity,
37:53 that the book would not be opened?
37:56 Well, let's notice the next section, the sealed book.
38:03 Of course, the big question is this:
38:05 What does the sealed book contain?
38:08 And why would it be so catastrophic for the book
38:11 to remain sealed?
38:14 While the book is sealed, no one can read its contents.
38:18 And there's an analogous case of this, which is Daniel 12:4,
38:22 where it says that Daniel was supposed to
38:25 seal the book until the time of the end.
38:27 What does that mean?
38:28 It means that the book could not be what?
38:30 It could not be fully understood because it was sealed.
38:33 But at the time of the end, what was going to happen?
38:36 The seal would be taken off the book of Daniel
38:38 and people could read and understand its contents.
38:42 We find some valuable information,
38:44 background information, in the book of Jeremiah
38:47 where we find a description of a title deed.
38:50 The title deed that the Israelites lost when they were
38:53 taken captive to Babylon.
38:55 The picture is thus: Adam forfeited the title deed
38:59 to the world, Satan claimed it, and only the Redeemer,
39:05 the go'el, could redeem it or buy it back.
39:09 The scroll contains the entire sweep
39:11 of the history of salvation.
39:13 When the Lion of the tribe of Judah finally opens the book,
39:17 the universe will see that only Jesus and His followers
39:21 have the legal right to the possession that Adam lost.
39:25 In other words, what you have in this book
39:28 is a will or a testament of the human race
39:32 that reveals who will inherit the lost possession
39:38 that Adam originally had which he forfeited by disobedience.
39:43 So what would happen if the scroll remained sealed?
39:48 It would never be revealed who is going to inherit?
39:52 Who is going to be saved, who has the right to be saved,
39:55 in other words.
39:57 Let's read some statements here,
39:59 we don't have time to read all of these statements,
40:01 written by scholars about the way in which wills or testaments
40:06 were written back in biblical times.
40:10 This is in the book by Ranko Stefanovic,
40:12 Revelation of Jesus Christ, page 197.
40:15 "In order to protect the contents of legal documents,
40:19 such as deeds of sale, contracts, wills, and letters,
40:23 a seal impression was normally made with a signet
40:27 or ring at the end of the written document.
40:30 The sealing thus functioned in place of a signature,
40:34 indicating authenticity, validity, authority,
40:38 ratification, or protection of the document.
40:41 In order to protect the contents against an inappropriate
40:45 disclosure, the document would be tied with threads,
40:49 and then the seal was impressed at the knots on the bullae;
40:53 that is a blob of clay, wax, or some other soft material,
40:58 which kept the papyrus scroll folded."
41:00 So you had kind of these threads, and then at the tip
41:04 where the two ends meet, a blob of wax
41:07 or clay would be placed to seal the deed or the document.
41:14 "An unbroken impression would indicate that the sealed
41:17 document had not been opened.
41:20 Only the owner could break the seals and disclose its content."
41:27 There's another statement that Ranko makes which is important.
41:32 "Archeologists have brought to light many documents
41:35 sealed with two to seven or more seals.
41:38 For instance, Roman law dictated that a will
41:41 or testament had to be sealed with a minimum of seven seals
41:46 of witnesses in order to render its contents valid,
41:50 although some evidence shows that more than seven seals
41:53 were used on occasion...
41:55 Like any sealed scroll of the time, the scroll of Revelation 5
41:59 appears rolled up, tied with a cord, and sealed along
42:04 the outside edge with seals of wax affixed at the knots.
42:10 As such, it could not be opened and its contents disclosed
42:15 until all of the seven seals were broken.
42:18 The breaking of all seven seals is preliminary and preparatory
42:22 to the actual opening of the scroll and the disclosure
42:26 of its contents."
42:28 Are you catching the picture?
42:30 So basically, this scroll is the will
42:33 or testament of the human race.
42:34 It shows who's going to inherit that which Adam lost,
42:37 and who is not going to inherit what Adam lost.
42:42 Now let's notice a couple of statements from Ellen White
42:46 where she corroborates this view.
42:49 At the bottom of page 38, in, Manuscript Releases,
42:53 volume 9, page 7, we find Ellen White's description of
42:58 what this book contains.
42:59 It actually contains the entire history of the human race,
43:04 and the decisions that people have made
43:06 within the course of history whether either for
43:09 or against the Lord.
43:11 It says there, "There in His open hand lay the book,
43:16 the roll of the history of God's providences,
43:20 the prophetic history of nations and the church."
43:24 So what does the scroll contain?
43:27 "...the prophetic history of nations and the church.
43:30 Herein was contained the divine utterances,
43:33 His authority, His commandments, His laws, the whole symbolic
43:37 counsel of the Eternal, and the history of all ruling
43:41 powers in the nations.
43:43 In symbolic language was contained in that roll
43:46 the influence of every nation, tongue, and people from the
43:50 beginning of earth's history to its close."
43:55 In other words, it contains the entire history
43:58 of the human race recorded.
44:00 And the decisions that people made within the course
44:03 of history which will reveal of they will inherit
44:06 what was lost or whether they will not recover what was lost.
44:09 Are you with me or not so far?
44:13 Now Ellen White also has another very important statement
44:16 where she actually specifies a specific event,
44:22 historical event, that was recorded in that scroll.
44:27 Notice, Christ's Object Lessons, page 294.
44:32 "Thus the Jewish leaders made their choice."
44:34 When they said, "Release unto us Barabbas.
44:37 We have no king but Caesar," Ellen White explains,
44:41 "Thus the Jewish leaders made their choice.
44:44 Their decision was registered in the book that John saw
44:48 in the hand of Him that sat upon the throne,
44:51 the book that no man could open."
44:55 So that particular historical event, she's describing only one
44:58 of all historical events that are in that book,
45:00 when they said, "Release unto us Barabbas,"
45:04 and, "We have no king but Caesar,"
45:06 their decision was written in this book.
45:09 And then she states this:
45:11 "In all its vindictiveness, this decision will
45:15 appear before them..."
45:17 Before whom?
45:19 The Jewish leaders.
45:20 "...will appear before them in the day when this book is
45:24 unsealed by the Lion of the tribe of Judah."
45:27 So are the Jewish leaders going to see the result of
45:30 their decision in the scroll?
45:32 Absolutely.
45:33 Now, what conclusions can we reach from this
45:35 very significant statement?
45:38 Let's notice the next paragraph.
45:40 Several important points emerge from this last statement.
45:44 Ellen White is writing this around the year 1900.
45:47 That's when, Christ's Object Lessons, was actually published.
45:50 It is clear that at that point the scroll was still sealed.
45:54 Would you agree with that?
45:55 The scroll was still sealed
45:57 when she wrote, Christ's Object Lessons?
45:58 Of course. She says when the book is opened.
46:01 So it hasn't been opened yet.
46:04 Furthermore, in order for those who cried out,
46:06 a very important point, "Release unto us Barabbas,"
46:09 to see the consequences of the decision they made in the past,
46:13 they must what?
46:15 They must resurrect.
46:18 When would that be?
46:22 After the millennium.
46:24 Technically.
46:26 This means that the scroll will remain sealed
46:29 until they resurrect in the second resurrection
46:32 after the millennium.
46:35 So when is this scroll going to be opened,
46:38 the last seal broken and the scroll opened
46:42 before the whole world?
46:44 By the way, after the millennium, is everybody
46:46 who has ever lived outside the holy city?
46:53 Outside the city, are all of the wicked from all history there?
46:56 Yes.
46:58 Are all the redeemed in the city?
47:01 Is everyone in heaven and earth, under the earth, in the sea,
47:05 or whatever, there?
47:07 Yes.
47:10 And the last seal is broken and the scroll will be unfurled.
47:13 Have you ever read in the writings of Ellen White
47:15 about that great panoramic view above the holy city?
47:20 You know, this is before you had a wide screen,
47:23 you know, technology.
47:25 Ellen White says, in panoramic view God is going to show
47:28 the wicked, and the righteous who are inside the city,
47:32 the entire history of the human race.
47:37 Are you following me or not?
47:39 And inside the city are those who inherited,
47:42 recovered what was lost by Adam.
47:45 The meek will inherit the earth.
47:47 And we will be kings and priests, the Bible says.
47:52 But outside the holy city are including those individuals
47:56 who said, "Release unto us Barabbas."
47:59 So the scroll reveals who will inherit life
48:03 and who will inherit death, and the reason why
48:07 those inside the city receive life
48:10 and those outside the city receive death.
48:12 It's the last will and testament of the entire human race.
48:16 Now we know why John was so bent out of shape.
48:19 He said, "If this book isn't opened, nobody will inherit.
48:23 Everyone is lost.
48:24 We won't be able to know who's going to inherit
48:26 the lost possession."
48:27 Now Ellen White expands upon the moment when this will be opened.
48:30 And incidentally, let me just share this.
48:32 These records will be examined by God's people
48:35 during the thousand years.
48:37 Okay?
48:38 So in a certain sense, the scroll will be opened
48:41 before the righteous during the thousand years
48:45 for them to be able to see why the wicked were left behind.
48:49 But the opening of the scroll where the whole universe
48:51 is going to see it, both the living and those who died,
48:55 the righteous and the wicked, takes place at the end
48:57 of the thousand years.
48:59 Let me just read in closing this amazing passage
49:02 from Ellen White, Great Controversy,
49:04 where Ellen White describes the moment when
49:07 the will and testament of the human race
49:09 will be opened and it will be revealed
49:11 why the righteous were saved and why the wicked were lost.
49:16 This is in, Great Controversy, several pages, pages 666-669.
49:22 You'll never forget where the page begins, 666.
49:27 "Above the throne is revealed the cross;
49:31 and like a panoramic view..."
49:34 And I added, in high def.
49:36 "...appear the scenes of Adam's temptation and fall,
49:40 and the successive steps in the great plan of redemption."
49:43 Is that the whole of human history?
49:45 Yes.
49:47 "The Savior's lowly birth; His early life of simplicity
49:49 and obedience; His baptism in the Jordan;
49:51 the fast and temptation in the wilderness;
49:54 His public ministry, unfolding to men heaven's most precious
49:59 blessings; the days crowded with deeds of love and mercy,
50:03 the nights of prayer and watching in the solitude of
50:05 the mountains; the plotting of envy, hate, and malice
50:08 which repaid His benefits; the awful, mysterious agony in
50:12 Gethsemane beneath the crushing weight of the sins
50:16 of the whole world; His betrayal into the hands of the
50:18 murderous mob; the fearful events of that night of horror,
50:22 the unresisting prisoner, forsaken by His best loved
50:25 disciples, rudely hurried through the streets of
50:28 Jerusalem; the Son of God exultingly displayed before
50:32 Annas, arraigned in the high priest's palace,
50:36 in the judgment hall of Pilate..."
50:38 Are those the individuals who were present when
50:41 the Jews said, "Release unto us Barabbas."
50:44 We have no king but Caesar."
50:45 Absolutely.
50:48 Once again, "...before the cowardly and cruel Herod..."
50:51 She mentions these by name.
50:53 "...mocked, insulted, tortured, and condemned to die,
50:56 all are vividly portrayed.
51:00 And now before the swaying multitude are revealed
51:02 the final scenes: the patient Sufferer treading the path
51:05 to Calvary; the Prince of heaven hanging upon the cross;
51:09 the haughty priests and the jeering rabble deriding
51:12 His expiring agony; the supernatural darkness;
51:15 the heaving earth, the rent rocks, the open graves,
51:18 marking the moment when the world's Redeemer
51:21 yielded up His life.
51:22 The awful spectacle appears just as it was.
51:25 Satan, his angels, and his subjects have no power to turn
51:29 from the picture of their own work.
51:31 Each actor recalls the part that he performed.
51:34 Herod, who slew the innocent children of Bethlehem
51:38 that he might destroy the King of Israel;
51:41 the base Herodias, upon whose guilty soul rests the blood
51:44 of John the Baptist; the weak, timeserving Pilate;
51:48 the mocking soldiers; the priest and rulers
51:50 and the maddened throng who cried, 'His blood be upon us,
51:54 and upon our children!'
51:55 All behold the enormity of their guilt.
51:58 They vainly seek to hide from the divine majesty
52:00 of His countenance, outshining the glory of the sun,
52:04 while the redeemed cast their crowns at the Savior's feet,
52:07 exclaiming, 'He died for me!'"
52:11 Are you catching the picture?
52:14 By the way, those who are in the city, they lived during the
52:17 period of the seven seals.
52:20 And they overcame.
52:22 Next paragraph.
52:24 "Amid the ransomed throng are the apostles of Christ,
52:27 the heroic Paul, the ardent Peter,
52:30 the loved and loving John, and their truehearted brethren,
52:34 and with them the vast host of martyrs;
52:36 while outside the walls, with every vile and abominable thing,
52:40 are those by whom they were persecuted,
52:42 imprisoned, and slain.
52:44 There is Nero..."
52:45 So now we're moving on to the history of the church
52:48 and the Roman empire.
52:49 "...that monster of cruelty and vice, beholding the joy
52:52 and exaltation of those whom he once tortured,
52:55 and in whose extremist anguish he found satanic delight.
52:59 His mother is there to witness the result of her own work,
53:03 to see how the evil stamp of character transmitted
53:06 to her son; the passions encouraged and developed
53:09 by her influence and example have borne fruit in crimes
53:13 that caused the world to shudder."
53:15 And now it's going to move on to the Middle Ages.
53:19 So what does the scroll contain?
53:23 The history of the world.
53:25 From Adam in the Garden of Eden.
53:27 The decisions that were made either pro or con.
53:31 And the reward that each receives based on
53:33 what is there found in the records.
53:36 She continues, "There are papists priests and prelates,
53:40 who claimed to be Christ's ambassadors,
53:43 yet employed the rack, the dungeon, and the stake
53:46 to control the consciences of His people.
53:49 There are the proud pontiffs," popes, in other words,
53:53 "who exalted themselves above God and presumed to
53:56 change the law of the Most High.
53:59 Those pretended fathers of the church have an account
54:03 to render to God from which they would fain be excused.
54:07 Too late, they are made to see that the Omniscient One
54:11 is jealous of His law and that He will in no wise
54:14 clear the guilty.
54:16 They learn now that Christ identifies His interest
54:20 with that of His suffering people; and they feel the
54:23 force of His own words, 'Inasmuch as ye have
54:26 done it unto one of the least of these, My brethren,
54:30 ye have done it unto Me.'
54:32 The whole wicked world stand arraigned at the bar of God
54:37 on the charge of high treason against the
54:40 government of heaven.
54:42 They have none to plead their cause; they are without excuse;
54:46 and the sentence of eternal death
54:48 is pronounced against them."
54:53 So what does the scroll contain?
54:58 The entire history of the world.
55:01 Those who cried out, "We have no king but Caesar.
55:07 Release unto us Barabbas," are they going to be there?
55:10 Are they going to face that again?
55:12 Are they going to see it?
55:14 Yes.
55:15 You know, human beings boast about their technology.
55:20 You know, the megabytes and terabytes
55:21 and all the other kind of bytes.
55:25 What kind of technology do you need to record the entire
55:28 human race, the history of the entire human race,
55:30 without missing a single detail?
55:34 Because we're going to see it again just as it happened.
55:37 What kind of technology?
55:39 You know, human beings, they boast, but really
55:42 what man has invented is only a little microscopic itty-bitty
55:46 reflection of the tremendous capacity that God has.
55:51 That's what's contained in the scroll.
55:53 And by the way, you know, prophets spoke in the
55:56 language of their day.
55:58 You know, John obviously wasn't going to say
56:00 that this was a computer.
56:03 Or that is was recorded on a flash drive.
56:07 No, because that didn't exist.
56:09 So he says books.
56:11 Ellen White later on used photography.
56:13 She said our lives are being photographed by God.
56:17 I think if God called a prophet today, the prophet would say
56:21 God is computerizing.
56:23 Or God is videotaping our lives.
56:26 He's videotaping the entire course of human history.
56:31 And by the way, when that scene is presented above the city
56:37 in ultra-high definition, better than even 4k,
56:43 at that time, after the panorama is seen,
56:48 the entire universe: Satan, his angels, the wicked,
56:53 and the righteous will bow before God
56:56 and they'll say, "Righteous and true are Your ways, O God."
57:01 Only at this moment can Satan and his angels
57:04 and the wicked be destroyed.
57:06 Because the entire universe for once is in harmony
57:10 that God was right and Satan was wrong.
57:14 And sometimes we think that the wicked are going to
57:16 be attacking the holy city when they're destroyed.
57:19 No.
57:21 Ezekiel 28 and, Great Controversy, says that
57:24 when the wicked see the panorama and how Satan has
57:26 deceived them, they now turn from God
57:30 and those who are in the city, and they turn to Satan and say,
57:34 "You deceiver," and they launch themself against
57:37 Satan with the intention of tearing him apart.
57:41 Read Ezekiel 28, the first half of the chapter.
57:44 But then God, in His mercy, will rain fire from heaven
57:48 to destroy Satan, and his angels, and the wicked.
57:53 And once everything is burnt up and purified,
57:57 God will create a new heavens and a new earth
58:00 where righteousness dwells.


Revised 2022-02-15