Anchor Secrets Unsealed School of Theology: Revelations Seven Seals

The Fourth Seal

Three Angels Broadcasting Network

Program transcript



Series Code: ARSS

Program Code: ARSS190012S

00:15 Well, we're on the final stretch for today.
00:19 One more study together and we will be finished with number 12.
00:24 One for each of the twelve apostles.
00:27 And then we have 12 more left.
00:29 We still have to study, we're going to do
00:31 right now the fourth seal.
00:33 And I believe that we'll be able to finish that.
00:36 And then tomorrow we'll dedicate the first two hours probably
00:40 to the fifth seal.
00:42 And then we'll dedicate the next two hours in the afternoon
00:45 to the sixth seal.
00:48 And then we have to dedicate two or three sessions to
00:51 the interlude, one to the seventh seal,
00:55 and then whatever time we have left over
00:58 we'll dedicate to the last five lessons in the syllabus
01:03 on the issue of the seal of God and the mark of the beast.
01:05 Let's have a word of prayer
01:07 before we begin our last session.
01:10 Our Father and our God, we thank You for
01:14 being the Guide and the Arbiter of history.
01:18 Many times it appears to us that Satan is the one who wins
01:21 and You lose, but we know that in the end
01:24 what You allow and what You cause will eventually
01:27 lead to total and complete victory.
01:30 And, Lord, we want to continue studying
01:34 to see how You have led in the past.
01:35 Because we know that the same God who has led in the past
01:38 will lead us in the future.
01:40 So give us clear minds and give us willing hearts
01:46 that Your word will not return unto You void.
01:49 We pray this in the precious name of Jesus, amen.
01:55 Page 191.
01:57 Page 191.
02:00 We are now going to study about the fourth seal, the pale horse.
02:05 Some versions say the yellow horse.
02:09 But really a better translation is the pale horse.
02:13 Now what is the meaning?
02:14 Let's just see what the meaning of this period is.
02:19 The fourth seal represents the period of papal dominion
02:23 during what is known as the Dark Ages.
02:27 The scarcity of God's Word and rain led to spiritual
02:33 famine, pestilence, and death.
02:37 In addition, the apostate church literally killed
02:40 the martyrs who did not agree with the traditions of men.
02:46 So let's read Revelation 6:7-8
02:50 where you have a description of the fourth seal.
03:10 Certainly this isn't Jesus, right?
03:24 And I have in brackets, pestilence.
03:26 Because that's probably what, "death," means.
03:34 So we have several symbols in this fourth seal.
03:38 First of all, the color, "pale."
03:42 The Greek word is, chloros.
03:45 The color of this horse is really a greenish pale,
03:48 as when a young shoot comes out of a tree.
03:52 It is the paleness of death.
03:57 And then you have death and hades.
04:00 When a person dies, the grave follows death.
04:04 Because people are buried after they die.
04:07 The fourth part of the earth shows that the devastating
04:12 power of the fourth horse and its rider is not universal.
04:16 It's only partial.
04:19 The famine represents the fact that there is a scarcity
04:24 of God's Word.
04:27 Pestilence, and there's a note on this,
04:30 in the New Testament Greek, the word, thanatos,
04:36 technically means, death.
04:38 However, in 30 of the 50 times that this word appears
04:42 in the Greek Old Testament, it is translated, pestilence.
04:48 To say that the fourth horse kills with death
04:51 would be redundant.
04:54 You can't kill any other way than with death.
04:57 So probably what it means is famine follows it.
05:01 And we have death by the sword, and famine
05:05 brings pestilence or disease in its train
05:09 and ultimately leads to death and to the grave.
05:14 And then we have the wild beasts.
05:17 I have several text that explains what this means.
05:20 They are wicked leaders and nations who were inimical
05:23 to God's people and behaved like wild beasts.
05:27 The Bible defends that view, as well as the spirit of prophecy.
05:32 Now, let's notice an Old Testament background,
05:35 first of all, to the fourth seal, the fourth horse.
05:39 In Old Testament times...
05:41 By the way, I'll give you this homework.
05:44 Read Leviticus 26:21-26. That's an important passage.
05:48 I didn't include it, but it speaks about the
05:50 four judgments of God upon apostate Israel.
05:55 In Old Testament times when Israel broke the covenant,
05:59 apostatized from truth, and assimilated pagan customs,
06:04 which is what happened in the third horse,
06:07 God would send the very same four judgments
06:11 that are mentioned in connection with the fourth horse.
06:14 And those judgments were: sword, famine,
06:19 pestilence, which follows famine by the way,
06:22 and ultimately wild beasts.
06:25 You can find all four of these judgments in Leviticus 26.
06:28 That's the foundation.
06:29 Did the church, during the third period,
06:33 break God's covenant?
06:35 It most certainly did.
06:37 Now because Israel, this is an important principle,
06:41 because Israel in the Old Testament period
06:44 were God's literal people living in the literal land of Canaan,
06:49 these judgments were what? Literal.
06:53 However, under the fourth seal, as well as in the other seals,
06:57 we are dealing with... Which Israel?
06:59 ...spiritual Israel in a spiritual land, which is the
07:03 Christian church, and therefore we need to interpret these
07:07 calamities in a symbolic manner.
07:14 And then we have in parenthesis, the texts that you need to
07:17 look at, this is very important, in Daniel 11:28, 30, 32.
07:21 This is the period of papal dominion.
07:23 It's the period of the fourth horse.
07:25 And there we are explicitly told that the papacy
07:28 trampled on God's holy covenant during the 1260 years.
07:32 So would we expect the same four judgments
07:34 if the papacy trampled on the covenant?
07:37 Absolutely.
07:38 Now let's talk about death and hades.
07:42 The immediate aftermath of death is the place where the dead go.
07:48 And where is that?
07:49 The grave.
07:51 The word, hades, is the Greek equivalent of the
07:55 Hebrew word, sheol, and it should consistently
07:58 be translated, "the grave."
08:01 We find the link between the Hebrew and the Greek words
08:04 in 1 Corinthians 15:54-55...
08:07 We'll read these a little bit later.
08:09 ...where the apostle Paul quotes Hosea 13:14
08:13 and uses the word, hades, in place of, sheol.
08:16 So in the book of Hosea, the word for, grave, is, sheol,
08:20 and the apostle Paul uses the word, hades.
08:23 That shows that, sheol, and, hades, are synonymous
08:26 words in different languages.
08:30 Unfortunately, the King James Version 31 times mistakenly
08:34 translates the Hebrew word, sheol, with the word, hell.
08:38 It really should be translated, "the grave."
08:41 The Old Testament regularly links the concepts of
08:44 death and the grave in synonymous parallelism.
08:47 In other words, death and the grave are somewhat synonymous.
08:50 Because when person dies, they go to the grave.
08:53 Notice Psalms 6:5.
09:02 Does the second line explain and amplify the first line?
09:06 Is it the same thought in different words? Yeah.
09:08 It's the same to say, "For in death there is no
09:11 remembrance of you; in the grave who will give you thanks?"
09:15 So death and the grave are linked together.
09:17 Because when a person dies, they go to the grave.
09:20 Notice Psalm 89:48. And there are many more.
09:23 In, The State of the Dead, series I have an entire
09:26 presentation on death and hades, particularly on hades,
09:30 as it appears all throughout Scripture
09:32 in the Old and the New Testaments.
09:34 Psalm 89:48
09:46 Notice once again, death and the grave together.
09:50 Psalm 116:3, here the psalmist says...
10:03 So once again, death and sheol are used synonymously.
10:09 Notice Isaiah 38:18.
10:16 See, once again, death and the grave together.
10:29 Isaiah 28:15
10:31 I've only given you a sampling here so that you see that
10:33 I'm not just choosing one little verse
10:35 and making an entire application out of that.
10:38 The fact is that death and the grave are linked together,
10:41 not only in Revelation chapter 6.
10:43 So it says in Isaiah 28:15, "Because you have said,
10:48 'We have made a covenant with death,
10:51 and with sheol we are in agreement.'"
10:55 Is a covenant an agreement?
10:57 So are death and the grave linked together?
11:00 Are they synonymous, basically? Yes.
11:03 Now here comes the key text, Hosea 13:14.
11:08 Hosea 13:14
11:12 God is speaking here.
11:29 The apostle Paul paraphrases this in 1 Corinthians 15.
11:34 So let's go there just for a moment.
11:36 1 Corinthians 15
11:39 And let's notice how the apostle Paul
11:40 is actually drawing on Hosea.
11:43 He doesn't quote is textually,
11:45 but he's drawing on the terminology.
11:48 Only instead of the word, grave, which is, hades,
11:52 he uses the word, sheol, which is the
11:55 Hebrew Old Testament word.
11:57 1 Corinthians 15:54
12:20 So is Paul drawing on the book of Hosea.
12:23 Yes, he's drawing on Hosea.
12:25 Only, in Hosea the word for, grave, is, sheol;
12:30 the word for, grave, in the New Testament Greek
12:33 is, hades.
12:36 And so, death and hades are linked together.
12:38 Just like death and sheol are linked together.
12:43 So the question is, does the word, sheol,
12:50 and does the word, hades, mean, hell, a place of burning?
12:54 No.
12:56 It simply means, the grave.
12:57 When a person dies, the next step is what?
13:02 To be buried in the grave.
13:04 Death and the grave followed this yellow horse.
13:09 Now another place where we can link the word, sheol,
13:12 with the word, hades, is in Acts 2:25-27, 30-31.
13:19 Here, Peter on the day of Pentecost is drawing
13:24 on a passage that we find in Psalm 16:8-10.
13:30 And in the Greek, the word, grave, is the word, hades;
13:36 whereas in the Old Testament in Psalm 16
13:40 the word is, sheol.
13:42 That's why we know that sheol and hades are synonymous
13:46 in different languages.
13:48 Notice Acts 2:25-27, 30-31.
13:57 He's getting this from Psalm 16:8-10.
14:12 This is Jesus speaking prophetically.
14:21 The New King James transliterates the word
14:23 from the Greek, hades.
14:26 Other versions like the New International Version
14:29 like I was saying, the New International Version
14:31 doesn't translate, "For you will not leave My soul in hades,"
14:35 or in hell like the King James Version says.
14:38 The New International Version says, "You will not leave
14:40 Me in the grave."
14:42 It's a much better translation.
14:44 "You will not leave My soul," or, "You will not leave Me
14:47 in hades," or the grave, "nor will you allow your Holy One
14:50 to see corruption."
14:51 So the word here for, grave, is, hades.
14:56 In the Old Testament where this is coming from
14:59 the word is, sheol.
15:00 So sheol and hades are the same word in different languages.
15:05 Verse 30...
15:17 This is David foreseeing this.
15:34 So basically, when this horse, you have a reference to death
15:41 and hades, it doesn't mean death and hell.
15:45 It means death and what? Death and the grave.
15:48 Because this is the pale horse.
15:50 This is the horse that brings death.
15:52 First by famine, because there's famine for the Word of God.
15:56 And there's darkness that we noticed under the third horse.
15:59 And secondly, because those who don't agree with the church
16:03 are being killed.
16:05 Physically killed.
16:06 That's why the martyrs are crying out in the fifth seal.
16:09 So far so good?
16:12 Now the key question at this point is this:
16:15 What caused this church to die and to go to the grave?
16:20 The answer is that four factors led to death and to the grave.
16:25 First of all, the sword.
16:29 The key verses, and we have covered this before
16:31 so we don't have to dwell a lot on it,
16:33 the key verses to understand the symbolic meaning of
16:36 the sword in the fourth seal are Romans 13:1-4
16:41 and Revelation 13:10, 14.
16:45 As we have seen, more often than not
16:48 when the sword of the Spirit convicts of sin,
16:52 what happens?
16:53 It awakens the sword of persecution on the part of
16:57 those who wish to suppress it.
16:59 And we noticed that in the third seal, right?
17:03 Matthew 10:34-37
17:06 I'm not going to read Romans 13 again.
17:09 Romans 13:1-4, let's just read verse 4 in that passage.
17:14 Speaking about the civil power, it says, "For he is
17:16 God's minister to you for good.
17:19 But if you do evil, be afraid;
17:21 for he," that is the civil ruler,
17:23 "does not bear the sword in vain.
17:26 For he is God's minister, an avenger to execute wrath
17:31 on him who practices evil."
17:36 Now let's read the note, and then I'm going to give you
17:38 additional explanation.
17:41 In apocalyptic prophecy, symbols are fluid.
17:44 They take different shapes depending on where they appear.
17:48 That is, that the sword can represent
17:52 the Word of God, right?
17:54 But when the Word of God is proclaimed, what happens?
17:57 The church then appeals to the sword of civil power
18:02 to punish those who don't agree with the church.
18:05 Let me ask you this.
18:07 Did the papacy use the sword during this period to kill?
18:14 It used the Bible to kill, right?
18:18 It can't represent the Bible.
18:20 The papacy did not use the Bible to kill.
18:23 What did it use?
18:25 It used the sword of the civil power.
18:28 How many armies does the papacy have?
18:30 How many tanks?
18:32 How many missiles?
18:35 It will have all of them because it links up with the states
18:38 and it has all of the support of the states.
18:41 But it has none of its own.
18:42 Right?
18:44 What did the papacy do during the 1260 years?
18:47 It linked up with the state and it used the sword of the state
18:52 to punish those who did not agree with its practices
18:57 and its beliefs.
18:59 It killed with what?
19:01 With the sword.
19:03 But the interesting thing is, that this same power
19:06 that killed with the sword received a
19:10 deadly wound by the sword.
19:13 Notice Revelation 13:9-10.
19:15 This is at the top of page 196.
19:17 Revelation 13:9-10
19:20 It says, "If anyone has an ear, let him hear."
19:30 Did the papacy lead into captivity?
19:32 Yes. Was the papacy led into captivity?
19:46 So the papacy killed with the sword.
19:49 And the sword gave the papacy its deadly wound.
19:53 The papacy led into captivity
19:55 and the papacy was taken into captivity.
19:59 So the first thing that this yellow horse does
20:05 is take away peace by killing those who did not agree with
20:08 the church with the sword, with the aid or the help
20:11 of the state.
20:14 Now let's notice the note under this text, Revelation 13:9-10.
20:20 The New King James Version of Revelation 6:8
20:23 tells us that power was given...
20:26 Listen to the tense of the verb.
20:28 ...power was given...
20:30 And a better translation is not power, but authority.
20:33 There are two Greek words that are translated, power,
20:36 in the King James and the New King James.
20:38 The first is the word, dunamis, where we get
20:41 the word, dynamite, from.
20:43 That's not the word here.
20:44 The word is, exousia, which means, authority.
20:48 So it says here that this power was given authority
20:55 to death and the grave to kill with the sword.
20:59 It is hardly a coincidence that the little horn...
21:03 If you read Daniel 7:25, it says, "was given."
21:07 ...power to make war against the saints and overcome them.
21:13 In Revelation 13:7, the beast, which is equivalent to the
21:16 little horn in Daniel 7, once again tells us the beast
21:20 was given power to make war with the saints.
21:24 Are you catching the picture?
21:26 Now, how else did the papal system kill people?
21:32 In symbolic terms, famine comes when the Holy Spirit,
21:39 speaking through the Word, is scarce.
21:43 Famine comes when it doesn't rain.
21:45 And when it doesn't rain, there's a scarcity of food.
21:49 Right?
21:52 Now, during the Dark Ages there was no, what?
21:56 No rain. We're not talking about literal rain.
21:59 You say, "How do we know that during the 1260 years
22:01 there was no rain?"
22:03 Because in Revelation 11 it says that the two witnesses
22:06 closed the heavens so that it would not rain
22:07 during their prophecy.
22:10 The same period.
22:12 So there was no rain.
22:14 And therefore, what happened?
22:15 Bread was scarce.
22:20 The result was what?
22:22 Famine, spiritual hunger.
22:25 Famine, in turn, led to what?
22:28 Malnutrition, and malnutrition led to pestilence, disease.
22:37 And ultimately, pestilence led to what?
22:40 To death.
22:42 Are you catching the picture?
22:44 The prophet Isaiah explained the symbolic meaning of
22:46 rain, bread, and the Word.
22:50 "For as the rain comes down, and the snow from heaven,
22:55 and do not return there, but water the earth
22:59 and make it bring forth and bud that it may give seed
23:03 to the sower and bread to the eater..."
23:06 So does rain, does the falling of rain have anything
23:08 to do with giving bread?
23:11 Yes or no?
23:13 Yes.
23:15 Now comes the comparison to rain and bread.
23:19 Rain makes the crop grow, and then the grain is harvested,
23:25 and bread is made.
23:27 When there's no rain, the result is that you don't have,
23:31 you know, it's very expensive.
23:32 Like we noticed in the third seal.
23:35 Here comes the comparison, verse 11.
23:37 " shall My word be that goes forth from My mouth;
23:42 it shall not return to Me void, but it shall accomplish
23:46 what I please, and it shall prosper in the thing
23:48 for which I sent it."
23:51 Was there a scarcity of the Holy Spirit during the period
23:53 of the Roman Catholic papacy?
23:56 Was there a scarcity of the Word of God?
23:59 Listen, the Waldenses had to hide in the Piedmont.
24:04 And they wrote text of Scripture on little pieces of parchment.
24:08 They were traveling salesmen, and they would
24:11 give these pieces of parchment with scriptures to people.
24:16 Because reading the Scriptures to the lay people
24:18 was strictly forbidden.
24:21 So was there famine during this period?
24:23 Yes. Because the Spirit was scarce.
24:27 Was there spiritual hunger? Yes.
24:29 And whoever did not agree with the church,
24:31 what did the church do?
24:32 It used the state, the sword of the state,
24:36 to kill those who did not agree with the church.
24:40 Notice Deuteronomy 32:2.
24:43 "Let my teaching drop as rain..."
24:45 So teaching, once again, is related to rain.
24:58 Notice Hosea.
25:00 Once again, knowledge of the Lord, speech, God's Word,
25:05 all have to do with God communicating to us.
25:08 It says, "Let us know..."
25:24 A time is coming when there's going to be famine on the earth.
25:29 Was there famine during the 1260 years? Yes.
25:32 But Amos 8:11-12 is talking about a famine...
25:37 You know, even during the Dark Ages when the papacy
25:40 had dominion, there was still some of God's Word
25:43 and there was still some of God's faithful people
25:46 that assimilated the Word.
25:47 But the time is coming when probation closes
25:50 when nobody is going to be able to find the Word of God
25:53 because there's going to be a famine in the land.
25:55 And they will seek for the Word of God,
25:56 they will not be able to find it.
25:59 Notice what it says...
26:11 Once again, bread is related with water,
26:13 with the Holy Spirit.
26:19 See, when it rains, the crop grows.
26:22 The Holy Spirit falls, it's connected with the Word.
26:26 And as a result, people are spiritually healthy.
26:28 Verse 12...
26:39 In other words, they're looking for bread.
26:41 But there's famine.
26:45 Are you catching the picture?
26:48 Now what about the wild beasts?
26:51 The wild beasts are also symbolic.
26:53 We're dealing with symbols. Right?
26:56 Now in Scripture, individuals who are hateful and want to
27:02 destroy God's people are compared to wild beasts.
27:05 Let's read several texts.
27:07 Psalm 74:18-19
27:31 So who is compared with the wild beasts?
27:34 The enemy.
27:36 Notice Psalm 7:1-2.
27:51 Who is, "they"?
27:53 Those that persecute, right?
28:04 Once again, enemies are compared to a lion
28:07 that devours and tears in pieces.
28:10 Psalm 10:9-11
28:13 What principle are we using here to understand
28:15 what the wild beasts represent symbolically?
28:17 What are we doing?
28:19 Does the fourth seal explain what the wild beasts are?
28:23 Does it tell you what the wild beasts symbolize?
28:25 No, it doesn't tell you.
28:27 So what do we do?
28:29 Well, we see what wild beasts mean symbolically
28:31 in other places in Scripture.
28:33 It's that simple.
28:35 Now notice Psalm 10:9-11.
28:40 This is the enemy.
28:51 Notice, it's using all of the mannerisms of the lion.
29:07 Is that what the religious leaders said
29:08 during the 1260 years?
29:11 Was God seeing?
29:12 He was writing it all in the heavenly books.
29:14 Because He's going to rectify all of those wrong judgments.
29:17 You know, it makes me think of John Huss.
29:20 You ever heard of John Huss?
29:23 You know, he was tried there in the cathedral in Prague.
29:29 In Constance actually, he was taken to Constance from Prague.
29:33 He was tried in the Cathedral, and he was found guilty.
29:36 Was he guilty? No.
29:38 And he was taken and he was burned at the stake.
29:42 Was that just?
29:44 No, totally unjust.
29:46 The earthly judgment was wrong.
29:50 Does the time have to come when that needs to be rectified?
29:53 Where is it rectified?
29:55 When Huss' name appears in the heavenly judgment.
29:59 It will be shows that those who did that to him were wrong
30:02 and Huss was right.
30:05 And the reward will be given to Huss.
30:07 In other words, the reward will be reversed.
30:11 Huss will be rewarded with eternal life,
30:14 like should have happened before,
30:16 and those who oppressed him will suffer eternal death.
30:20 The purpose of the judgment, to rectify,
30:23 there in Daniel chapter 7.
30:25 Notice Psalm 17:9-12.
30:52 Psalm 22:12-13
30:54 This is a Messianic psalm.
30:55 It's talking about the sufferings of Christ
30:57 at the hand of His enemies.
30:58 "Many bulls have surrounded Me; strong bulls of Bashan
31:03 have encircled Me.
31:05 They gape at Me with their mouths
31:07 like a raging and roaring lion."
31:10 Proverbs 28:15
31:12 "Like a roaring lion and a charging bear
31:16 is a wicked ruler over poor people.
31:20 Zechariah 10:3
31:22 "My anger is kindled against the shepherds,
31:25 and I will punish the goatherds."
31:28 Literally in the Hebrew, the goatherds are the leaders.
31:35 Such as in the NIV.
31:37 "For the Lord of hosts will visit His flock,
31:39 the house of Judah, and will make them
31:41 as His royal horse in the battle."
31:44 The apostle Paul in the New Testament
31:47 warned the church at Ephesus with the following words.
31:59 Is that speaking about real literal wolves
32:01 or is it symbolic wolves?
32:03 Symbolic wolves.
32:05 Notice Matthew 7:15. Here Jesus speaks.
32:16 Are you catching the picture of what, wild beasts, mean?
32:20 Now Ellen White adds her testimony.
32:23 Review and Herald, August 18, 1896.
32:27 "The symbols of earthly governments are..." What?
32:30 "...wild beasts, but in the kingdom of Christ,
32:34 men are called upon to behold, not a ferocious beast,
32:37 but the Lamb of God."
32:41 Ellen White is speaking here about the hatred that Doeg,
32:44 the Edomite, had against Saul, King Saul.
32:49 It says...
32:51 Actually, Doeg led to the destruction of an entire city
32:57 with all of the priests, 85 priests, all of people there,
33:00 all of the beasts.
33:02 The city was totally demolished.
33:04 Because Doeg hated David.
33:07 But I won't get into that story right now.
33:10 He didn't hate Saul, he hated David.
33:12 "Like savage beasts who have tasted of blood,
33:17 so where..." Who? "...Saul and Doeg."
33:21 They allied themselves to try and get rid of David.
33:24 So notice, Saul and Doeg are compared to what?
33:29 To savage beasts.
33:31 Notice the following statement.
33:34 This the condemnation of Christ.
33:37 "When the condemnation of Jesus was pronounced by the judges,
33:40 a satanic fury took possession of the people.
33:44 The roar of voices was like that of..." What?
33:47 "...wild beasts.
33:49 They made a rush toward Jesus, crying, 'He is guilty.
33:52 Put Him to death.'
33:54 And had it not been for the Roman soldiers,
33:56 Jesus would not have lived to be hanged
33:59 upon the cross of Calvary.
34:00 He would have been..." What? "...torn in pieces..."
34:03 What is it that tears things in pieces?
34:05 Wild beasts.
34:07 "He would have been torn in pieces before His judges
34:09 had not Roman authority interfered and by force of arms
34:13 withheld the violence of the mob."
34:17 Sketches From the Life of Paul, page 19,
34:21 "At this, the priests and rulers were beside
34:24 themselves with anger."
34:26 This is the stoning of Stephen.
34:27 "They were more like wild beasts of prey
34:30 than like human beings.
34:32 They rushed upon Stephen, gnashing their teeth."
34:36 Just like a wild animal.
34:38 Notice what we find about the Waldenses.
34:40 Now we're entering the papal period.
34:42 Because the fourth horse is the period of papal dominion.
34:45 Once again, the papacy is compared to wild beasts.
34:49 It says, "From some hiding place among the tombs
34:52 two madmen rush upon them as if to tear them to pieces."
34:58 Actually, you know, I put the Waldenses there in the brackets,
35:03 but really this is speaking about the two
35:05 demon possessed men.
35:06 So anyway, let's go back to this.
35:08 "From some hiding place among the tombs
35:11 two madmen rush upon them..."
35:13 You need to cross out there the Waldenses.
35:16 These are the two demon possessed men of Gadara.
35:19 " if to..." Do what?
35:20 " tear them in pieces.
35:23 Hanging about these men are parts of chains
35:25 that they have broken in escaping from confinement.
35:28 Their flesh is torn and bleeding,
35:29 their eyes glare out from their long and matted hair,
35:33 the very likeness of humanity seems to have been blotted out.
35:37 They look more like..." What?
35:39 " wild beasts than like men."
35:42 Notice what Ellen White has to say about the papacy.
35:45 "As the ravenous beast is rendered more furious
35:48 by the taste of blood, so the rage of the papist
35:53 was kindled to greater intensity
35:55 by the sufferings of their victims."
35:59 On the death of Jerome, who was martyred around
36:02 the same time as John Huss, "Their thirst for blood
36:07 whetted by the death of Huss, clamored for fresh victims.
36:12 Only by an unreserved surrender of the truth
36:15 could Jerome preserve his life.
36:17 But he had determined to avow his faith
36:19 and follow his brother martyr to the flames."
36:23 Have you ever read where the apostle Paul stated that
36:26 he fought against the wild beasts in the amphitheater?
36:31 That doesn't mean that Paul was thrown into the colosseum
36:34 to fight with lions.
36:36 Notice this perceptive remark by Ellen White.
36:39 This is found in, Sketches From the Life of Paul, page 78.
36:43 "Paul informed the Corinthians of his trouble in Asia
36:47 where, he says, 'We were pressed out of measure,
36:50 above strength, insomuch that we despaired even of life.'
36:55 In his first epistle, he speaks of fighting with
36:58 beasts at Ephesus.
37:01 He thus refers to the fanatical mob that clamored for his life.
37:06 They were indeed more like furious wild beasts than men."
37:12 So how did the papacy treat God's people
37:16 and try to get rid of God's people?
37:18 They were like wild beasts.
37:19 The wild beasts represent the leaders of the papal church
37:22 that persecuted and tried to kill God's people.
37:25 The papacy killed people with famine.
37:28 They killed people with the sword.
37:30 They acted like wild beasts.
37:32 Is this all true of that period of history,
37:34 of the period of the 1260 years?
37:37 No doubt whatsoever.
37:38 Absolutely.
37:40 Now, the period of the fourth horse
37:46 is the same period as the fourth church.
37:50 The fourth horse is the period of the papacy.
37:52 Is that clear in your mind?
37:54 The fourth horse represents the period of the papacy
37:57 where death is being brought about by wild beasts.
37:59 By, you know, leaders of the church that are just furious
38:04 and want to destroy God's people by the sword,
38:07 using the power of the state.
38:08 By famine because there's no rain; the Holy Spirit is scarce.
38:12 The Word of God is scarce.
38:14 People are dying spiritually.
38:16 And many are being killed physically as well.
38:20 This parallel to the church of Thyatira, the fourth church.
38:24 Let's draw the parallel.
38:25 This is where it gets very, very interesting.
38:29 The period of the fourth horse is parallel to the
38:31 period of the fourth church, Thyatira.
38:35 The Old Testament background to the church of Thyatira
38:38 is the story of Elijah.
38:40 Jezebel was the central protagonist during this period.
38:45 And by the way, the fourth church mentions Jezebel by name.
38:52 So the church during this period is like Jezebel.
38:56 So do we need to know something about Jezebel
39:00 to understand what happened during this
39:01 period of the church?
39:03 See, it's going to help us understand even better
39:05 by noticing what happened during the church
39:08 parallel to what happened during the fourth seal,
39:11 during the yellow horse.
39:13 So let's go to the notes here.
39:14 Because Israel apostatized from the covenant of the Lord,
39:19 the four judgments of Leviticus 26 befell the people.
39:23 This is in the days of Elijah.
39:26 In the Old Testament story, Jezebel employed
39:29 the civil power of Ahab's sword...
39:32 Is that correct?
39:34 extend her apostate syncretistic religion
39:38 that blended the worship of the sun god Baal
39:41 with the worship of the Lord.
39:44 Was Israel only worshiping Baal
39:47 or were they claiming to worship both?
39:49 Elijah said, "How long halt ye between two opinions?
39:54 If the Lord is God, follow Him. And if Baal, follow him."
39:56 In other words, Don't think that you can serve God
39:59 and also serve Baal at the same time.
40:03 We're told in the story, and we can't read all these verses,
40:05 but you can look them up, Ahab killed the prophets
40:08 of the Lord, how?
40:10 With the sword.
40:11 Is that one of the judgments of the fourth horse?
40:14 Yes.
40:15 This apostasy led to a severe what?
40:18 We're dealing with literal now.
40:20 It led to a severe drought.
40:22 Because there was no what?
40:24 Because there was no rain.
40:26 Does this sound familiar?
40:30 There was no rain for three and a half years.
40:32 We're talking now about literal Israel.
40:35 But it's symbolic of the 1260 years.
40:38 The drought led to what?
40:41 Famine and pestilence. Read it in 1 Kings 18:1-6.
40:44 The four judgments because Israel forsook the covenant.
40:48 And the famine and the pestilence in turn led to what?
40:52 To death and to the grave.
40:56 Fourth church, fourth horse.
40:59 Parallel.
41:01 For a time span of three and a half years,
41:05 Jezebel slaughtered whom?
41:08 The prophets of the Lord.
41:09 Is that what the papacy did?
41:11 Yes.
41:12 For not embracing her apostate syncretistic religion.
41:17 She taught God's servants to, what?
41:18 You can read this in the story of the fourth church.
41:21 She taught them to, what?
41:23 To fornicate and to practice idolatry.
41:28 Therefore, the blood of God's servants and prophets
41:30 cried out for what?
41:32 For justice.
41:35 Prophetically, this story of Jezebel was fulfilled
41:39 during the period of the dominion of the little horn
41:42 and of the beast who massacred the saints of the Most High
41:46 for three and a half prophetic years.
41:49 During this period, the apostate church employed
41:52 the sword of the state to kill dissenters.
41:56 As a result, the church fled to the wilderness
41:59 where God nourished her in exile.
42:02 Did this happen during the 1260 years?
42:05 Did Elijah flee to the wilderness
42:07 and God fed him there?
42:09 Yes.
42:11 How about the church during the 1260 years?
42:13 Did she flee to the wilderness and God fed her there?
42:17 See, this is typology.
42:20 As a result, the church fled to the wilderness
42:22 where God nourished her in exile.
42:24 This was the period when the two witnesses
42:27 prophesied in sackcloth.
42:29 Which would represent darkness, right?
42:32 For 1260 prophetic years, God shut up the heavens
42:35 and there was no rain.
42:37 As a result, there was spiritual famine and
42:39 pestilence in the church.
42:41 The famine and pestilence ultimately led to what?
42:45 To death and to the grave.
42:46 The same thing that happened literally in the days of Elijah
42:48 happened during the 1260 years.
42:52 This horse brought death and the grave for two reasons.
42:55 First, because there was spiritual starvation
42:59 and pestilence in the church.
43:02 And second, because people what?
43:04 People died by the sword.
43:07 During this period, the man of sin suppressed the Bible,
43:10 forbidding lay people to read it under the pain of death.
43:14 It was a capital crime even to have a Bible
43:18 in one's possession.
43:20 As a result, there was famine for the Word of God.
43:23 This famine led to spiritual pestilence,
43:26 and pestilence led to death and to the grave.
43:28 Are you catching the picture?
43:30 This was fulfilled exactly during the fourth period
43:34 of the history of the Christian church.
43:37 Notice how Ellen White describes this period.
43:40 "For hundreds of years the circulation of the
43:44 Bible was..." What? "...was prohibited."
43:47 So is there going to be famine if the
43:49 reading of the Bible is prohibited?
43:50 Yes.
43:52 "The people were forbidden to read it,
43:54 or to have it in their houses,
43:57 and unprincipled priests and prelates interpreted
43:59 its teachings to sustain their pretensions."
44:03 Speaking about the Waldensians, "From earliest childhood
44:06 the youth were instructed in the Scriptures and taught
44:10 to regard sacredly the claims of the law of God.
44:14 Copies of the Bible were..." What?
44:17 "...rare..." So was the bread scarce?
44:20 Yes.
44:22 "Therefore, its precious words were committed to memory.
44:25 Many were able to repeat large portions of both
44:29 the Old and the New Testament."
44:31 Notice that there was not an absence of bread.
44:35 Bread was expensive because it was rare.
44:40 Notice the statement from, Spirit of Prophecy,
44:42 volume 4, page 192.
44:44 "The work which the papacy had begun..."
44:47 That is, during the 1260 years.
44:49 "...atheism completed." This is the French Revolution.
44:52 "The one," that is the papacy, "withheld from the people
44:56 the truths of the Bible;
44:58 the other," the French Revolution,
45:01 "taught them to reject both the Bible and its Author.
45:04 The seed sown by priests and prelates
45:07 was yielding its evil fruit."
45:12 During this time, the vile office of the
45:15 Inquisition was established.
45:17 Which basically was the church using the power of the state
45:22 to punish dissenters from the church.
45:27 They slew those who studied and obeyed the Word of God.
45:30 During this time, the papal leaders behaved as wild beasts
45:34 toward God's people.
45:37 Notice how Ellen White describes the violence during this period.
45:41 "In the sixth century the papacy had become firmly established.
45:45 Its seat of power was fixed in the imperial city,
45:48 and the bishop of Rome was declared to be the head
45:51 over the entire church.
45:53 Paganism had given place to the papacy.
45:56 The dragon had given to the beast 'his power,
45:59 and his seat, and great authority.'
46:01 And now began the 1260 years of papal oppression
46:05 foretold in the prophecies of Daniel and Revelation.
46:08 Christians were forced to choose either to yield their integrity
46:12 and accept the papal ceremonies, and worship or to wear away
46:17 their lives in dungeons or suffer death by the rack,
46:21 the fagot, or the headman's ax.
46:25 Persecution opened upon the faithful with greater fury
46:28 than ever before, and the world became a vast battlefield."
46:34 That's what the church was like during the middle ages.
46:36 It's estimated that 50 million of God's faithful children
46:41 were martyred during this period.
46:44 Ellen White describes the Inquisition.
46:47 "In the thirteenth century was established that most terrible
46:50 of all the engines of the papacy; the Inquisition.
46:55 The prince of darkness wrought with the leaders
46:57 of the papal hierarchy.
46:59 In their secret councils Satan and his angels controlled
47:02 the minds of evil men, while unseen in the midst
47:05 stood an angel of God taking the fearful record of their
47:09 iniquitous decrees and writing the history of deeds
47:12 too horrible to appear to human eyes."
47:15 Is everything written in the scroll?
47:19 Without missing any details?
47:21 It's all there.
47:23 Are they going to have to face it again?
47:26 Are all these individuals who oppressed God's people
47:28 going to resurrect after the millennium?
47:32 Are they going to see the great panoramic view?
47:35 Are they going to see what they did?
47:37 Only now they're going to recognize that they were
47:40 on the wrong side, whereas the martyrs were on the right side.
47:46 She continues, "Babylon the great was 'drunken
47:50 with the blood of the saints.'"
47:51 And now notice she's going to allude to the fifth seal.
47:56 She's going to apply the fifth seal to
47:59 the aftermath of this period.
48:02 She says, "The mangled forms of millions of martyrs
48:06 cried to God for vengeance upon that apostate power."
48:12 What are the martyrs doing under the fifth seal?
48:15 They're crying out for justice.
48:17 So the martyrs are crying out after the papacy has slain
48:23 God's faithful people for the better part of 1260 years.
48:28 Is that the end of the story?
48:30 Is there going to be another group of martyrs?
48:33 Yes. Is it going to be the same system that will persecute them?
48:37 So how many stages does the fifth seal have?
48:40 Two.
48:44 And I see some with kind of glassy eyes.
48:48 The fifth seal has two stages, just like the sixth seal.
48:52 Because the martyrs that were killed during the
48:54 period of papal dominion, they're crying out for justice.
48:58 They're given a white robe, and God is saying,
48:59 "You're fine. Your case is okay. You're safe."
49:02 And they're told, "You're going to rest for a while
49:04 until the rest of the martyrs who are going to be killed
49:07 like you were is complete."
49:11 What will be the persecuting power that will persecute
49:13 God's people in the future?
49:17 The United States performing the will of
49:20 the Roman Catholic papacy using the civil powers of the world.
49:25 See, we haven't believed cunningly devised
49:27 fables as Adventists.
49:30 This is all, when we study contextually the sequence,
49:34 the Seventh-day Adventist belief system is rock solid.
49:38 The trouble is, people only pick a symbol here
49:40 and pick a symbol there.
49:41 They don't see all of the structure and the sequence,
49:44 how everything takes place in chronological order,
49:47 how one event connects with all other events.
49:52 So right after this period the martyrs have been slain,
49:56 and now they're crying out to God for justice.
50:01 Here's another statement, Great Controversy, page 78.
50:04 "The persecutions visited for many centuries upon
50:07 this God fearing people," the Waldensians,
50:10 "were endured by them with a patience and constancy
50:14 that honored their Redeemer.
50:15 Notwithstanding the crusades against them,
50:18 and the inhuman butchery..."
50:21 There you have the sword.
50:23 " which they were subjected, they continued
50:25 to send out their missionaries to scatter the precious truth.
50:29 They were hunted to death..."
50:31 What is it that hunts?
50:34 Animals hunt.
50:37 Human beings do too.
50:39 Human beings hunt animals,
50:40 but that's not what this is talking about.
50:42 "They were hunted to death, yet their blood watered
50:46 the seed sown, and it failed not of yielding fruit."
50:53 Now we're on the last page.
50:55 We're on a roll here.
50:57 So far so good?
50:59 Are you understanding the sequence of the seals?
51:03 How one event leads to another event.
51:06 So what is the relationship between the third, fourth
51:09 and fifth seals?
51:12 The darkness and scarcity of bread during the third seal
51:18 intensifies under what?
51:21 It intensified under the fourth and led to death and the grave.
51:28 Spiritual death because there's famine for the Word,
51:31 and literal death because the Inquisition killed all those
51:34 who were not in harmony with the church.
51:36 Concerning this period, Ellen White explained,
51:39 "The accession of the Roman Church to power
51:44 marked the beginning of the Dark Ages.
51:48 As her power increased..."
51:50 What color was the third horse?
51:54 Black.
51:55 Which is darkness, right?
51:58 Was there darkness under the third horse?
52:00 Oh yeah, but the darkness under the fourth intensified.
52:04 It got worse.
52:06 So it says, "The accession of the Roman Church to power
52:08 marked the beginning of the Dark Ages.
52:11 As her power increased, the darkness deepened."
52:18 So is the period of the fourth horse even a greater
52:22 apostasy than under the third horse?
52:24 It begins in the third horse,
52:26 but it deepens under the fourth horse,
52:29 the period of papal dominion.
52:33 When the church dies spiritually because she does not feed on
52:37 the Word of God, she begins to destroy those
52:41 who do not share her lack of spirituality.
52:45 Those who cannot defend their doctrines with the spiritual
52:48 sword will do so with the literal sword.
52:55 Does that do any good?
52:57 No, because the more they persecute, the more
53:00 of the faithful followers God has.
53:03 Because once again, I repeat, folks, that the reason why
53:07 the church grows in very difficult times
53:10 where there's persecution is because people see the
53:14 constancy and the serenity and the peace
53:17 of those who are being killed, they say, "How can these people,
53:20 you know, they're being killed, and they're singing."
53:24 Like Huss, his flesh was burning
53:27 and he was singing praises to God.
53:30 They say, "How can a person do this?
53:35 There must be something worth living for
53:38 if these people are willing to die for it.
53:42 So let's check it out."
53:44 And so that's why the word, martyr, means, witness.
53:48 The death of the martyrs was a witness.
53:51 A witness to God.
53:53 In other words, let me ask you, how many people do you think
53:57 are going to be saved by the story of
54:02 the martyrdom of Stephen?
54:03 Or the martyrdom of John the Baptist?
54:07 You know, John the Baptist, he ended up in prison.
54:10 And for a while he was kind of discouraged.
54:13 You know, he said, "Jesus didn't even come to visit me."
54:18 He was depressed, Ellen White says he was depressed.
54:21 But then the disciples, John the Baptist told his disciples,
54:27 "Go and ask Jesus if He's the Messiah that we're to expect."
54:31 So they went, and Jesus didn't answer.
54:33 He said, "Just watch what I'm going to do today."
54:35 And He healed the sick, He opened the eyes of the blind,
54:38 He healed the lepers, raised the dead, it says there.
54:41 And then at the end of the day Jesus says,
54:42 "Go tell John what you saw."
54:45 And so they go back, they say, "He raises the dead,
54:48 He performs these miracles.
54:49 He's got to be the Messiah."
54:51 And Ellen White says that John the Baptist died in peace
54:55 there in prison.
54:56 He was beheaded in prison.
55:00 How many people are going to be saved in the kingdom
55:02 as a result of the story of John the Baptist?
55:04 And Stephen?
55:05 And John Huss?
55:07 Multitudes of people are going to be saved
55:10 because of their witness.
55:12 Their willingness to stand for the Lord
55:15 though the heavens fall.
55:17 No matter what persecution comes.
55:21 Notice the last part here.
55:23 The martyrs whom the papacy slew during the period of
55:26 the fourth horse will now, not right now,
55:31 but after this takes place, they will cry out to God
55:36 to judge and avenge their death.
55:40 This is the period of the fifth seal, which is the topic
55:44 that we shall study in the next exciting episode.
55:50 Now, when will God answer, I'll getting ahead of myself
55:54 a little bit here, when will God answer the pleas of the martyrs?
55:59 When will God judge and avenge God's people
56:02 who have been slain because of their faith?
56:05 Revelation 19, the last verses that we're going to read,
56:09 Revelation 19:1-2.
56:13 This is in the context of the seventh plague.
56:18 And God is going to intervene.
56:21 By the way, is the harlot in the end time the same harlot
56:25 that persecuted God's people during the 1260 years?
56:29 Is it the same harlot? Yeah.
56:31 It's the papacy.
56:32 Notice Revelation 19:1-2.
56:35 "After these things, I heard a loud voice of a great multitude
56:40 in heaven saying, 'Alleluia! Salvation and glory
56:44 and honor and power belong to the Lord our God.'"
56:50 And now notice verse 2.
56:51 "For true and righteous are His judgments..."
56:57 So is God going to rectify everything?
57:00 "True and righteous are His judgments, because..."
57:03 At this point, the seventh plague has taken place.
57:07 "...because He..." What? "...has judged the great harlot
57:13 who corrupted the earth with her fornication;
57:15 and He has..." What? "...avenged on her the blood
57:20 of His servants shed by her."
57:23 Are both groups of martyrs going to be avenged
57:27 by the Lord and justice executed?
57:30 Absolutely.
57:31 But meanwhile, the martyrs have to rest for a while.
57:36 I love the way the Bible expresses that.
57:38 "Rest for a while."
57:39 Death is like sleeping.
57:41 How many of you are afraid of going to sleep?
57:45 I love to go to sleep.
57:49 We don't need to fear death.
57:52 "Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death,
57:53 I will fear no evil; for You are with me."
57:56 "Precious in the sight of the Lord
57:58 is the death of His saints."
58:01 So the time is coming when we're going to
58:02 have to stand for our faith.
58:03 May the Lord keep us faithful.


Revised 2022-02-15