Revelation's Seven Trumpets

Lesson 3 - The Second Trumpet

Three Angels Broadcasting Network

Program transcript



Series Code: RST

Program Code: RST000004S

00:14 - All right. Here we are for our last session
00:16 today. Time has flown, hasn't it? We are going
00:22 to study in this session the second trumpet of the
00:27 book of Revelation, and I'm hoping to cover the
00:30 second trumpet in one session. There are several
00:33 pages that I'm going to skip, and you need
00:39 to read these pages this evening. That's
00:42 why we're letting you out early. [laughter]
00:45 So that as good students, you'll read these pages.
00:48 There's probably about 13 or 14 pages that
00:50 deal with a lot of history. And so,
00:53 we're not gonna cover those in class 'cause
00:55 it's written; I'll just give you the gist
00:58 of what those pages cover. So, let's go to Revelation
01:02 chapter 8 verses 8 and 9. We're on page 37 of
01:06 our manual. Page 37, the second trumpet.
01:12 Let's read Revelation 8:8-9.
01:18 "Then the second angel sounded: And something
01:21 like a great mountain burning with fire was
01:26 thrown into the sea." So, is this an asteroid
01:30 or something? [laughter] Well, let's let the Bible
01:33 interpret itself. "And something like a great
01:35 mountain burning was fire was thrown into
01:38 the sea, and a third of the sea became blood.
01:44 And a third of the living creatures"-other versions
01:46 say, "the fish"-"in the sea died, and a third of the ships
01:51 were destroyed." So, that is a description of the
01:56 second trumpet. Now, in order to understand
01:59 the second trumpet, we need to understand a
02:02 very important biblical principle. We find that
02:05 principle in Galatians 6 and verse 7. Very
02:10 well-known verse; it says, "Be not deceived. God is not
02:14 mocked; for whatever a man sows, that will he
02:20 also," what? "...that will he also reap."
02:24 Now, this principle not only applies to individuals.
02:27 This principle also applies to nations, or empires.
02:33 Notice this statement from Ellen White.
02:36 This is from the book Great Controversy
02:38 in the chapter on the French Revolution.
02:42 Ellen White wrote, "Unhappy France reaped in blood
02:47 the harvest that she had," what? "...that she
02:51 had sown. Terrible were the results of her submission
02:56 to the controlling power of Rome." So, the law
03:00 of sowing and reaping applies not only to
03:03 individuals... Well, an individual's soul that
03:05 individual will reap, but also to nations
03:08 who sow and also reap what they sowed. Now,
03:14 let's notice some biblical examples of this. God
03:17 used Assyria-we're at the foot of page 37.
03:20 God used Assyria as His instrument to punish His
03:24 apostate people, Israel. And then, He punished
03:28 Assyria for treading down His people. So, Assyria
03:33 persecuted God's people. And so after Assyria
03:37 persecuted God's people, then Assyria suffered
03:40 what she had caused God's people to suffer.
03:44 Let's notice these verses that we find in Isaiah 10:5-6
03:50 and verse 12. "Woe to Assyria, the rod of my
03:54 anger and the staff in whose hand is my
03:57 indignation. I will send him against an ungodly
04:01 nation"-speaking about Israel-"and against the
04:03 people of my wrath. I will give him charge to
04:06 seize the spoil, to take the prey, and to tread
04:11 them down like the mire of the streets." It's speaking
04:14 about what Assyria is gonna do to Israel. But
04:18 now, notice verse 12. [text on-screen]
04:34 So, are you seeing the principle? Assyria
04:37 sowed persecution, and what did it reap? It
04:40 reaped the result of what it had sown.
04:42 The same is true of Nebuchadnezzar's
04:45 Babylon. Notice Jeremiah 27:6-7. Jeremiah 27:6-7.
04:53 "And now, I have given all these lands," including
04:56 Israel, "into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar, the
04:59 king of Babylon, My servant; and the beasts of the field
05:03 I have also given to him. So all nations shall serve
05:07 him and his son and his son's son, until the time
05:12 of his land comes; and then, many nations and great kings
05:16 shall make him serve them." Are you catching the
05:20 picture? So, all nations serve Nebuchadnezzar;
05:23 God says, "At the end, these nations are gonna
05:26 come and make Nebuchadnezzar serve them." Nebuchadnezzar
05:30 was God's servant to punish apostate Israel.
05:33 And then, God punished Nebuchadnezzar for treading
05:37 down His people. Jeremiah chapters 50 and 51 describe
05:42 how God punished Babylon for oppressing His people.
05:46 These are very important verses that we're gonna
05:50 notice now. Jeremiah 50 and 51 describe what
05:56 happened to Babylon as a result of Babylon oppressing
05:59 God's people. It says there in verse 11...
06:05 Actually, it's verse 14: [text on-screen]
06:46 So, there's the oppression of God's people. [reads verse 18]
07:12 So, there's the principle again. Babylon oppressed
07:14 God's people; therefore, God rose nations that
07:20 came and destroyed Babylon. Jeremiah 51 also describes
07:25 this same phenomenon. It says, beginning in
07:29 verse 24... [text on-screen]
07:41 So, Babylon will oppress Zion, so now God is going
07:46 to do the same with Chaldea. Verse 34.
08:37 So, this is the principle. Whatsoever a nation
08:41 or an empire sows, that also will that nation what?
08:46 Reap. Is that true of the first trumpet, as well?
08:50 What did the Jewish nation sow? Well,
08:52 the Jewish nation had Jesus slain, and persecuted
08:56 the followers of God's people. So what happened?
09:00 God used the Romans to punish those who were
09:03 oppressing Christ and His people. Now, let's
09:08 ask the question: who destroyed Jerusalem
09:10 the first time? In the year 586, by the way,
09:15 it was. Was it God? Was it Nebuchadnezzar? Or
09:20 did Israel destroy itself? Well, the answer is yes.
09:27 [laughter] Let's notice what the Bible says.
09:30 Daniel chapter 9 and verse 14 says that God
09:32 destroyed Jerusalem. It says there... [text on-screen]
09:47 So who brought all this disaster on Israel? Why
09:50 were they taken captive for 70 years? It says,
09:53 "The Lord has brought it upon us." So, God did
09:57 it. But the Bible also says that Nebuchadnezzar
10:00 did it. Notice 2 Chronicles 36:17-19. It says that
10:07 Nebuchadnezzar did it. Let's read. [on-screen text]
10:48 So, who is it that destroyed Jerusalem the first time?
10:52 Nebuchadnezzar and the armies of the Chaldeans!
10:56 But we just read that it was God. Now, is it
10:59 possible that Israel itself destroyed itself?
11:03 [chuckles] Well, let's notice Daniel 9:11,
11:06 and then verses 14 and 15. [text on-screen]
11:33 So who brought the destruction upon the
11:35 city? Israel! Verse 14. [text on-screen]
12:05 So, who destroyed Jerusalem the first time? Was it God?
12:12 Yes. Was it Nebuchadnezzar? Yes. Was it Israel itself?
12:18 Yes! Because of the sinfulness of Israel,
12:21 they brought upon themselves the Babylonians whom God
12:25 used to punish them for their apostasy. Now, what
12:30 about the second destruction of Jerusalem in the year
12:33 70-between the year 66 and the year 70?
12:37 Well, we're going to the section now on page
12:40 40, the second destruction of Jerusalem. Daniel 9:26,
12:46 which we studied in the Sabbath school lesson
12:49 just this last Sabbath, states that the people
12:53 of the Prince destroyed Jerusalem the second time
12:57 in the year A.D. 70. So, who destroyed the
13:00 city of Jerusalem? The people of the Prince.
13:05 Now, who is the Prince of Daniel 9? The Prince in
13:08 Daniel 9 is Christ! All throughout the
13:11 book of Daniel, when the word 'prince' is used,
13:13 it applies to Christ; never applies to a human
13:16 being. He is the great prince who stands watch
13:20 over the children of your people. He is the
13:22 Prince of Princes in Daniel chapter 8.
13:26 So, the "Prince" in Daniel 9 is Christ! Now, if the
13:29 Prince in Daniel 9:26 is Jesus, then who must
13:34 the people of the Prince be? Who are the people
13:38 of the Prince? The Jewish nation! Right?
13:42 The Jewish nation. Now, the critical question,
13:46 then, is this: did the Jews destroy their own
13:49 city and sanctuary? Because it says the people
13:52 of the Prince destroyed the city. So in other words,
13:56 the Jews destroyed their own city. You say, "No,
13:59 that didn't happen, did it?" Well, let's pursue this.
14:01 At first sight, the idea seems absurd and
14:05 preposterous! After all, the Jews did not destroy
14:08 their own city and sanctuary, did they? Did not Titus
14:11 and the Romans destroy the city and the temple?
14:15 Well, yes. But let's pursue this in the light
14:18 of the first destruction of Jerusalem by the
14:20 Babylonians. The parable of the wedding in Matthew
14:24 22:1-14 explains clearly who destroyed Jerusalem
14:30 the second time. Similarly, the parable of the vineyard
14:34 workers in Matthew 21:33-46 also tells us who brought
14:40 destruction upon the city. You see, in the
14:43 parable of Matthew 22 as we noticed in our
14:45 last session, God the Father sent servants
14:48 to Israel to invite them to the marriage of His
14:52 Son-that is, to the marriage of Jesus.
14:55 The first stage of the parable represents
14:57 the Old Testament period. Then, God sends prophets
15:01 after the Old Testament period after Jesus dies
15:07 on the cross. And what do they do with the
15:10 second group of messengers that are sent? We're
15:13 told in verse 4 and 5, and verse 6, that they
15:18 rejected the second invitation on the part of Peter and
15:23 Paul and many others, and therefore what happened
15:26 with the king? We read this in our last session.
15:29 The king got angry, and he sent his armies...
15:33 Who would the armies be? The Romans-Titus
15:38 and the Romans-to destroy what? To destroy the
15:41 city and the temple. So, notice it says in verse 7:
15:45 "But when the king," that's God the Father,
15:47 "heard thereof, he was wroth; and he sent forth
15:51 his armies," that is Titus and the Roman
15:53 armies, "and destroyed those murderers and
15:56 burned up their city." So, who is it that destroyed
16:01 Jerusalem the second time? Was it God? Yes.
16:09 Was it Titus and the Roman armies? Yes,
16:13 but who ultimately was to blame? The people
16:16 themselves were to blame. Notice Ellen White's comment
16:19 here in Great Controversy page 35 and 36. "The Jews
16:25 had forged their own," what? "...their own
16:29 fetters. They had filled for themselves the
16:34 cup of vengeance. In the utter destruction
16:37 that befell them as a nation and in all the
16:41 woes that followed them in their dispersion, they
16:44 were but reaping the harvest which their
16:47 own hands had sown. Says the prophet, 'O
16:51 Israel, thou hast destroyed thyself, for thou hast
16:57 fallen by thine iniquity.' Their sufferings are
17:01 often represented as a punishment visited upon
17:04 them by the direct decree of God. It is thus that the
17:07 Great Deceiver seeks to conceal his own work.
17:12 By stubborn rejection of divine love and mercy,
17:15 the Jews had caused the protection of God to be
17:19 withdrawn from them, and Satan was permitted
17:22 to rule them according to his will." Are you
17:27 understanding the principle here? "Whatsoever a nation
17:30 sows, that will a nation also," what? "...also reap."
17:36 Now, you say, "What does this have to do with the
17:40 second trumpet?" Now we're gonna get into the
17:42 nitty-gritty of how this principle applies to the
17:45 second trumpet. We have a burning mountain in the
17:50 second trumpet, and this burning mountain is
17:53 cast into the sea. Now, what do mountains represent
17:57 in Scripture? In Scripture, mountains represent kingdoms.
18:05 Remember in Daniel chapter 2, the stone hits the
18:08 feet of the image, and then you have a great mountain
18:11 that grows that covers the whole earth? That's
18:14 the eternal kingdom, according to the interpretation
18:15 of this particular vision that Daniel received.
18:21 Well, actually, Nebuchadnezzar received it, but Daniel
18:24 also received it and then interpreted it to
18:26 the king! So, the fall of a kingdom... The
18:31 falling of a mountain must represent the
18:33 falling of a kingdom. By the way, in Isaiah
18:36 14:13, God's kingdom in heaven is represented
18:40 by a mountain, as well. You remember Lucifer-
18:43 he said, "I will ascend to the Mount of God"? And
18:46 he said, "I'll overthrow God, and I'll become the
18:49 ruler"? So, once again the mountain represents
18:52 God's kingdom. In Psalm 48 and verse 1, it speaks
18:56 about God's throne being in Zion-on Mount Zion.
19:01 So, Mount Zion is the sea of God's kingdom.
19:06 And by the way, in Revelation chapter 17,
19:08 you have a dragon beast that has seven heads,
19:12 which are also identified as seven mountains. And
19:16 what do those seven mountains or heads
19:17 represent? They represent seven successive kingdoms
19:21 beginning with Babylon and ending, finally, with
19:24 the papacy, using the United States to accomplish her
19:28 purposes. So, a mountain represents a what? A
19:33 mountain represents a kingdom. Now, where
19:37 does this language come from: "a burning mountain
19:40 that is cast into the sea"? We have to go
19:44 back to the Old Testament to understand it. So,
19:47 let's go back to Jeremiah chapter 50, which is
19:50 speaking about the punishment that God was going to meet
19:53 out upon literal Babylon, because Babylon had
19:57 persecuted His people and led them into captivity.
20:01 Jeremiah 50, and we'll read verse 3, verse 9,
20:05 verse 10, verses 41 and 42. Actually, it would
20:09 be nice to read the entire chapter, 50 and 51, because
20:13 it's describing the punishment upon Babylon. By the
20:16 way, this destruction comes from the north,
20:19 and it is like the waves of the sea drowning this
20:23 kingdom. Let's read these verses. [text on-screen]
21:49 Now, let's go to Jeremiah 51 and verse 25. Remember,
21:54 Jeremiah 50 and 51 are describing the destruction
21:59 of Babylon for Babylon oppressing and persecuting
22:02 God's people. Now, what is Babylon compared to
22:05 in Jeremiah 51 and verse 25? This is the key verse
22:10 to understand the second trumpet. Here, the prophet
22:14 Jeremiah compares the kingdom of Babylon to
22:18 a destroying what? To a destroying mountain.
22:23 Eventually, this destroying mountain became what
22:25 kind of a mountain? A burning mountain. And
22:29 this burning mountain was cast where? Was cast into
22:33 the sea. Any relationship with the second trumpet?
22:37 Absolutely. You have a burning mountain, cast
22:41 into the sea. Now, here is the key verse: Jeremiah
22:45 51:25. "And I will repay Babylon and all the
22:50 inhabitants of Chaldea." Why is God gonna do this?
22:55 Why is Chaldea or Babylon gonna be punished by
22:58 the Lord? Well, "For all the evil they have done,"
23:02 where? In Zion. "In your sight," says the Lord.
23:06 "Behold, I am against you." How does He refer
23:09 to Babylon? "O destroying," what? [text on-screen]
23:27 Is this the source for the terminology on
23:29 the second trumpet? Absolutely. So, does the
23:33 second trumpet have any relationship with
23:37 Babylon? Yes or no? It has a relationship to
23:41 Babylon-but you say, "Wait a minute. If the
23:44 second trumpet is after the destruction of Jerusalem,
23:46 how can we be talking about Babylon?" Well,
23:49 let's continue to pursue this. Let's interpret
23:52 what "the sea" means. We've noticed that the
23:54 burning mountain that is cast into the sea represents
23:57 what? It represents Babylon!-what's going
24:02 to happen to Babylon. But what does the sea
24:04 that the burning mountain is cast into represent?
24:09 Well, let's read several verses. Jeremiah 51:42.
24:24 So is the burning mountain cast into the sea? Absolutely.
24:28 Now the question is, what does the sea
24:31 represent? Well, let's go to Isaiah 27 and
24:34 verses 12-14. We're allowing the Bible to
24:37 interpret itself. Isaiah 27:12. "Woe to the multitude
24:44 of many," what? "...many people..." And what are
24:48 the people compared to? "...who make a noise like
24:51 the roar of the seas, and to the rushing of
24:56 nations that make a rushing like the rushing
25:00 of many waters." So, what do the mighty
25:04 waters represent? They represent the rushing of
25:08 nations. What does the roar of the seas represent?
25:12 The multitude of many people. So what was gonna
25:15 happen to Babylon? She would be burnt up as a
25:20 kingdom; she will be cast into the sea, which means
25:23 that the nations would come against her and
25:25 they would drown Babylon. Let's continue: verse 13.
25:29 "The nations will rush like the rushing of many
25:33 waters; but God will rebuke them." That means He'll
25:37 dry them up, by the way. "And they will flee far
25:40 away, and be chased like the chaff of the mountains
25:42 before the wind, like a rolling thing before the
25:45 whirlwind. Then behold at eventide, trouble.
25:50 And before the morning, he is no more. This is
25:53 the portion..." Now, here comes the reason why
25:55 the mountain is a burning mountain and is cast into
25:58 the seas, which represents multitudes of nations that
26:02 come against her: "This is the portion of," whom? "...of those
26:06 who plunder us, and the lot of those who rob us."
26:12 Are you seeing the principle that we started the lesson
26:14 with? Why was Babylon punished? Babylon was
26:19 punished because of what Babylon did with God's
26:21 people. Why is end-time Babylon- I'll get ahead
26:24 of myself. Why is end-time Babylon gonna be punished?
26:27 Is it only because the end-time Babylon was
26:30 idolatrous and they believed the wrong things?
26:34 No! What is the main reason? The harlot is
26:36 filled with the blood of the saints and the
26:40 martyrs of Jesus! Babylon has persecuted God's people;
26:43 therefore, the punishment is gonna fall upon Babylon.
26:47 Let's read a few other verses that describe
26:49 the meaning of the waters. Isaiah 60 and verse 5.
26:55 "Then you shall see and become radiant, and
26:58 your heart shall swell with joy," and now notice the
27:02 synonymous parallelism, "because the abundance
27:05 of the sea shall be turned to you." What does "the
27:08 abundance of the sea be turned to you"- what does
27:11 that mean? The second part of the verse explains.
27:14 "The wealth of the Gentiles"... Better translation is, "The
27:18 nations that go? shall come to you." So, the
27:21 Gentiles are the nations represented by the
27:25 abundance of the sea. The book of Revelation
27:28 itself tells us in Revelation 17:15. "Then he said to me,
27:33 'The waters which you saw, where the harlot sits, are
27:37 peoples, multitudes, nations, and tongues."
27:40 What was gonna happen then with Babylon? The
27:43 burning mountain that was cast into the sea-it means
27:46 that this nation was gonna fall like a burning mountain,
27:52 like a kingdom falling into the sea, and the
27:54 sea was going to what? The sea was going to
27:57 drown this nation. Notice there are gonna be multitudes
28:02 of nations that would come against it. Notice Jeremiah
28:06 51:60-64. [text on-screen]
28:34 So in other words, God, You've spoken that You're
28:36 gonna totally annihilate Babylon. Now, notice the
28:39 symbolism that is used to represent this. Verse
28:42 63, "Now it shall be, when you shall have finished
28:48 reading this book," which is talking about Jeremiah
28:51 50 and 51, the destruction of Babylon, "that you shall
28:57 tie a stone to it," this oracle against Babylon,
29:03 and what was he commanded to do? "And throw it out into,"
29:08 where? Into the Euphrates. What did that mean?
29:12 [text on-screen]
29:27 So are you catching the picture? Babylon is the
29:30 great mountain. Babylon oppressed God's people.
29:35 Therefore, Babylon is like a burning mountain
29:38 that God is gonna cast into the seas; the seas
29:41 represent multitudes of nations that will
29:43 come against her and plunder her. That's the
29:48 picture that we have here. Now, what is the time frame
29:53 of the burning mountain? This is an important point.
29:56 Since the days of Daniel... We're at page 44. Since
30:01 the days of Daniel, how many kingdoms have
30:04 arisen? Four major kingdoms. What are they? Babylon,
30:11 Medo-Persia, Greece, and Rome. What was the power
30:16 that ruled in the days when John wrote the
30:18 book of Revelation? It was the Roman Empire,
30:22 the fourth of the beasts. Now, had literal Babylon
30:26 already fallen at this point? Had the prophecy of
30:30 Jeremiah been fulfilled? "Like a burning mountain,
30:33 God cast it into the sea;" the nations came and totally
30:37 got rid of Babylon... Had that already taken place?
30:39 Absolutely! So now notice, we're studying the time
30:42 frame. Literal Babylon had already fallen when John
30:46 saw his vision of the trumpets. Therefore,
30:49 the mountain of the second trumpet cannot refer to
30:52 the fall of what? Of literal Old Testament
30:56 Babylon. The language is used, but it can't refer
31:01 to the original, literal Babylon. Are you
31:04 understanding the point? The critical question is
31:07 this: which kingdom destroyed Jerusalem.
31:12 What trumpet is that, the kingdoms that destroyed
31:14 Jerusalem? The Romans... So, is God gonna punish
31:18 them for punishing God's people. [Yes.] Absolutely!
31:22 So, which kingdom destroyed Jerusalem, desolated God's
31:26 people, and then, in turn, suffered the punishment
31:29 of God? The only answer is what? The Roman Empire.
31:36 In Revelation 17, we see a dragon beast that
31:40 has seven heads. However, the heads are actually
31:43 seven what? Seven mountains! Each of these heads are
31:48 mountains, [representing] a kingdom that ruled,
31:50 beginning with Babylon. The burning mountain
31:53 that was cast into the sea at the sounding
31:56 of the seventh trumpet was the fourth of those
31:59 mountains, or heads, of Revelation 17-namely,
32:03 the Roman Empire. Now, here's a big question.
32:07 Someone might wonder whether it is legitimate
32:10 to take biblical terminology that describes literal
32:14 Babylon and apply it symbolically to the
32:17 Roman Empire. The answer is yes, for several reasons.
32:23 Reason #1: we need to take a look at the Apocrypha.
32:28 Do you know that at the time, when John wrote
32:31 the book of Revelation, people believed that
32:34 Rome was a new Babylon? They linked ancient Babylon
32:41 with Rome. Notice this work in the intertestamental
32:46 period, the Sibylline Oracles, lines 158 to 161... Very
32:51 similar to what we just read. "Then shall come a
32:55 great star from heaven into the divine sea, and
32:59 shall burn up the deep sea and Babylon itself."
33:04 But where is this Babylon that the Sibylline Oracles
33:07 are talking about? And the land of what? "Of
33:11 Italy on whose account many faithful saints
33:15 of the Hebrews have perished, and the true
33:18 people." Are you catching the picture? So what
33:21 is the new Babylon, according to the Sibylline Oracles?
33:25 It's in Italy-it's Rome. Notice, also, from the
33:30 Apocrypha work, 2 Baruch 67:7-8. And by the way,
33:36 I'm not saying that these books are inspired,
33:39 but they are of great historical interest, aren't
33:42 they? So, notice what 2 Baruch chapter 67
33:47 verses 6 and 7 says, "But the king of Babylon
33:50 will arise, who has now destroyed Zion, and he
33:55 will boast over the people, and he will speak great
33:59 things in his heart in the presence of the Most
34:02 High. But he also shall fall at last." Now, when
34:08 the anonymous author wrote the book of 2 Baruch,
34:13 literal Babylon had already fallen. But 2 Baruch is talking
34:18 about, "The king of Babylon will arise," that destroyed
34:20 Zion. So it must not refer to literal Babylon;
34:24 it has to refer to another Babylon! Now, here comes
34:28 another interesting evidence. 1 Peter 5:13,
34:32 a very enigmatic verse. It's at the conclusion
34:37 of the book that Peter wrote, the First Epistle
34:40 of Peter. He's referring to somebody who lives
34:45 in Babylon. "She who is in Babylon," here, Peter
34:50 is writing, "elect together with you, greets you, and
34:55 so does Mark my son." So whom Peter is writing
35:00 to, he's saying, "She who is in Babylon sends
35:05 her greetings, and also Mark sends his greetings,
35:10 as well." Now, let's pursue that particular
35:14 verse. Many scholars believe that Babylon in
35:18 this text is a cryptic reference to Rome,
35:22 to the Roman Empire, and I believe that there
35:25 is persuasive contextual evidence that this is so.
35:29 God appointed Peter as His messenger to whom?
35:34 To the Jews, and Paul to the Gentiles, by the
35:37 way. Peter wrote his first epistle toward the
35:40 close of his life, or towards the end of
35:43 his life, and we know that at the end of his
35:47 life, he was in Rome because he was martyred
35:50 by Nero. Are you with me or not? Now, it hardly
35:55 makes sense for Peter to write from Rome and
35:59 send greetings to other people who lived in
36:03 Babylon. It would be like me saying, if I
36:08 live in Fresno, "Greetings from the members in
36:10 Patagonia." [laughs] That wouldn't make much
36:15 sense, would it? The people that you're
36:18 sending greetings from are actually people that
36:22 live where you live. Are you following me
36:24 or not? So, it hardly makes sense for Peter
36:28 to write from Rome and send greetings to other
36:30 people who lived in Babylon. The words, "She who is
36:35 in Babylon greets you, and so does Mark, my son,"
36:38 makes no sense unless the greeters were in the
36:41 same place as Peter! Why would Peter, who
36:45 was in Rome, send greetings from people living in literal
36:48 Babylon, 2,754 miles away? There is no evidence that
36:55 Peter ever was in literal Babylon. Mark was certainly
37:00 in the same place as Peter! Thus, the word 'Babylon'
37:04 must be a cryptic reference to Rome. We must remember
37:08 that the book of Revelation refers to Rome as Babylon!
37:14 Doesn't the book of Revelation refer to Rome as Babylon?
37:17 Absolutely. Both pagan and papal Rome. Now,
37:20 let's pursue this a little bit further. Nero died
37:24 in the year 68, and Nero martyred Peter. So,
37:28 Peter must have died sometime before what
37:31 year? Before the year 68, unless Nero
37:35 martyred him after Nero had died...which is not
37:37 likely. Most scholars date the First Epistle
37:40 of Peter sometime between A.D. 64 and 68. Ellen
37:46 White confirms that late in life, Peter ministered
37:50 in Rome and that Nero martyred him. Let's read
37:54 this statement. It's from the book Acts of the Apostles,
37:59 page 537. "In the providence of God, Peter was permitted
38:05 to close his ministry," where? " Rome, where his
38:10 imprisonment was ordered by the emperor, Nero,
38:14 about the time of Paul's final arrest. Thus, the
38:18 two veteran apostles who for many years
38:21 had been widely separated in their labors were to bear
38:25 their last witness for Christ in the world's
38:29 metropolis and upon its soil to shed their blood
38:33 as the seed of a vast harvest of saints and
38:36 martyrs." So, where was Peter at the end of his
38:38 life? He was in Rome, and he sends greetings
38:45 from where? Babylon! So what is "Babylon"?
38:52 Babylon is Rome, the pagan Roman Empire.
38:55 Is this making sense? Now, unfortunately,
38:59 we don't have time to cover everything in these
39:01 study notes. So, your homework for this afternoon after
39:09 the class, because we end the class at 4 o'clock...
39:12 Say, when we have a Q&A then till 4:15, and then let's
39:16 say it takes you 15 or 20 minutes to get home,
39:18 you still have basically from 5 in the afternoon till
39:22 your bedtime to read these pages. It's only pages
39:29 46-61. Let me just share with you the gist of what
39:35 we find in these pages. First of all- and it's
39:40 fascinating. It's fascinating to read this. What these
39:44 pages prove is that there is a link between ancient
39:52 Babylon and the religion of ancient Babylon that
39:57 was transferred to Pergamum in Asia Minor. Are you catching
40:03 the picture? In other words, the religion of
40:08 Babylon was transferred from Babylon to Asia Minor-
40:13 to Pergamum, specifically. There's historical evidence
40:18 that then, the religion that was transferred
40:21 from Babylon to Pergamum was then transferred to
40:26 Rome-particularly, the worship of the sun god,
40:31 Mithra. So, there's a link; the link between
40:36 ancient Babylon and pagan Rome is Pergamum.
40:41 Literal Pergamum. But here comes something very
40:44 interesting: there is also a link between
40:48 pagan Rome and papal Rome, via Pergamum,
40:53 as well. You say, how is that? Third church
40:57 of Revelation...Pergamum. What period is that?
41:02 The church of Pergamum is the period of Constantine.
41:06 Is that the period of transition between
41:08 pagan Rome and papal Rome? Yes! From 303, or 313-
41:15 depending on which event you wanna choose-till
41:18 the year 538. Now, the transition is being made
41:22 between pagan Rome and papal Rome! The culture
41:25 and the practices and the religion of pagan
41:31 Rome is being transferred via the church of Pergamum
41:34 to papal Rome! Are you with me? So, is there
41:39 an unbroken chain between ancient Babylon, Pergamum
41:44 (Asia Minor), pagan Rome, and then via the church
41:49 of Pergamum to papal Rome? Absolutely.
41:53 So, that's the reason why pagan Rome is
41:55 called Babylon! That's the reason why papal
41:59 Rome is also called what? Babylon! Does Ellen White
42:04 in Great Controversy constantly refer to the
42:06 papacy as Rome? [No...] Does she refer to the papacy as
42:11 Babylon? Absolutely! So, there's an unbroken
42:14 link, and here you have the fascinating story
42:17 in 13 or 14 pages, documented from historians
42:21 on how the ancient religion of Babylon was transferred
42:26 to Asia Minor, Pergamum more specifically; Pergamum
42:30 transferred its religion, the god of Mithra, to
42:34 pagan Rome; pagan Rome via the church of Pergamum
42:39 to papal Rome. Now, we want to go to page 62.
42:46 Page 62, because we still have some symbols that
42:50 we need to interpret here in the second trumpet.
42:53 So, let's go back to Revelation 8:8-9
42:56 and read, once again, the description that is
42:58 given of the second trumpet. "Then, the
43:01 second angel sounded, and something like a
43:04 great burning mountain, with fire, was thrown into,"
43:09 what? "...into the sea." What
43:12 does the great burning mountain represent?
43:15 What was the great burning mountain in
43:17 the Old Testament? Literal Babylon. What is the
43:21 great burning mountain in the second trumpet?
43:24 It can't be literal Babylon, because this is after
43:27 Christ ascended to heaven! It's after the destruction
43:29 of Jerusalem. So, it has to be a different
43:32 kind of Babylon. So, this great burning
43:35 mountain-not that the burning of a mountain
43:37 means that it's being destroyed-it's cast
43:39 or thrown into the sea. What does the sea
43:42 represent? It represents the barbarian invasions.
43:46 Nations, many from the north of the empire,
43:49 that came and carved up the empire; totally put
43:54 the Roman Empire into disarray-ruined the
43:57 commercial lines of Rome and destroyed everything
44:03 that they could find in their way. But then
44:07 we have also, it says, "And a third of the sea
44:10 became blood." Another [version] says, "Great bloodshed as
44:14 a result of the fall of this kingdom, and
44:16 a third of the living creatures"-better
44:19 translation is, "the fish in the sea"-"died." So,
44:24 the question is, what do the fish represent?
44:27 Well, the sea represents the nations-the multitude
44:30 of nations. The fish live in the sea; they
44:34 live in those nations. What do the fish represent?
44:37 Well, they represent the people that lived
44:39 in those empires. You say, "Well, where do we
44:43 find that in the Bible?" Notice Habakkuk 1 verses
44:46 14 and 15. Habakkuk 1:14-15. "Why do you make men like
44:54 fish of the sea?" So what do fish represent?
45:00 Men! "Like creeping things that have no ruler over
45:04 them, they take up all of them with a hook.
45:10 They catch them in their net and gather them in
45:13 their dragnet." What are they gathering up in their
45:15 dragnet? [Fish.] No, not fish; men. [laughs]
45:20 Yes, fish, that represent men. Notice Ecclesiastes
45:23 9:12. "For man also does not know his time, like
45:30 fish taken in a cruel net, like birds caught
45:34 in a snare, so the sons of man are snared in
45:37 an evil time when it falls suddenly upon them."
45:41 Also, Ezekiel 29:3-4. What principle are we
45:45 applying here? In the second trumpet, are you
45:50 supposed to find a literal mountain, a
45:52 literal asteroid that's falling into the sea somewhere?
45:56 And that the sea is swallowing up the mountain?
46:00 And a third of the literal fish are dying? No! We're
46:04 dealing with symbols. We apply the same principles
46:08 to the trumpets that we apply to all of the other
46:11 places in Scripture. Does that make sense?
46:13 Now, notice Ezekiel 29:3-4. [text on-screen]
46:29 See, Pharaoh lived in the rivers. [continues reading]
46:59 Which means that the fish are gonna die, too,
47:01 if they're sticking to his scales. Now, another
47:04 interesting text is one that we know very well:
47:07 Matthew 4:19 when Jesus called His disciples to
47:11 be what? Fishers of men. It says in Matthew [4:18],
47:17 "And Jesus walking by the Sea of Galilee saw
47:20 two brothers. Simon called Peter and Andrew his brother,
47:25 casting a net into the sea, for they were fishermen."
47:31 By the way, when you look up this- when you
47:34 put "fishermen", when you're typing it out, it underlines
47:38 in red. You're not supposed to use 'fishermen'; you're supposed
47:40 to use 'anglers', because 'fishermen' uses the
47:45 word 'men' in a politically-correct world.
47:50 But anyway, I'm gonna use 'fishermen' because
47:52 I'm using the New King James Version. So, it
47:55 says, "And Jesus walking by the Sea of Galilee
47:57 saw two brothers. Simon called Peter and Andrew
47:59 his brother casting a net into the sea, for
48:02 they were fishermen. Then He said to them,
48:04 'Follow Me, and I will make you fishers of men.'"
48:09 So, in this verse, what does the sea represent?
48:14 The sea represents the world. What do the fish represent?
48:19 The fish represent the individuals that live in
48:23 the world. Who do the fishermen represent?
48:27 The fishermen represent believers, right? What does
48:32 the boat represent? The church! And how
48:36 do you get the fish into the church? By casting
48:39 the net. That's preaching the gospel! And then,
48:43 in the parable of the fish in Matthew chapter
48:47 13, it says that after the fish are in the boat,
48:50 then you take the boat to the shore and you
48:53 separate the good fish from the bad fish.
48:55 In other words, the good members from the bad
48:58 members in the church. So, what do the fish
49:02 represent? They represent human beings. What happened
49:07 with the Roman Empire when the barbarians
49:10 invaded? A large portion of the people who lived
49:15 in the empire, what happened? They were slain, and the
49:18 waters were turned into what? Blood! Because
49:22 of the invasion of these barbarian tribes. Now,
49:28 what about the ships? Ships are mentioned here.
49:32 So, are we supposed to look at a certain place
49:33 where a third of the ships were destroyed?
49:37 No! We need to understand what the word 'ships'
49:40 symbolically means. Now, the key texts are found
49:44 in Ezekiel and Revelation. Ezekiel 27:9, 25, and 29
49:50 tells us that the ships represent trading and
49:54 commercial prosperity. By the way, the stock
50:00 market is going deeply south. When I took my
50:06 break, it was 1,400 points down. So, you know...
50:15 The ships here represent, basically, the economy
50:18 of Rome. Was Rome a very prosperous nation? Did
50:23 it have a very strong economy? Of course it
50:26 did. But what happened when the barbarians
50:28 invaded? The nation was thrown up into disarray.
50:33 It was a disaster. Notice Ezekiel 27:9. [text on-screen]
51:17 So what do the ships represent? They represent
51:20 commercial prosperity. But what happened
51:23 when the barbarians invaded the Roman Empire?
51:25 Everything fell apart! Everything was in disarray.
51:30 Revelation 18 speaks about the fall of end-time
51:32 Babylon in the following words, verses 17-19. [text on-screen]
51:52 Interesting they have the mention of "smoke
51:54 of her burning," Babylon in the light of Jeremiah 51.
51:57 [continues reading text]
52:22 Are you catching the picture? So, what is
52:25 represented by the second trumpet? Well, let's go
52:29 to the bottom of page 63 as we near the end
52:33 of this study. At the sounding of the second
52:36 trumpet, instead of temporal prosperity, the barbarians
52:41 invaded the Roman Empire, destroyed the routes of
52:45 commerce, and decimated the prosperity of Rome.
52:51 The judgment of the second trumpet brought the collapse
52:54 of the entire social and economic system of the
52:58 Roman Empire. The barbarians invaded the empire between
53:03 378 and 476 A.D. In 378 A.D., the Visigoths wiped
53:10 out an entire Roman army, including the Roman emperor,
53:14 Valens. In 410, the same tribes, the Visigoths
53:19 ravaged Rome-the first time that anyone had
53:23 done so in a period of 800 years. In 455 A.D.,
53:28 the Vandals-well named, by the way-ransacked
53:32 Rome for a second time. They vandalized the
53:36 city for two weeks, systematically and
53:38 persistently looting everything of value they could lay
53:43 their hands on. So, the entire economic system
53:45 is belly up! They carried off to Carthage the solid
53:50 gold seven-branch lampstand, the very one that, in
53:54 70 A.D., Titus had carried off to Rome from the
53:58 temple in Jerusalem. Genseric, the leader of the
54:01 Vandals was a human predator. They're not
54:05 called Vandals for any old reason. They were
54:09 truly- they lived up to the name. They
54:12 were vandals. They vandalized the Roman
54:14 Empire. Now, here's the key point. The
54:19 Roman Empire persecuted the Jews. And who else
54:24 did they persecute? They persecuted the
54:27 Christians, such as Ignatius and Polycarp, as well
54:33 as heretical Christians such as the Aryans.
54:38 Therefore, when the second trumpet blew,
54:40 what did God do? God came in judgment against
54:45 Rome. Are you catching the principle? Whatsoever
54:49 Rome sowed by persecuting God's people, Rome now
54:53 will what? Rome will reap. Remember that
54:57 we studied the reason why the trumpets blow?
55:00 They are partial judgments of God upon nations or
55:05 systems that have oppressed and persecuted God's
55:09 people. The barbarians destroyed the routes
55:12 of commerce, decimated the cities, and sacked
55:15 Rome so that Rome became practically a ghost town.
55:21 And incidentally, if you study about the
55:23 second church, the church of Smyrna, it's very
55:27 interesting. You have in the church of Smyrna
55:30 an abundance of death language. This is the
55:34 persecuted church by the Roman emperors.
55:37 Let's just notice there, very quickly-towards
55:40 the end of our study- Revelation chapter 2.
55:43 Revelation chapter 2. What it says about the
55:47 church of Smyrna. It says there in verse 8,
55:53 "And to the angel of the church in Smyrna write,
55:55 'These things says the First and the Last, who
55:57 was dead and came to life"... [text on-screen]
56:18 This is very interesting. The persecution lasted
56:23 from 303 to 313 (I won't get into that now).
56:27 [continues reading text]
56:42 By the way, do you know what the name Smyrna
56:44 means? The name Smyrna means "bittersweet myrrh".
56:49 And do you know what myrrh was used for
56:50 in the Roman Empire? It was used to embalm
56:53 the dead. So, is the second church a church
56:58 that suffered tribulation and persecution and prison
57:04 and much death? Yes! But what does Jesus
57:06 say to them? "Don't fear suffering the first death.
57:12 Not a problem! You, if you're faithful, will not
57:16 suffer second death." So basically, the second
57:19 trumpet is because the Roman Empire persecuted
57:24 the Christians, killed them right and left,
57:27 so now God uses the barbarians to come against
57:32 the Roman Empire for what the Roman Empire did to
57:36 God's people. Is this clear? [Yes!] Now, we need
57:41 to study about the third trumpet! But our time
57:44 is up. [laughter] So don't miss the next
57:46 exciting episode tomorrow morning where we will
57:50 study the third trumpet, the period when apostasy
57:54 entered the Christian church.


Revised 2020-07-29