Anchor Secrets Unsealed School of Theology: Revelations Seven Seals

Earth's Two Representatives

Three Angels Broadcasting Network

Program transcript



Series Code: ARSS

Program Code: ARSS190006S

00:16 Welcome back.
00:19 How are you all doing?
00:22 Was the last lesson clear?
00:24 If it wasn't, it's going to be clear now.
00:28 Let's have a word of prayer, and we'll begin.
00:30 Father in heaven, we ask that as we study this lesson
00:33 about earth's two representatives,
00:35 that You will be with us, that You will instruct us,
00:39 and Lord, that You will make our hearts burn
00:43 for the end to come, to be in the presence of Jesus,
00:46 our beloved Savior, to worship Him and to worship You
00:50 throughout the ceaseless ages of eternity.
00:52 What an honor that will be.
00:54 We look forward to that day.
00:57 Please instruct us now as we study this particular subject.
01:00 We pray in the name of Jesus, amen.
01:05 Alright, first of all, let's review what we studied
01:07 last time, because it's the foundation for
01:10 what we're going to look at next.
01:12 And page 59 of your syllabus you'll find a brief review
01:18 of the previous presentation.
01:20 First, there is life on other planets.
01:24 And each planet has its ambassador or representative.
01:29 And the inhabitants of other planets existed before
01:32 the creation of this world.
01:35 Secondly, at creation the morning stars, also known as
01:40 sons of God rejoiced and shouted for joy.
01:45 Then we find that God has a heavenly council
01:49 with representatives from the worlds that participate
01:53 in deliberations and decision-making.
01:56 In Job 1, the sons of God, that is the representatives
02:01 of the worlds, came to present themselves before the Lord
02:05 in the heavenly council.
02:07 In Job 2, the sons of God, or representatives of the worlds,
02:12 left after the first meeting and came back for a second meeting.
02:16 So they must not live in the presence of God all the time.
02:21 Ellen White refers to these representatives as strong angels
02:25 or the highest of angels.
02:28 And Satan came to the meetings of the heavenly council
02:31 in the Old Testament representing planet earth
02:35 because he had usurped Adam's position, who was the
02:39 rightful king of this earth when he was created.
02:44 We also noticed in our last study God's plan
02:48 for the human race.
02:49 We noticed that human beings were a new and distinct order
02:54 created for a specific purpose.
02:57 Also, we noticed that earth was the only planet
03:00 with the capacity to reproduce to fulfill that purpose.
03:05 God has a special plan for humans.
03:09 Both before man sinned and after man sinned,
03:14 He had the same plan.
03:16 In that plan, human beings would be equal to the angels,
03:20 sons of God, after passing the test.
03:24 And human beings would fill the vacancies that Satan and his
03:29 angels left when God expelled Lucifer from heaven.
03:35 So basically, in a nutshell, that is a review
03:39 of our last study together.
03:41 Now we want to talk about Adam,
03:44 the original representative of planet earth.
03:48 We're going to look at the characteristics of Adam.
03:51 First of all, Adam of course was a created being.
03:57 Let's read Genesis 1:26-27.
03:59 We probably can repeat this from memory.
04:29 So we find clearly that Adam and Eve were created by God.
04:35 They were created beings.
04:37 Of course, that goes without saying.
04:40 The Bible tells us that Adam was the son of God.
04:44 Notice Luke 3:38.
04:48 This is the end of the chapter.
04:50 It tells us that...
05:00 So Adam is called the son of God.
05:03 So we shouldn't be surprised if he should have been the
05:06 son of God to represent this planet in the heavenly council.
05:10 Now regarding Adam's status as the son of God,
05:14 Ellen White wrote this:
05:16 "The genealogy of our race, as given by inspiration,
05:21 traces back its origin, not to a line of developing germs,
05:28 mollusks, and quadrupeds, but to the great Creator.
05:32 Though formed from the dust, Adam was 'the son of God.'
05:39 He was placed as God's representative
05:43 over the lower orders of being."
05:47 So you'll notice here that both the Bible and the
05:50 spirit of prophecy identify Adam as the original
05:53 son of God on this planet and created by God.
05:59 Now the conclusion that we can reach from this is
06:03 that the original son of God on planet earth was Adam.
06:08 However, he was the son of God in a special and different
06:12 sense than we are.
06:14 Would you agree with that?
06:17 He was the son of God by creation, not by procreation.
06:23 In other words, we are sons of the son of the Son of God.
06:29 So Adam is unique,
06:32 because he came forth from the hands of the Creator.
06:35 He was not procreated, he was created.
06:39 So the son of God in a special sense.
06:43 Adam also wore a crown at creation.
06:46 He was crowned king of this world.
06:50 Of course, under the absolute kingship of Christ.
06:53 Notice Psalm 8:3-8.
06:57 It says, "When I consider Your heavens,
06:59 the work of Your fingers, the moon and the stars,
07:03 which You have ordained..."
07:05 The psalmist is speaking to the Lord.
07:26 See, because he's king, right?
07:28 So he has dominion.
07:43 When the Bible mentions heaven, earth, and seas,
07:46 it means everything relating to planet earth.
07:49 Heaven, earth, and waters.
07:53 And so, Adam was presented with a position of king.
07:57 He was crowned, according to Psalm 8, and all things
08:05 relating to this earth were his realm of dominion.
08:10 Now going to the next page, Ellen White confirms
08:14 that Adam was crowned king at creation.
08:17 She corroborates what we find in Psalm 8.
08:22 She wrote in, Review and Herald, February 24, 1874,
08:26 "Adam was crowned as king in Eden.
08:31 God gave him dominion over every living thing
08:34 that He had created.
08:36 The Lord blessed Adam and Eve with intelligence
08:39 such as He had not given to any animal creation.
08:42 He made Adam the rightful sovereign over all
08:47 the works of His hands."
08:50 So you'll notice that Adam was a created being,
08:54 he is called the son of God, in a unique sense,
08:59 he was crowned at creation as king,
09:03 and the realm of his dominion was planet earth.
09:07 He was the rightful sovereign of the earth.
09:10 Now how were Adam and Eve clothed at the very beginning?
09:15 You're going to see where we're going with all of these details.
09:18 Genesis 2:25 tells us that Adam and Eve were naked
09:22 when God created them.
09:31 Now they were naked with regard to human fabric clothing.
09:40 They were covered, but they were covered with a robe of light.
09:45 In other words, their garments were not made of human material.
09:50 They were covered with the glorious light of God.
09:53 Ellen White also wrote in, Christ's Object Lessons,
09:56 page 310-311, "The white robe of innocence
10:02 was worn by our first parents when they were placed
10:05 by God in the holy Eden.
10:08 They lived in perfect conformity to the will of God.
10:11 They gave all the strength of their affections
10:14 to their heavenly Father.
10:16 A beautiful soft light, the light of God,
10:20 enshrouded the holy pair.
10:22 This robe of light was a symbol of their spiritual
10:26 garments of heavenly innocence."
10:29 So how were Adam and Eve clothed at the beginning?
10:32 They were clothed in a robe of light, which Ellen White
10:34 identifies as a white robe of innocence.
10:39 So they were covered with white garments.
10:42 Now do you know that the angels also, wear garments of light?
10:48 In fact, the garments of light, or white, that the angels wear
10:52 are a reflection of the garments that God wears.
10:55 Because God's creation is to reflect God's glory.
11:00 Notice Matthew 28:2-3.
11:03 "And behold, there was a great earthquake..."
11:05 This is the resurrection of Jesus.
11:22 So human beings wear white garments
11:25 and the angels wear white garments
11:27 because both groups of beings reflect the glorious
11:31 robe of light of God.
11:33 Patriarchs and Prophets, page 45, Ellen White wrote,
11:36 "The sinless pair wore no artificial garments;
11:40 they were clothed with a covering of light and glory,
11:44 such as the angels wear."
11:47 So did Adam and Eve have the same garments
11:50 that the angels wear?
11:51 Absolutely.
11:52 Garments of light, white garments of light.
11:56 And this, of course, is a reflection of God's garments.
11:59 Notice Psalm 104:1-2.
12:19 So what kind of garment does God wear?
12:22 God wears a garment of light.
12:25 And He clothed Adam and Eve with a garment of light.
12:28 The angels are covered with a garment of light.
12:32 With white robes of light, if you please.
12:35 One further text on this point, Daniel 7:9.
12:39 Speaking about the beginning of the judgment.
12:55 So what do we find concerning Adam?
12:58 Adam was created, Adam was the son of God
13:02 in a unique sense, Adam was crowned at creation
13:07 to be king and his realm of dominion was planet earth,
13:13 Adam was covered with a robe, a white robe of light,
13:19 and Adam was placed as the father and representative
13:23 of the planet.
13:25 Let's notice, Patriarchs and Prophets, page 48.
13:28 We're at the bottom of page 63.
13:31 "In Eden, God set up the memorial of His work of creation
13:37 in placing His blessing upon the seventh day.
13:40 The Sabbath was committed to Adam..."
13:42 Now listen carefully.
13:44 What was Adam? The what?
13:46 "...the father and representative of the
13:50 whole human family."
13:51 So who would have been at the heavenly council
13:54 if Adam had not sinned?
13:56 Adam. Because he represented, according to this,
13:59 the whole human family.
14:02 So in spite of the fact, this is a very interesting detail,
14:05 in spite of the fact that Eve sinned first,
14:09 God held Adam accountable for the inception of sin.
14:13 Why?
14:15 Because Adam was the head.
14:17 And I know people don't like to hear this.
14:21 Adam was placed at the head of the human race.
14:25 Does that make everybody else inferior?
14:27 No. It simply means that he's the leader.
14:31 He represents the planet.
14:33 Headship isn't bad, in other words.
14:38 Jesus came to redeem the position that Adam lost.
14:42 And for this reason, the Bible refers to Jesus as what?
14:46 The last Adam, not the last Eve.
14:50 As the sons of God in Job 1 and 2 were the representatives
14:54 of the worlds, so Adam represented planet earth.
15:01 Are we clear?
15:03 Now, you're going to see why I dedicated time to things
15:07 that you already knew.
15:10 What beings were present in Revelation chapter 4?
15:14 Now we're going to go to Revelation chapter 4 to see
15:16 who was present there.
15:17 Well, there were actually four orders of beings present there.
15:22 Number one, the Father who was sitting on the throne.
15:25 We studied this yesterday in our session.
15:27 Second, the seven Spirits before the throne.
15:30 Which represent what?
15:32 The fullness of the Holy Spirit.
15:34 The four living creatures, which are seraphim.
15:38 And cherubim, according to the spirit of prophecy.
15:41 And what other group?
15:42 The twenty-four elders.
15:45 Who is missing in chapter 4?
15:48 Jesus, and also what?
15:50 Also the angelic hosts are missing.
15:55 It is important to remember that the twenty-four elders
15:58 already surrounded the throne in chapter 4 before Jesus arrived
16:03 with the angel hosts and the first fruits in chapter 5.
16:07 So the twenty-four elders cannot be those
16:09 who resurrected with Jesus.
16:11 Because they were already there before Jesus arrived
16:14 with the first fruits.
16:16 Now, let's notice who joins the celebration in chapter 5.
16:21 All beings in chapter 4 reappear in chapter 5.
16:25 Except, in chapter 5, two are added.
16:30 The angelic hosts are added, and Jesus who presents Himself
16:35 as the Lamb as though He had been slain
16:39 is now present as well.
16:43 Now let's review something that we noticed before.
16:45 The twenty-four elders are angelic beings.
16:48 Are we all agreed on that?
16:50 They are angelic beings.
16:51 Not of the regular angel hosts, but they are the highest
16:55 of angels, they are strong angels.
16:58 As we have seen, Ellen White, in the book, The Great Controversy,
17:03 states that the sons of God in the book of Job were angels.
17:07 This harmonizes with her view elsewhere
17:10 that the representatives of the worlds are powerful angels
17:14 or the highest of angels to whom God has delegated
17:19 the responsibility of ruling over the worlds
17:22 and representing them in the heavenly council.
17:25 And I'm not going to read the next statement from,
17:27 Great Controversy, page 518.
17:28 We read that before where Ellen White states clearly
17:32 that in Job when it says, "the sons of God
17:34 presented themselves before the Lord,"
17:36 it was the angels of God that presented themselves
17:40 before the Lord.
17:42 So although the twenty-four elders are angelic,
17:45 They must not be confused with the regular angelic hosts.
17:49 Is there a distinction between the angels that presented
17:53 themselves before the Lord and the regular angelic hosts?
17:57 Is there a difference between the twenty-four elders
17:59 and the regular angelic hosts?
18:02 Let's read Revelation 5:11-12
18:04 and you'll see that this is the case.
18:08 Listen carefully now.
18:15 Are the elders part of the angelic hosts?
18:19 Are they? No.
18:21 Because it says, "I looked and I heard the voice of many angels
18:24 around the throne, the living creatures, and the elders..."
18:29 Are the elders distinct from the angelic hosts?
18:32 Absolutely.
18:33 "...and the number of them was ten thousand times
18:35 ten thousand, and thousands of thousands..."
18:37 That's a description of the angelic hosts.
18:49 Now let's take a look at the twenty-four elders.
18:53 Let's read Revelation 4:4 to notice the characteristics of
18:57 the twenty-four elders.
18:58 It says, "Around the throne were twenty-four thrones..."
19:02 So the elders sit on what?
19:05 On thrones.
19:19 Now, some have assumed that the twenty-four elders
19:24 cannot be angelic because their characteristics are human.
19:33 Are the twenty-four elders created beings?
19:37 You can notice that in Revelation 4:10-11.
19:40 They're created beings.
19:44 Do the twenty-four elders sit on thrones?
19:47 Yes. Does that mean that they're rulers?
19:50 Absolutely, yes.
19:52 And supposedly, angels aren't rulers.
19:56 They have crowns on their heads.
19:59 Another indication that they are kings or rulers.
20:03 And the word for, "crown," is, "Stephanos."
20:06 The victor's crown.
20:08 Some claim that the angels never won the victory over sin,
20:11 and therefore they do not wear crowns.
20:15 And finally, the elders wear white garments.
20:20 Elsewhere in the book of Revelation, it says that the
20:22 redeemed are the ones that wear white garments.
20:25 Are you seeing what the problem is?
20:28 They appear to be human by all the characteristics.
20:30 They're created, they sit on thrones,
20:33 which means they're rulers, they have the crowns of
20:35 the victor, which means that they must have overcome sin,
20:38 and they wear white garments.
20:40 Those are characteristics of humans, so they can't be angels.
20:45 Really?
20:47 Well, let's pursue this to see whether it's true or not.
20:52 Now however, hasty assumptions sometimes
20:56 lead to wrong conclusions.
20:58 Is it just possible that these characteristics fit
21:01 angelic beings just as well as human beings?
21:05 As we have seen, Ellen White used three expressions
21:08 to describe the group of the twenty-four elders.
21:11 She clearly believed that the elders were present
21:13 in heaven before Jesus arrived.
21:15 And I'm not going to read this quotation because
21:18 we've already read it before.
21:20 So let's ask, are angels created beings?
21:25 Of course, they are.
21:27 Notice Colossians 1:16.
21:30 Speaking about Jesus, it says, "For by Him
21:33 all things were created that are in heaven..."
21:37 Would that be the angels too?
21:39 "...that are in heaven and that are on earth,
21:41 visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions
21:44 or principalities or powers.
21:46 All things were created through Him and for Him."
21:49 Were the angels created?
21:51 Yes.
21:52 In, Review and Herald, April 5, 1906,
21:54 Ellen White wrote, "Before men or angels were created,
21:58 the Word was with God, and was God."
22:02 So clearly, she says, "Before men or angels were created..."
22:08 There's another quotation that we find in,
22:10 Patriarchs and Prophets, page 36.
22:12 "The son of God had wrought the Father's will
22:15 in the creation of all the hosts of heaven;
22:20 and to Him, as well as to God, their homage
22:23 and allegiance were due.
22:24 Christ was still to exercise divine power
22:27 in the creation of the earth and its inhabitants.
22:31 So humans are created beings.
22:35 Angels are created beings.
22:38 Now do angels wear crowns?
22:41 See, the people who say that the elders cannot be angelic,
22:47 they have to be human because they wear crowns,
22:53 they say that the word, "Stephanos," the word, "crown,"
22:56 in Greek, means the crown of the victor.
23:00 And you know, so these people had to have
23:03 gained the victor over sin.
23:04 It should have been human beings who gained the victor over sin.
23:07 Angels never gained the victor over sin.
23:10 That's the argument.
23:12 However, the word, Stephanos, even though generally it applies
23:18 to the victor's crown, it doesn't always apply
23:24 to the victor's crown.
23:26 It is also referred to in Scripture as the
23:30 crown that a king wears.
23:32 Because there's two words in Greek for crown.
23:35 One is the word, Stephanos, where my name comes from,
23:39 Stephen, and the other one is diadem.
23:43 In Revelation 19 where Jesus comes as King of kings
23:46 and Lord of lords, He has many diademata.
23:48 He has many crowns, in other words.
23:51 So, supposedly Stephanos refers only to the victor's
23:54 crown, so they must be human.
23:56 They gained the victory over sin.
23:58 However, the word, Stephanos is also used
24:01 for the crown of a king.
24:03 Notice Matthew 27:29.
24:05 And you can look at the parallel passages in the gospels as well.
24:09 This is when they put a crown of thorns on Jesus.
24:12 "When they has twisted a crown," a Stephanos...
24:28 So, can a Stephanos be the crown of a king,
24:32 and not necessarily of a victor?
24:34 Absolutely.
24:36 Because Jesus certainly was not victorious here
24:38 in the minds of the ones who put the crown on Him.
24:41 Notice Revelation 14:14.
24:43 Once again, the word, Stephanos is used.
24:45 "Then I looked, and behold, a white cloud,
24:48 and on the cloud sat One like the Son of Man..."
24:53 A Stephanos.
24:58 This text describes the close of probation
25:00 when at the conclusion of the investigative judgment,
25:03 Jesus receives the kingdom from His Father
25:06 and begins to reign as King.
25:09 So once again, this presents Jesus as King.
25:14 The emphasis is not on Jesus as victor,
25:16 the emphasis is on Jesus as King.
25:19 By the way in the Old Testament, the Septuagint translation
25:22 of the Old Testament uses the word, Stephanos,
25:25 as well on several occasions to describe the crown
25:29 that was worn by David and the kings of Israel.
25:32 So to say that because the elders wear a Stephanos
25:37 that means always the victor's crown
25:40 is simply not true.
25:41 Because it's used also for the crown of a king.
25:46 Now the question is, do angels wear crowns?
25:52 Of course, they do.
25:54 Notice all these statements of the spirit of prophecy.
25:57 When man sinned in the Garden of Eden.
25:59 This is on page 69.
26:02 "The news of man's fall spread through heaven.
26:05 Every harp was hushed.
26:07 The angels cast their..." What?
26:10 "...the crowns from their heads in sorrow."
26:14 When Jesus suffered in Gethsemane.
26:17 "There was no joy in heaven.
26:19 The angels cast their crowns and harps from them,
26:22 and with the deepest interest silently watched Jesus."
26:26 When Jesus ascended to heaven.
26:28 "Then the entire heavenly host surrounded their majestic
26:31 Commander, and with the deepest adoration bowed before Him
26:35 and cast their glittering crowns at His feet."
26:39 At the close of human probation.
26:41 "And all the angelic host laid off their crowns
26:44 as Jesus made the solemn declaration,
26:47 'he that is unjust, let him be unjust still;
26:50 he which is filthy, let him be filthy still;
26:53 he that is righteous, let him be righteous still;
26:56 and he that is holy, let him be holy still.'"
26:59 At the second coming.
27:01 "A retinue of holy angels with bright glittering crowns
27:04 upon their heads escorted Him on His way.
27:08 No language can describe the glory of the scene."
27:13 So do angels also wear crowns?
27:16 Are they created beings?
27:19 Yes, they wear crowns and they are created beings.
27:26 Do angels have white garments?
27:30 Notice the next page.
27:32 Matthew 28:2-3
27:48 Acts 1:10, the Ascension of Christ.
27:51 "And while they looked steadfastly toward heaven
27:53 as He went up, behold, two men stood by them in..." What?
27:59 " white apparel."
28:00 Do angels also wear white?
28:03 Yes, they do.
28:05 And Ellen White adds these quotations.
28:08 Speaking about the angel who came to resurrect Jesus,
28:11 "His face was like the lightning,
28:13 and his garments..." What?
28:15 "...white as snow."
28:17 So do only the redeemed wear white garments? No.
28:20 See, you have to be careful when you study Scripture.
28:23 And not only conclude, "Well, in Revelation
28:25 the redeemed wear white.
28:27 So the twenty-four elders have to be human beings."
28:30 No, we have to look at all of the evidence,
28:33 and then reach our conclusions.
28:35 Here's another statement that we find
28:37 in, Spirit of Prophecy, volume 3, pages 200-201.
28:43 "As she," that is Mary, "stood weeping, she stooped down
28:46 to once more look into the sepulcher;
28:48 and lo, there were two angels, clothed in..." What?
28:53 "...garments of white."
28:56 And then the statement that we read before,
28:58 Patriarchs and Prophets, page 45.
29:00 "The sinless pair wore no artificial garments;
29:03 they were clothed with a covering of light and glory,
29:06 such as the angels wear."
29:11 Is that clear?
29:13 So do the characteristics of the twenty-four elders,
29:17 are they similar to the characteristics of the angels?
29:23 Sure, so they can very easily be angels.
29:25 They're created, they wear crowns,
29:29 they have white garments.
29:32 And by the way, the elders are the
29:33 representatives of the worlds.
29:35 That's why they wear crowns.
29:37 Because they're rulers of the worlds.
29:39 They sit on thrones.
29:41 They have dominion over a certain realm of God's creation.
29:45 Now once again, even though I read this yesterday,
29:49 and it's a rather extensive quotation,
29:52 I have to read it again in the light of the new evidence
29:54 that we've seen.
29:56 You know, every time that I read this passage,
29:58 it kind of gives me goosebumps.
30:01 And I wish I had been there when this happened,
30:04 when Jesus ascended to heaven.
30:07 Ellen White identifies who the twenty-four elders are.
30:13 Let's read at the top of page 71.
30:17 "All heaven was waiting to welcome the Savior
30:19 to the celestial courts.
30:22 As He ascended, He led the way, and the multitude of captives
30:28 set free at His resurrection followed."
30:30 Were the elders already there before Jesus
30:32 arrived with the captives?
30:34 See, the evidence is clear.
30:37 "The heavenly hosts, with shouts and acclamations
30:41 of praise and celestial song, attended the joyous train.
30:46 As they drew near to the city of God,
30:49 the escorting angels give the challenge,
30:52 'Lift up your heads, O ye gates; and be lifted up, ye everlasting
30:57 doors; and the King of glory shall come in.'
30:59 Joyfully, the waiting sentinel angels respond,
31:02 'Who is this King of glory?'
31:05 This they say, not because they know not who He is,
31:07 but because they would hear the answer of exalted praise.
31:11 'The Lord strong and mighty, the Lord mighty in battle.
31:14 Lift up your heads...'"
31:15 Why would it say, "mighty in battle," by the way?
31:19 Because He's just come from battle with the devil
31:21 in the Garden of Gethsemane on the cross.
31:24 And He's gained the victory.
31:25 Yeah, He's wounded. That's true.
31:27 He has the battle wounds.
31:28 But He's alive.
31:30 And so it says, "'The Lord strong and mighty,
31:33 the Lord mighty in battle.
31:35 Lift up your heads, O ye gates; even lift them up,
31:38 ye everlasting doors; and the King of glory shall come in.'
31:41 Again the challenge is heard, 'Who is this King of glory?'
31:44 For the angels never weary of hearing His name exalted.
31:48 The escorting angels make reply, 'The Lord of hosts;
31:51 He is the King of glory.'"
31:54 Would you have liked to have been there?
31:56 Oh wow!
31:58 You know, we would need different eardrums
32:01 than what we have now.
32:04 God is going to have to give us new physiology
32:07 in order to be able to hear the praise of
32:09 millions of angels singing.
32:11 You know Enrico Caruso, the great tenor,
32:15 you know, he could break glasses with his voice.
32:18 Now image, that's why God's voice causes an earthquake,
32:22 a global earthquake that,
32:24 you know, makes mountains disappear and islands disappear.
32:28 She continues writing, "Then the portals of the
32:30 city of God are opened wide, and the angelic throng,"
32:35 that is the multitude of angels, "sweep through the gates
32:39 amid a burst of rapturous music."
32:42 In other words, the angels are singing.
32:45 "There is the throne..."
32:46 Now you tell me if she's commenting
32:48 on Revelation 4 and 5.
32:49 "There is the throne..."
32:51 That would be Revelation 4:2.
32:53 I've added in brackets explanations.
32:56 "...and around it the rainbow of promise."
32:58 Is the rainbow in Revelation 4?
33:00 Yes. 4:3.
33:01 "There are cherubim and seraphim."
33:03 Who would they be equivalent to?
33:06 The four living creatures.
33:08 "The commanders of the angel hosts, the sons of God,
33:11 the representatives of the unfallen worlds..."
33:14 Who would they be?
33:15 The twenty-four elders.
33:17 "...are assembled.
33:18 And then she explains who these representatives are.
33:21 "The heavenly council before which Lucifer had accused
33:25 God and His Son, the representatives
33:27 of those sinless realms over which Satan had thought
33:31 to establish his dominion,
33:32 all are there to welcome the Redeemer."
33:35 See, the heavenly council is gathered together.
33:37 What for? For the party.
33:40 For the reception of Jesus back to heaven.
33:43 The victorious war Hero is coming back.
33:47 He had promised He was coming back.
33:49 And He did.
33:50 "They are eager to celebrate His triumph
33:52 and to glorify their King."
33:54 But now suddenly there's going to be silence.
33:56 "However, He waves them back.
33:59 Not yet, He cannot now receive the coronet of glory
34:03 and the royal robe."
34:04 So is He going to be installed as King?
34:07 of the kingdom of grace? Yes.
34:09 "He enters into the presence of His Father."
34:11 See, this is Revelation 5:7.
34:13 It says He comes to the one who is seated on the throne.
34:17 "He point to His wounded head, the pierced side,
34:20 the marred feet; He lifts His hands,
34:23 bearing the print of the nails."
34:24 What is Jesus presenting Himself as
34:27 according to Revelation?
34:28 The Lamb as though it has been slain.
34:30 Are you noticing that Ellen White is not using the symbols?
34:33 She is interpreting the symbols.
34:36 She's telling us what the symbols mean.
34:38 She doesn't say, four living creatures.
34:39 She doesn't say, twenty-four elders.
34:41 She doesn't say, a Lamb as though He had been slain.
34:44 She doesn't say, one sitting on the throne.
34:46 She says, the Father.
34:48 She says, the representatives of the worlds.
34:50 She says, the cherubim and the seraphim.
34:56 And she says, Jesus with His wounds.
34:59 She's interpreting and explaining Revelation 4 and 5.
35:04 She continues writing, "He points to His wounded head,
35:06 the pierced side, the marred feet;
35:09 He lifts His hands, bearing the print of nails,
35:11 He points to the tokens of His triumph;
35:14 He presents to God the wave sheaf,
35:17 those raised with Him as representatives
35:19 of that great multitude who shall come forth
35:22 from the grave at His second coming.
35:24 He approaches the Father..."
35:26 Remember that everything is silent at this moment.
35:28 "He approaches the Father, with whom there is joy
35:31 over one sinner that repents,
35:33 who rejoices over one with singing.
35:35 Before the foundations of the earth were laid,
35:37 the Father and the Son had united in a covenant
35:39 to redeem man if Satan should overcome him.
35:42 They had clasped their hands in a solemn pledge
35:45 that Christ should become the surety," or the guarantee,
35:48 "for the human race.
35:50 This pledge Christ has fulfilled.
35:52 When upon the cross He cried out, 'It is finished,'
35:55 He addressed the Father.
35:57 The compact had been fully carried out.
36:00 Now He declares, 'Father, it is finished.
36:03 I have done Thy will, O My God.
36:05 I have completed the work of redemption.
36:08 If Thy justice is satisfied, I will that they also
36:13 whom Thou hast given Me be with Me where I am.'"
36:19 And what will reveal the right that they have
36:22 to be with Him where He is?
36:25 The contents of the scroll.
36:27 The will that is found in this scroll.
36:31 "The voice of God is heard proclaiming
36:33 that justice is satisfied.
36:35 Satan is vanquished.
36:38 Christ's toiling, struggling ones on earth
36:41 are 'accepted in the Beloved.'
36:43 Before the heavenly angels and the representatives
36:47 of unfallen worlds..."
36:49 Is there a distinction between the angels
36:51 and the representatives?
36:52 Yes, absolutely.
36:54 "...they are declared justified.
36:57 Where He is, there His church shall be.
37:01 'Mercy and truth are met together;
37:03 righteousness and peace have kissed each other.'
37:05 The Father's arms encircle His Son,
37:08 and the word is given, 'Let all the angels
37:11 of God worship Him.'"
37:14 And now the silence is broken.
37:17 The suspense is over.
37:19 "With joy unutterable, rulers, principalities and
37:24 powers acknowledge the supremacy of
37:27 the Prince of life.
37:28 The angel host prostrate themselves before Him,
37:32 while the glad shout fills all the courts of heaven,
37:35 'Worthy is the Lamb that was slain to receive power,
37:38 and riches, and wisdom, and strength, and honor,
37:41 and glory, and blessing.'
37:44 Revelation 5:12"
37:45 In case you still don't believe that Ellen White
37:47 is dealing with Revelation 4 and 5.
37:50 "Songs of triumph mingle with the music from angel harps,
37:54 till heaven seems to overflow with joy and praise.
37:58 Love has conquered.
38:00 The lost is found.
38:02 Heaven rings with voices in lofty strains proclaiming;
38:06 'Blessing, and honor, and glory, and power
38:09 be unto Him that sitteth upon the throne,
38:12 and unto the Lamb forever and ever.'"
38:15 By the way, the first fruits that Jesus took to heaven
38:19 are the little down payment that all of His children
38:23 are going to be taken there, all of those who died in Christ.
38:26 They are the sample, they are the guarantee.
38:30 So we don't say, "I hope that Jesus will
38:33 resurrect people some day."
38:34 He's already done it so that we can be sure
38:38 that if He's taken the sample, He's going to take
38:41 all of His children home, all of those who died in Christ.
38:46 But now we notice that a star is missing in heaven
38:50 at this great celebration.
38:52 Praise the Lord that there is no sour note there.
38:56 Who was absent?
38:59 Satan was absent when the heavenly council met
39:01 to receive the Redeemer.
39:03 Why was Satan absent?
39:06 Because at the cross, Jesus cast out
39:09 the ruler of this world.
39:11 And now the world has a new Ruler.
39:15 Shortly before dying on the cross...
39:17 This is page 74.
39:19 Shortly before dying on the cross, Jesus predicted
39:23 that He would evict Satan from heaven as the ruler
39:28 and representative of the world in John 12:31-33.
39:33 See, there's a casting out of Satan also at the cross, folks.
39:37 And in context, Revelation 12:7-12
39:42 is really dealing with the second casting out of
39:44 Satan from heaven at the cross in the sympathies of the
39:47 heavenly beings and as the representative of this world.
39:51 Satan no longer represents this world.
39:53 Jesus does.
39:54 Because He bought it back by paying a price.
39:57 That's what the word, redeemed, means.
40:00 So John 12:31-33 says, "Now is the judgment of this world;
40:04 now the ruler of this world..."
40:07 This is just a few days before the death of Christ.
40:10 " the ruler of this world will be..." What?
40:13 "...cast out."
40:14 Was Satan cast out at the cross?
40:15 Yes.
40:17 "'And I, if I am lifted up from the earth,
40:19 will draw all peoples to Myself.'
40:21 This He said signifying by what death He would die."
40:25 What is it that expelled Satan from heaven?
40:28 The death of Christ.
40:29 That's why Jesus presenting Himself as the Lamb
40:32 with the wounds is significant.
40:34 He's gained the victory.
40:35 He's come from the battlefield.
40:38 Many years later, John described the victory
40:41 celebration that transpired in heaven when Jesus
40:45 gained the victory on the cross and resurrected from the dead.
40:48 In Revelation 12:10-12 we have this victorious song.
40:52 "Then I heard a loud voice saying in heaven,
40:55 'Now salvation, and strength, and the kingdom of our God,
40:59 and the power of His Christ have come,
41:01 for the accuser of our brethren, who accused them
41:04 before our God day and night has been..." What?
41:07 "...has been cast down."
41:09 This cannot be referring to the original casting down
41:12 of Satan from heaven, because at that time
41:14 there were no brethren to accuse.
41:18 Because the brethren had not even been created yet.
41:21 So this must refer to another casting out later on.
41:25 Ellen White, in, The Present Truth,
41:27 February 18, 1886, wrote about this heavenly celebration.
41:31 She actually applies this hymn of Revelation 12
41:35 to the victory of Jesus at the resurrection.
41:37 "At the death of Jesus, the earth was wrapped in profound
41:40 darkness at midday; but at the resurrection
41:44 the brightness of the angels illuminates the night,
41:47 and the inhabitants of heaven sing with great joy and triumph,
41:51 'Thou hast vanquished Satan and the powers of darkness.
41:54 Thou has swallowed up death in victory.
41:58 "And I heard a loud voice saying in heaven..."'"
42:00 Now she's going to quote Revelation 12.
42:02 "Now is come salvation, and strength,
42:04 and the kingdom of our God, and the power of His Christ;
42:07 for the accuser of our brethren is cast down..."
42:10 Notice, cast down just like Jesus said,
42:13 "The prince of this world will be cast down."
42:16 "...the accuser of our brethren is cast own,
42:18 which accused them before our God day and night."
42:25 So who is the new representative now
42:28 that has the crown, and is the Son of Man,
42:32 and is clothed in white?
42:35 Who is it? It's Jesus.
42:37 So let's talk about that new representative.
42:40 This is the bottom of page 74.
42:42 Jesus is the new representative
42:44 of the human race in the heavenly courts.
42:47 Scripture describes Jesus as the last Adam
42:50 because He recovered what the first Adam lost.
42:54 1 Corinthians 15:22 states...
43:04 In chapter 15:45, the apostle Paul wrote...
43:14 Because the last Adam has the power to resurrect.
43:17 In Romans 5:18, the apostle Paul wrote,
43:21 "Therefore, as by the offense of one, judgment came upon
43:25 all men to condemnation; even so, by the righteousness
43:31 of one, the free gift came upon all men
43:34 unto justification of life."
43:38 So Jesus is the second Adam.
43:42 Jesus gained the victory where the first Adam failed.
43:45 Therefore, Jesus now occupies the position
43:48 that the original Adam had before he sinned.
43:53 Now let me ask you, is Jesus the Son of God?
43:57 Like Adam was?
43:58 Yes.
44:00 Before His incarnation, Jesus was the divine Son of God.
44:04 And after His incarnation, He continued being
44:06 the divine Son of God, I might say.
44:08 In, Manuscript 40, 1886, Ellen White wrote,
44:11 "The divine Son of God left the throne of heaven
44:14 and gave His life for us, and for our sakes became poor.
44:18 He clothed His divinity with humanity."
44:21 So Jesus is the Son of God by divine
44:26 because He has the divine nature,
44:28 but Jesus is the Son of God in a new sense when
44:31 He becomes incarnate.
44:33 Because God prepared a body for Him.
44:37 His body was created by God the Father.
44:40 It says in Luke 1:35...
44:42 This is speaking about Jesus as the Son of God
44:45 after His incarnation.
45:01 So Jesus, in His humanity, was He created?
45:04 Is Jesus created as a human being?
45:07 Yes, He is.
45:08 Not as the divine Son of God.
45:11 He is created like Adam.
45:13 In His humanity He was created.
45:16 Is He the Son of God, therefore, in His incarnation?
45:20 Absolutely.
45:21 When Jesus went to heaven, was He crowned as King?
45:25 Does Jesus now have a crown as King?
45:28 Absolutely.
45:30 Hebrews 4:16
45:39 So is Jesus King of the kingdom of grace?
45:43 Yeah, because He sits on a what?
45:45 On a throne.
45:47 Like Adam was to sit on a throne originally.
45:51 We find this statement in, God's Amazing Grace, page 68.
45:54 "The throne of grace represents the kingdom of grace;
45:59 for the existence of a throne
46:02 implies the existence of a kingdom."
46:06 So whose kingdom is this now, this earth?
46:09 It is the kingdom that belongs to Jesus.
46:12 He sits on the throne. He is the Son of God.
46:16 He gained the victory.
46:19 And He, of course in His humanity,
46:21 was created by the Father.
46:23 So who is the new head and representative
46:26 of planet earth?
46:29 Jesus is the second Adam. Or the last Adam.
46:33 He now represents this earth.
46:37 Notice the next session on page 77.
46:41 You have this quotation actually from Psalm 8:3-5.
46:47 And now this is going to be very interesting.
46:50 When you read Psalm 8:3-5 in its original context,
46:55 it's speaking about Adam.
46:58 The first Adam.
47:00 But when the apostle Paul, who I believe is behind
47:04 the writing of the book of Hebrews,
47:05 when he quotes Psalm 8:3-5, he applies it to Christ.
47:11 Interesting, isn't it?
47:13 In its original context, it applies to Adam.
47:16 In its second context, it is re-applied to Jesus Christ.
47:21 Let's read Hebrews 2:5-9.
47:25 "For He..."
47:27 That is God the Father.
47:43 See, he's quoting Psalm 8.
47:54 So in its original context, this is talking about Adam
47:57 before he sinned.
47:58 It continues.
48:16 Was Adam made a little lower than the angels?
48:18 Yes.
48:30 So once again you have the theme of the two Adams.
48:33 The creation of the first Adam.
48:35 He was given dominion over all things.
48:38 He blew it. He lost it.
48:39 Satan took it away and occupied the throne.
48:43 He usurped it.
48:44 But then comes the second Adam.
48:46 And all things are now under subjection to Him
48:49 because He is the King of this planet
48:52 and the new representative of planet earth,
48:54 because He tasted death for all.
48:57 Ellen White expands upon this.
49:00 "The human race does not stand in the righteousness
49:03 of character which Adam possessed at his creation.
49:07 Although neglect to keep the requirements of God is sin,
49:11 and the wages of sin is death, yet there is no claim made
49:15 that man may have eternal life except through the obedience
49:19 and righteousness of Jesus Christ..."
49:22 And now notice, we read this about Adam.
49:25 But now it says, " the representative
49:28 and head of all humanity."
49:31 So who was the original head and representative?
49:34 Adam. Who is it now?
49:37 So why not the first Adam?
49:38 Because he blew it.
49:41 Notice this statement.
49:43 Signs of the Times, January 16, 1896.
49:46 "Jesus humbled Himself, clothing His divinity with humanity,
49:51 in order that He might stand as the head and representative
49:56 of the human family, and by both precept and example
49:59 condemn sin in the flesh,
50:01 and give the lie to Satan's charges."
50:05 Two more statements, and then we'll ask whether Adam
50:08 will be restored to his original ruler ship.
50:12 It's a fascinating statement from the spirit of prophecy.
50:15 Manuscript 126, 1901
50:19 "As representative of the fallen race, Christ passed over
50:23 the same ground on which Adam stumbled and fell.
50:27 By a life of perfect obedience to God's law,
50:29 Christ redeemed man from the penalty
50:32 of Adam's disgraceful fall."
50:35 The Gospel Herald, March 1, 1901
50:38 "Christ was to suffer in our behalf, standing..." Where?
50:41 " the head of humanity as representative of the race.
50:46 He was to work out the character which every follower of His
50:51 is to work out, through the provision He has made:
50:54 His infinite sacrifice, His life and death on earth."
50:58 Not only His death but His life and death on earth.
51:01 By the way, let me ask you this, what was more important,
51:04 the life of Jesus or His death?
51:11 What was more important, His perfect life or His death?
51:18 They're both absolutely essential.
51:21 Because He wove a robe of righteousness,
51:26 that's His life, His sinless life,
51:29 so that we can claim that robe to cover us.
51:34 And then He took all of the sins upon Himself
51:38 and suffered the penalty.
51:40 So He weaves the robe by His life
51:43 and He pays the penalty by His death.
51:46 So both are vitally important.
51:48 And you know, you have people say,
51:49 "Well, it's the cross. Only the cross."
51:51 No, it's not only the cross.
51:53 Let me ask you, what's more important,
51:57 the life of Christ, the death of Christ, or His resurrection?
52:04 What's more important, the life of Christ, the death of Christ,
52:07 His resurrection, or His intercession?
52:12 There's no one thing that's more important than the other.
52:15 The cross is central, yes.
52:18 It's a central pillar.
52:21 However, all of the other steps that Jesus takes
52:25 are equally important because one builds on the other.
52:29 And to say, "Everything was finished at the cross.
52:31 All we have to do is talk about the cross."
52:33 No, no, no.
52:35 Now the question is, is God going to restore
52:40 the throne and the realm to the original head and
52:45 representative and cover him with white robes,
52:49 put a crown on his head, and restore him to what he was
52:54 before he sinned?
52:55 We have this remarkable statement from,
52:57 Great Controversy, page 647.
53:01 This is after the second coming and the ascension into heaven.
53:07 "As the ransomed ones are welcomed to the City of God,
53:10 there rings out upon the air an exultant cry of adoration.
53:16 The two Adams are about to meet.
53:20 The Son of God is standing with outstretched arms
53:23 to receive the father of our race; the being whom He created,
53:27 who sinned against his Maker, and for whose sin
53:30 the marks of the crucifixion are borne upon the Savior's form.
53:34 As Adam discerns the prints of the cruel nails,
53:38 he does not fall upon the bosom of his Lord,
53:41 but in humiliation casts himself at His feet, crying,
53:45 'Worthy, worthy is the Lamb that was slain!'
53:50 Tenderly the Savior lifts him up and bids him to look
53:54 once more upon the Eden home from which he has
53:58 so long been exiled.
54:01 After his expulsion from Eden, Adam's life on earth
54:05 was filled with sorrow.
54:07 Every dying leaf, every victim of sacrifice, every blight upon
54:12 the fair face of nature, every stain upon man's purity,
54:17 was a fresh reminder of his sin.
54:20 Terrible was the agony of remorse as he beheld
54:23 iniquity abounding, and in answer to his warnings
54:27 met the reproaches cast upon himself as the cause of sin."
54:32 People are saying, "Who are you to lecture us?
54:36 We're here in this condition because of you."
54:40 He had to live with that for over 900 years.
54:47 Must have been a terrible experience to see the world
54:49 fall into the condition that it was before the flood.
54:53 She continues, "With patient humility, he bore for nearly
54:58 a thousand years the penalty of transgression.
55:02 Faithfully did he repent of his sin and trust in the merits
55:07 of the promised Savior, and he died in the hope
55:11 of the resurrection."
55:12 And now comes the portion that we want to notice.
55:15 "The Son of God redeemed man's failure and fall;
55:20 and now, through the work of the atonement,
55:23 Adam is reinstated in his first dominion."
55:30 Everything will have come full circle.
55:33 Adam will be restored to the throne as the head
55:38 and representative of humanity.
55:41 Jesus will have occupied that position until He can
55:44 return the position to Adam, having rescued that position
55:49 back by His life and by His death.
55:53 There's nothing more that Jesus wants...
55:57 There's nothing that Jesus wants more
55:59 than for us to be with Him.
56:03 He expressed that in John chapter 14,
56:06 where after He had told the disciples He was leaving,
56:10 and Peter says, "Where are You going?"
56:13 Jesus says, "Where I am going, you can't follow Me now.
56:15 You will follow Me later."
56:16 Peter says, "No, I don't want to follow later.
56:18 I want to go now."
56:21 Jesus knows the disciples are very troubled,
56:23 so He says, "Let not your heart be troubled.
56:26 You believe in God, believe also in Me.
56:31 In My Father's house are many mansions."
56:34 You know, sometimes we think that Jesus went to heaven
56:36 to do some heavenly contracting.
56:39 You know, "He went to build mansion for us."
56:40 Now I realize that Ellen White says that Jesus is preparing
56:43 mansions for us, but Jesus does not need 2000 years
56:47 to build houses.
56:49 The mansion, by the way, we're already there.
56:52 "In My Father's house are many mansions," Jesus said.
56:56 "If it were not so, I would have told you.
56:59 I go to prepare a place for you."
57:02 And you know, usually we say, "Well, you know,
57:05 He goes to prepare the place by planting trees
57:07 and making the place pretty."
57:08 Well, He's going to do that too.
57:11 But He actually prepares the place by the work
57:14 that He does in heaven.
57:15 By His intercession and by His work in the judgment.
57:19 "In My Father's house are many mansion.
57:21 If it were not so, I would have told you.
57:22 I go to prepare a place for you.
57:24 And if I go to prepare a place for you, I will come again..."
57:28 And now comes this passion, "I will come again
57:31 and receive you to Myself, that where I am,
57:35 there you may be also."
57:39 The apostle Paul ends that famous passage,
57:41 resurrection passage in 1 Thessalonians 4,
57:44 where he speaks about those who are asleep rising
57:47 and those who are alive and remain caught up in the clouds.
57:49 Have you ever noticed how the apostle Paul ends that?
57:52 He says, "And thus we shall always be with the Lord."
57:58 It's all about being with Jesus.
58:01 That's the culmination of the whole plan of salvation.


Revised 2022-06-06