Anchor School of Theology: Prophetic Principles

The Sanctuary Sequence in the Book of Revelation

Three Angels Broadcasting Network

Program transcript

Participants: Stephen Bohr


Series Code: ASTPP

Program Code: ASTPP000020

00:15 Welcome back.
00:17 We need to continue our study now on the symbolism
00:22 that is used in the Bible.
00:23 How do we interpret symbols correctly?
00:26 And as we ended our last session, we were talking
00:29 about the fact that symbols are liquid, or symbols are fluid.
00:35 Which means that they take different shapes
00:37 depending on the context in which they appear.
00:41 And so, I want to give several examples here
00:44 that we have in our syllabus.
00:46 First of all, when we talk about a lion, a lion is a
00:49 symbolic animal that is used in Bible prophecy.
00:55 So what does a lion represent in Bible prophecy?
00:59 Can it represent Christ?
01:02 Yes, He's the lion of the tribe of Judah.
01:05 Can it represent the devil?
01:07 Yeah, he goes as a roaring lion seeking whom he may devour.
01:12 Can it represent Judah, the son of Jacob?
01:15 Yeah.
01:16 Can it represent Babylon?
01:19 Yeah, in Daniel chapter 7 it represents Babylon.
01:22 So when you find, "lion," in prophetic context,
01:27 don't just assume it always means the same thing.
01:29 It can mean different things in different context.
01:33 Let's take the symbol of wine.
01:37 Is wine a symbol that always means the same thing?
01:41 Of course not.
01:43 Wine can represent the blood of Christ.
01:46 Right?
01:47 Yeah, He says, "This is the blood of the new covenant
01:51 which is shed for you."
01:52 And He was talking about the grape juice.
01:55 Can wine also represent the blood of the wicked?
02:02 Yeah, of course.
02:04 Can wine also represent doctrine?
02:08 You don't put new wine in old lambskins.
02:11 Remember what Jesus said?
02:13 He's saying, "You don't put My fresh new teachings
02:16 in the old traditions of the scribes and Pharisees,"
02:19 is what He was saying.
02:20 So wine...
02:22 And by the way, wine can also represent false doctrine
02:24 if it's fermented wine.
02:26 Because the harlot gives her wine to
02:28 the kings of the earth, right?
02:30 And so when you find wine, don't just assume that
02:33 wine always means the same thing.
02:35 Because symbols can be flexible.
02:37 They can mean different things in different context.
02:41 What does a star represent?
02:44 Can a star represent Christ?
02:47 Yes, He's the bright and morning star,
02:49 Revelation 22 verse 16.
02:51 Can a star represent Satan?
02:54 Yeah, he's Lucifer, the morning star.
02:57 Can it represent ministers?
03:00 Revelation 1 verse 20, the seven stars in the hand of Jesus
03:05 represent the ministers to the seven churches.
03:09 Can stars represent God's people?
03:12 Stars can represent God's people.
03:15 It says in Daniel chapter 12 that God's people will shine
03:18 as stars throughout eternity.
03:20 And so, when you find a star or stars in the Bible,
03:23 don't just assume that stars always mean the same thing.
03:27 It can mean different things in different context.
03:30 Now what does leaven represent?
03:35 You know, always when I ask that question,
03:37 the first answer that comes is that leaven represents sin.
03:40 And that's true, you have verses here in parentheses;
03:43 Exodus 12:15, Leviticus 2:11, 1 Corinthians 5:7-8.
03:49 There are many text that say that leaven represents sin.
03:52 But not always.
03:54 Because according to the parable that Jesus told
03:57 in Matthew 13 and verse 33, leaven can be a symbol
04:02 of the Holy Spirit.
04:05 You put leaven in the dough, and what happens with the dough?
04:08 It grows.
04:09 And the lump represents the church.
04:12 So the Holy Spirit is in the church,
04:13 and what happens with the church?
04:15 It grows.
04:16 So just because you find leaven, don't think that it
04:19 represents sin all the time.
04:21 It can be a flexible symbol, and you have to take
04:24 into account the context.
04:27 How about the king of the north?
04:28 Is God the king of the north?
04:30 Yes He is. Where is His throne?
04:33 In the sides of the north, according to Isaiah 14.
04:36 Let me ask you, can the king of the north also be a symbol
04:40 of a counterfeit king of the north?
04:42 Oh yeah, in Daniel chapter 11.
04:45 So don't just assume that because, "king of the north,"
04:47 is used, it always refers to God.
04:49 It can also refer to someone who wants to occupy
04:52 the position of God.
04:53 And by the way, the devil also wanted to occupy
04:57 the place of God in the sides of the north.
05:00 What about a he goat?
05:02 Can a he goat represent Christ?
05:07 Yeah, how many goats were chosen on the Day of Atonement?
05:10 How many he goats?
05:12 Two.
05:13 One of them represented whom?
05:15 Christ.
05:16 And the other one represented Satan.
05:19 And incidentally, he goats can also represent prominent rulers
05:25 in other context, political rulers.
05:27 And so it can mean different things.
05:31 Let's take for example, sword.
05:33 What does the sword represent?
05:36 Whenever I ask what, "sword," represents,
05:39 they say, "Well, the sword represents the Word of God."
05:41 And that's true, Ephesians 6:17 says that the sword of the
05:44 Spirit is the Word of God.
05:46 However, there's another meaning to the sword.
05:49 Now go with me to Revelation 13.
05:51 I want to illustrate how important it is
05:54 for us to realize that symbols are flexible.
05:57 Revelation 13 and verses 9 and 10.
06:03 13, verses 9 and 10.
06:07 This is speaking about the deadly wound that is given
06:10 to the beast that rises from the sea.
06:14 This beast in Revelation 13 verse 1 says that
06:17 it rises from the sea.
06:18 And of course, we know that it's a symbol of
06:20 the Roman Catholic papacy.
06:22 Now verse 9 says, "If anyone has an ear, let him hear.
06:27 He who leads into captivity shall go into captivity;
06:35 he who kills with the sword must be killed with the sword."
06:42 So who is that who killed with the sword?
06:45 Who had the sword and killed with the sword?
06:48 It was the papacy.
06:50 And you say, "How do you know that?"
06:51 Well, verse 14 says so.
06:54 Speaking about the beast that rises from the earth, it says,
06:57 "And he deceives those who dwell on the earth by those signs
07:00 which he was granted to do in the sight of the beast,
07:02 telling those who dwell on the earth to make an image
07:04 to the beast who was wounded by the sword and lived."
07:09 So who was wounded by the sword?
07:12 The beast. So who used the sword to kill?
07:14 The beast.
07:15 And the same sword that the beast used to kill
07:18 was the sword that gave him the deadly wound.
07:22 Now what does that sword represent?
07:25 See, it cannot represent the Bible.
07:29 Because really, the papacy did not use
07:33 the Bible to kill people.
07:36 So immediately you'll see there that the sword as the Bible
07:39 doesn't fit there.
07:41 You know, it's a different container, so to speak.
07:44 So you say, now if the sword there does not represent
07:48 the Word of God, because the papacy did not use the
07:51 Bible to kill God's people, then what could it mean?
07:56 Well, you look in other context to see if the symbol
08:00 can mean something different.
08:02 And let's go to Romans chapter 13, and you'll see
08:04 that there's another meaning to the sword.
08:07 Romans chapter 13 and we'll read verses 1 through 4.
08:12 13, verses 1 through 4.
08:15 It says there, "Let every soul be subject to the
08:19 governing authorities.
08:20 For there is no authority except from God,
08:23 and the authorities that exist are appointed by God.
08:26 Therefore whoever resists the authority
08:29 resists the ordinance of God, and those who resist
08:33 will bring judgment on themselves."
08:35 Now notice verse 3.
08:37 "For rulers..."
08:39 Who are the rulers? The political leaders, right?
08:42 "For rulers are not a terror to good works, but to evil.
08:47 Do you want to be unafraid of the authority?
08:50 Do what is good, and you will have praise from the same.
08:53 For he," that is the civil ruler, "is God's minister
08:58 to you for good.
08:59 But if you do evil, be afraid;
09:01 for he does not bear the sword in vain."
09:08 Does the civil ruler have a sword?
09:11 Do you know what the sword of the civil ruler is?
09:14 It is used to punish violations of civil law.
09:21 Can the civil power punish violations of religious law?
09:26 For example, if people don't worship on Sunday
09:32 but they worship on the Sabbath, does the civil power
09:35 have the say, "Well, you've got to worship on Sunday.
09:37 You can't worship on Sabbath."
09:38 Of course not.
09:40 Because the sword of the civil power can only be used
09:44 to punish violations of civil law, not religious law.
09:49 It cannot legislate the first table of the law.
09:52 It can only legislate the second table which protects
09:54 relationships between human beings in society.
09:59 So the state has its sword, which is the right to punish
10:04 violations of civil law.
10:06 And the church has its sword,
10:08 which is the Word of God, the Bible.
10:09 Now how does the church use the sword?
10:13 By preaching.
10:16 You read Hebrews 4 verses 12 and 13,
10:18 it says that the Word of God is like a sword,
10:21 a double-edged sword, and it penetrates
10:24 into the inner most depths of the human heart.
10:28 And that happens when we preach.
10:30 The Word goes through the ears, and it goes all the way
10:32 and it pierces the heart.
10:34 So the church has its sword, which is the Word of God.
10:37 The civil power has also its sword, which it uses
10:40 to punish violations of civil law.
10:43 So when we find the word, "sword,"
10:46 does it always represent the same thing?
10:48 No, it can take on a different shape depending on the context
10:53 in which it appears.
10:55 Yesterday I mentioned the expression, "sons of God."
10:58 You know, in Genesis chapter 6 it says that the sons of God
11:02 saw that the daughters of men were beautiful.
11:05 And so theologians, many, many theologians,
11:09 not Adventists, but non-Adventists ones,
11:11 they say that the sons of God in Genesis 6 were actually angels.
11:15 And the reason they say that is because in the book of Job,
11:19 it says that when God created this world
11:21 the sons of God shouted for joy and sang.
11:26 And obviously, human beings were not around at that time.
11:30 And so the sons of God who shouted and sang for joy
11:35 when God created this world obviously represents what?
11:40 Angels.
11:41 So what they do is they take Job, you know, where it says,
11:44 "The sons of God came to present themselves before the Lord,"
11:47 and then chapter 38 verse 7 where it says that they
11:49 sang at creation, and they say, "See, 'sons of God,' here
11:53 means angels, so in Genesis 6 it means angels."
11:57 Big mistake.
11:59 Because symbols are flexible.
12:02 Symbols are liquid.
12:05 And they have to be taken within their context.
12:07 What is the context of, "sons of God," in Genesis 6?
12:11 The context is clear.
12:13 Right before it says, "The sons of God came into the
12:16 daughters of men," it gives the genealogy of Cain.
12:22 And there are three women in the genealogy of Cain.
12:24 Those are the daughters of men, by the way.
12:26 And then you have the genealogy of Seth.
12:29 Those are the righteous.
12:30 And then in 6:1, sons of God and daughters of men.
12:33 The context indicates that the sons of God
12:36 are those from the holy line.
12:38 From the holy line that would eventually lead to the Messiah.
12:42 Are you following me or not?
12:44 Furthermore, in Scripture God's people are called,
12:47 "sons of God."
12:49 "Behold what manner of love the Father has given us
12:51 that we should be called..." What?
12:53 "...the sons of God."
12:54 So converted people are sons of God as well.
12:57 So the holy line were people that were converted.
13:00 They were the righteous.
13:01 And they're called, "sons of God."
13:03 So my point is that whenever we find symbols,
13:06 let's not assume that the symbol means the same thing everywhere.
13:10 Because symbols are liquid, or symbols can take
13:14 different shapes depending on the context
13:17 in which they appear.
13:19 Now the next point is very important,
13:21 at the bottom of page 28.
13:23 It is important not to isolate a symbol from its context.
13:28 Do not lose sight of the forest for the trees.
13:33 Remember that each individual symbol is only one piece
13:38 of the puzzle, and not the puzzle in its entirety.
13:43 Once you have discovered the meaning of each
13:45 individual symbol, then you can put them together
13:49 to get a complete picture of what God wants to teach.
13:54 An illustration of this that we used at the very beginning
13:58 of this class was the rock episode.
14:02 We have three symbols in that story of the rock.
14:05 We have a rock, we have a rod, and we have water.
14:12 So what do you do?
14:13 You want to look at the total picture.
14:15 But in order to get the total picture,
14:17 what do you have to do?
14:19 You have to interpret, well what does the rock mean?
14:22 And then you say, "Now wait a minute, what does the rod mean?"
14:25 And so you look at the meaning of the rod.
14:27 Then you say, "Well, what does the water represent?"
14:29 So you look at the water.
14:31 And then once you've interpreted each individual symbol,
14:34 you put them together to get the complete picture.
14:38 Are you understanding what I'm saying?
14:40 So in other words, it's no good just to interpret
14:42 individual symbols.
14:43 The purpose of interpreting different symbols
14:46 is then to put them together in a tapestry
14:49 so we see the whole picture.
14:51 Don't get all caught up in the trees,
14:52 in the individual tree.
14:54 You know, look at the forest.
14:56 Look at what God wants to teach through a combination
14:59 of all of the symbols and not only individual symbols.
15:03 And so, it's very important for us not to isolate
15:06 a symbol from its context.
15:08 The purpose of studying each individual symbol
15:11 is to then get the complete picture.
15:14 I like to consider symbols, like there's lots of symbolism
15:17 in Revelation chapter 11.
15:19 Tremendous symbolism there.
15:21 Now I like to compare that symbolism with the parts
15:27 of a painting, an oil painting.
15:31 See, an oil painting has individual parts, right?
15:36 But the genius of the painting is not all the individual parts.
15:41 It's taking all the individual parts and putting them there
15:45 so that you can see the whole picture.
15:47 See, the purpose of the parts is to see the picture.
15:50 And so the purpose of interpreting individual symbols
15:53 is to then be able to fit them together.
15:56 And don't try to force a piece of the puzzle into the puzzle.
16:00 Make sure that you interpret the symbol correctly.
16:04 And then every piece of the puzzle will fit together.
16:09 Now the next point at the top of page 29,
16:12 look for the main characteristics of the symbol.
16:17 And then apply it.
16:19 The symbol, and what is symbolized, are not identical
16:22 in all respects.
16:23 You know, some people take the symbol and they try
16:25 to apply every detail of the symbol to what it symbolizes.
16:30 For example, without the intention of being sacrilegious,
16:35 remember the fact that Jesus is described as a lamb.
16:38 That does not mean that He's wooly and He has four legs.
16:42 Don't try to interpret what each leg represents
16:45 when it comes to Christ.
16:46 No, no, no.
16:48 There's a certain characteristic of the symbol
16:51 that is to be applied.
16:52 Not every single detail of the symbol applies
16:55 to what it symbolizes.
16:58 Are you with me?
16:59 Very, very important.
17:01 Next point.
17:03 Do not give contemporary meanings to prophetic symbols.
17:08 Today, red is the color of Communism.
17:12 If you don't believe that, just look at Venezuela.
17:15 You know, whenever they have rallies,
17:17 it looks like there's blood in the streets.
17:20 Everybody has a red shirt and they have a red cap.
17:23 And surprising that they don't have red pants too.
17:26 Everything is red.
17:27 See, red, they say, is the color of Communism.
17:29 So when you find in prophecy, red, that means Communism.
17:32 No, you can't transpose contemporary meanings
17:35 back into the Bible.
17:38 A bear of Daniel 7.
17:41 You know, does that mean that the bear represents Russia,
17:45 because Russia has a bear on its flag?
17:49 Of course not.
17:50 A lion. A lion is the symbol of England.
17:54 So in Daniel 7, the lion is England, right?
17:57 Of course not.
17:59 You know, Babylon in Revelation.
18:02 Is that talking about the literal city of Babylon?
18:05 Of course not.
18:07 And so, what we cannot do is take contemporary meanings
18:11 of symbols and then apply them to Scripture and say
18:17 that's what they mean in the Bible.
18:18 We have to allow the Bible to interpret its own symbols
18:21 and tell us what those symbols mean.
18:25 Now for the next few minutes I want us to take a look
18:30 at several categories of symbols.
18:35 The first category is that persons are symbolic.
18:38 I've made a long list here of different types of symbols
18:43 to kind of help us along in interpreting these symbols.
18:47 First of all, in prophecy, persons are symbolic.
18:52 For example, a woman.
18:53 We've studied what a woman represents.
18:55 A woman represents the church.
18:59 A pure woman represents a pure church.
19:02 And you have several text there.
19:05 A harlot woman still represents a church.
19:09 But it is an apostate church.
19:12 It is a church that has gone astray from the Lord.
19:16 Balaam.
19:18 You know, you'll find in the book of Revelation, Balaam,
19:21 Revelation 2 and verse 14,
19:24 in relationship to the church of Pergamum.
19:27 Interesting.
19:28 What stage of church history is represented by Pergamum?
19:33 Well, Ephesus is the Apostolic church, right?
19:37 Then you have Smyrna.
19:38 That's the church that is persecuted
19:40 by the Roman Emperors.
19:42 Nothing bad is said about Smyrna.
19:44 You know, God has some things against every church
19:47 except for Smyrna and Philadelphia.
19:50 He says nothing bad about Smyrna.
19:52 Smyrna is the persecuted church by the Roman Emperors.
19:55 But then you have Pergamum.
19:57 Pergamum is the church where apostasy enters the church
20:01 in the days of Constantine.
20:05 In other words, the devil is saying,
20:06 "If I can't kill them..."
20:09 That's what he does under the previous church, Smyrna.
20:12 He says, "If I can't slay all the martyrs through the
20:16 Roman Emperors, then I've got to use a different method."
20:18 He says, "What I'll do is I'll infiltrate them."
20:22 So you have the same method he used back in Genesis.
20:25 "If I can't kill the seed, let me just mix the two seeds."
20:28 And you find that constantly throughout Scripture.
20:32 And so Balaam is mentioned in the context of that church.
20:35 So why is Balaam mentioned there in the context
20:38 of the church of Pergamum?
20:40 That's where Satan's throne is, by the way.
20:42 It's mentioned there in Revelation.
20:44 The reason is very simple.
20:46 Did Balaam attempt to curse Israel from outside?
20:51 Yes he did. Was he successful?
20:53 No. So what did he do?
20:56 He introduced apostasy into Israel
20:59 by getting them to commit fornication and adultery.
21:02 And then they fell.
21:05 See, so the whole story of Balaam illustrates
21:09 what happened during the church of Pergamum.
21:12 That's why Balaam is mentioned.
21:15 You know, we can also mention Jezebel.
21:18 Jezebel is mentioned in the context of the
21:20 church of Thyatira.
21:22 And you have a whole handout on the church
21:25 that existed in the Middle Ages.
21:26 It is the Elijah, the ecclesiastical Elijah,
21:30 is what I call it.
21:32 Because you have all kinds of Elijah symbolism
21:35 connected with the fourth church of Revelation,
21:39 beginning with the fact that Jezebel is mentioned.
21:43 And then if you go to Revelation 11, it says
21:45 that the two witnesses, during the time that they're
21:48 prophesying, which is the Bible, it says that there is no rain.
21:53 And there is no rain for three and a half years.
21:55 Does that start ringing a bell when it comes to Elijah?
21:58 And so what is Revelation saying when it uses
22:01 Jezebel in the fourth church?
22:02 It's saying, "Hey, folks, you need to go back
22:05 and you need to study the whole story."
22:08 Because that whole story in the Old Testament
22:10 is a symbol of what happened during that stage of the church.
22:17 Does that make any sense?
22:18 And so, persons in the Bible are symbolic.
22:21 Is Elijah symbolic?
22:23 Of course Elijah is symbolic.
22:25 There are four Elijah's.
22:27 Actually, there's three.
22:28 But the last Elijah has two stages.
22:31 Let me explain.
22:32 The first Elijah is the historical Elijah.
22:36 If you want to understand the succeeding Elijah's,
22:40 you have to thoroughly know the story of the first Elijah,
22:43 because that is the historical root.
22:46 In other words, the basis or foundation
22:49 for your interpretation of the Elijahs that come afterwards
22:53 are based on understanding the historical Elijah.
22:57 Because that is your foundational prophecy.
23:01 And then when you know that story, you're able to discern
23:04 the fulfillment of that in succeeding
23:08 passages of Scripture.
23:10 And so you study the story of Old Testament Elijah.
23:15 And basically you have, first of all, a king.
23:21 What kind of a king is he?
23:23 A wimp.
23:26 The Bible says that Jezebel just manipulated him
23:29 and did whatever she wanted with him.
23:32 A wimpish king.
23:36 You have a harlot woman.
23:38 Jezebel.
23:40 She was also a witch.
23:43 Yeah, it says in 2 Kings 9 verse 22
23:47 that she practiced the occult.
23:50 Interesting.
23:51 Because Revelation says that the harlot also,
23:54 the harlot called Babylon, also is involved in witchcraft.
23:57 Or sorcery is the word that is used there.
24:00 And so you have a harlot woman.
24:02 And then you have the prophets of Baal
24:04 who are the instruments of the woman.
24:07 Because they eat at Jezebel's table.
24:09 And you don't bite the hand that feeds you,
24:13 as they say.
24:14 And so who is manipulating this whole story?
24:18 Who is the dangerous figure in this whole story?
24:21 Jezebel is the dangerous figure.
24:22 She pulls all the strings.
24:25 You see, she wants to kill Elijah.
24:26 So she manipulates the king and she manipulates
24:29 the prophets of Baal.
24:30 And by the way, she wants everyone to worship Baal,
24:33 the sun god.
24:35 But there's this fly in the ointment, who is Elijah.
24:39 By the way, the Old Testament Elijah is a person.
24:43 The New Testament Elijah, or what I call,
24:45 the prophetic Elijah, is a person.
24:48 But after Jesus dies on the cross, Elijah becomes
24:53 a movement.
24:55 There you have our principle.
24:57 See, things are literal until the Jewish nation passes
25:00 as God's literal people.
25:02 Then you have during the Middle Ages, it's not one person.
25:05 It is like the Waldenses and the Albigenses.
25:10 Elijah becomes not one person,
25:12 but it becomes a movement of people.
25:14 And at the end of time, Elijah will be a worldwide movement.
25:18 Not one individual.
25:20 Are you understanding me?
25:22 And so you look at the story in the Old Testament
25:24 and you find the protagonist.
25:26 You know, when Elijah has to flee,
25:27 he's blamed for the calamities.
25:29 And you look at the end of Jezebel and you look at the
25:31 end of Ahab, and all of this becomes typological
25:35 of the Elijahs that come afterwards.
25:37 And so then you come to the New Testament Elijah.
25:40 In three text Jesus says that the New Testament Elijah
25:43 is John the Baptist.
25:45 And so you say, "Now wait a minute.
25:46 John the Baptist is Elijah."
25:48 Now does Elijah ever appear by himself?
25:52 No.
25:54 If Elijah appears, his enemies appear with him.
25:59 And so John the Baptist has to have three enemies,
26:03 and the story has to develop in a similar way
26:05 to the historical Elijah.
26:08 And in Mark 6 you have the fulfillment of the story
26:10 with New Testament Elijah.
26:14 Is there a wimpish king?
26:17 Herod, he's a wimpy king. Isn't he?
26:19 Easily manipulated.
26:22 He has no backbone.
26:24 Then you have an adulterous woman.
26:27 Herodias.
26:30 And Herodias has an instrument that she uses,
26:32 just like in the Old Testament is was the prophets of Baal.
26:36 In the New Testament, it's the daughter Salome.
26:39 Now who's pulling all the strings here?
26:42 Herodias the harlot.
26:44 See the repetition of the story?
26:47 And so she wants the death of John the Baptist,
26:50 but she has no power over the king.
26:56 Does the papacy have any power over the kings right now?
26:59 No, because she has a deadly wound.
27:01 So what needs to happen for the harlot to be able to
27:06 kill John the Baptist?
27:07 She has to use her daughter.
27:12 She has to use her daughter to get at the kings.
27:16 Is that true of the end time?
27:18 Yes, see the papacy has a deadly wound.
27:22 The relationship between the harlot and the kings of the
27:26 earth has been severed.
27:28 But the harlot will use her daughters
27:31 to influence the kings to eliminate God's people.
27:35 Are you with me?
27:37 And so the historical Elijah becomes the foundation
27:41 to understand the New Testament Elijah,
27:43 to understand the ecclesiastical Elijah,
27:46 and to understand the broadest fulfillment of the prophecy;
27:50 the end time global worldwide Elijah.
27:54 Does the end time Elijah also have three enemies?
27:58 The dragon, the beast, and the false prophet.
28:03 And do you know what's interesting?
28:05 It doesn't say, "a false prophet,"
28:06 it says, "the false prophet."
28:09 And he makes fire come down from heaven in the sight of men.
28:12 He is a counterfeit Elijah.
28:16 Which means that if the devil feels that he has to
28:19 bring in a counterfeit Elijah, it is because there is a
28:22 genuine Elijah.
28:25 Are you with me?
28:27 And so when you find Elijah and you find Jezebel
28:31 in the fourth church, don't just say, "Oh well,
28:34 that was a nasty woman in that church.
28:37 No, you have to go back and you have to study
28:40 the full Old Testament story.
28:43 And then you have to look for fulfillment
28:45 in the New Testament.
28:46 You have to look for a fulfillment there in the
28:48 ecclesiastical period.
28:49 You have to look for the fulfillment in the end time.
28:52 Because Jesus said that He's going to send Elijah
28:54 before the great and terrible Day of the Lord.
28:56 So Jesus Himself, through Malachi, says, "Listen,
29:00 there is going to be an Elijah that is going to prepare
29:03 My way for the second coming."
29:06 So, when we find a name of a person,
29:12 we need to pay attention.
29:15 Because those persons are symbolic,
29:18 those persons are typological.
29:21 Now in prophecy, names are also symbolic.
29:26 When you find a name, pay attention to the name.
29:30 Because the name has symbolic value.
29:32 You see, today we use names because we say, for example,
29:36 when we called our daughter, Jennifer, that's a name that
29:39 that I've always liked.
29:40 So we named our daughter, Jennifer.
29:46 Probably not a very good reason to give her that name.
29:49 You know.
29:51 My wife named my son, so I figured I had the
29:53 right to name my daughter.
29:56 And my wife named my son, Stephen Paul, just like me.
30:00 Have mercy. Two of them.
30:04 But names are symbolic in the Bible, they're important.
30:07 It's not like today that we give a name just to distinguish
30:09 one person from another.
30:11 No, no, no, no.
30:12 In the Bible, names help us interpret the meaning
30:15 of a passage that we're studying.
30:17 Let me read you two statements, first of all,
30:19 from, The Interpreter's Dictionary of the Bible,
30:23 on the importance of names.
30:25 This is volume 3, pages 500 and 501.
30:29 "In biblical thought, a name is not a mere
30:34 label of identification.
30:36 It is an expression of the essential nature of its bearer.
30:42 A man's name reveals his character."
30:45 This is in biblical times.
30:47 "Adam was able to give names to the beasts and birds,
30:51 because as Milton says, he understood their nature."
30:57 In the next statement, which is found in volume 3, page 502,
31:03 it says, "To speak or act in someone's name
31:07 is to act as the representative of that person,
31:10 and hence to participate in his authority."
31:15 Which means that if you do something in the name of Jesus,
31:18 you are participating in His authority
31:20 because you are using His name.
31:25 "Similarly, to be called by a person's name
31:30 implies ownership by the person.
31:33 Whatever is so called comes under the authority
31:36 and the protection of the one whose name is called upon it.
31:40 That which is called by Yahweh's name,"
31:42 that is Jehovah, "is His possession, and therefore
31:46 comes under both His authority and His protection."
31:51 Now let's take a look at some biblical names.
31:53 This is only a short list of examples
31:56 about the importance of a name.
31:59 How about the names of the seven churches in Revelation?
32:02 Are they symbolic?
32:04 Yes they are.
32:06 Do you know what Ephesus means?
32:08 Desirable.
32:11 Desirable.
32:12 Would anybody desire to belong to the apostolic church?
32:16 Absolutely.
32:18 What does Smyrna mean?
32:20 It means bittersweet myrrh.
32:23 Do you know what myrrh was used for?
32:25 To embalm the dead.
32:27 In the church of Smyrna, if you read the message,
32:29 it has all kinds of death language.
32:31 Because this is the period when the church is being slaughtered
32:33 by the Roman Emperors.
32:36 Pergamum means acropolis or height.
32:40 And of course, the church at this time was
32:41 favored by the empire.
32:43 And after the valley of persecution,
32:44 it was at the heights.
32:48 Laodicea means, judging the people.
32:52 Philadelphia means brotherly love.
32:54 Is that true of the Millerites?
32:56 Brotherly love. Yeah.
32:57 So the names of the churches help us understand the
33:00 nature of the church during that period.
33:04 The name Nimrod.
33:07 Ever heard of Nimrod?
33:09 Who was he?
33:10 He was the builder of Babylon, in Genesis 11.
33:14 Do you know what his name means?
33:15 Rebellion.
33:18 Did he fit the name?
33:20 Oh, you better believe it.
33:22 What does Babylon mean?
33:24 Confusion.
33:27 What does Eve mean?
33:29 Mother of all the living.
33:32 Does that name fit her?
33:33 Is that a descriptive name?
33:36 Adam didn't just say, "Oh let's see, what name?
33:38 Oh, Eve. That's so pretty."
33:39 No.
33:40 There's a purpose in giving the name.
33:43 What does Lucifer mean?
33:45 Light bearer.
33:46 That means that his light was not his own.
33:50 His light was reflected light.
33:53 Sarai means what? Laughter.
33:56 Why would she be called laughter?
33:59 Because when God said that she was going to have a child,
34:01 she laughed.
34:03 She had a sense of humor.
34:08 Daniel means, God is my judge.
34:11 Does that fit the book of Daniel very well?
34:14 Oh yes.
34:15 A lot of talk about the judgment.
34:17 Esau means red.
34:21 Interesting.
34:23 When he was born he was all red.
34:26 That's why, you know, he had red hair.
34:29 So he was called, red.
34:31 And he sold his birthright for a bunch of red lentils.
34:36 And there's many more other examples of red things
34:38 that are associated with Esau.
34:42 Michael.
34:43 Who is like God?
34:47 It is a challenge.
34:50 And that's why most of the time when Jesus is called, Michael,
34:53 in the Bible, He's in a struggle with the devil.
34:57 So when Michael comes, it's a challenge
35:00 where Jesus says, "Who is like God,"
35:04 every time that He faces the devil.
35:05 His name is significant.
35:08 Methuselah.
35:10 It comes from two Hebrew words; muth and shalach.
35:15 And when you combine those two words, it means,
35:17 when he dies, it will be sent.
35:21 What a strange name to call a son;
35:23 when he dies, it will be sent.
35:25 Why would he have this name?
35:28 It's very simple.
35:30 Methuselah died the year of the flood.
35:35 And I'm not going to take the time now to prove that.
35:38 Do you know that Jewish tradition says that Methuselah
35:40 died ten days before the flood?
35:43 We can't prove biblically that it was ten days
35:45 before the flood, but we can prove that he
35:48 died the year of the flood.
35:49 So his name, the name that was given to him
35:52 by Enoch, was a prophetic name.
35:56 It was an announcement of when the flood was going to come.
35:58 When he dies, it will be sent.
36:01 So are name important?
36:03 Yes.
36:04 What does the word Satan mean?
36:08 Accuser.
36:09 Does that fit him well?
36:10 Oh yes.
36:12 What does the word devil mean?
36:13 Diabolos.
36:15 It means slanderer.
36:20 Was he a slanderer? Oh yeah.
36:22 Is he a slanderer? Yes.
36:24 Elijah means, my God is Yahweh.
36:29 My God is the Lord.
36:32 Not Baal. Yahweh.
36:35 Enoch means dedicated.
36:37 Was Enoch dedicated to the Lord?
36:39 He most certainly was.
36:41 Ezra means help.
36:42 This is interesting. Ezra means help.
36:45 What does Ezra help to do?
36:50 Ezra and Nehemiah both help to rebuild Jerusalem.
36:55 Lazarus... Oh, excuse me.
36:58 Nabal means fool.
37:02 If fact, his wife said that, you know, he's rightly named.
37:06 Fool.
37:08 What does Lazarus mean?
37:11 It means, may God help.
37:12 Why is that significant?
37:14 Because he certainly was not helped by the rich man.
37:18 "So may God help me," in other words is what it means.
37:22 Israel means prince of God.
37:25 And of course, you know that, "Jacob," before that
37:27 means supplanter.
37:30 So he was changed from a supplanter to a prince of God.
37:34 And his name was changed, of course, when he had
37:37 his struggle with the angel.
37:39 And he said, "I will not let you go until you bless me."
37:43 Solomon means peace giver.
37:48 Here, we have a New Testament; Boanerges.
37:51 Sons of thunder.
37:54 And expressed well, they had a hot temper;
37:57 James and John.
37:59 Moses means, one drawn out.
38:03 Why would he be called, one drawn out?
38:05 Because he was drawn out of the waters.
38:09 Now here's an interesting combination,
38:12 Bethlehem means house of bread.
38:18 Where was Jesus born?
38:20 In the house of bread.
38:22 Where did He grow up?
38:25 And that means, to sprout or to shoot up.
38:31 And He suffered in Gethsemane; which means, the olive press.
38:40 And He was crucified at Golgotha,
38:42 the place of the skull.
38:45 Interesting.
38:48 Those names help us to understand the
38:49 character of those places.
38:52 Jordon means descender.
38:55 You say, "Why would the river Jordon be called
38:57 Jordon, descender?"
38:59 Because the Jordon river originates at Mount Hermon.
39:03 You know, near the Golan Heights.
39:06 And when the Jordon river begins, torrents of water
39:10 come down Mount Hermon and then they come to the
39:15 valley, and then the river flows down the valley
39:17 into the Sea of Galilee, and then out to the dead sea.
39:22 And so it's very appropriately named, descender.
39:28 And then you have Isaiah, salvation of the Lord.
39:32 Doesn't he describe the salvation through the Messiah?
39:35 Of course.
39:36 And then you have Yahweh-Yireh.
39:39 That's the name that we find when Abraham
39:44 takes his son to offer him on Mount Moriah.
39:47 He called the mount, Yahweh-Yireh.
39:51 That is, the Lord will provide.
39:54 Why was it called, the Lord will provide?
39:57 Because God did provide a ram in place of his son.
40:02 And you know what's interesting?
40:03 Isaac is a two-fold symbol.
40:08 Before he's placed on the altar, he represents Christ.
40:16 But only up till that point.
40:17 And he also represents Christ in the fact that the third day...
40:21 By the way, this is happening the third day,
40:22 if you read the story.
40:24 ...Abraham receives him back alive.
40:26 And Hebrews says that it was like he resurrected
40:29 from the dead.
40:31 However, Isaac was not killed.
40:35 So he could not be a symbol of the death of Christ.
40:38 He's a symbol of the submission of Christ to the Father.
40:42 He's a symbol of Christ in the sense that the third day
40:45 Abraham received him alive after he considered him
40:48 as good as dead.
40:49 But Isaac was not sacrificed.
40:51 That's why you needed another symbol, which was the ram.
40:56 Are you following me?
40:59 Now, Delilah; the consumer.
41:05 Does that fit her character very well?
41:08 Oh, her love consumed poor ole Sampson.
41:12 Emmanuel means what?
41:14 God with us.
41:17 Jesus means Yahweh saves, or Jehovah saves.
41:22 Christ, Christós, means anointed.
41:26 Jacob, supplanter.
41:28 We already had Israel, prince of God.
41:31 Armageddon means mount of the congregation.
41:36 I use to believe that it meant mount of slaughter.
41:38 But really it means mount of congregation.
41:40 Because the devil is going to come to the place
41:42 where God's people are congregated.
41:47 In Isaiah 14 it's, harmo'ed.
41:53 And of course, Abaddon or Apollyon
41:58 means destroyer.
42:02 So let me ask you, is it important to understand
42:04 the meaning of biblical names in order to catch the
42:07 picture of what God is trying to teach?
42:09 Names are symbols.
42:13 As well as people being symbols.
42:16 Now numbers are also symbolic.
42:21 Number 4; it represents universality.
42:27 How many points of the compass?
42:30 Four rivers watered the whole earth.
42:34 Four winds hold the world.
42:37 Four beasts; four nations.
42:41 Four banners in Israel represents
42:43 all of the encampment.
42:45 So in Revelation chapter 17, when this beast has ten horns...
42:54 And you have in Revelation 17 also the number 4.
42:58 We'll come back to that a little bit later on.
43:01 Are we to pay attention to the importance of the number?
43:05 Absolutely.
43:07 So the number 4 represents universality.
43:09 The number 7, what does the number 7 represent?
43:13 The number 7 represents fullness, totality,
43:20 Perfection, we say.
43:24 For example, how long did it take to create the world?
43:28 Seven days, including the Sabbath of course.
43:32 How many times did Israel march around Jericho
43:35 for it to be totally destroyed?
43:38 Seven days.
43:40 How many times did Naaman dip himself in the Jordon
43:43 to be totally clean?
43:47 How many times was the fiery furnace heated?
43:51 Seven times.
43:52 How many times was the blood sprinkled on the mercy seat?
43:58 Seven times.
43:59 How many churches represent all of the history
44:02 of the Christian church?
44:03 Seven churches.
44:05 How many plagues, the totality of God's wrath?
44:10 Seven plagues.
44:12 Jesus has seven horns.
44:13 Horns represent power, all power.
44:15 He has seven eyes.
44:17 All wisdom.
44:19 So is the number 7 symbolic?
44:22 Yes it is.
44:23 How about the number 3?
44:26 The number 3 represents the Godhead.
44:29 How many persons in the Godhead?
44:32 Three.
44:33 There are a lot of people that feel uncomfortable
44:34 with that these days.
44:37 You know, there's a lot of people attacking the doctrine
44:39 of the Godhead.
44:42 They're saying, you know, "The only one who is
44:44 God is the Father.
44:46 Jesus is created by God.
44:53 And the Holy Spirit isn't even a person.
44:55 The Holy Spirit is a force.
44:59 Or the Holy Spirit is an influence."
45:02 I don't believe that for a minute.
45:05 I believe that the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit
45:07 are all three persons.
45:09 Individual distinct persons.
45:13 Each one with their own individuality.
45:16 They have different functions.
45:19 The Son is under the authority of the Father.
45:22 And the Holy Spirit is under the authority of the Son.
45:26 Even in a perfect universe.
45:29 You know, the reason I emphasize that is because
45:31 there's this argument by those who are discussing this issue of
45:35 the roles of men and women in the home and in the church,
45:38 they say, "Listen, if you believe that the wife is
45:40 suppose to be subject to the husband,
45:42 then you're saying that the wife is inferior to the husband."
45:47 False argument.
45:50 Because if you argue that way, then you're going to have to
45:52 say that Jesus is inferior to His Father
45:54 because He subjects Himself to His Father.
45:58 Is Jesus inferior to His Father?
46:02 Whose will does the Holy Spirit do?
46:06 Christ's.
46:07 Is the Holy Spirit subject to the authority of Jesus?
46:10 Yes He is.
46:12 So the Holy Spirit is inferior to Jesus because He's
46:14 subject to Jesus.
46:16 No.
46:18 You see, subjection does not mean inferiority.
46:22 Two equals can have one subject to the other
46:27 and still be equal.
46:30 But somehow, people don't understand that.
46:33 They find it difficult to understand that.
46:36 But it's very clear in Scripture that even before sin
46:41 the Son was subject to the Father.
46:44 There's nothing bad in that, folks.
46:47 Subjection is divine.
46:50 Wanting to ascend is diabolical.
46:55 Jesus said, "The greatest is the least.
47:00 He who becomes a servant is the greatest."
47:03 So all this fight, "I want this position,
47:06 and I want this and I want that,"
47:09 that is not of God.
47:13 Anyway, how did I get off on that subject?
47:20 The number 6 represents man in apostasy against God.
47:30 Particularly the number 666.
47:31 Do you know the first time in the Bible where 666 appears?
47:37 Solomon's yearly income was 666 talents of gold.
47:43 And you know what's interesting?
47:44 Immediately after the Bible says that was his income,
47:49 in the very next chapter it speaks about
47:52 the apostasy of Solomon.
47:56 And it gives two reasons.
47:57 Number one, his riches.
47:59 And number two, fornicating with women from foreign nations.
48:04 So let me ask you, in Revelation, must the
48:06 number 666 have to do with a system that is very rich
48:09 and a system that commits fornication
48:12 and leads God's people astray?
48:15 See how important the context is?
48:17 It's vitally important.
48:19 The number 10 means whole.
48:26 So you have the ten in Revelation chapter 17.
48:29 We'll get into that later.
48:31 The number 40 represents tribulation and trial.
48:35 How many days did Jesus spend being tempted in the wilderness?
48:39 Forty days.
48:40 How many days did Goliath challenge Israel?
48:47 Forty days.
48:49 How long did Israel last in the desert?
48:53 Forty years.
48:55 So 40 in the Bible represents tribulation and trial
49:00 when you find it.
49:01 And I only put these as a sampling of numbers.
49:04 There are other numbers in Scripture
49:07 that are very, very important.
49:08 But you know, all you have to do is go where?
49:12 To a concordance. Hello.
49:15 And look up the word.
49:17 And look at all of the references to that number.
49:21 And then, you know, find a common denominator.
49:25 And look and see if that interpretation fits the context
49:28 of the passage that you are studying.
49:31 Beasts are also symbolic.
49:34 They are symbolic of what?
49:37 Of nations, kingdoms, or empires.
49:41 For example, the four beasts of Daniel 7 represent
49:44 four kingdoms, right?
49:47 How do you know that?
49:50 You don't even have to go any other place
49:51 because Daniel 7 tells you so.
49:54 The symbol is interpreted in Daniel 7.
49:59 The lion represents Babylon.
50:03 The beast from the earth represents the United States.
50:09 A dove represents the Holy Spirit who rules over
50:12 the kingdom of grace.
50:17 Now let me mention just a couple of things as we
50:19 close here this section.
50:22 And by the way, the next section I want to finish this.
50:25 Is this interesting?
50:27 Does it help you in knowing how to interpret symbols?
50:30 I certainly hope so.
50:31 It's good to give examples.
50:33 Because when we apply the examples, it becomes
50:36 much more practical.
50:39 Let's talk just for a few moments here about
50:42 this beast that rises from the earth and has
50:44 two horns like a lamb.
50:48 You know, traditionally we have said that horns
50:53 represent kingdoms or divisions of kingdoms.
50:58 Right?
51:00 For example, we have the ten horns on the head
51:03 of the dragon beast.
51:04 They represent the ten kingdoms into which
51:07 the Roman Empire was divided.
51:08 We say they're kingdoms, right?
51:10 We have the four horns on the head of the he goat
51:14 in Daniel 8.
51:16 They represent the four kingdoms that sprang from
51:19 Alexander the Great's kingdom.
51:21 So we say horns are kingdoms.
51:26 But when we come to Revelation 13,
51:29 we say that these two horns are principles.
51:33 The two horns like a lamb
51:36 of this beast that ends up speaking like a dragon.
51:38 We say, "Those two horns represent two principles."
51:42 Now on what basis can we say that horns represent kingdoms;
51:48 and then we have a beast here that has two horns
51:51 like a lamb, and we say that these horns
51:55 represent principles.
51:56 You know, the closest parallel to what we find to this beast
51:59 in Revelation 13 is found in Daniel 8.
52:03 There is a ram that has two horns.
52:08 And one is taller than the other.
52:11 See, a ram is a male sheep.
52:13 Right?
52:15 That's the closest parallel to this beast that rises
52:17 from the earth, is Daniel 8; the ram.
52:21 It has two horns, and one of them is higher than the other.
52:24 And the highest one came out last, because the Persians,
52:28 you know, became predominant later on.
52:31 The Medes were only there at the very beginning,
52:33 then they disappeared.
52:34 And all the rulers after that were Persians.
52:37 So this prophecy in Daniel 8 can be proved historically
52:42 that it's true that this kingdom was composed
52:47 of two kingdoms, right?
52:49 What do the two horns represent?
52:50 There was only one nation, but that one nation was
52:55 composed of two what?
52:58 Of two kingdoms.
52:59 The Medes and the Persians.
53:02 So if you go to Revelation 13, we ask the question:
53:07 Would these two horns represent two kingdoms?
53:11 The answer is yes.
53:13 But from the idea of two kingdoms, if you read the book,
53:17 Jekyll and Hyde, from the idea of two kingdoms
53:22 springs the idea of two principles.
53:29 Now what do I mean?
53:31 What are the two kingdoms that are recognized
53:34 by the United States Constitution?
53:39 The church and the state.
53:42 The first amendment protects religion.
53:46 It says that congress cannot make laws establishing religion
53:49 or forbidding the free exercise of religion.
53:51 So does the Constitution recognize the right of religion?
53:57 Is that one kingdom?
53:59 Is the church a kingdom?
54:01 Yes.
54:02 Jesus says, "Upon this rock I will build My church
54:05 and I will give you the keys to the kingdom."
54:07 So church is a kingdom.
54:10 Is the state a kingdom?
54:12 So what do we have in the United States?
54:14 We have one nation that recognizes the same
54:17 two kingdoms that Jesus recognized.
54:21 "Render therefore to Caesar that which is Caesar's,
54:24 and to God that which is God's."
54:28 Are you following me?
54:29 In that way, we are consistent in our interpretation.
54:33 Because I've had people ask me, "Why do you say they're
54:35 principle here and they're kingdoms elsewhere?"
54:40 And I answer, "They are kingdoms."
54:43 But from the idea of kingdoms springs the idea
54:46 of two principles, which is separation of the two kingdoms;
54:50 church and state.
54:52 What Ellen White calls, republicanism and Protestantism.
54:55 Republicanism has nothing to do with the republican party.
55:01 It is a republic.
55:04 And that means that it is a representative
55:06 style of government.
55:09 That's what a republic is.
55:11 A republic is not a democracy.
55:14 It is a representative style of government.
55:17 And so in the United States, the founding fathers said,
55:20 "We recognize that there are two legitimate kingdoms
55:25 in this country.
55:28 One is the church, and we're going to protect the right
55:30 of people to worship according to the
55:32 dictates of their conscience.
55:33 And the other is the state."
55:36 By the way, of how many kingdoms are you citizens?
55:45 We're in one nation, but we are citizens of two kingdoms.
55:52 I'm a citizen of the United States.
55:55 But living in the United States, I'm also a citizen of heaven.
56:00 Because I'm a member of the church.
56:02 So I have two nationalities within the same nation.
56:09 And I have two passports.
56:10 My U.S. passport and the blood of the Lamb.
56:16 Do we have responsibilities to our church? Yes.
56:19 Do we have responsibilities for the state?
56:21 Yes.
56:23 What is our financial responsibility to the state?
56:26 Taxes.
56:27 And what are our financial responsibilities to the church?
56:30 Tithe.
56:33 But it would be illegitimate to take God's tithe
56:35 and give it to the state, or take Caesar's money and
56:37 give it to the church.
56:39 And we've crossed that line in the Adventist church.
56:43 And it's going to come back to bite us;
56:46 taking money from Caesar for the church.
56:49 Because Caesar never gives without expecting in return.
56:54 And Caesar is going to say, "Well, you took my money,
56:57 so why don't you want to do what I say?"
57:01 That's why there needs to be a strict separation
57:04 between church and state.
57:06 According to prophecy, the union of church and state
57:09 is going to lead to the persecution of God's people.
57:13 Now that doesn't mean that we shouldn't vote
57:14 and we shouldn't support the state.
57:16 Of course we should.
57:17 As good citizens.
57:19 And we should be good church members.
57:22 But we should not mix or mingle the things of the church
57:24 and things of the state.
57:26 They should remain absolutely separate, one from the other.
57:31 And if we don't separate those two, the results will be dire.
57:36 And we know that this is going to happen
57:38 very, very soon in these United States of America,
57:42 and in the whole world.


Revised 2015-07-08