Series Code: ASB
Program Code: ASB000115A
00:04 And comes from the DVD series, "Awesome Science"
00:09 [music playing]
00:10 NOAH JUSTICE: In the southwest part
00:12 of the United States in an area known as Four Corners,
00:15 there lies three different regions where
00:17 ancient dwellings can be found.
00:20 Known as Mesa Verde National Park, Chaco ruins,
00:24 and the Aztec ruins, these amazing archaeological
00:27 locations can be toured and explored by your whole family.
00:31 But as you view these locations, questions arise.
00:35 Who made them?
00:36 Where did these people come from?
00:38 And where did they go?
00:40 Biological evolution maintains that humans evolved over
00:44 several hundred thousand years descending from apes.
00:47 And only about 5,000 to 10,000 years ago
00:50 did civilizations arise where cities like these were built.
00:55 But there are big challenges with this view.
00:59 According to the genealogies in the Bible,
01:01 man was created by God about 6,000 years ago.
01:05 Then, a global flood wiped out everyone
01:08 except for Noah and his family.
01:11 The earth was repopulated over the last 4,350 years.
01:16 As the population grew, it diversified
01:18 into different people groups that we observe today.
01:22 Evolutionists like Darwin and Haeckel
01:24 often claimed that some races evolved at different speeds
01:28 from others, and some are more favored than others.
01:31 This view has caused genocide of millions in this century alone.
01:37 Plus, evolutionists have a very difficult time
01:39 explaining how the 7,000 different languages developed
01:43 all over the world.
01:46 Originally, there was one language.
01:48 But we also learned that distinct languages came by God
01:52 at the Tower of Babel through a supernatural act
01:55 of God's judgment.
01:57 Which one is true, and which one do we trust?
02:01 All this and more next on "Awesome Science."
02:05 [music playing]
02:10 "Awesome Science" takes you on a field trip
02:13 to some of the most amazing geologic and historic sites
02:16 around the world, where we use the Bible as our history
02:20 guidebook to interpret what we see,
02:22 that the Bible can be trusted and empirical science falls
02:26 in line with the biblical account of creation,
02:28 the fall, and the flood.
02:31 Science, it's awesome.
02:36 According to the Bible, about 6,000 years ago,
02:39 God created man in his own image on the sixth day.
02:43 Adam and Eve were given a beautiful garden to live in
02:46 and were told to multiply and subdue the Earth.
02:49 But Satan rebelled from God and used a serpent
02:53 to deceive Eve, and subsequently Adam, into sin.
02:57 In response, God sentenced man to die for their sin,
03:01 and then cast Adam and Eve from the garden.
03:04 1,600 years after creation, God had decided that the sin of man
03:09 had gotten so bad that he was going
03:11 to destroy the Earth with a worldwide flood.
03:15 Only one man and his family held special favor with God.
03:19 God told Noah to build an ark and be saved
03:22 from the worldwide destruction.
03:25 About a year later, Noah's family came off the ark
03:28 and began to repopulate the Earth.
03:30 God promised that he would never flood the Earth again,
03:34 and instituted the rainbow as a sign of his promise.
03:38 Noah's sons were Shem, Ham, and Japheth,
03:41 all were born around the time that Noah was 500 years old.
03:46 Once everyone came off the ark, God
03:48 told them to be fruitful and multiply and fill the earth.
03:53 Within 100 years, Noah's descendants
03:55 multiplied but had settled to the east of Noah's farm.
03:59 They found the plain of Shinar and settled
04:02 there, which is in modern day Iraq,
04:04 named for the old city of Uruk near Baghdad.
04:09 There was only one language at that time.
04:12 The people wanted to build a city and a high tower
04:15 to make a name for themselves and not be
04:17 scattered over the whole Earth.
04:19 This was in direct opposition of God's command to spread out.
04:24 Some have suggested the high tower was a place of sacrifice
04:28 to the sun gods.
04:30 We see evidence of this all around the world,
04:33 with ancient tall ziggurats and pyramids being
04:36 used for human sacrifices.
04:38 By having this temple in one location,
04:41 people would have to keep coming back for a sacrifice, which
04:44 would have kept everyone close.
04:46 When everyone is close, it's easier to rule them
04:49 and easier for evil to spread among them.
04:53 God came down to see what man was doing.
04:56 God knew that they all spoke one language.
04:59 And if he let them get away with this defiance of his command,
05:03 then nothing they plan to do will be impossible for them.
05:08 God must have recalled the civilizations before the flood
05:12 and how they rebelled against his commands.
05:15 He was seeing it replay here at babel.
05:18 Remember, God promised Noah that he would never
05:21 send another flood.
05:22 However, God also knew that he needed to scuttle man's plans
05:26 and force them to spread out.
05:28 He knew that it was best for humanity that they
05:31 not all settle in one place.
05:34 Of course, his plan was brilliant.
05:36 He decided to give different family groups
05:39 different languages so that they would not
05:41 understand each other.
05:43 This would force them to scatter.
05:45 So when did this event occur?
05:48 If we use the biblical time scale,
05:50 the flood would have happened in about 2350 BC.
05:54 Archbishop James Ussher placed the time of Babel
05:57 at 106 years after the flood, or in 2242 BC, when
06:02 Peleg was born.
06:04 Abraham was called by God in 1921 BC, about 300 years
06:09 after Babel.
06:11 According to secular archeology, Egypt began about 3,500 BC,
06:16 in Babylon in 4000 BC.
06:20 But a more accurate figure in the biblical time scale
06:24 would be 2188 for Egypt in 2234 for Babylon.
06:29 Since these nations speak different languages,
06:32 their founding would have been after the Tower of Babel which
06:35 occurred after the flood.
06:37 After all, Egypt is named for Egyptus in Greek,
06:41 or Mithraeum in Hebrew, its founder who
06:43 happens to be Noah's grandson.
06:45 So what happened after the event at Babel?
06:49 The people spread out across the world
06:51 into family and language groups.
06:53 Some had knowledge of city building
06:55 and took that knowledge to build cities of their own.
06:59 We see evidence of this all around the world,
07:01 with ziggurats, pyramids, and mounds
07:04 being replicated as far away as South America.
07:08 Others probably took a more nomadic lifestyle for a while
07:12 as they spread out.
07:13 Eventually, they would have begun planting and raising
07:16 And then, they would have built cities.
07:19 This progression of human expansion after Babel
07:22 matches what secular archaeologists find
07:25 in the record of human development,
07:27 only this development happened after Babel and not
07:30 over a few hundred thousand years.
07:34 Also, there could have been some uneasiness
07:37 about building large cities because
07:39 of what happened at Babel.
07:41 This would have kept some cultures
07:42 more nomadic like the Native Americans.
07:46 Early on, some would have sought shelter in caves
07:49 and made homes there.
07:51 This is where the idea of cavemen could have come from.
07:54 They were merely people living in caves.
07:56 Some people still live in caves today.
07:59 And they have satellite TV, too.
08:02 Around this time, the Ice Age would have started up
08:05 in full force, causing the spreading out of man
08:08 on the earth to be stunted in far northern regions.
08:11 But it still happened.
08:13 Ultimately, God used Babel to accomplish his purposes.
08:18 And from that dispersion, we get all of the amazing people
08:22 groups and languages we see today.
08:29 You can go around the world today and see
08:31 many different types of people.
08:33 From Oriental to African to South American to European,
08:38 the diversity is amazing, yet everyone is still human.
08:45 In 1859, Darwin wrote The Origin of Species with the subtitle,
08:50 By Means of Natural Selection or The Preservation
08:54 of Favored Races in the Struggle for Life.
08:58 Darwin encouraged the thought that some races were
09:01 more favored than others and that different races evolved
09:05 at different times and rates.
09:07 Darwin expounded this in his second book,
09:10 The Descent of Man.
09:12 For instance, Australian Aborigines
09:15 were considered a type of missing
09:17 link between ape-like ancestors and the rest of mankind.
09:20 They were hunted down and killed because
09:23 of the evolutionary philosophy.
09:26 After years of research, scientists
09:28 now tell us that biologically speaking,
09:31 there is only one race of humans.
09:34 Their previous evolutionary view of race was wrong,
09:37 and what they viewed as race was actually a social construct.
09:42 And it tends to be more cultural,
09:44 meaning we are mainly separated by language,
09:47 skin tone, and facial features.
09:50 Different races have been used by totalitarian regimes
09:54 and companies to exterminate large groups of people,
09:57 such as Hitler's Germany towards the Jews, Poles, Africans, and
10:02 Slavs, as well as Planned Parenthood's
10:06 early racist attack on dark-skinned African-Americans.
10:10 Human genome mapping has shown us
10:12 that there is only one race, the human race.
10:15 And instead of using the word races,
10:18 we should use the term people groups.
10:21 The Bible does not even use the word race.
10:24 The Bible describes human beings as one blood,
10:28 basically saying we are all descendants
10:30 of the first man, Adam.
10:33 Human biological variation is only about
10:36 point 0.012%, making racial differences absolutely trivial,
10:41 because there is more difference genetically between any two
10:44 people than this small fraction.
10:47 The differences between us are not race,
10:50 but culture, yet we've been taught
10:52 that the differences between us are race.
10:56 The major difference between skin tone
10:58 is the amount of melanin in our skin.
11:01 In addition, albinism, sunburns, and genetic defects
11:05 also affect the color of skin as well.
11:09 There are two main forms of melanin,
11:11 eumelanin, which is brown to black,
11:14 and pheomelanin, which is red to yellow.
11:17 This makes up about 16 different shades of skin color
11:21 and every combination in between.
11:23 No matter what our shade of skin is,
11:26 we all have approximately the same concentration
11:29 of melanocytes in our bodies.
11:31 From the DNA of our parents, we get all of our characteristics,
11:36 including skin color.
11:37 No new genetic information is generated at conception.
11:41 But a new combination of already existing genetic information
11:45 is formed.
11:47 There are dominant and recessive genes.
11:49 And from these genes, we get all of our characteristics.
11:54 Usually, we get our characteristics
11:56 from the dominant genes of our parents.
11:58 But there is no universal mechanism
12:01 by which dominant and recessive genes act.
12:04 In other words, it's hard to predict which genes you'll get.
12:08 The point is, you can get a great difference in your skin
12:11 tone if your parents have great variations in their skin tone.
12:16 These genes might also cause a brother and sister
12:18 to have different skin tone, such as darker
12:21 or lighter, especially if the parents are
12:24 different skin toned.
12:26 But we also see the different skin
12:28 colored people favor warmer or cooler climates.
12:33 It has been estimated by creation scientists
12:36 that Noah and his children were likely
12:38 middle brown in their skin color,
12:41 from which we get all the shades of the world.
12:44 In fact, in just one generation, they
12:47 could have produced all of the skin colors of the world.
12:51 The Tower of Babel would have dispersed the family groups
12:54 by different languages.
12:57 They split apart, going their own way,
12:59 finding different places to live.
13:02 The Bible tells us that they scattered over the whole Earth.
13:06 Because of the new language and geographic barriers,
13:09 people groups didn't mix with each other so much,
13:12 creating a splitting of the gene pool.
13:15 Different cultures formed with certain features
13:18 becoming predominant in each group,
13:20 simply because that is what their direct ancestors had
13:24 coming out of Babel.
13:26 Real science in the present fits with the biblical view
13:29 that we are all closely related, that there is only one race
13:32 biologically, and that they all came
13:35 from one man and one woman.
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13:48 all from a Biblical worldview.
13:50 Awesome Science is our kids series hosted by Noah Justice
13:54 In every episode, Noah visits the national parks
13:57 and historical sites to help you understand
13:59 earth's history using a Biblical worldview.
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14:29 Another area of study with compelling evidence
14:32 for the biblical account is linguistics,
14:34 or the study of languages.
14:37 There are over 6,900 spoken languages in the world today,
14:42 yet the number of languages emerging from Babel
14:45 would have been much less than this,
14:46 as few as 100 different original language families.
14:51 Linguists recognize that most languages have similarities
14:54 to other languages.
14:56 Related languages belong to what are called language families,
15:00 of which, there are about 100.
15:03 Some can be grouped into Latin, Greek, Slavic, Hindic, Asian,
15:09 Germanic, West African, and Arabian.
15:13 Then there are languages that have been mixed together
15:16 throughout history, such as Afrikaans
15:18 in South Africa, or even English,
15:21 which is a mixture of German-based language
15:23 and Latin French Norman-based language.
15:26 Since Babel around 4,200 years ago,
15:29 the original language families have grown and changed
15:32 into the vast number of languages we see today.
15:36 Language is also one of the main characteristics separating us
15:40 from animals.
15:41 Secular linguists can't explain how so many languages formed.
15:46 But they believe alleged human ancestors
15:48 began developing language 30,000 to 100,000 years ago
15:53 through an evolutionary process.
15:56 But in reality, secular linguists
15:58 have no idea where half of the languages came from
16:01 and how far back they developed.
16:04 The amount of languages and kinds of languages are complex.
16:09 This is why the evolutionist has such a hard time explaining
16:13 how they formed.
16:14 But according to the Bible, God created man.
16:17 He has the power to inject new languages
16:20 into the brain at Babel.
16:22 Evolution can't explain where language came from,
16:26 but the Bible can.
16:28 Even if we were there at Babel when God divided the people
16:31 by language, we probably would have
16:33 had no idea it was by God's supernatural power.
16:37 Again, it's the Bible giving us insight
16:40 into what really happened.
16:42 2 Timothy 3:16 tells us that "all scripture
16:46 is God-breathed," meaning that God
16:48 spoke through men like Moses to tell about the history of man
16:52 and what God did in the past.
16:55 We can trust that it's the true history of Earth.
16:59 God's plan at Babel was to spread out man over the earth,
17:03 dividing the people by language, to thwart
17:05 their sinful rebellion.
17:07 And it happened.
17:09 His wisdom of what to do was perfect.
17:12 And it remains perfect in every situation.
17:19 After studying the scriptures and seeing
17:21 how languages developed, let's go back to Mesa Verde.
17:26 As we study this area, we must first
17:28 ask, how would Native Americans get
17:31 to North America after the flood all from eight
17:34 people off the ark?
17:36 We've seen how the Tower of Babel
17:38 separated the people into groups, probably
17:41 along the lines of Noah's sons.
17:43 The Tower of Babel was in Mesopotamia, in Asia.
17:47 And from there, they spread out.
17:49 As a general trend, Japheth's descendants went toward Europe
17:53 in North Asia, Ham's went towards Africa and the Middle
17:56 East, and Shem's mainly kept in the Middle East and Far East.
18:00 Although, there are some exceptions
18:02 to this in each line.
18:04 So where do the Anasazi people go after Mesa Verde and Chaco
18:10 The Aztecs, according to their own legends,
18:13 departed from a region in the north called [? chicomoztok, ?]
18:16 a region that is today the areas of Texas, Oklahoma,
18:20 and New Mexico.
18:22 They reached the valley of Mexico in the 12th century AD.
18:25 So the Anasazi went south.
18:28 Their language, Nahuatl, was linguistically related
18:32 to other native language groups throughout the United States
18:35 southwest and northern Mexico.
18:38 Linguists note, for instance, the Shoshone language
18:41 in the Utah-Nevada region was understood by all the tribes
18:44 from Mexico without difficulty.
18:47 It has been found that the Anasazi were related
18:50 to modern tribes, including the Paiute, Hopi, Pima,
18:54 Yaqui Apache, [inaudible] Kiowa, and Mayos.
18:59 In addition, Catholic missionaries in the 1850s
19:02 established the fact that all the people
19:05 of the ancient southwest and Mexico
19:08 were of one language family.
19:10 Yet, while there are other examples of language
19:12 similarities, studies of the native languages
19:15 of the Americas have shown them to be extremely diverse,
19:19 representing nearly 200 distinct families, some consisting
19:23 of a single isolated language.
19:26 These other tribes would have occupied areas outside
19:29 of the Anasazi and Aztec regions,
19:31 showing the diversity and growth of languages since Babel.
19:40 As we study the story of man on Earth, one thing becomes clear.
19:44 The biblical account matches what
19:46 we find in the archaeological record much better
19:49 than man evolving over hundreds of thousands of years.
19:53 The Table of Nations matches what
19:55 we find in genealogies, and in cultures throughout the world.
20:00 The development of languages is a mystery to evolutionists.
20:04 But the Tower of Babel matches what
20:06 we find in archeology, a sudden explosion of culture
20:11 and language.
20:13 The movement of man across the Earth from the starting point
20:16 of Mesopotamia matches what we find in scripture,
20:19 from the story of Noah's flood and the Tower of Babel.
20:23 According to Genesis 3, Adam and Eve were the first to sin.
20:27 In Noah's day, man's rebellion against their Creator
20:30 had gotten so bad that God destroyed the entire Earth
20:35 in a flood.
20:36 Even then, man still wouldn't obey God
20:39 to spread out across the Earth.
20:41 So he confused their languages.
20:44 Over and over, we see in the Bible
20:46 that God is patient with man's rebellion.
20:49 But he won't let sin continue forever.
20:52 Even today, people around the world
20:55 rebel against their Creator.
20:57 They would rather deny that there is a God
21:00 and follow their own sin.
21:02 The Bible says that our rebellion against God
21:05 deserves death and eternal separation from him.
21:09 God knew this.
21:11 So he provided a way to save us from death.
21:14 Someone had to pay the punishment for our rebellion.
21:17 Romans 6:23 says that "the wages of sin is death,
21:21 but the gift of God is eternal life
21:24 through Jesus Christ, our Lord."
21:25 When we were powerless to do anything to save ourselves,
21:29 God loved us so much that he sent his son, Jesus Christ,
21:32 to die in our place, to take the punishment for our rebellion
21:36 and sin.
21:37 Even with this great gift we've been given,
21:39 many around the world have rejected God's grace
21:43 because they love their sin too much.
21:45 They still want to live in rebellion against the Creator.
21:49 God offers every man the chance to repent of his sins
21:53 and turn to Him.
21:55 We are encouraged in the Bible, not to put off this decision,
21:58 but to come back to God today.
22:01 Just like the door of the ark was
22:03 open for a time for anyone who wanted
22:05 to be saved from the flood, the door
22:07 is now open through Jesus Christ to repent
22:10 of our rebellion and sin.
22:12 And just as there was a time when the door of the ark
22:15 was sealed, the opportunity to come to God won't last forever.
22:19 Even though he loves his creation,
22:21 he cannot let sin and rebellion continue indefinitely.
22:26 His judgement on man will eventually happen.
22:28 And those who do not turn to Jesus
22:30 will be separated from God forever.
22:33 If you have not humbled yourself, repented
22:36 of your sins, and turned your heart to Him,
22:39 then we invite you to do so today.
22:45 Mesa Verde, the Chaco Ruins, and Aztec Ruins
22:49 remind us that a once thriving culture
22:51 used to live in the Southwest.
22:53 But they mysteriously disappeared,
22:55 and meshed into other cultures, particularly to the south.
23:00 The Bible gives us good information
23:02 about how the nations were formed after the flood,
23:05 and how many nations can be traced back
23:07 to Noah's three sons.
23:10 The dispersion of man from Babel by the confusion
23:13 of their languages gives us an idea
23:15 of how God caused man to move out from the Middle East
23:18 into the rest of the world.
23:20 The Bible also gives us clues about why cultures come and go.
23:24 In the book of Jeremiah, God says,
23:26 "the instant I speak concerning a nation
23:29 and concerning a kingdom, to pluck up, to pull down,
23:32 and to destroy it, if that nation against whom
23:35 I have spoken turns from its evil,
23:37 I will relent of the disaster that I
23:39 thought to bring upon it."
23:41 God is in charge of building and tearing down nations.
23:45 And it's all tied into a nation's heart towards God.
23:49 If a nation honors him, then he will bless them.
23:52 However, if a nation rebels against him,
23:54 then he will destroy it.
23:56 We don't know much about ancient cultures in the Southwest.
24:00 But archaeologists indicate that they worship the creation,
24:03 rather than the Creator.
24:05 Based on scripture, God would not
24:07 have blessed this nation of ancient Americans.
24:10 He would have sought to destroy and disperse them
24:12 because of their rebellion.
24:14 And this is exactly what we find about this culture.
24:18 We know from scripture that God controls the weather.
24:21 He may have brought the drought and other circumstances
24:24 to drive these people elsewhere.
24:26 These ruins should be a lesson to us today
24:29 to make sure our hearts and the heart of our nation
24:31 are turned to God.
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25:37 Thank you for watching this episode of Awesome Science.
25:40 And remember, science, it's awesome.
25:43 [music playing]